Download PDF Manual

15 seconds to provide an illuminated exit when you remove the key from the ignition. After you exit the vehicle and all of the doors have been closed, the lamps will stay on for an additional four seconds before fading off.

Battery Rundown Protection Your Chevrolet is equipped with a Battery Rundown Protection feature designed to protect your vehicle’s battery. When any interior lamp (trunk, reading, dome, glove box, etc.) is left on and the ignition is turned OFF, the Battery Rundown Protection system will automatically turn the lamp off after 20 minutes. This will avoid draining the battery. This system does not protect against leaving on the headlamps. To reactivate the interior lamps, either:

The ignition must be turned on, The activated lamp switch must be turned off, then on, OR A door must be opened.

The Battery Rundown Protection feature will also be activated when any door is left open. If your vehicle is left with the ignition off for over 24 days, the battery power to the clock and audio system will turn off to reduce the battery drain. When the ignition is turned on again, battery power will be resupplied. Under these conditions it will be necessary to reset the clock and audio system settings.


Inside Manual Daymight Rearview Mirror

Remote Control Mirror

The outside rearview mirror should be adjusted so you can just see the side of your vehicle when you are sitting in a comfortable driving position.

To reduce glare from lamps behind you, move the lever toward you to the night position.

Adjust the driver’s side outside mirror with the control lever on the driver’s door. To adjust your passenger’s side mirror, sit in the driver’s seat and have a passenger adjust the mirror for you. The mirror is a spring loaded breakaway design.


Power Remote Control Mirrors (Option)


The mirror control located On the driver’s Rotate the control clockwise or counterclockwise to

Convex Outside Mirror Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from the driver’s seat.

Then move the control in the direction you want the mirror to move. Adjust each mirror so you can just see the side of your vehicle when you are sitting in a comfortable driving position. The mirror is a spring loaded breakaway design.


Convenience Net (Option)

Sun Visors To block out glare, you can swing down the visors. You can also swing them to the side. Ashtray and Lighter

To use the lighter, just push it in all the way and let go. When it’s ready, it will pop back out by itself.

Your vehicle may have a convenience net. You’ll see it just inside the back wall of the trunk. Put small loads, like grocery bags, behind the net. It can help keep them from falling over during sharp turns or quick starts and stops. Unclip a corner of the convenience net to fit larger objects behind the net, then reclip it to secure them in place. The net isn’t for larger, heavier loads. Store them in the trunk as far forward as you can. You can unhook the net. so that it will lie tlat when you’re not using it.


1 Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand , while it is heating. If you do, it won’t be able to back away from the heating element when it’s 1 ready. That can make it overheat, damaging the , lighter and the heating element.

To clean the rear ashtray, open it, push down on the snuffer, and pull it out.

To clean the front ashtray, push down on the snuffer plate and lift the ashtray out.

NOTICE: Don’t put papers and other things that burn into your ashtrays. If you do, cigarettes or other smoking materials could set them on fire, causing damage.


Center Console Compartment

Sunroof (Option)

Press and release the rear of the switch and the sunroof will open to the vent position. Open the sunshade by hand when using the vent position.

Press the rear of the switch again to open the glass panel and the sunshade. Press the front of the switch to stop the panel in any position. Press and hold the front of the switch to close the glass panel. The sunshade can only be closed by hand. The sunroof glass panel cannot be opened or closed if your Chevrolet has an electrical failure.

To open the center console compartment, pull the lift lever up and the lid back. To close the center console, push the lid down until it clicks. Cup Holders There is a cup holder built into the front of the center console for your convenience. Open the center console lid all the way to uncover a front and rear cup holder.


Lowering the Top 1. Set the parking brake and shift your automatic

transaxle to PARK (P) or your manual transaxle to NEUTRAL (N). Shut off the engine.

2. Turn the ignition to the RUN position. Don’t start the

engine. Lower the side door windows.

3. Push the button in the latch handle and turn the

handle down to unhook the latch pins from the holes over the windshield.

Convertible Top (Option) The following steps explain the proper operation of your convertible top.


Remove any items from the convertible top storage area before you lower the top. Even small items in the storage area can damage the top or other parts of the system. Don’t raise or lower the convertible top when the temperature is below 20°F (-7°C). The cold can cause cracks and other damage to the top as it is being lowered or raised. Don’t raise or lower the convertible top while the vehicle is moving. The wind could damage the top. Bring the vehicle to a complete stop before attempting to raise or lower the top. Always make sure that the top is securely latched before driving the vehicle.


4. Pull the latch handle rearward away from the

windshield and hold it to fully lower the convertible top.

5. Turn the latch handle up to the locked position. 6. Turn the ignition to the LOCK position.


7. From inside the vehicle, pull the tab on the rear seat to fold down the seat. See “Fold-Down Rear Seat” in the Index.

8. Open the trunk and remove both boot side covers.

Leave the trunk open.

9. Install the boot side cover by inserting the tab (A) on the underside of the cover into the slot (B) at the top of the quarter trim panel. Place the rear flap of the boot side cover in the trunk lid opening, aligning the eyelet over the boot snap ball stud.


10. Attach the snap on the inside flap to the top of the quarter trim panel. Do the same on the other side.

11. Pull the boot center cover from behind the rear seat

back and place it over the inner sides of the boot side covers and the lowered top.


Raising the Top 1. Set the parlung brake and shift your automatic

transaxle to PARK (P) or your manual transaxle to NEUTRAL (N). Turn the ignition key to the LOCK position.

2. Open the trunk and leave it open.

12. Go to the rear of the vehicle. Place the boot center

cover along the trunk lid opening. Align one snap to snap ball stud and push forward. Repeat for other snap.

13. Close the trunk lid. 14. Raise the rear seatback to the up position. Push the

seat back to make sure it is latched.

3. From inside the vehicle, fold down the rear seatback.

See “Fold-Down Rear Seat” in the Index.


4. Go to the rear of the vehicle. Pull the snap knobs

rearward to disengage the rear center cover. Carefully tuck the center boot behind the rear seatback. Make sure that the center cover is not covering the rear seatback latch. Tuck end of center boot rearward to keep it away from the rear seatback hinge.

5. Unsnap the boot side cover from the top of the

quarter trim panel.

10. Turn the ignition to the RUN position. Don’t start

the engine.

11. Lower both door windows to avoid wear to the

weather strips.

6. Lift side cover eyelet at rear of side boot cover from snap ball stud. Raise the back of the boot side cover to unhook the tab (A) from the slot (B) in t he quarter trim panel. Do the same on the other side.

7 . Store both boot side covers in the trunk. 8. Close the trunk. 9. Raise the rear seatback to the up position. Push the

seat back to make sure it is latched.

12. Push the button in the latch handle and turn the

handle down. Push the handle forward toward the windshield and hold it until the convertible top is fully raised, and the latch pins are all the way in the holes above the windshield.


NOTICE: (Continued) raise or lower completely, see “Raising the Top Manually” later in this section.

Raising the Top Manually If your vehicle loses power, or something else happens that prevents you from raising the top electrically, you may need to raise the top manually. This will allow y0.u to safely drive the vehicle until you can get the top repaired. Raising the convertible top manually should only be done in an emergency and requires two people. Before you do these steps, check to make sure that the bypass switch in the trunk is switched up to the NORMAL OPERATION position. If it is not, switch it to the NORMAL OPERATION position and see if the power top works. 1. Set the parking brake and shift your automatic

transaxle to PARK (P) or your manual transaxle to NEUTRAL (N). Turn the engine off.

2. Push the button in the latch handle and turn the

handle down. the trunk.

3. Open

13. Turn the latch handle up to lock the top. 14. Turn the ignition key to the LOCK position. Lowering the Top Manually


Do not attempt to lower the top manually as damage to the vehicle will occur. If the top fails to NOTICE: (Continued)


7. Position one person on each side of the vehicle.

Carefully lift the top by grasping the front corners of the top, not the linkage. NOTICE: Do not attempt to force the top up if it does not move freely. The top or its linkage can be damaged. Make sure both sides are being lifted 1 together to avoid twisting. See your dealer if you still can’t move the top easily.

4. Press the bypass switch down to the EMERGENCY

OVERRIDE position. The switch is located under the shelf panel on the driver’s side in the trunk.

5. Remove the top boot as described in Steps 4 through 7

in “Raising the TOP” earlier in this section.

6. Lower the door windows completely.


8. Raise the top until it is all the way up. Line up the

top so the pins are even with the holes.

9. Pull down on the top and turn the latch handle up to

lock the convertible top.

10. Press the bypass switch up to the NORMAL

OPERATION position.

11. Close the trunk. 12. Raise the rear seatback to the up position. Push the

seat back to make sure it is latched.


The Instrument Panel -- Your Information System Your instrument panel is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how fast you‘re going, how much fuel you’re using, and many other things you’ll need to drive safely and economically. The main components of your instrutnent panel are:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 1 0 . 1 1 . 12.

Instrument Panel Intensity Control Turn Signal/MuItifunction Lever Hazard Warning Flashers Switch Ignition Switch Windshield Wiper/Wtlsher Controls Audio System Climate Controls and Rear Window Defogger Ashtray Parking Brake Lever Tilt Steering Wheel Lever (Option) Hood Release Lever Fuse Panel


Instrument Panel Clusters

Your Chevrolet is equipped with one of these instrument panel clusters, which include indicator warning lights and gages that are explained on the following pages. Be

sure to read about those that apply to the instrument panel cluster for your vehicle.


Speedometer and Odometer Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). Your odometer shows how far your vehicle has been driven, in either miles (used in the United States) or kilometers (used in Canada).

Tamper Resistant Odometer Your Chevrolet has a tamper resistant odometer. If you see silver lines between the numbers, you’ll know that so1neone has probably tried to turn it back, so the numbers may n o t be true.


You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a new odometer installed. If the new one can be set to the mileage total of the old odometer, then it must be. But if it can’t, then it’s set at zero and a label must be put on the driver’s door to show the old mileage reading when the new odometer was installed. Trip Odometer (Option) The trip odometer can tell you how far your vehicle has been driven since you last set the trip odometer to zero. To set the trip odometer to zero, press the knob to the right of it. Tachometer (Option) The tachometer displays the engine speed in revolutions per minute (rpm).

I NOTICE: I Do not operate the engine with the tachometer in

the red area, or engine damage may occur.

Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators This part describes the warning lights and gages that may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you locate them. Warning lights and gages can signal that something is wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to your warning lights and gages could also save you or others from injury. Warning lights come on when there may be or is a problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you will see in the details on the next few pages, some warning lights come on briefly when you start the engine just to let you know they’re working. If you are familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed when this happens. Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and warning lights work together to let you know when there’s a problem with your vehicle.


When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows there may be a problem, check the section that tells you what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice. Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights and gages. They’re a big help. Safety Belt Reminder Light

When the key is turned to RUN or START, a chime will come on for about eight seconds to remind people to fasten their safety belts, unless the driver’s safety belt is already buckled.

Air Bag Readiness Light There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument panel, which shows AIR BAG . The system checks the air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. The system check includes the air bag sensors and modules, the wiring and the diagnostic module. For more information on the air bag system, see “Air Bag” in the Index.

r l You will see this light

flash for a few seconds when you turn your ignition to RUN or START.


The safety belt light will also come on and stay on for about 20 seconds, then it will flash for about 55 seconds. If the driver’s belt is already buckled, neither the chime nor the light will come on.

Then the light should go out. This means the system is ready. If the air bag readiness light doesn’t come on when you start your vehicle, or stays on, or comes on when you are driving. your air bag system may not work properly. Have your vehicle serviced right away.


Brake System Warning Light


Your Chevrolet’s hydraulic brake system is divided into two parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you need both parts working well.

If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake problem. Have your brake system inspected right away. This light should come on briefly as you start the vehicle. If it doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem. If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is


harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor. It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, or if the anti-lock brake system warning light is flashing, have the vehicle towed for service. (See “Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light” and “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.)

The brake system warning light will also come on when you set your parking brake, and it will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release fully. If it stays on after your parking brake is fully released, it means you have a brake problem.

Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light

1 With the anti-lock brake ’ system, this light will come on when you start your engine and it will stay on for three seconds. That’s normal.

If the light doesn’t come on, have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem. If the light flashes when you’re driving, you don’t have anti-lock brakes and there could be a problem with your regular brakes. Pull off the road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor. It may take longer to stop. Have the vehicle towed for service. (See “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.)

If the anti-lock brake system warning light stays on longer than normal after you’ve started your engine, turn the ignition off. Or, if the light comes on and stays on when you’re driving, stop as soon as possible and turn the ignition off. Then start the engine again to reset the system. If the light still stays on, or comes on again while you’re driving, your Chevrolet needs service. If the light is on but not flashing and the regular brake system warning light isn’t on, you still have brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock brakes.


Engine Coolant Temperature Gage

Low Coolant Warning Light

100 \‘+’” 260

If this light comes on and stays on, your system is low on coolant and the engine may overheat. See the Index under “Engine Coolant” and have your vehicle serviced as soon as you can.

Your vehicle has one of these Engine Coolant Temperature Gages. With the ignition in the RUN position, the gage shows the engine coolant temperature. If the gage pointer tnoves into the red area, your engine is too hot! It means that your engine coolant has overheated. If you have been operating your vehicle under normal driving conditions, you should pull off’ the road, stop your vehicle and turn off’ the engine as soon as possible. In “Problems on the Road,“ this manual shows what to do. See “Engine Overheating” in the Index.


Check Gages Light


This light will come on briefly when you are starting the engine. If the light comes on and stays on while you are driving, check your various gages to see if they are in the warning

I zones.

Oil Warning Light

If you have a low engine oil pressure problem, this light will stay on after you start your engine, or come on when you are driving. This indicates that your engine is not receiving enough oil.

The engine could be low on oil, or could have some other oil problem. Have it fixed immediately. The oil light could also come on in two other situations:

When the ignition is on but the engine is not running, the light will come on as a test to show you it is working, but the light will go out when you turn the ignition to START. If it doesn’t come on with the ignition on, you may have a problem with the fuse or bulb. Have it fixed right away. If you make a hard stop, the light may come on for a moment. This is normal.

NOTICE: Damage to your engine from neglected oil problems can be costly and is not covered by your warranty.


Check Oil Light

Charging System Light



This light should come on briefly while you are starting your engine. If the light doesn’t come on, have it repaired. If the light comes on while starting and stays on, your engine oil level should be checked.

Prior to checking your oil level, be sure your vehicle is on a level surface and has been shut off for several minutes to allow the oil to drain back into the oil pan. Check your oil level and bring it to the proper level. See “Engine Oil” in the Index. The oil level monitoring system only checks the oil during the brief period between turning the key on and when the engine starts. It does not check the oil level while the engine is running. Parking on steep grades may cause the light to come on even when the oil level is correct. If this happens, park the vehicle on a level surface and check the oil level.


The charging system light will come on briefly when you turn on the ignition, and the engine is not running, as a check to show you it is working. Then it should go out.

If it stays on, or comes on while you are driving, you may have a problem with the electrical charging system. It could indicate that you have a loose generator drive belt, or another electrical problem. Have it checked right away. Driving while this light is on could drain your battery. If you must drive a short distance with the light on, be certain to turn off all your accessories, such as the radio and air conditioner.

Fuel Gage



When the ignition is on, your fuel gage tells you about how much fuel you have left.

When the indicator nears EMPTY (E), you still have a little fuel left, but you should get more soon.

Here are four things that some owners ask about. None of these show a problem with your fuel gage:

At the service station, the gas pump shuts off before the gage reads FULL (F). It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than the gage indicated. For example, the gage may have indicated the tank was half full, but it actually took a little more or less than half the tank’s capacity to fill the tank.

0 The gage moves a little when you turn a corner or

speed up. The gage doesn’t go back to EMPTY (E) when you turn off the ignition.

For your fuel tank capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications” in the Index.


i Shift Light (Manual Transaxle)

This light comes on when you need to shift to the next higher gear. See “Manual Transaxle” in the Index.


Malfunction Indicator Lamp (Check Engine Light)

A computer monitors operation of your fuel, ignition and emission control systems. This light should come on when the ignition is on, but the engine is not running, as a check to show you it is working.

If it does not come on at all, have it fixed right away. If it stays on, or it comes on while you are driving, the computer is indicating that you have a problem. You should take your vehicle in for service soon.

NOTICE: If you keep driving your vehicle with this light on, after a while the emission controls won’t work as well, your fuel economy won’t be as good and your engine may not run as smoothly. This could lead to costly repairs not covered by your warranty.

If Your Vehicle Is Equipped with OBD I1 (2.3L Code D Engine Only) Certain vehicles are equipped with a new emission diagnostic system. You can tell whether your vehicle has this system by reading your tune-up label located under the hood. If the label says “OBD 11” on it. the following instructions apply. Your Chevrolet is equipped with an onboard computer which monitors operation of the emission control system. This system is called OBD I1 (On-Board Diagnostics -- Second Generation) and is intended to assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner environment. The CHECK ENGINE light comes on to indicate when service is require.d. Malfunctions often will be indicated by the system before any problem is

apparent, which may prevent more serious damage tc, your vehicle. This system is also designed to assist your service technician in correctly diagnosing any malfunction. The CHECK ENGINE light should come on, as a check to show you it is working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not running. This light will also come on during a malfunction in one of two ways:

Light On Steady: This indicates a system malfunction has been detected. Drive the vehicle to the dealer for service at your first opportunity. Light Flashing: This indicates a misfire has been detected which may damage the emission control system. The damage may be reduced by Iowering the vehicle speed, reducing the amount of cargo being hauled or trailered, avoiding hard acceleration, or by avoiding steep uphill grades. If these actions are effective, the light will stop flashing and remain on steady. Drive the vehicle to a dealer for service. If the light continues to flash, stop the vehicle. Wait for a steady light to come on, then drive the vehicle to a dealer for service.


Passlock Warning Light

This light will come on when you turn the key towards the START position. The light will stay on until the vehicle starts.


If the light flashes, the Passlock system has entered a tamper mode. If the vehicle fails to start, see “Passlock” in the Index. If the light comes on continuously while driving and stays on, there may be a problem with the Passlock system. Your vehicle will not be protected by Passlock, and you should see your dealer.

These following conditions also may cause the CHECK ENGINE light to come on:

Low Fuel/Out of Fuel: As the vehicle starts to run out of fuel, the CHECK ENGINE light may come on as a result of an engine misfire. Filling your fuel tank should correct this condition. Make sure to install the gas cap fully. It will require a few driving trips to turn the light off. Poor Quality Fuel: Be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel. Your engine may not run efficiently on poor fuel. Poor fuel may cause stalling, hesitation or misfire. These conditions may go away when the engine is warmed-up. However, poor quality fuel may cause the CHECK ENGINE light to come on. Have a dealer check the vehicle. If no problems are found, you may want to change to another brand of fuel. Driving Through Standing Water: Driving your vehicle through puddles of deep standing water may result in a temporary misfire condition. This condition will usually correct itself shortly after the electrical system dries out. it will require a few driving trips to turn the light off.


0 Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Svstems

In this section you’ll find out how to operate the comfort control systems and audio systems offered with your Chevrolet. Be sure to read about the particular system supplied with your vehicle. Climate Control System

With this system, you can control the ventilation and heating in your vehicle.

Your vehicle also has the flow-through ventilation system described later in this section. System Controls Fan Knob The left knob selects the force of air you want. To turn the fan off, turn the mode knob all the way counterclockwise. In any other setting, the fan will run continuously. The fan must be on to run the air conditioning compressor.

Temperature Knob The center knob changes the temperature of the air coming through the system. Turn this knob toward the red (clockwise) for warmer air. Turn it toward blue (counterclockwise) for cooler air.


Mode Knob The right knob has several settings to control the direction of air flow. For each setting, set the temperature to a comfortable setting.

0 MAX (Option): This setting recirculates much of

the air inside your vehicle and sends it through the instrument panel outlets. The air conditioning compressor will run automatically in this setting when it is needed to help dry the air in the vehicle.

2 VENT: This setting brings in outside air and

directs it through the instrument panel.

BI-LEVEL: This setting brings in outside air and

directs it two ways. Some air is directed through the instrument panel outlets. Most of the air is directed through the floor ducts and a little to the defrost and side window vents. 1j FLOOR: This setting sends most of the air through the ducts near the floor. The rest comes out of the defroster and side window vents.


the floor ducts and half to the defrost and side window

9 DEFOG: This setting allows half of the air to go to vents. 9 DEFROST: This setting directs most of the air

through the defroster and side window vents. Some of the air goes to the floor ducts. If your vehicle is equipped with an air conditioner, the air conditioning compressor will run automatically in this setting when it is needed to help dry the air in the vehicle.

Air Conditioning Compressor Button Press the A/C button to operate the air conditioner compressor. The indicator light above the button will glow when the button is pressed. You don’t have to press the button to run the compressor in MAX or DEFROST. Air Conditioning (Option) On very hot days, open the windows long enough to let hot, inside air escape. This reduces the time it takes for your vehicle to cool down, which should help fuel economy. For quick cool-down on very hot days, use MAX with the temperature knob all the way in the blue area. If this

setting is used for long periods of time, the air in your vehicle may become too dry. For normal cooling on hot days, use VENT with the temperature knob in the blue area and the N C button pushed in. The system will bring in outside air and cool it. On cool but sunny days, the sun may warm your upper body, but your lower body may not be warm enough. You can use BI-LEVEL with the temperature knob in the middle and the A/C button pushed in. The system will bring in outside air and direct slightly warmer air to your lower body. You may notice this temperature difference more at some times than others. Heating On cold days use FLOOR with the temperature all the way in the red area. The system will bring in outside air, heat it and send it to the floor ducts. Your vehicle has heat ducts that are directed toward the rear seat. Keep the area under the front seats clear of obstructions so the heated air can reach the rear seat passengers.

If your vehicle has an engine coolant heater, you can use it to help your system provide warm air faster when it’s cold outside (0°F (-18°C) or lower). An engine coolant heater warms the coolant your engine and heating system use to provide heat. See “Engine Coolant Heater” in the Index. Ventilation For mild outside temperatures when little heating or cooling is needed, use VENT to direct outside air through your vehicle. Your vehicle also has the flow-through ventilation system described later in this section. Defogging and Defrosting Windows Your system has two settings for clearing the front and side windows. To defrost the windows quickly, use DEFROST with the temperature knob all the way in the red area. To warm passengers while keeping the windows clean, use DEFOG. To defog the side windows while using the air conditioner, set the right control to BI-LEVEL, the fan control to the highest setting, and press the A/C button. Aim the side vents toward the side windows. For increased air flow to the side vents, close the center vents.


Rear Window Defogger

The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to remove fog from the rear window. Press the button to t11rn the defogger on. It will turn itself off after about ten minutes.

If you turn it on again, the defogger will only run for about five minutes before turning off. You can also turn it off by pressing the button again.

Do not attach a temporary vehicle license across the defogger grid on the rear window.


Don’t use a razor blade or something else sharp on the inside of the rear window. If you do, you could cut or damage the warming grid, and the repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.

Flow-Through Ventilation Your vehicle’s flow-through ventilation system supplies outside air into the vehicle when it is moving. Outside air will also enter the vehicle when the air conditioning fan is running.


Ventilation Tips

Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow or any other obstruction, such as leaves. The heater and defroster will work far better, reducing the chance of fogging the inside of your windows. When you enter a vehicle in cold weather, adjust the mode knob to FLOOR and the fan to the highest speed for a few moments before driving off. This helps clear the intake ducts of snow and moisture and reduces the chance of fogging the inside of your windows. Keep the air path under the front seats of objects. This helps air circulate throughout your vehicle.

Audio Systems Your Delco@ audio system has been designed to operate easily and give years of listening pleasure. You will get the most enjoyment out of it if you ac mint yourself with it first. Find out what your Delco 9s system can do and how to operate all its controls, to be sure you’re getting the most out of the advanced engineering that went into it.

Setting the Clock No matter which audio system you have in your vehicle, setting the clock is easy. 1.

With the ignition on and the radio on or off, press SET. The SET indicator will appear on the digital screen for five seconds. You must begin to set the clock to the correct hour and minute during those five seconds.


If your audio system does not have a CD player: 0 Press the SEEK down arrow to set the hour. Press the SEEK up arrow to set the minute.

If your audio system has a CD player: 0 Press SCAN to set the hour.

Press the SEEK up or down arrows to decrease or increase the minutes.


Playing the Radio PWR-VOL: Turn this knob clockwise to turn the radio on and to increase the volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease the volume and to turn the radio off. RCL: Press this button briefly to recall the station being played or the clock display. To change what is normally shown on the display (station or time), press the button until you see the display you want, then hold the button until the display flashes. If you press the button when the ignition is off, the clock will show for a few seconds. Finding a Station AM-FM: Press the lower knob to change between AM and FM bands. TUNE: Turn the lower knob to tune in radio stations. SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next higher or lower station. The sound will be muted while seeking.

! A W M Stereo Radio



P A M - FM


The digital display indicates information on time or radio station frequency, the AM or FM radio band, whether the station is in stereo, and other radio functions.


SCAN: The scan function uses the same two buttons as the seek function. Press and hold the SEEK up arrow and then the SEEK down arrow to go to the next higher station, stop for a few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press and hold the SEEK down arrow and then the SEEK up arrow to go to the next lower station, stop for a few seconds, then go on to the next station. If you have a compact disc player, press SCAN to listen to the next station for a few seconds. The radio will continue scanning until it has scanned around the band twice. Press PWR-VOL to stop scanning. Presets: The four pushbuttons under the digital display can be used to preset up to 14 radio stations (seven AM and seven FM stations). The compact disc player has five pushbuttons that can be used to set five AM and five FM stations. 1. Press AM-FM to select the band. 2. Find the station you want. 3. Press the SET button. 4. Within five seconds, press one of the numbered

buttons. If your radio has four pushbuttons, you can

press two side-by-side pushbuttons at the same time to preset an additional three stations.

5. Repeat Steps 1 through 3 to set additional stations. Whenever you press that numbered button or pair of buttons, the station you set will return.

Setting the Tone BASS: Slide this lever up to increase bass, or down to decrease it. If you have a compact disc player, press the up or down arrow on the BASS button to adjust the bass. TREBLE: Slide this lever up to increase treble, or down to decrease it. If a station is weak or noisy, reduce the treble. If you have a compact disc player, press the up or down arrow on the TREB button to adjust the treble.

Adjusting the Speakers BALANCE: Turn the control ring behind the upper knob to move the sound to the left or right speakers. The middle position is a detent and balances the speakers. FADE: Turn the control ring behind the lower knob to move the sound to the front or rear speakers. The middle position is a detent and balances the speakers.


AM/FM Stereo Radios with Cassette Tape Player or Compact Disc Player Your Chevrolet may have a radio with a cassette tape player or a compact disc player. To play the radio, follow the instructions earlier in this manual under “AM/FM Stereo Radio.” For other features, see the following instructions for the feature your radio has. Playing a Cassette Tape



The side with the tape visible goes into the tape player first. If the ignition is on, the tape will begin playing. If you hear nothing or hear a garbled sound, the tape may not be in squarely. Press STOP-EJECT to remove the tape and start over. While the tape is playing, use the VOL, FADE, BALANCE, TREB and BASS buttons just as you do for the radio. Other buttons may have different functions when a tape is inserted. The display will show which side of the tape is being played. REV: Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly. Press the STOP-EJECT button to return to normal playing. FWD: Press this button to advance quickly to another part of the tape. Press the STOP-EJECT button to return to normal playing. PROG: Press this button to change the side of the tape that is playing. STOP-EJECT Press this button to remove the tape and return to the radio.

Your tape player is designed to work best with tapes that are 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes that are longer than this may not work well in this tape player.

Playing the Compact Disc Player

:o PWR - VOL



Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The player will pull it in. If the ignition is on, but the radio is off, the disc will begin playing. If you want to insert a disc when the ignition is off, press EJECT. If you’re driving on a very rough road, the disc may not play. If “Err” appears on the display and the disc comes back out, it could be that: 0 The disc is upside down.

It is dirty, scratched or wet.

It is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and try again. It is very cold. Wait until the temperature inside the vehicle warms up, then try again.

Use only full-sized compact discs. Do not use mini-discs or “singles”. They won’t eject properly. RCL: Press this button to see what track is playing. Press it again within five seconds to see how long it has been playing. COMP: Press this button to make soft and loud passages more equal in volume. Press it again to resume normal play. RDM: Press this button to play tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. This feature remains active until the RDM button is pressed again. REV: Press and hold this button to return to a passage quickly. You will hear sound at a reduced volume. FWD: Press and hold this button to advance to a passage quickly. You will hear sound at a reduced volume. SCAN: Press this button to sample ten seconds of each track. Press again to stop scanning.


PREV Press to play a track again. If you keep pressing the PREV button, the disc will keep backing up to previous tracks. NEXT: Press to advance to the next track. If you keep pressing the NEXT button, the disc will keep advancing to other tracks. STPPL: Press this button to switch between the radio and disc when a disc is in the player. EJECT Press this button to remove the disc. The radio will play. If you turn off the ignition or radio with a disc in the player, it will stay in the player. When you turn on the ignition or system, the disc will start playing where it was stopped. CD Player Anti-Theft Feature Delco LOC II@ is a security feature that can be used or ignored. If you ignore it, the radio will play normally. If you use it, your radio cannot be turned on if it is stolen. These instructions will tell you how to enter a secret code into the radio. If battery power is lost for any reason, the secret code must be entered again before your audio system can be turned on.

To Set the Anti-Theft System:

1. Write down any six-digit number and keep it in a

safe place. This is your secret code.

2. Turn the ignition on. 3. Rotate the PWR-VOL knob to turn the radio off. 4. Press station preset buttons 1 and 4 at the same time

and hold until “---” shows on the display. You now have only I5 seconds between each of the following steps.

5. Press SET and “000” will appear on the display. 6. Press SCAN until the first digit of your code


7. Press SEEK until the second and third digits of your

code appear.

8. Press the TUNE knob (“000” will appear on the


9. Press SCAN until the fourth digit of your code


10. Press SEEK until the fifth and sixth digits of your

code appear.


11. Press the TUNE knob (“rEP” will appear for five

seconds, then “000”).

12. Repeat steps 6 through 10. Then press the TUNE knob again. SEC will appear, indicating that Delco LOC I1 is set, and your radio is secure. If “---” appears, the steps were not successful and you must repeat the entire procedure.

To Disable the Anti-Theft System Enter your secret code by following these steps (you will have only 15 seconds between each step). 1.

Turn the ignition on and the radio off, then press station preset buttons 1 and 4. SEC will appear, showing the radio is secure. Press SET and “000” will appear on the display. Press SCAN until the first digit of your secret code appears. Press SEEK until the second and third digits of your code appear. Press the TUNE knob (“000” will appear on the display).

2. 3.


5 .

6. Press SCAN until the fourth digit of your code


7. Press SEEK until the fifth and sixth digits of your

code appear.

8. Press the TUNE knob. If the display shows “---,” the radio is unsecured and will play again. If the display shows SEC, the steps were not successful and the numbers did not match the secret code.

If you lose or forget your code, see your dealer. If you lose battery power, when the battery is reconnected the radio will not turn on and LOC will appear. Follow Steps 1 through 8 for disabling your system, and the time will appear if you are successful. If SEC appears, the numbers did not match and your unit is still locked. Understanding Radio Reception FM Stereo FM Stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing the sound to come and go.


AM The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM, especially at night. The longer range, however, can cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can also pick up noise from things like storms and power lines. To lower this noise, try reducing the treble level. ,*ps for Using Your Audio System Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be loud and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe sound level before your hearing adapts to it. To help avoid hearing loss or damage:

Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting. Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably and clearly.

’ NOTICE: vehicle -- like a tape player, CB radio, mobile Before you add any sound equipment to your telephone or two-way radio -- be sure you can add what you want. If you can, it’s very important to do it properly. Added sound equipment may interfere with the operation of your vehicle’s engine, Delco@ radio or other systems, and even damage them. And, your vehicle’s systems may interfere with the operation of sound equipment that has been added improperly. So, before adding sound equipment, check with your dealer and be sure to check Federal rules covering mobile radio and telephone units.

Care of Your Cassette Tape Player A tape player that is not cleaned regularly is subject to reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes, or a damaged mechanism. Tape cassettes that are not properly stored in their plastic cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight, and extreme heat may not operate properly and could cause premature failure of the tape player. Your tape player should be cleaned after 50 hours of use. If you notice a reduction in sound quality, try a known good cassette to see if the tape or the tape player is at fault. If this other cassette has no improvement in sound quality, clean the tape player.

Cleaning may be done with a scrubbing action, non-abrasive cleaning cassette. This system uses a cleaning cassette with pads which scrub the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn. A scrubbing action cleaning cassette is available through your Chevrolet dealership. You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean the tape head. It may not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner. Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality may degrade over time. Always verify that the cassette tape is in good condition before you have your tape player serviced.


Care of Your Compact Discs

! Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge. Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.

Fixed Mast Antenna The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes without being damaged. If the mast should ever become slightly bent, you can straighten it out by hand. If the mast is badly bent, as it might be by vandals, you should replace it. Check every once in a while to be sure the mast is still tightened to the fender.


0 Section 4 Your Driving and the Road

Defensive Driving The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive defensively. Please start with a very important safety device in your Chevrolet: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts” in the Index.) Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.” On city streets, rural roads, or freeways, it means “always expect the unexpected.” Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might do. Be ready for their mistakes. Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following distance. It’s the best defensive driving maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake or turn suddenly.


Here you’ll find information about driving on different kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve also included many other useful tips on driving.

Drunken Driving Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims every year. Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive a vehicle: 0 Judgment 0 Muscular Coordination 0 Vision 0 Attentiveness Police records show that almost half of all motor vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases, these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking and driving. In recent years, some 18,000 annual motor vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured. Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the adult population -- choose never to drink alcohol, so they never drive after drinking. For persons under 21, it’s against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol. There are good medical, psychological and developmental reasons for these laws.


The obvious way to solve this highway safety problem is for people never to drink alcohol and then drive. But what if people do? How much is “too much” if the driver plans to drive? It’s a lot less than many might think. Although it depends on each person and situation, here is some general information on the problem. The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone who is drinking depends upon four things: 0 How much alcohol consumed 0 The drinker’s body weight 0 The amount of food that is consumed before and

during drinking The length of time it has taken the drinker to consume the alcohol

According to the American Medical Association, a 180-pound (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce (355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces (45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.

man of her same body weight when each has the same number of drinks. The law in many U.S. states sets the legal limit at a BAC of 0.10 percent. In a growing number of U.S. states, and throughout Canada, the limit is 0.08 percent. In some other countries it’s even lower. The BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the U.S. is 0.04 percent. The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen, it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and how quickly the person drinks them. But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of 0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching 0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent. Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of 0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of 0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of this driver having a collision is twelve times greater; at a level of 0.15 percent, the chance is twenty-five times greater!


It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who consumes food just before or during drinking will have a somewhat lower BAC level. There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have a lower relative percentage of body water than men. Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a

The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold showers will speed that up. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street? A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able to react quickly enough to avoid the collision. There’s something else about drinking and driving that many people don’t know. Medical research shows that alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or heart. This means that when anyone who has been drinking -- driver or passenger -- is in a crash, that person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled is higher than if the person had not been drinking.

Control of a Vehicle You have three systems that make your vehicle go where you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work at the places where the tires meet the road.

Braking Braking action involves perception time and reaction time. First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal. That's perception time. Then you have to bring up your foot and do it. That's reaction time. Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But that's only an average. It might be less with one driver and as long as two or three seconds or more with another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination, and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle moving at 60 mph (100 k d h ) travels 66 feet (20 m). That could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so keeping enough space between your vehicle and others is important. And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly with the surface of the road (whether it's pavement or gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire tread; and the condition of your brakes.

Sometimes, as when you're driving on snow or ice, it's easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires and road can provide. That means you can lose control of your vehicle.


Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the traffic and allow realistic following distances, you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means better braking and longer brake life. If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal will be harder to push.

Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS) Your Chevrolet has an advanced electronic braking system that will help prevent a braking skid.

This light on the instrument panel will come on briefly when you start your vehicle.

When you start your vehicle, or when you begin to drive away, you may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise. And you may even notice that your brake pedal moves a little while this is going on. This is the ABS system testing itself. If there’s a problem with the anti-lock brake system, the anti-lock brake system warning light will stay on or flash. See “Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light” in the Index.

The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure faster than any driver could. The computer is programmed to make the most of available tire and road conditions.

Here's how anti-lock works. Let's say the road is wet. Yo~1'1-e driving safely. Suddenly an animal jumps out in front of YOLI. You slam on the brakes. Here's what happens with ABS. A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at the rear wheels.

You can steer around the obstacle while braking hard. As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.

Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need to get your foot up to the brake pedal. If you get too close to the vehicle in front of you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have anti-lock brakes. To Use Anti-Lock Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down and let anti-lock work for you. You may feel the system working, or you may notice some noise, but this is normal. Braking in Emergencies Use your anti-lock braking system when you need to. With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more than even the very best braking. Steering Power Steering If you lose power steering assist because the engine stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but it will take much more effort.


Steering Tips Driving on Curves It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed. A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on the news happen on curves. Here’s why: Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to the same laws of physics when driving on curves. The traction of the tires against the road surface makes it possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this. The traction you can get in a curve depends on the condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at which the curve is banked, and your speed. While you’re in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control. Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve. Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control systems -- steering and acceleration -- have to do their work where the tires meet the road. Adding the sudden acceleration can demand too much of those places. You can lose control. What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it to go, and slow down.

Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are based on good weather and road conditions. Under less favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower. If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front wheels are straight ahead. Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then accelerate gently into the straightaway. Steering in Emergencies There are times when steering can be more effective than braking. For example, you come over a hill and find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between parked cars and stops right in front of you. You can avoid these problems by braking -- if you can stop in time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room. That’s the time for evasive action -- steering around the problem. Your Chevrolet can perform very well in emergencies like these. First apply your brakes. (See “Braking in Emergencies” earlier in this section.) It is better to remove as much speed as you can from a possible

collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left or right depending on the space available. An emergency like this requires close attention and a quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly, and just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have avoided the object.

The f x t that such emergency situations are always possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving at all times and wear safety belts properly.


Off-Road Recovery You may find sometime that your right wheels have dropped off‘ the edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving. If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up to 1/4 turn until the right front tire contacts the pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel to go straight down the roadway.




edge of paved surface


Passing The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a two-lane highway waits for just the right moment, accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver? Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming traffic for several seconds, A miscalculation, an error in judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision. So here are some tips for passing: 0 “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides, and

to crossroads for situations that might affect your passing patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait for a better time.

0 Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings, and lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass (providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross a solid line on your side of the lane or a double solid line, even if the road seems empty of approaching traffic.

Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one thing, following too closely reduces your area of vision, especially if you’re following a larger vehicle. Also, you won’t have adequate space if the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a reasonable distance. When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up, start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and don’t get too close. Time your move so you will be increasing speed as the time comes to move into the other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a “running start” that more than makes up for the distance you would lose by dropping back. And if something happens to cause you to cancel your pass, you need only slow down and drop back again and wait for another opportunity. If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder and check the blind spot.

Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and start your left lane change signal before moving out of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal and move back into the right lane. (Remember that your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you just passed may seem to be farther away from you than it really is.) Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the next vehicle. Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly. Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may be slowing down or starting to turn. If you’re being passed, make it easy for the following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you can ease a little to the right.


Loss of Control Let’s review what driving experts say about what happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked. In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to steer and constantly seek an escape route or area of less danger. Skidding In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle. Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable care suited to existing conditions, and by not “overdriving” those conditions. But skids are always possible. The three types of skids correspond to your Chevrolet’s three control systems. In the braking skid your wheels aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid too much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin. A cornering skid and an acceleration skid are best handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.


If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a second skid if it occurs. Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice, gravel, or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll want to slow down and adjust your driving to these conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and vehicle control more limited. While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration, or braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide. You may not realize the surfxe is slippery until your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow on the road to make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow down when you have any doubt. Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps avoid only the braking skid.

Driving at Night

Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One reason is that some drivers are likely to be impaired -- by alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue.

Here are some tips on night driving.

Drive defensively. Don’t drink and drive. Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the glare from headlamps behind you. Since you can’t see as well, you may need to slow down and keep more space between you and other vehicles. Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your headlamps can light up only so much road ahead. In remote areas, watch for animals. If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place and rest.

Night Vision No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old driver may require at least twice as much light to see the same thing at night as a 20-year-old. What you do in the daytime can also affect your night vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright


sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot of things invisible. You can be temporarily blinded by approaching headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver who doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring directly into the approaching headlamps. Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would, making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly. Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and aren’t even aware of it. 4-14

Driving in the Rain

Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet road you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads. And, if your tires don‘t have much tread left, you’ll get even less traction. It‘s always wise to go slower and be cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The surfxe may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are tuned for driving on dry pavement.

The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals, pavement markings, the edge of the road, and even people walking. It’s wise to keep your wiping equipment in good shape and keep your windshield washer tank filled. Replace your windshield wiper inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to separate from the inserts.

Driving too fast through large water puddles or even going through some car washes can cause problems, too. The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles. But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them.


Some Other Rainy Weather Tips

Turn on your low-beam headlamps -- not just your parking lamps -- to help make you more visible to others. Besides slowing down, allow some extra following distance. And be especially careful when you pass another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted by road spray. Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See “Tires” in the Index.)

Hydroplaning Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up under your tires that they can actually ride on the water. This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning, it has little or no contact with the road. Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your tires haven’t much tread or if the pressure in one or more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone poles, or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning. Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning. The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.


City Driving

One of the biggest problems with city streets is the amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to traffic signals.

Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving: Know the best way to get to where you are going. Get a city map and plan your trip into an unknown part of the city just as you would for a cross-country trip. Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most large cities. You’ll save time and energy. (See the next part, “Freeway Driving.”) Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic light is there because the corner is busy enough to need it. When a light turns green, and just before you start to move, check both ways for vehicles that have not cleared the intersection or may be running the red light.


Freeway Driving

Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways, expressways, turnpikes, or superhighways) are the safest of all roads. But they have their own special rules.


The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the left lane on a freeway as a passing lane. At the entrance there is usually a ramp that leads to the freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow. Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass. Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use your turn signal. Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your “blind” spot.

Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move slightly slower at night. When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper lane well in advance. If you miss your exit do not, under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive on to the next exit. The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply. The exit speed is usually posted. Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going slower than you actually are. Before Leaving on a Long Trip Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you must start when you’re not fresh -- such as after a day’s work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that first part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you can easily drive in. Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs service, have it done before starting out. Of course, you’ll find experienced and able service experts in

Chevrolet dealers all across North America. They’ll be ready and willing to help if you need it. Here are some things you can check before a trip:

Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Are all windows clean inside and outside? Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape? Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked all levels? Lanzps: Are they all working‘? Are the lenses clean? Tires: They are vitally important to a safe, trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the recommended pressure? Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook along your route? Should you delay your trip a short time to avoid a major storm system? Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?


Hill and Mountain Roads

Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from driving in flat or rolling terrain.

Highway Hypnosis Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”? Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever. There is something about an easy stretch of road with the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the wind against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let it happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the road in less thnn n second, and you could crash and be inj wed. What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be aware that it can happen. Then here are some tips:

Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a comfortably cool interior. Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your instruments frequently. If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service, or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as an emergency.


If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make your trips safer and more enjoyable. 0 Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid

levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system and transaxle. These parts can work hard on mountain roads.

0 Know how to go down hills. The most important

thing to know is this: let your engine do some of the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go down a steep or long hill.

Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine and transaxle, and you can climb the hill better. Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let you stay in your own lane. As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could be something in your lane, like a stalled car or an accident. You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or no-passing zones, a falling rocks area, or winding roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.


Winter Driving

Here are some tips for winter driving:

Have your Chevrolet in good shape for winter. Be sure your engine coolant mix is correct.

0 YOU may want to put winter emergency supplies in

your trunk.

Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth, and a couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure these items in your vehicle.


Driving on Snow or Ice Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the road probably have good traction. However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll have a lot less traction or *‘grip‘’ and will need to be very careful.

What’s the worst time for this’? “Wet ice.” Very cold snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the

least traction of all. You can get “wet ice“ when it’s about freezing (32°F; OOC) and freezing rain begins to fall. Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews can get there. Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed, blowing or loose snow -- drive with caution. Accelerate gently. Try not to break the fragile traction. If you accelerate too fast, the drive wheels will spin and polish the surface under the tires even more. Your anti-lock brakes improve your ability to make a hard stop on a slippery road. Even though you have the anti-lock braking system, you’ll want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index. Allow greater following road.

distance on any slippery

0 Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an otherwise clear road, ice patches ]nay appear in shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around clumps of trees, behind buildings, or under bridges. Sometimes the surfhce of a curve or an overpass may remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you are on it. Try not t o brake while you’re actually on the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.


If You’re Caught in a Blizzard

cloth to your vehicle to alert police that you’ve been stopped by the snow. Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you. If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm. You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.

If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a serious situation. You should probably stay with your vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help and you can hike through the snow. Here are some things to do to summon help and keep yourself and your passengers safe: Turn on your hazard flashers. Tie a red


Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps the battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on with your headlamps. Let the heater run for awhile. Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises every half hour or so until help comes.


Recreational Vehicle Towing You can tow your vehicle behind another vehicle for use at your destination. Be sure to use the proper towing equipment designed for recreational towing. Follow the instructions for the towing equipment. Towing Your Vehicle from the Front

Follow these steps: 1. Put the front wheels on a dolly. 2. Set the parking brake. 3. Turn the ignition key to OFF to unlock the steering


4. Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-ahead position

with a clamping device designed for towing.

5. Release the parking brake.


If your vehicle has a manual transaxle, you may tow your vehicle with all four wheels on the ground. Follow these steps:

1. 2.


Set the parking brake. Turn the ignition key to OFF to unlock the steering wheel. Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-ahead position with a clamping device designed for towing. Shift your manual transaxle t o NEUTRAL (N). Release the parking brake.

4. 5.


Make sure that the towing speed does not exceed 55 mph (90 k h ) , or your vehicle could be badly damaged.


Towing Your Vehicle from the Rear

. ._ . .- nn 7 8

Loading Your Vehicle