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snow or ice from your shoes because that could make the pedals slippery and dan- gerous.

While warming up the vehicle before driv- ing, check that the accelerator pedal, brake pedal, and all other controls operate smoothly.

Clear away ice and snow that has accu- mulated under the fenders to avoid mak- ing steering difficult. During severe winter driving, stop when and where it is safe to

do so and check under the fenders period- ically. (cid:84) Parking in cold weather

Snow can trap dangerous exhaust gases under your vehicle. Keep snow clear of the exhaust pipe and from around your vehicle if you park the vehicle in snow with the engine running.

Do not use the parking brake when park- ing for long periods in cold weather since it could freeze in that position. Instead, ob- serve the following. 1. Place the shift lever in “1” or “R” for manual transmission vehicles, and in “P” for automatic transmission vehicles. 2. Use tire stops under the tires to prevent the vehicle from moving.

When the vehicle is parked in snow or when it snows, raise the wiper blades off the glass to prevent damage to them.

When the vehicle has been left parked af- ter use on roads heavily covered with snow, or has been left parked during a snowstorm, icing may develop on the brake system, which could cause poor braking action. Check for snow or ice

buildup on the suspension, disc brakes and brake hoses underneath the vehicle. If there is caked snow or ice, remove it, being careful not to damage the disc brakes and brake hoses and ABS har- ness. (cid:84) Refueling in cold weather To help prevent moisture from forming in the fuel system and the risk of its freezing, use of an antifreeze additive in the fuel tank is recommended during cold weath- er. Use only additives that are specifically de- signed for this purpose. When an anti- freeze additive is used, its effect lasts longer if the tank is refilled whenever the fuel level reaches half empty.

If your SUBARU is not going to be used for an extended period, it is best to have the fuel tank filled to capacity.

(cid:132) Driving on snowy and icy


Do not use the cruise control on slippery roads such as snowy or icy roads. This may cause loss of vehi- cle control.

Avoid prolonged continuous driving in snowstorms. Snow will enter the engine’s intake system and may hinder the air flow, which could re- sult in engine shutdown or even breakdown.

To prevent skidding and slipping, avoid sudden braking, abrupt acceleration, high- speed driving, and sharp turning when driving on snowy or icy roads. Always maintain ample distance between your vehicle and the vehicle ahead of you to avoid the need for sudden braking. To supplement the foot brake, use the en- gine brake effectively to control the vehi- cle speed. (Shift into a lower gear when necessary.) Avoid shifting down abruptly. Such behav- ior can cause the wheels to lock, possibly leading to loss of vehicle control.

An anti-lock brake system (ABS) enhanc- es your vehicle’s braking performance on snowy and icy roads. Refer to the “ABS (Anti-lock Brake System)” section in chap- ter 7 for information on braking on slippery surfaces. (cid:84) Wiper operation when snowing Before driving in cold weather, make sure

Driving tips 8-9

the wiper blades are not frozen to the windshield or rear window. If the wiper blades are frozen to the windshield or rear window, use the defroster with the airflow control button/dial in the “ ” position and the temperature control dial set for maximum warmth until the wiper blades are completely thawed out. If your vehicle is equipped with a wiper deicer, it is helpful to thaw the windshield wiper blades. To thaw out the rear wiper blade, use the rear window defogger.

When driving in snow, if frozen snow starts to stick on the surface of the wind- shield despite wiper operation, use the de- froster with the airflow control button/dial in “ ” and the temperature control dial set for maximum warmth. After the wind- shield gets warmed enough to melt the frozen snow on it, wash it away using the windshield washer.

Snow stuck on the wiper arm prevents the wiper from working effectively. If snow is stuck on the wiper arm, pull off the road to a safe place, then remove it. If you stop the vehicle at road side, use the hazard warning flasher to alert other drivers.

We recommend use of non-freezing type wiper blades (winter blades) during the seasons you could have snow and sub-


8-10 Driving tips

zero temperatures. Blades of this type give superior wiping performance in snowy conditions. Be sure to use blades that are suitable for your vehicle.

(cid:132) Snow tires

During high-speed driving, non- freezing type wiper blades may not perform as well as standard wiper blades. If this happens, reduce the vehicle speed. NOTE When the season requiring non-freez- ing type wiper blades is over, replace them with standard wiper blades.

(cid:132) Corrosion protection Refer to the “Corrosion protection” section (chapter 10).

(cid:121) When replacing original tires with winter (snow) tires, make sure you use only the same size, construc- tion and load range as the original tires listed on the tire placard. Us- ing other sizes and construction may affect speedometer/odome- ter calibration and clearance be- tween the body and tires. It also may be dangerous and lead to loss of vehicle control.

(cid:121) You must install four winter tires that are of the same size, con- struction, brand, and load range. Mixing other sizes or construc- tions may result in severe me- chanical damage to the drive train of your vehicle and may affect ride, handling, braking and speed- ometer/odometer calibration. It also may be dangerous and lead to loss of vehicle control.

(cid:121) Do not use a combination of radi- al, belted bias or bias tires since it may cause dangerous handling characteristics and lead to an ac- cident.

Your vehicle is equipped with “all season tires” as original equipment, which are de- signed to provide an adequate measure of traction, handling and braking perfor- mance in year-round driving. In winter, it may be possible to enhance performance through use of tires designed specifically for winter driving conditions. When you choose to install winter tires on your vehicle, be sure to use the correct tire size and type. You must install four winter tires that are of the same size, construc- tion, brand and load range and you should never mix radial, belted bias or bias tires since this may result in dangerous han- dling characteristics. When you choose a tire, make sure that there is enough clear- ance between the tire and vehicle body.

Remember to drive with care at all times regardless of the type of tires on your ve- hicle.

(cid:132) Tire chains Driving on snowy grades or icy roads may require the use of tire chains, in which case put the chains on the front wheels only. Use only SAE class S type chains that are of the correct size for your tires so as not to damage the vehicle body or sus- pension. When driving with tire chains, drive at

speeds below 19 mph (30 km/h).

Loading your vehicle

Always use the utmost care when driving with tire chains – overconfidence because you are driving with tire chains could eas- ily lead to a serious accident.

(cid:132) Rocking the vehicle If you must rock the vehicle to free it from snow, sand, or mud, depress the acceler- ator pedal slightly and move the selector lever back and forth between “D” and “R” repeatedly. Do not race the engine. For the best possible traction, avoid spinning the wheels when trying to free the vehicle.

When the road surface is extremely slip- pery, you can obtain better traction by starting the vehicle with the transmission in 2nd than 1st (both for MT and AT).

Refer to the “Automatic transmission” sec- tion in chapter 7 for information on holding the transmission in 2nd position.

(cid:121) Never allow passengers to ride on a folded rear seatback or in the cargo area. Doing so may result in serious injury.

(cid:121) Never stack luggage or other car- go higher than the top of the seat- back because it could tumble for- ward and injure passengers in the event of a sudden stop or acci- dent. Keep luggage or cargo low, as close to the floor as possible.


Driving tips 8-11

(cid:121) When you carry something inside the vehicle, secure it whenever you can to prevent it from being thrown around inside the vehicle during sudden stops, sharp turns or in an accident.

(cid:121) Do not pile heavy loads on the roof. These loads raise the vehi- cle’s center of gravity and make it more prone to tip over.

(cid:121) Secure lengthy items properly to prevent them from shooting for- ward and causing serious injury during a sudden stop.

(cid:121) Never exceed the maximum load limit. If you do, some parts on your vehicle can break, or it can change the way your vehicle han- dles. This could result in loss of control and cause personal injury. Also, overloading can shorten the life of your vehicle.

(cid:121) Do not place anything on the ex- tended cargo area cover. Such items could tumble forward in the event of a sudden stop or a colli- sion. This could cause serious in- jury.


8-12 Driving tips

Do not carry spray cans, containers with flammable or corrosive liquids or any other dangerous items inside the vehicle. NOTE For better fuel economy, do not carry unneeded cargo.

(cid:132) Vehicle capacity weight



The load capacity of your vehicle is deter- mined by weight, not by available cargo space. The maximum load you can carry in your vehicle is shown on the vehicle placard attached to the driver’s side door pillar. It includes the total weight of the driver and all passengers and their be- longings, any optional equipment such as a trailer hitch, roof rack or bike carrier, etc., and the tongue load of a trailer.

(cid:132) GVWR and GAWR (Gross Ve-

hicle Weight Rating and Gross Axle Weight Rating)


The certification plate attached to the driv- er’s side door jamb shows GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) and GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating). The GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight) must never exceed the GVWR. GVW is the combined total of weight of the vehicle, fu- el, driver, all passengers, luggage, any optional equipment and trailer tongue load. Therefore, the GVW changes de- pending on the situation. The GVWR equals Curb Weight (actual weight of your vehicle – including standard equipment, fluids, emergency tools and spare tire as- sembly) plus the vehicle capacity weight.

In addition, the total weight applied to each axle (GAW) must never exceed the GAWR. The front and rear GAWs can be adjusted by relocating luggage inside the vehicle. Even if the total weight of your luggage is lower than the vehicle capacity weight, ei- ther front or rear GAW may exceed the GAWR, depending on the distribution of the luggage. When possible, the load should be evenly distributed throughout the vehicle. If you carry heavy loads in the vehicle, you should confirm that GVW and front and rear GAWs are within the GVWR and GAWR by putting your vehicle on a vehi- cle scale, found at a commercial weighing station.

Do not use replacement tires with a lower load range than the originals because they may lower the GVWR and GAWR limitations. Replacement tires with a high- er load range than the originals do not in- crease the GVWR and GAWR limitations.

(cid:132) Roof rail and crossbar (if


(cid:121) For cargo carrying purposes, the roof rail must be used together with a roof crossbar kit and the appropriate carrying attachment. The roof rail must never be used alone to carry cargo. Otherwise, damage to the roof or paint or a dangerous road hazard due to loss of cargo could result.

(cid:121) When using the roof crossbar kit, make sure that the total weight of the crossbars, carrying attach- ment and cargo does not exceed the maximum load limit. Overload- ing may cause damage to the ve- hicle and create a safety hazard.

The roof rail is not designed to carry cargo by itself. Cargo can be carried after secur- ing the roof crossbar kit to the roof rail and installing the appropriate carrying attach- ment. When installing the roof crossbar kit, follow the manufacturer’s instructions.

When you carry cargo on the roof using the roof crossbar kit and a carrying attach- ment, never exceed the maximum load

Driving tips 8-13

limit explained in the following. You should also be careful that your vehicle does not exceed the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) and front and rear Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). See the “Loading your vehicle” section in this chapter for in- formation on loading cargo into or onto your vehicle. The maximum load limit of the cargo, crossbars and carrying attach- ment must not exceed 150 lbs (68 kg). Place the heaviest load at the bottom, nearest the roof, and evenly distribute the cargo. Always properly secure all cargo. (cid:84) Installing carrying attachments on

the crossbars

When installing any carrying attachment such as a bike carrier, ski carrier, kayak carrier, cargo basket, etc. on the cross- bars, follow the manufacturer’s instruc- tions and make sure that the attachment is securely fixed to the crossbars. Use only attachments designed specifically for the crossbars. A set of crossbars is designed to carry loads (cargo and attachment) of not more than 150 lbs (68 kg). Before op- erating the vehicle, make sure that the cargo is properly secured on the attach- ment. NOTE Remember that the vehicle’s center of gravity is altered with the weight of the


8-14 Driving tips

load on the roof, thus affecting the driving characteristics. Drive carefully. Avoid rapid starts, hard cornering and abrupt stops. Crosswind effects will be increased. (cid:84) Removal and installation of the


The crossbars can be removed when you do not use the roof to carry cargo. (cid:86) To remove the crossbar


1) Crossbar end support 2) T-30 torx® head screw

1. Loosen and remove the T-30 torx® head screw from the top of each crossbar end support. 2. Move the end support and inner clamp to unhook each side of the crossbar from

the roof rail.


1) Crossbar end support 2) T-30 torx® head screw

1. Before placing the crossbar on the roof rails, make sure that the T-30 torx® head screw is fully loosened from each end support. 2. Spread the inner clamp and the end support as far apart as possible.


3. Carefully raise the crossbar from roof rails. NOTE It may be necessary to move the Front crossbar rearward, near the center of the roof rail for easier removal. Use care not to cross-thread the screw in the insert if it has been removed. (cid:86) To install the crossbar Front crossbar: Front crossbar has 150 LBS. Load Label on right-hand side.




1) Load label 2) Direction arrow label 3) 6 in (150 mm)

3. With the front direction arrow label on the top right side of the crossbar pointing toward the front of the vehicle, carefully place the crossbar across the top of the vehicle so that the crossbar end supports rest on the top of the roof rails approxi- mately 6 inches (150 mm) rearward in the front radius of the roof rail. 4. Move the end support and inner clamp to hook under the end of the roof rail on both sides and loosely assemble the T-30
torx® head screw with the tool provided into the threaded insert in the inner clamp on each end of the crossbar.

Driving tips 8-15

Install the rear crossbar in the same man- ner as the front crossbar. NOTE The rear crossbar should be posi- tioned 6 inches (150 mm) forward of the rear radius in the roof rail.

Do not carry cargo on the roof when the crossbars are removed. Lug- gage on the roof will be thrown for- ward or backward in sudden stops or rapid accelerations, resulting in a dangerous road hazard. NOTE Before each use of the roof crossbar, make sure the four T-30 crossbar clamp screws have been checked, and retightened if necessary to 30 to 35
lbf·in (3.4 to 4.0 N·m, 0.35 to 0.41 kgf·m), as outlined in Step #5 above.

NOTE It may be necessary to start the inner clamp and end support at the center of the roof rail for easier installation, then move the crossbar forward. Use care not to cross-thread the screw in the in- sert if it has been removed.

5. Adjust the alignment of the crossbar on the roof rails, and if available, use a T-30
torx® bit and torque wrench and tighten the T-30 torx® head screws to 30 to 35
lbf·in (3.4 to 4.0 N·m, 0.35 to 0.41 kgf·m) of torque (or tighten securely with the torx® wrench provided).

Rear crossbar:



1) T-30 torx® head screw 2) Front arrow label 3) 6 in (150 mm)

8-16 Driving tips

Trailer hitch (if equipped)

(cid:121) Never exceed

the maximum weight specified for the trailer hitch. Exceeding the maximum weight could cause an accident resulting in serious personal inju- ries. Permissible trailer weight changes depending on the situa- tion. Refer to the next section “Trailer towing” for possible rec- ommendations and limitations.

(cid:121) Trailer brakes are required when the towing load exceeds 1,000 lbs (453 kg). Be sure your trailer has safety chains and that each chain will hold the trailer’s maximum gross weight. Towing trailers without safety chains could create a traffic safety hazard if the trailer separates from the hitch due to coupling damage or hitch ball damage.

(cid:121) Be sure to check the hitch pin and safety pin for positive locking placement before towing a trailer. If the ball mount comes off the hitch receiver, the trailer could get loose and create a traffic safety hazard.

(cid:121) Use only the ball mount supplied with this hitch. Use the hitch only as a weight carrying hitch. Do not use with any type of weight dis- tributing hitch.

The trailer hitch is designed to tow a Class 1 rated load. When you tow a trailer, follow the instruc- tions in the next section “Trailer towing”.

(cid:132) Connecting a trailer 1. Remove the receiver cover from the hitch receiver tube. Then insert the ball mount into the hitch receiver tube.


2. Insert the hitch pin into the hole on the hitch receiver tube so that the pin passes through the ball mount.


3. Insert the safety pin securely into the hitch pin. 4. Pull the ball mount to make sure it does

Driving tips 8-17

(cid:132) When you do not tow a trailer (cid:121) Remove the ball mount from the hitch receiver tube and insert the receiver cover onto the hitch receiver tube. (cid:121) Place the dust cap over the fou-pin con- nector of the hitch wire harness to protect against possible damage. (cid:121) Occasionally lubricate terminals of the four-pin connector using terminal grease.

not come off the hitch receiver.

Do not connect safety chains to part of the vehicle other than the safety chain hooks.


1) Hitch ball installation point 2) Hooks for safety chains

5. Use only a hitch ball that is appropriate for the ball mount and your trailer. The hitch ball must be securely installed on the ball mount. 6. Connect your trailer to the hitch ball. 7. Connect the trailer and the hitch with safety chains that will hold the trailer’s maximum gross weight. The chains should cross under the trailer tongue to prevent the tongue from dropping onto the ground in case it should disconnect from the hitch ball. Allow sufficient slack in the chains taking tight-turn situations into ac- count; however, be careful not to let them drag on the ground.


Hitch harness connector

8. Connect the hitch wire harness’s black four-pin wire connector to the towing trail- er’s wire harness 9. Confirm proper function of the hitch wire harness by individually activating the brake, right turn signal, left turn signal, stop, and parking lights on the trailer. NOTE Always disconnect the trailer wire har- ness before launching or retrieving a watercraft.

8-18 Driving tips

Trailer towing

Your vehicle is designed and intended to be used primarily as a passenger-carrying vehicle. Towing a trailer puts additional loads on your vehicle’s engine, drivetrain, brakes, tires and suspension and has an adverse effect on fuel economy. If you do decide to tow a trailer, your safe- ty and satisfaction depend upon proper use of correct equipment and cautious op- eration of your vehicle. Seek the advice of your SUBARU dealer to assist you in pur- chasing a hitch and other necessary tow- ing equipment appropriate for your vehi- cle. In addition, be sure to follow the in- structions on correct installation and use provided by the trailer and other towing equipment manufacturers. SUBARU assumes no responsibility for in- juries or vehicle damage that result from trailer towing equipment, or from any er- rors or omissions in the instructions ac- companying such equipment or for your failure to follow the proper instructions.

(cid:132) Warranties and maintenance SUBARU warranties do not apply to vehi- cle damage or malfunction caused by trail- er towing. If you use your vehicle to tow a trailer, more frequent maintenance will be

required due to the additional load. (Refer to “Maintenance schedule under severe driving conditions” in the “Warranty and Maintenance Booklet”.) Under no circumstances should a trailer be towed with a new vehicle or a vehicle with any new powertrain component (en- gine, transmission, differential, wheel bearings, etc.) for the first 1,000 miles (1,600 km) of driving.

(cid:132) Maximum load limits

Never exceed the maximum load limits explained in the following. Ex- ceeding the maximum load limits could cause personal injury and/or vehicle damage.

(cid:121) Adequate size trailer brakes are required when the trailer and its cargo exceed 1,000 lbs (453 kg) total weight.

(cid:121) Before towing a trailer, check the trailer total weight, GVW, GAWs and tongue load. Make sure the load and its distribution in your vehicle and trailer are acceptable.

(cid:84) Total trailer weight


Total trailer weight

The total trailer weight (trailer weight plus its cargo load) must never exceed the maximum weight shown in the following table.

Maximum total trailer


1,000 lbs (453 kg)

2,400 lbs (1,087 kg)

1,000 lbs (453 kg)

2,400 lbs (1,087 kg)

1,000 lbs (453 kg)



MT models When towing a

trailer without brakes.

When towing a trailer with brakes.

AT models When towing a

trailer without brakes.

When towing a trailer with brakes.

When towing a trailer on a long uphill grade con- tinuously for over 5 miles (8 km) with an outside temperature of 104(cid:113)F (40(cid:113)C) or above.

(cid:84) Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) and

Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR)

Driving tips 8-19


Certification plate


GVWR is shown on the certification plate located on the driver’s side door jamb.

Gross Vehicle Weight

The Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) must never exceed the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) is the com- bined total of the weight of the vehicle, driver, passengers, luggage, trailer hitch, trailer tongue load and any other optional equipment installed on your vehicle. Therefore, the GVW changes depending on the situation. Determine the GVW each time before going on a trip by putting your vehicle and trailer on a vehicle scale.


8-20 Driving tips

(cid:84) Gross Axle Weight (GAW) and

Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR)

while driving. (cid:84) Tongue load


1) Jack 2) Bathroom scale


Tongue load

Ensure that the trailer tongue load is from 8 to 11 percent of the total trailer weight and does not exceed the maximum value of 200 lbs (90 kg).

The tongue load can be weighed with a bathroom scale as shown in the illustra- tion above. When weighing the tongue load, be sure to position the towing cou- pler at the height at which it would be dur- ing actual towing, using a jack as shown.


Gross Axle Weight

The total weight applied to each axle (GAW) must never exceed the Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). The front and rear GAWs can be adjusted by relocating passengers and luggage inside the vehi- cle. The front and rear GAWR are also shown on the certification plate. To check both GVWR and GAWR and to confirm that the total weight and weight distribution are within safe driving limits, you should have your vehicle and trailer weighed at a commercial weighing sta- tion. Be sure that all cargo is firmly secured to prevent a change in weight distribution




50% 50%

If the trailer is loaded with more weight in the back of trailer’s axle than in the front, the load is taken off the rear axle of the towing vehicle. This may cause the rear wheels to skid, especially during braking or when vehicle speed is reduced dur- ing cornering, resulting in over- steer, spin out and/or jackknifing.

F: Front of vehicle


(cid:132) Trailer hitches

The tongue load can be adjusted by prop- er distribution of the load in the trailer. Never load the trailer with more weight in the back than in the front; approximately 60 percent of the trailer load should be in the front and approximately 40 percent in the rear. Also, distribute the load as even- ly as possible on both the left and right sides. Be sure that all cargo is firmly secured to prevent a change in weight distribution while driving.

Never drill the frame or under-body of your vehicle to install a commer- cial trailer hitch. If you do, danger- ous exhaust gas, water or mud may enter the passenger compartment through the drilled hole. Exhaust gas contains carbon monoxide, a colorless and odorless gas which is dangerous, or even lethal, if inhaled. Also, drilling the frame or under- body of your vehicle could cause deterioration of strength of your ve- hicle and cause corrosion around the drilled hole.

Driving tips 8-21

(cid:121) Do not modify the vehicle exhaust system, brake system, or other systems when installing a hitch or other trailer towing equipment.

(cid:121) Do not use axle-mounted hitches as they can cause damage to the axle housing, wheel bearings, wheels or tires.

Choose a proper hitch for your vehicle and trailer. The use of a genuine SUBARU trailer hitch is recommended. A genuine SUBA- RU hitch is available from your SUBARU dealer. If use of a non-genuine hitch is unavoid- able, be sure the hitch is suited to your ve- hicle and trailer. Consult with a profes- sional hitch supplier to assist you in choosing an appropriate hitch for your ve- hicle. Be sure to follow all of the hitch man- ufacturer’s instructions for installation and use. Never use a hitch that mounts only to the rear bumper. The bumper is not designed to handle that type of load. For all types of hitches, regularly check that the hitch mounting bolts and nuts are tight.


8-22 Driving tips

(cid:132) Connecting a trailer (cid:84) Trailer brakes

(cid:121) Adequate size trailer brakes are required when the trailer and its cargo exceed 1,000 lbs (453 kg) total weight.

(cid:121) Do not directly connect your trail- er’s hydraulic brake system to the hydraulic brake system in your vehicle. Direct connection would cause the vehicle’s brake perfor- mance to deteriorate and could lead to an accident.

If your trailer’s total weight (trailer weight plus its cargo weight) exceeds 1,000 lbs (453 kg), the trailer is required to be equipped with its own brake system. Elec- tric brakes or surge brakes are recom- mended, and must be installed properly. Check that your trailer’s brakes conform with Federal, state/province and/or other applicable regulations. Your SUBARU’s brake system is not designed to be tapped into the trailer’s hydraulic brake system. Please ask your SUBARU dealer and pro- fessional trailer supplier for more informa- tion about the trailer’s brake system.

(cid:84) Trailer safety chains

(cid:84) Side mirrors

Always use safety chains between your vehicle and the trailer. Towing a trailer without safety chains could create a traffic safety hazard if the trailer separates from the hitch due to coupling damage or hitch ball damage.

In case the trailer hitch connector or hitch ball should break or become disconnect- ed, the trailer could get loose and create a traffic safety hazard. For safety, always connect the towing ve- hicle and trailer with trailer safety chains. Pass the chains crossing each other un- der the trailer tongue to prevent the trailer from dropping onto the ground in case the trailer tongue should disconnect from the hitch ball. Allow sufficient slack in the chains taking tight-turn situations into ac- count; however, be careful not to let them drag on the ground. For more information about the safety chain connection, refer to the instructions for your hitch and trailer.


After hitching a trailer to your vehicle, check that the standard side mirrors pro- vide a good rearward field of view without significant blind spots. If significant blind spots occur with the vehicle’s standard side mirrors, use towing mirrors that con- form with Federal, state/province and/or other applicable regulations. (cid:84) Trailer lights

Direct splicing or other improper connection of trailer lights may damage your vehicle’s electrical system and cause a malfunction of your vehicle’s lighting system.

Connection of trailer lights to your vehi- cle’s electrical system requires modifica- tions to the vehicle’s lighting circuit to in- crease its capacity and accommodate wir- ing changes. To ensure the trailer lights are connected properly, please consult your SUBARU dealer. Check for proper operation of the turn signals, the brake lights and parking lights each time you hitch up. (cid:84) Tires

Never tow a trailer when the tempo- rary spare tire is used. The tempo- rary spare tire is not designed to sustain the towing load. Use of the temporary spare tire when towing can result in failure of the spare tire and/or less stability of the vehicle.

Make sure that all the tires on your vehicle are properly inflated to the pressure spec- ified on the tire placard located on the driv- er’s side center pillar.

Trailer tire condition, size, load rating and proper inflation pressure should be in ac- cordance with the trailer manufacturer’s specifications.

(cid:132) Trailer towing tips

(cid:121) Never exceed 45 mph (72 km/h) when towing a trailer in hilly coun- try on hot days.

(cid:121) When towing a trailer, steering, stability, stopping distance and braking performance will be dif- ferent from normal operation. For safety’s sake, you should employ extra caution when towing a trail- er and you should never speed. You should also keep the follow- ing tips in mind:

(cid:84) Before starting out on a trip (cid:121) Check that the vehicle and vehicle-to- hitch mounting are in good condition. If any problems are apparent, do not tow the trailer. (cid:121) Check that the vehicle sits horizontally with the trailer attached. If the vehicle is tipped sharply up at the front and down at the rear, check the total trailer weight, GVW, GAWs and tongue load again, then confirm that the load and its distribution are acceptable. (cid:121) Check that the tire pressures are cor- rect. (cid:121) Check that the vehicle and trailer are

Driving tips 8-23

connected properly. Confirm that

– the trailer tongue is connected prop- erly to the hitch ball. – the trailer lights connector is connect- ed properly and trailer’s brake lights illu- minate when the vehicle’s brake pedal is pressed, and that the trailer’s turn sig- nal lights flash when the vehicle’s turn signal lever is operated. – the safety chains are connected prop- erly. – all cargo in the trailer is secured safe- ty in position. – the side mirrors provide a good rear- ward field of view without a significant blind spot.

(cid:121) Sufficient time should be taken to learn the “feel” of the vehicle/trailer combination before starting out on a trip. In an area free of traffic, practice turning, stopping and backing up. (cid:84) Driving with a trailer (cid:121) You should allow for considerably more stopping distance when towing a trailer. Avoid sudden braking because it may re- sult in skidding or jackknifing and loss of control. (cid:121) Avoid abrupt starts and sudden acceler- ations. If your vehicle has a manual trans- mission, always start out in first gear and release the clutch at moderate engine rev-


8-24 Driving tips

olution. (cid:121) Avoid uneven steering, sharp turns and rapid lane changes. (cid:121) Slow down before turning. Make a long- er than normal turning radius because the trailer wheels will be closer than the vehi- cle wheels to the inside of the turn. In a tight turn, the trailer could hit your vehicle. (cid:121) Crosswinds will adversely affect the handling of your vehicle and trailer, caus- ing sway. Crosswinds can be due to weather conditions or the passing of large trucks or buses. If swaying occurs, firmly grip the steering wheel and slow down im- mediately but gradually. (cid:121) When passing other vehicles, consider- able distance is required because of the added weight and length caused by at- taching the trailer to your vehicle.

heating of your vehicle’s brakes. Do not make sudden downshifts. (cid:121) When driving uphill in hot weather, the air conditioner may turn off automatically to protect the engine from overheating. (cid:121) When driving uphill in hot weather, pay attention to the water temperature gauge pointer (for all vehicles) and AT OIL TEMP warning light (for AT vehicles) since the engine and transmission are relatively prone to overheating under these condi- tions. If the water temperature gauge pointer approaches the OVERHEAT zone or the AT OIL TEMP warning light illumi- nates, immediately switch off the air con- ditioner and stop the vehicle at the nearest safe place. Refer to the “Engine overheat- ing” section in chapter 9, and “Warning and indicator lights” section in chapter 3. (cid:121) If your vehicle has an automatic trans- mission, avoid using the accelerator pedal to stay stationary on an uphill slope in- stead of using the parking brake or foot brake. That may cause the transmission fluid to overheat. (cid:121) If your vehicle has an automatic trans- mission, place the selector lever as fol- lows: Uphill slopes: “D” position Downhill slopes: A low-speed gear posi- tion to use engine braking

1) Left turn 2) Right turn


(cid:121) Backing up with a trailer is difficult and takes practice. When backing up with a trailer, never accelerate or steer rapidly. When turning back, grip the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand and turn it to the left for a left turn, and turn it to the right for a right turn. (cid:121) If the ABS warning light illuminates while the vehicle is in motion, stop towing the trailer and have repairs performed im- mediately by the nearest SUBARU dealer. (cid:84) Driving on grades (cid:121) Before going down a steep hill, slow down and shift into lower gear (if neces- sary, use 1st gear) in order to utilize the engine braking effect and prevent over-

Driving tips 8-25

(cid:84) Parking on a grade Always block the wheels under both vehi- cle and trailer when parking. Apply the parking brake firmly. You should not park on a hill or slope. But if parking on a hill or slope cannot be avoided, you should take the following steps: 1. Apply the brakes and hold the pedal down. 2. Have someone place wheel blocks un- der both the vehicle and trailer wheels. 3. When the wheel blocks are in place, re- lease the regular brakes slowly until the blocks absorb the load. 4. Apply the regular brakes and then ap- ply the parking brake; slowly release the regular brakes. 5. Shift into 1st or reverse gear (manual transmission) or “P” (automatic transmis- sion) and shut off the engine.

In case of emergency

If you park your vehicle in case of

an emergency .................................................. Temporary spare tire (if equipped) ................... Flat tires .............................................................. Changing a flat tire ................................................. Jump starting ...................................................... How to jump start ...................................................

Engine overheating ............................................ 9-10

If steam is coming from the engine

compartment .........................................................


If no steam is coming from the engine

compartment .........................................................

Towing ................................................................. 9-10

Towing and tie-down hooks .................................. Using a flat-bed truck ............................................. Towing with all wheels on the ground ..................

Rear gate – if the rear gate cannot be

unlocked .......................................................... 9-13

Moonroof – if the moonroof cannot be

closed ............................................................... 9-13
Maintenance tools .............................................. 9-14

Jack and jack handle ..............................................

9-2 In case of emergency

If you park your vehicle in case of an emergency

In case of emergency

the turn signals do not work.

Temporary spare tire (if equipped)


The hazard warning flasher should be used in day or night to warn other drivers when you have to park your vehicle under emergency conditions. Avoid stopping on the road. It is best to safely pull off the road if a problem occurs.

The hazard warning flasher can be acti- vated regardless of the ignition switch po- sition. Turn on the hazard warning by pushing the hazard warning flasher switch. Turn it off by pushing the switch again. NOTE When the hazard warning flasher is on,

Never tow a trailer when the tempo- rary spare tire is used. The tempo- rary spare tire is not designed to sustain the towing load. Use of the temporary spare tire when towing can result in failure of the spare tire and/or less stability of the vehicle and may lead to an accident.

Never use any temporary spare tire other than the original. Using other sizes may result in severe mechani- cal damage to the drive train of your vehicle.

The temporary spare tire is smaller and lighter than a conventional tire and is de- signed for emergency use only. Remove the temporary spare tire and re-install the conventional tire as soon as possible be- cause the spare tire is designed only for temporary use.

Check the inflation pressure of the tempo- rary spare tire periodically to keep the tire

ready for use. The correct pressure is 60
psi (420 kPa, 4.2 kg/cm2). When using the temporary spare tire, note the following. (cid:121) Do not exceed 50 mph (80 km/h). (cid:121) Do not put a tire chain on the temporary spare tire. Because of the smaller tire size, a tire chain will not fit properly. (cid:121) Do not use two or more temporary spare tires at the same time. (cid:121) Do not drive over obstacles. This tire has a smaller diameter, so road clearance is reduced.


1) Tread wear indicator bar 2) Indicator location mark

(cid:121) When the wear indicator appears on the tread, replace the tire.


1) Spare fuse 2) FWD connector NOTE (All AWD AT models) Before driving your vehicle with the temporary spare tire, put a spare fuse inside the FWD connector in the main fuse box located in the engine compartment and con- firm that the Front-wheel drive warning light “AWD” in the combination meter comes on. The all wheel drive capabili- ty of the vehicle has now deactivated. After re-installing the conventional tire, remove the spare fuse from the FWD connector in order to reactivate all wheel drive.

In case of emergency 9-3

Flat tires

If you have a flat tire while driving, never brake suddenly; keep driving straight ahead while gradually reducing speed. Then slowly pull off the road to a safe place.

(cid:132) Changing a flat tire

(cid:121) Do not jack up the vehicle on an incline or a loose road surface. The jack can come out of the jack- ing point or sink into the ground and this can result in a severe ac- cident.

(cid:121) Use only the jack provided with your vehicle. The jack supplied with the vehicle is designed only for changing a tire. Never get un- der the vehicle while supporting the vehicle with this jack.


9-4 In case of emergency

(cid:121) Always turn off the engine before raising the flat tire off the ground using the jack. Never swing or push the vehicle supported with the jack. The jack can come out of the jacking point due to a jolt and this can result in a severe acci- dent.

1. Park on a hard, level surface, whenev- er possible, then stop the engine. 2. Set the parking brake securely and shift a manual transmission vehicle in re- verse or an automatic transmission vehi- cle in the “P” (Park) position. 3. Turn on the hazard warning flasher and have everyone get out of the vehicle.

1) Jack 2) Jack handle 3) Spare tire


5. Take out the spare tire, jack, and wheel nut wrench. The spare tire is stored under the floor of the cargo area.

To remove the spare tire: 1. Open the lid and remove it.


2. Remove the storage compartment bucket (Canada spec. non-turbo models).

4. Put wheel blocks at the front and rear of the tire diagonally opposite the flat tire.



3. Remove the storage compartment tray (Except Canada spec. non-turbo models). 4. Turn the attaching bolt counterclock- wise, then take spare tire out.

5. The jack is stored under the left side of the cargo floor.

In case of emergency 9-5


To take out the jack: Pull the tab to open the lid, turn the jack screw counterclockwise to loosen it, then remove the jack.

To take out the jack handle: Open the rear-left and center lids in the cargo area by pulling their tabs.



6. Loosen the wheel nuts using the wheel nut wrench but do not remove the nuts.



7. Place the jack under the side sill at the front or rear jack-up point closest to the flat tire. Turn the jackscrew by hand until the jack head engages firmly into the jack-up point.


9-6 In case of emergency




8. Insert the jack handle into the jack- screw, and turn the handle until the tire clears the ground. Do not raise the vehicle higher than necessary. 9. Remove the wheel nuts and the flat tire.

10.Before putting the spare tire on, clean the mounting surface of the wheel and hub with a cloth. 11.Put on the spare tire. Replace the wheel nuts. Tighten them by hand.

Do not use oil or grease on the wheel studs or nuts when the spare tire is installed. This could cause the nuts to become loose and lead to an accident.

12.Turn the jack handle counterclockwise to lower the vehicle.


13.Use the wheel nut wrench to securely tighten the wheel nuts to the specified torque, following the tightening order in the illustration. The torque for tightening the nuts is 58 to 72 lbf·ft (80 to 100 N·m, 8 to 10 kgf·m). This torque is equivalent to applying about 88 to 110 lbs (40 to 50 kg) at the top of the wheel nut wrench. Never use your foot on the wheel nut wrench or a pipe extension on the wrench because you may exceed the specified torque. Have the wheel nut torque checked at the nearest automotive service facility.

Jump starting

(cid:121) Battery fluid is SULFURIC ACID. Do not let it come in contact with the eyes, skin, clothing or the ve- hicle. If battery fluid gets on you, thor- oughly flush the exposed area with water immediately. Get medi- cal help if the fluid has entered your eyes. If battery fluid is accidentally swallowed, immediately drink a large amount of milk or water, and obtain immediate medical help. Keep everyone including children away from the battery.

(cid:121) The gas generated by a battery ex- plodes if a flame or spark is brought near it. Do not smoke or light a match while jump starting. (cid:121) Never attempt jump starting if the discharged battery is frozen. It could cause the battery to burst or explode.

In case of emergency 9-7

(cid:121) Whenever working on or around a battery, always wear suitable eye protectors, and remove metal ob- jects such as rings, bands or oth- er metal jewelry.

(cid:121) Be sure the jumper cables and clamps on them do not have loose or missing insulation. Do not jump start unless cables in suitable condition are available.

(cid:121) A running engine can be danger- ous. Keep your fingers, hands, clothing, hair and tools away from the cooling fan, belts and any oth- er moving engine parts. Remov- ing rings, watches and ties is ad- visable.

(cid:121) Jump starting is dangerous if it is done incorrectly. If you are unsure about the proper procedure for jump starting, consult a compe- tent mechanic.

When your vehicle does not start due to a run down (discharged) battery, the vehicle may be jump started by connecting your battery to another battery (called the booster battery) with jumper cables.



14.Store the flat tire in the spare tire com- partment. Put the spacer and tighten the attaching bolt firmly. Also store the jack and wheel nut wrench in their storage locations.

Never place a tire or tire changing tools in the passenger compartment after changing wheels. In a sudden stop or collisions, loose equipment could strike occupants and cause injury. Store the tire and all tools in the proper place.

9-8 In case of emergency

(cid:132) How to jump start 1. Make sure the booster battery is 12
volts and the negative terminal is ground- ed. 2. If the booster battery is in another vehi- cle, do not let the two vehicles touch. 3. Turn off all unnecessary lights and ac- cessories. 4. Connect the jumper cables exactly in the sequence illustrated.

In case of emergency 9-9

1) Connect one jumper cable to the pos- itive (+) terminal on the discharged bat- tery. 2) Connect the other end of the jumper cable to the positive (+) terminal of the booster battery. 3) Connect one end of the other cable to the negative (–) terminal of the booster battery. 4) Connect the other end of the cable to the engine lifting bracket.

Make sure that the cables are not near any moving parts and that the cable clamps are not in contact with any other metal.

5. Start the engine of the vehicle with the booster battery and run it at moderate speed. Then start the engine of the vehi- cle that has the discharged battery. 6. When finished, carefully disconnect the cables in exactly the reverse order.


1) Booster battery 2) Engine lifting bracket

9-10 In case of emergency

Engine overheating

Never attempt to remove the radia- tor cap until the engine has been shut off and has fully cooled down. When the engine is hot, the coolant is under pressure. Removing the cap while the engine is still hot could release a spray of boiling hot coolant, which could burn you very seriously.

If the engine overheats, safely pull off the road and stop the vehicle in a safe place.

(cid:132) If steam is coming from the

engine compartment

Turn off the engine and get everyone away from the vehicle until it cools down.

(cid:132) If no steam is coming from

the engine compartment

1. Keep the engine running at idling speed. 2. Open the hood to ventilate the engine compartment. Confirm that the cooling fan is turning. If the fan is not turning, immediately turn off


Never tow AWD vehicles (both AT and MT) with the front wheels raised off the ground while the rear wheels are on the ground, or with the rear wheels raised off the ground while the front wheels are on the ground. This will cause the vehicle to spin away due to the operation or deteri- oration of the center differential.

the engine and contact your authorized dealer for repair. 3. After the engine coolant temperature has dropped, turn off the engine. If the temperature gauge stays at the overheated zone, turn off the engine. 4. After the engine has fully cooled down, check the coolant level in the reserve tank. If the coolant level is below the “LOW” mark, add coolant up to the “FULL” mark. 5. If there is no coolant in the reserve tank, add coolant to the reserve tank. Then remove the radiator cap and fill the radiator with coolant.

If you remove the radiator cap from a hot radiator, first wrap a thick cloth around the radiator cap, then turn the cap counter- clockwise slowly without pressing down until it stops. Release the pressure from the radiator. After the pressure has been fully released, remove the cap by pressing down and turning it.


If towing is necessary, it is best done by your SUBARU dealer or a commercial towing service. Observe the following pro- cedures for safety.

Front towing hook:

Tie-down hooks:

In case of emergency 9-11


Rear towing hook:

(cid:132) Towing and tie-down hooks The towing hooks should be used only in an emergency (e.g., to free a stuck vehicle from mud, sand or snow).

(cid:121) Use only the specified towing hooks and tie-down hooks. Never use suspension parts or other parts of the body for towing or tie- down purposes.

(cid:121) Never use the tie-down hook clos- est to the muffler under the vehi- cle for towing purposes.

(cid:121) To prevent deformation to the bumper and the towing hook, do not apply excessive lateral load to the towing hooks.



1) Tie-down hooks 2) Towing and tie-down hooks


9-12 In case of emergency

(cid:132) Using a flat-bed truck

(cid:132) Towing with all wheels on the



This is the best way to transport your vehi- cle. Use the following procedures to en- sure safe transportation. 1. Shift the selector lever into the “P” po- sition for automatic transmission vehicles or “1st” for manual transmission vehicles. 2. Pull up the parking brake lever firmly. 3. Secure the vehicle onto the carrier properly with safety chains. Each safety chain should be equally tightened and care must be taken not to pull the chains so tightly that the suspension bottoms out.


(cid:121) Never turn the ignition switch to the “LOCK” position while the ve- hicle is being towed because the steering wheel and the direction of the wheels will be locked.

(cid:121) Remember that the brake booster and power steering do not func- tion when the engine is not run- ning. Because is turned off, it will take greater ef- fort to operate the brake pedal and steering wheel.

the engine

(cid:121) If transmission failure occurs, transport your vehicle on a flat- bed truck.

(cid:121) Do not run the engine while being towed using this method. Trans- mission damage could result if the vehicle is towed with the en- gine running.

(cid:121) For vehicles with automatic trans- mission, the traveling speed must be limited to less than 20 mph (30
km/h) and the traveling distance to less than 31 miles (50 km). For greater speeds and distances, transport your vehicle on a flat- bed truck.

1. Check the transmission and differential oil levels and add oil to bring it to the upper level if necessary. 2. Release the parking brake and put the transmission in neutral. 3. The ignition switch should be in the “ACC” position while the vehicle is being towed. 4. Take up slack in the towline slowly to prevent damage to the vehicle.

Rear gate – if the rear gate cannot be unlocked

In the event that you cannot unlock the rear gate by operating the power door locking switches or the remote keyless en- try system, you can unlock it from inside the cargo area.

1. Remove the access cover at the bot- tom-center of the rear gate trim.



2. Locate the rear gate lock release lever behind the rear gate trim panel. 3. Unlock the rear gate by pressing the le- ver inside the trim upward. 4. Open the rear gate from outside by raising the rear gate handle.

In case of emergency 9-13

Moonroof – if the moonroof cannot be closed

If the moonroof cannot be closed with the moonroof switch, you can close the moon- roof manually.


1. Remove the plug on the roof trim locat- ed to the rear of the moonroof by inserting the end of the flat-head screwdriver be- tween the roof and plug and prying it off.


9-14 In case of emergency

Maintenance tools

(cid:132) Jack and jack handle


2. Insert a hex-headed wrench in the end of the motor shaft. To close the moonroof, turn the wrench counterclockwise. Have your vehicle checked and repaired by an authorized SUBARU dealer.


Your vehicle is equipped with the following maintenance tools:

Screwdriver Wheel nut wrench Hex-head wrench (for vehicle with moonroof)

The jack is stored under the left side of the cargo floor.


The jack handle is stowed under the rear- left and center lids in the cargo area.


For how to use the jack, refer to the “Flat tires” section in this chapter.

In case of emergency 9-15

Appearance care

Most common causes of corrosion ...................... To help prevent corrosion .....................................

Washing ................................................................... Waxing and polishing ............................................. Cleaning aluminum wheels ....................................

Exterior care ....................................................... 10-2
Corrosion protection .......................................... 10-3
Cleaning the interior .......................................... 10-4

Seat fabric ............................................................... Leather seat materials ............................................ Synthetic leather upholstery ................................. Ashtray (Canada only, if equipped) ...................... Climate control panel, audio panel, instrument panel, console panel, switches, combination meter, and other plastic surfaces .......................



10-2 Appearance care

Exterior care

(cid:132) Washing

Appearance care

(cid:121) When washing the vehicle, the brakes may get wet. As a result, the brake stopping distance will be longer. To dry the brakes, drive the vehicle at a safe speed while lightly pressing the brake pedal to heat up the brakes.

(cid:121) Do not wash the engine compart- ment and area adjacent to it. If wa- ter enters the engine air intake, electrical parts or the power steer- ing fluid reservoir, it will cause en- gine trouble or faulty power steer- ing respectively.

(cid:121) Since your vehicle is equipped with a rear wiper, automatic car- wash brushes could become tan- gled around it, damaging the wip- er arm and other components. Ask the automatic car-wash oper- ator not to let the brushes touch the wiper arm or to fix the wiper arm on the rear window glass with adhesive tape before operating the machine.

NOTE When having your vehicle washed in an automatic car wash, make sure be- forehand that the car wash is of suit- able type.

The best way to preserve your vehicle’s beauty is frequent washing. Wash the ve- hicle at least once a month to avoid con- tamination by road grime.

Wash dirt off with a wet sponge and plenty of lukewarm or cold water. Do not wash the vehicle with hot water and in direct sunlight.

Salt, chemicals, insects, tar, soot, tree sap and bird droppings should be washed off by using a light detergent, as required. If you use a light detergent, make certain that it is a neutral detergent. Do not use strong soap or chemical detergents. All cleaning agents should be promptly flushed from the surface and not allowed to dry there. Rinse the vehicle thoroughly with plenty of lukewarm water. Wipe the remaining water off with a chamois or soft cloth. (cid:84) Washing the underbody Chemicals, salts and gravel used for deic- ing road surfaces are extremely corrosive, accelerating the corrosion of underbody

components, such as the exhaust system, fuel and brake lines, brake cables, floor pan and fenders, and suspension. Thoroughly flush the underbody and in- side of the fenders with lukewarm or cold water at frequent intervals to reduce the harmful effects of such agents.

Mud and sand adhering to the underbody components may accelerate their corro- sion. After driving off-road or muddy or sandy roads, wash the mud and sand off the un- derbody. Carefully flush the suspension and axle parts, as they are particularly prone to mud and sand buildup. Do not use a sharp-edged tool to remove caked mud. NOTE Be careful not to damage brake hoses, sensor harnesses, and other parts when washing suspension compo- nents. (cid:84) Using a warm water washer (cid:121) Keep a good distance of 12 in (30 cm) or more between the washer nozzle and the vehicle. (cid:121) Do not wash the same area continuous- ly. (cid:121) If a stain will not come out easily, wash by hand. Some warm water washers are

of the high temperature, high pressure type, and they can damage or deform the resin parts such as mouldings, or cause water to leak into the vehicle.

(cid:132) Waxing and polishing Always wash and dry the vehicle before waxing and polishing. Use a good quality polish and wax and ap- ply them according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Wax or polish when the paint- ed surface is cool.

Be sure to polish and wax the chrome trim, as well as the painted surfaces. Loss of wax on a painted surface leads to loss of the original luster and also quickens the deterioration of the surface. It is recom- mended that a coat of wax be applied at least once a month, or whenever the sur- face no longer repels water.

If the appearance of the paint has dimin- ished to the point where the luster or tone cannot be restored, lightly polish the sur- face with a fine-grained compound. Never polish just the affected area, but include the surrounding area as well. Always pol- ish in only one direction. A No. 2000 grain compound is recommended. Never use a coarse-grained compound. Coarser grained compounds have a smaller grain-

size number and could damage the paint. After polishing with a compound, coat with wax to restore the original luster. Frequent polishing with a compound or an incorrect polishing technique will result in removing the paint layer and exposing the under- coat. When in doubt, it is always best to contact your SUBARU dealer or an auto paint specialist. NOTE Be careful not to block the windshield washer nozzles with wax when waxing the vehicle.

(cid:132) Cleaning aluminum wheels (cid:121) Promptly wipe the aluminum wheels clean of any kind of grime or agent. If dirt is left on too long, it may be difficult to clean off. (cid:121) Do not use soap containing grit to clean the wheels. Be sure to use a neutral clean- ing agent, and later rinse thoroughly with water. Do not clean the wheels with a stiff brush or expose them to a high-speed washing device. (cid:121) Clean the vehicle (including the alumi- num wheels) with water as soon as possi- ble when it has been splashed with sea water, exposed to sea breezes, or driven on roads treated with salt or other agents.

Appearance care 10-3

Corrosion protection

Your SUBARU has been designed and built to resist corrosion. Special materials and protective finishes have been used on most parts of the vehicle to help maintain fine appearance, strength, and reliable operation.

(cid:132) Most common causes of cor-


The most common causes of corrosion are: 1. The accumulation of moisture retaining dirt and debris in body panel sections, cavities, and other areas. 2. Damage to paint and other protective coatings caused by gravel and stone chips or minor accidents.

Corrosion is accelerated on the vehicle when: 1. It is exposed to road salt or dust control chemicals, or used in coastal areas where there is more salt in the air, or in areas where there is considerable industrial pol- lution. 2. It is driven in areas of high humidity, es- pecially when temperatures range just above freezing. 3. Dampness in certain parts of the vehi- cle remains for a long time, even though – CONTINUED –

10-4 Appearance care

other parts of the vehicle may be dry. 4. High temperatures will cause corrosion to parts of the vehicle which cannot dry quickly due to lack of proper ventilation.

(cid:132) To help prevent corrosion Wash the vehicle regularly to prevent cor- rosion of the body and suspension com- ponents. Also, wash the vehicle promptly after driving on any of the following surfac- es: (cid:121) roads that have been salted to prevent them from freezing in winter (cid:121) mud, sand, or gravel (cid:121) coastal roads After the winter has ended, it is recom- mended that the underbody be given a very thorough washing.

Before the beginning of winter, check the condition of underbody components, such as the exhaust system, fuel and brake lines, brake cables, suspension, steering system, floor pan, and fenders. If any of them are found to be rusted, they should be given an appropriate rust prevention treatment or should be replaced. Contact your SUBARU dealer to perform this kind of maintenance and treatment if you need assistance.

Repair chips and scratches in the paint as

soon as you find them.

Cleaning the interior

Check the interior of the vehicle for water and dirt accumulation under the floor mats because that could cause corrosion. Oc- casionally check under the mats to make sure the area is dry. Keep your garage dry. Do not park your vehicle in a damp, poorly ventilated ga- rage. In such a garage, corrosion can be caused by dampness. If you wash the ve- hicle in the garage or put the vehicle into the garage when wet or covered with snow, that can cause dampness.

If your vehicle is operated in cold weather and/or in areas where road salts and other corrosive materials are used, the door hinges and locks, trunk lid lock, and hood latch should be inspected and lubricated periodically.

Use a soft, damp cloth to clean the climate control panel, audio equipment, instru- ment panel, center console, combination meter panel, and switches. (Do not use or- ganic solvents.)

(cid:132) Seat fabric Remove loose dirt, dust or debris with a vacuum cleaner. If the dirt is caked on the fabric or hard to remove with a vacuum cleaner, use a soft blush then vacuum it. Wipe the fabric surface with a tightly wrung cloth and dry the seat fabric thor- oughly. If the fabric is still dirty, wipe using a solution of mild soap and lukewarm wa- ter then dry thoroughly.

If the stain does not come out, try a com- mercially-available fabric cleaner. Use the cleaner on a hidden place and make sure it does not affect the fabric adversely. Use the cleaner according to its instructions. NOTE When cleaning the seat, do not use benzine, paint thinner, or any similar materials.

(cid:132) Leather seat materials The leather used by SUBARU is a high quality natural product which will retain its distinctive appearance and feel for many years with proper care. Allowing dust or road dirt to build up on the surface can cause the material to become brittle and to wear prematurely. Regular cleaning with a soft, moist, natural fiber cloth should be performed monthly, taking care not to soak the leather or allow water to penetrate the stitched seams. A mild detergent suitable for cleaning woolen fabrics may be used to remove dif- ficult dirt spots, rubbing with a soft, dry cloth afterwards to restore the luster. If your SUBARU is to be parked for a long time in bright sunlight, it is recommended that the seats and headrests be covered, or the windows shaded, to prevent fading or shrinkage. Minor surface blemishes or bald patches may be treated with a commercial leather spray lacquer. You will discover that each leather seat section will develop soft folds or wrinkles, which is characteristic of gen- uine leather.

(cid:132) Synthetic leather upholstery The synthetic leather material used on the SUBARU may be cleaned using mild soap

or detergent and water, after first vacuum- ing or brushing away loose dirt. Allow the soap to soak in for a few minutes and wipe off with a clean, damp cloth. Commercial foam-type cleaners suitable for synthetic leather materials may be used when nec- essary. NOTE Strong cleaning agents such as sol- vents, paint thinners, window cleaner or gasoline must never be used on leather or synthetic interior materials.

(cid:132) Ashtray (Canada only, if