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5-26 5-38 Compact 5-39


Cooling System If a Tire Goes Flat Changing a Flat Tire Spare Tire


If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow


5-1


Hazard Warning Flashers


Press the button in to make your front and rear turn signal lamps flash on and off.


Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what position your key is in, and even if the key is not in.


To turn off the flashers, pull out on the collar.


Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They also let police know you have a problem. Your front and rear turn signal lamps will flask on and off.


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When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn signals won’t work.


Other Warning Devices If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind your vehicle. Jump Starting If your battery has run down, you may want another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your Pontiac. But please follow the steps below to do it safely.


to use


Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous because:


They contain acid that can burn you. They contain gas that can explode or ignite. They contain enough electricity to burn you.


If you don’t follow these steps exactly, some or all of these things can hurt you.


NOTICE:


Remember that ignoring these steps could result in costly damage to your vehicle that wouldn’t be covered by your warranty. Trying to start your Pontiac by pushing or pulling it won’t work, and it could damage your vehicle.


1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt


battery with a negative ground system.


NOTICE:


If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.


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2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching each other. If they are, it could cause a ground connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to start yo8ur Pontiac, and the bad grounding could damage the electrical systems. To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved in the jump start procedure. Put an automatic transaxle in PARK (P) before setting the parking brake. 3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug


unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette lighter. Turn off all lamps that aren’t needed as well as radios, This will avoid sparks and help save both batteries. In addition, it could save your radio!


NOTICE:


If you leave your radio on, it could be badly damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.


4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries.


An electric fan can start up even when the engine is not running and can injure you. Keep hands, clo’thing and tools away from any underhood electric fan,


5-4


l!b, CAUTION: -


Using a match near a battery can cause battery gas to explode. People have been hurt doing this, and some have been blinded. Use a flashlight if you need more light. Be sure the battery has enough water. You don’t need to add water to the Delco Freedom’ battery installed in every new GM vehicle. But if a battery has filer caps, be sure the right amount of fluid is there. If it is low, add water to take care of that first. If you don’t, explosive gas could be present. Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you. Don’t get it on you. If you accidentally get it in your eyes or on your skin, flush the place with water and get medical help immediately.


5. Find the positive (+) and negative (-) terminals on


each battery.


6. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or


missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock. The vehicles could be damaged, too. Before you connect the cables, here are some basic things you should know. Positive (+) will go to positive (+) and negative (-) will go to negative (-) or a metal engine part. Don’t connect positive (+) to negative (-) or you’ll get a short that would damage the battery and maybe other parts, too.


Fans or other moving engine parts can injure you badly. Keep your hands away from moving parts once the engines are running.


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7. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+) terminal of the vehicle with the dead battery. Use a remote positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.


8. Don’t let the other end touch metal. Connect it to the positive (+) terminal of the good battery. Use a remote positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.


Now connect the black negative (-) cable to the good battery’s negative (-) terminal. Don’t let the other end touch anything until the next step. The other end of the negative cable duesn’t go to the dead battery.


It goes to a heavy unpainted metal part on the engine of the vehicle with the dead battery.


L-S


8


A CAUTION:


I-- To help avoid injury to you or others: 0 Never let passengers ride in a vehicle that is


being towed. Never tow faster than safe or posted speeds.


0 Never tow with damaged parts not fully


secured. Never get under your vehicle after it has been lifted by the tow truck. Always secure the vehicle on each side with separate safety chains when towing it. Never use J-hooks. Use T-hooks instead.


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A vlehicle can fall from a car carrier if it isn’t adequately secure’d. This can cause a collision, serious personal injury and vehicle damage. The vehicle should be tightly secured with chains or steel cables before it is transported. Don’t use substitutes (ropes, leather straps, canvas webbing, etc.) that can be cut by s’harp edges underneath the towed vehicle. Always use T-hooks inserted in the T-hook slots. Never use J-hooks. They will damage drivetrain and suspension components.


When your vehicle is being towed, have the ignition key turned to the OFF position. The steering wheel should be clamped in a straight-ahead position, with a clamping device designed for towing service. Do not use the vehicle’s steering column lock for this. The transaxle should be in NEUTRAL (N) and the parking brake released. Don’t have your vehicle towed on thle drive wheels, unless you must. If the vehicle must be towed on the drive wheels, b’e sure to follow the speed and distance restrictions later in this section or your transaxle will be damaged. If these limits must be exceeded, then the drive wheels have to be supported on a dolly.


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Front Towing (SSE and SSEi Only)


NOTICE:


Do not tow with sling-type equipment or fascia/fog lamp damage will occur. Use wheel-lift or car-carrier equipment. Additional ramping may be required for car-carrier equipment. Use safety chains and wheel straps. Towing a vehicle over rough surfaces could damage a vehicle. Damage can occur from vehicle to ground or vehicle to wheel-lift equipment. To help avoid damage, install a towing dolly and raise vehicle until adequate clearance is obtained between the ground and/or wheel-lift equipment. Do not attach winch cables or J-hooks to suspension components when using car-carrier equipment. Always use T-hooks inserted in the T-hook slots.


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Attach T-hook chains on both sides in the slotted holes in the bottom of the cradle, behind the front wheels.


These slots are to be used when loading and securing to car-carrier equipment.


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Attach a separate safety chain around the outboard end of each lower control arm.


Front Towing (SE)


Attach T-hook chains on both sides in the slotted holes in the bottom of the cradle, behind the front wheels.


These slots are to be used when using sling-type equipment or when loading and securing to car-carrier equipment.


Position a 4” x 4” wood beam across sling chains contacting bottom of the radiator support. Position the lower sling crossbar directly under the fiont bumper.


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Rear Towing Tow Limits -- 55 mph (88 kmlh), 500 miles (800 km) Attach T-hook chains to slots in the bottom of the floor pan directly ahead of rear wheels on both sides.


Attach a separate safety chain around the outboard end of each control a m .


No 4 ” x 4 I’ wood beam is needed.


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Position the lower sling crossbar directly behind and at lower edge of rear bumper cover.


Attach a separate safety chain around the outboard end of each lower control arm.


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Engine Overheating You will find a coolant temperature gage or the warning light about a hot engine on your Pontiac’s instrument panel. See “Coolant Temperature G’age” and “Coolant Temperature Warning Light” in the Index. If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine


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Steam from an overheated engine can burn you badly, even if you just open the hood. Stay away from the engine if you see or hear steam coming from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away fro’m the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until there is no sign of steam or coolant before you open the ho’od. If you keep driving when your engine is overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire. You or others could be badly burned. Stop your engine if it overheats, and get out of the vehicle until the engine is cool.


NOTICE:


If your engine catches fire because you keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle can be badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be covered by your warranty.


If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine If you get the overheat warning but see or hear no steam, the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes the engine can get a little too hot when you:


Climb a long hill on a hot day. Stop after high-speed driving. Idle for long periods in traffic. Tow a trailer.


If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam, try this for a minute or so: 1. Turn off your air conditioner. 2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan


speed and open the window as necessary.


3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);


otherwise, shift to the highest gear while driving -- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (@) or DRIVE (D).


If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about 10 minutes. If the warning doesn’t come back on, you can drive normally. If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your vehicle right away. If there’s still no sign of steam, you can idle the engine for two or three minutes while you’re parked, to see if the warning stops. But then, if you still have the warning, turn off the engine and get everyone out of the vehicle until it cools down. You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service help right away.


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’ A CAUTION: r An electric fan under the hood can start up even


when the engine is not running and can injure you. Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any underhood electric fan.


If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is boiling, don’t do anything else until it cools down.


Cooling System When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what you’ll see:


A. Coolant Recovery Tank E. Radiator Pressure Cap C. Electric Engine Fans


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The coolant level should be at or above the FULL COLD mark. If it isn’t, you may have a leak in the radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere else in the cooling system.


Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine parts, can be very hot. Don’t touch them. If you do, you can be burned. Don’t run the engine if there is a leak. If you run the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could cause an engine fire, and you could be burned. Get any leak fixed before you drive the vehicle.


I NOTICE:


Engine damage from running your engine without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.


If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check to see if the electric engine fans are running. If the engine is overheating, both fans should be running. If they aren’t, your vehicle needs service.


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With plain water or the wrong mix, your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t get the overheat warning. Your engine could catch fire and you or others could be burned. Use a 50/58 mix of clean water and [email protected] coolant.


c NOTICE: In cold weather, water can freeze and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts. Use the recommended coolant and the proper coolant mix.


How to Add Coolant to the Coolant Recovery Tank If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level isn’t at the FULL COLD mark, add a 50/50 mixture of clean water (preferably distilled) and [email protected] (silicate-free) antifreeze at the coolant recovery tank. (See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for more information.)


r---


your cooling system 1


water


Adding only plain can be dangerous. Plain water, or some o’ther liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper coolant mix will. Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the proper coolant mix,


to


CAUTION: (Continued)


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You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol and it will burn if the engine parts are hot enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.


When the coolant in the coolant recovery tank is at the FULL COLD mark, start your vehicle. If the overheat warning continues, there’s one more thing you can try. You can add the proper coolant mix directly to the radiator, but be sure the cooling system is cool before you do it.


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~


Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling system can blow out and burn you badly. They pressure cap -- even a little -- they can come out are under pressure, and if you turn the radiator


at high speed. Never turn the cap when the cooling system, including the radiator pressure cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling system and radiator pressure cap to cool if you ever have to turn the pressure cap.


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How to Add Coolant to the Radiator


2. Then keep turning the pressure cap, but now push


down as you turn it. Remove the pressure cap.


1. You can remove the radiator pressure cap when the cooling system, including the radiator pressure cap and upper radiator hose, is no longer hot. Turn the pressure cap slowly counterclockwise until it first stops. (Don’t press down while turning the pressure cap.) If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means there is still some pressure left.


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3. Fill the radiator with the proper [email protected] coolant mixture, up to the base of the filler neck


4. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to the FULL


COLD mark.


5, Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank, but


leave the radiator pressure cap off.


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6.


7.


Start the engine and let it run until you can feel the upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the engine fans. By this time, the coolant level inside the radiator filler neck may be lower. If the level is lower, add more of the proper [email protected] coolant mixture through the filler neck until the level reaches the base of the filler neck.


8. Then replace the pressure cap. At any time during this procedure if coolant begins to flow out of the filler neck, reinstall the pressure cap. Be sure the arrows on the pressure cap line up like this.


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If .a Tire Goes Flat It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” whde you’re driving, especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly. But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a few tips about what to expect and what to do: If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly. Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to a stop well out of the traffic lane. A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a skid and may require the same correction you’d use in a skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible. If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.


Changing a Flat Tire If a tire goes fiat, avoid further tire and wheel damage by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on you. azard w aming flashers.


Changing a tire can cause an injury. The vehicle can slip off the jack and roll over you or other people. You and they could be badly injured. Find a level place to change your tire. To help prevent the vehicle from moving:


1. Set the parking brake firmly. 2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P). 3. Turn off the engine.


To be even more certain the vehicle won’t move, you can put blocks at the front and rear of the tire farthest away from the one being changed. That would be the tire on the other side of the vehicle, at the opposite end.


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Removing the Spare Tire and Tools


The equipment you’ll need is in the trunk. Pull the carpeting from the floor of the trunk. Turn the center retainer bolt on the spare tire cover counterclockwise to remove it.


Lift and remove the cover. See “Compact Spare Tire” later in this section for more information about the compact spare. Remove the spare tire from the trunk.


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The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and change a tire.


The box that stores the jack and wheel wrench is located on the passenger side trunk wall. Open the box and then twist the wing bolt one-quarter turn counterclockwise.


Remove the jack and wheel wrench.


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Removing Wheel Covers and Wheel Nut Caps


If you have aluminum wheels with nut caps, remove them.


Please note that nut caps will not remove from the cover completely.


If you have aluminum wheels and a center cover hides the wheel nuts, remove the center cover by using the flat end of the wrench to pry it off. Do not drop the cover or lay it face down, as it could become scratched or damaged. Do not use a hammer or mallet on this type of cover.


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Removing the Flat Tire and Inst'alling the Spare Tire


1. Use the wheel wrench to loosen the wheel nuts, but


don't remove them.


2. Attach the wheel wrench to the jack, and rotate the


wrench clockwise to raise the jack head a few inches. Put the jack head into a notch in the frame which is located near each wheel well. The front notch is 10 inches (25 cm) back from the front wheel well. The rear notch is 8 inches (20 cm) forward from the rear wheel well.


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Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack, you could be badly injured or killed. Never get under a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.


A CAUTION:


3. Position the jack and raise the jack head until it fits firmly on the ridge in the vehicle’s frame nearest the flat .tire. Do not raise the vehicle yet. Put the compact spare tire near you.


Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly positioned can damage the vehicle and even make the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal injury, be sure to fit the jack lift head into the proper location before raising the vehicle.


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I


6. Remove any rust or dirt


from the wheel bolts, mounting surfaces and spare wheel.


4. Raise the vehicle by rotating the wheel wrench


clockwise in the jack. Raise the vehicle far enough off the ground so there is enough room for the spare tire to fit.


5. Remove all the wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.


Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts become loose after a time. The wheel could come off and cause an accident. When you change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from the places where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire brush later, if you need to, to get all the rust or dirt off.


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Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If you do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel could fall off, causing a serious accident.


7. Replace the wheel nuts with rounded end of the nuts toward the wheel. Make sure each wheel stud is centered in each wheel hole while tightening the nuts. Tighten each nut by hand until the wheel is held against the hub.


8. Lower the vehicle by rotating the wheel wrench


counterclockwise on the jack. Lower the jack completely.


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9. Tighten the wheel


nuts firmly in a criss-cross sequence.


NOTICE:


Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead to brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper torque specification.


~~~


Don’t try to put the wheel cover on the compact spare tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel cover in the trunk until you have replaced the compact spare tire with a regular tire.


Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact spare. If you try to put a wheel cover on your compact spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.


When you re-install the full size wheel and tire, you install the wheel cover or nut caps at this point.


Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened wheel nuts can cause the wheel to become loose and even come off. This could lead to an accident. Be sure to use the correct wheel nuts. If you have to replace them, be sure to get new GM original equipment wheel nuts. Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to 100 Ib-ft (140 N-m).


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When re-installing the full plastic wheel cover, align the valve stem symbol (which is molded into the back side of the cover) with the valve stem.


When re-installing the decorative nut caps on aluminum wheels, tighten the caps snug with the wheel wrench.


Start the nut cap by pushing it onto the lug nut with the wheel wrench. Tighten the plastic caps snug using the wheel wrench,. Then continue tightening one-quarter turn. Do not over-tighten.


Then continue tightening one-quarter turn for plastic caps, or one-eighth turn for steel caps. Do not over-tighten. When re-installing the center cover, do not use a hammer or mallet, as they could damage the cover.


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Storing the Flat Tire and Tools


Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the passenger compartment of the vehicle could ,cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose equipment could strike somleone. Store all these in the proper place.


After you’ve put the compact spare tire on your vehicle, you’ll need to store the flat tire in your trunk. Use the following procedure to secure the flat tire in the trunk. Store the flat tire as far forward in the trunk as possible. Store the jack and wheel wrench in their box in the trunk on the passenger’s side.


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I A CAUTION: I-.


Storing the Spare Tire and Tools


Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the passenger compartment of the vehicle could cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose equipment could strike someone. Store all these in the proper place.


The compact spare is for temporary use only. Replace the compact spare tire with a full-size tire as soon as you can. See “Compact Spare Tire” later in this section. See the storing instructions label to replace your compact spare into your trunk properly.


1. Jack 2. Wheel Wrench 3. Wing Bolt 4. Tire 5. Cover 6. Bolt


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Compact Spare Tire Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated when your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time. Check the inflation pressure regularly. It should be 610 psi (420 Wa). After installing the compact spare on your vehicle, you should stop as soon as possible and make sure your spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact spare is made to perform well at speeds up to 65 mph (105 km/h) for distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km), so you can finish your trip and have your full-size tire repaired or replaced where you want. Of course, it’s best to replace your spare with a full-size tire as soon as you can. Your spare will last longer and be in good shape in case you need it again.


NOTICE:


When the compact spare is installed, don’t take your vehicle through an automatic vehicle wash with guide rails. The compact spare can get caught on the rails. That can damage the tire and wheel, and maybe other parts of your vehicle.


Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles. And don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel with other wheels OF tires, They won’t fit. Keep your spare tire and its wheel together.


NOTICE:


Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare. Using them can damage your vehicle and can damage the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on your compact spare.


5-38


If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow What you don’t want to do when your vehicle is stuck is to spin your wheels too fast. The method known as “rocking” can help you get out when you’re stuck, but you must use caution. /L\ CAUTION:


c --


If you let your tires spin at high speed, they can explode, and you or others could be injured. And, the transaxle or other parts of the vehicle can overheat. That could cause an engine compartment fire or other damage. When you’re stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible. Don’t spin the wheels above 35 mph (55 km/h) as shown on the speedometer.


1 NOTICE:


Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the wheels too fast while shifting your transaxle back and forth, you can destroy your transaxle.


For information about using tire chains on your vehicle, see “Tire Chains” in the Index. Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will clear the area around your front wheels. If your vehicle has traction control, you should turn the system off. (See “Traction Control System” in the Index.) Then shift back and forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear, spinning the wheels as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal when the transaxle is in gear. If that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may need to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out, see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.


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v Section 6 Service and Appearance Care


Here you will find information about the care of your Pontiac. This section begins with service and fuel information, and then it shows how to check important fluid and lubricant levels. There is also technical information about your vehicle, and a part devoted to its appearance care.


6-2 6-3 6-5 6-6 6-9 6-13 6-18 6-2 1 6-24 6-27 6-28 6-29 6-30 6-33 6-34 6-42 6-42 6-50


Service Fuel Fuels in Foreign Countries Filling Your Tank Checking Things Under the Hood Engine Oil Air Cleaner Automatic Transaxle Fluid Engine Coolant Radiator Pressure Cap Power Steering Fluid Windshield Washer Fluid Brakes Battery Bulb Replacement Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement Tires Appearance Care


6-5 1 6-53 6-53 6-54 6-55 6-56 6-56 6-56 6-57 6-58 6-58 6-59 6-65 6-66 6-66 6-67 6-67 6-67


Cleaning the Inside of Your Pontiac Care of Safety Belts Cleaning Glass Surfaces Cleaning the Outside of Your Pontiac Cleaning Aluminum or Chrome Wheels Cleaning Tires Sheet Metal Damage Finish Damage Appearance Care Materials Chart Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) Service Parts Identification Label Electrical System Replacement Bulbs Capacities and Specifications Air Conditioning Refrigerants Engine Specifications Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts Vehicle Dimensions


Service Your Pontiac dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer for all your service needs. you’ll get genuine GM parts and GM-trained and supported service people. We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM. Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:


Doing Your Own Service Work If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll want to get the proper Pontiac Service Manual. It tells you much more about how to service your Pontiac than this manual can. To order the proper service manual, see “Service and Owner Publications” in the Index.


6-2


Your vehiclle has an air bag system. Before attempting to do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Pontiac” in the Index. YOU should keep a record with all parts receipts and list the mileage and the date of any service work you perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Index.


A CAUTION:


You can be injured and your vehicle could be damaged if you try to do service work on a vehicle without knowing enough about it. 0 Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,


experience, the proper replacement parts and tools before you attempt any vehicle maintenance task.


0 Be sure to use the prloper nuts, bolts and other fasteners. “English” and ‘6metri’c” fasteners can be easily confused. If you use the wrong fasteners, parts can later break or fall off. You could be hurt.


Adding Equipment to the Outside of Your Vehicle Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind noise and affect windshield washer performance. Check with your Pontiac dealer before adding equipment to the outside of your vehicle.


The 8th digit of your vehicle identification number (VIN) shows the code letter for your engine. You will find the VIN at the top left of your instrument panel. (See “Vehicle Identification Number” in the Index.) If you have the 3800 engine (VIN Code K), use regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher. If you’re using fuel rated at the recommended octane or higher and you still hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service. But don’t worry if you hear a little pinging noise when you’re accelerating or driving up a hill. That’s normal, and you don’t have to buy a higher octane fuel to get rid of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant knock that means you have a problem.


If you have the 3800 Supercharged engine (VIN Code l), use premium unleaded gasoline rated at 91 octane or higher. With the 3800 Supercharged engine, in an emergency, you may be able to use a lower octane -- as low as 87 -- if heavy knocking does not occur. If you are using 91 or higher octane unleaded gasoline and you still hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service. At a minimum, the gasoline you use should meet specifications ASTM D48 14 in the United States and CGSB 3.5-M93 in Canada. Improved gasoline specifications have been developed by the American Automobile Manufacturers Association (AAMA) for better vehicle performance and engine protection. Gasolines meeting the AAMA specification could provide improved driveability and emission control system protection compared to other gasolines. Be sure the posted octane for premium is at least 91 (at least 89 for middle grade and 87 for regular). If the octane is less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when you drive. If it’s bad enough, it can damage your engine.


If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission Standards (indicated on the underhood tune-up label), it is designed to operate on fuels that meet California specifications. If such fuels are not available in states adopting California emissions standards, your vehicle will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal specifications, but emission control system performance may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp on your instrument panel may turn on and/or your vehicle may fail a smog-check test, If this occurs, return to your authorized Pontiac dealer for diagnosis to determine the cause of failure. In the event it is determined that the cause of the condition is the type of fuels used, repairs may not be covered by your warranty. Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low emissions contain an octan'e-enhancing additive called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT); ask your service station operator whether or not his fuel contains MMT. General Motors does not recommend the use of such gasolines, If fuels containing MMT are used, spark plug life may be reduced and your emission control system performance may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp on your instrument panel may turn on. If this occurs, return to your authorized Pontiac dealer for service.


To provide 'cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States are now required to contain additives that will help prevent deposits from forming in your engine and fuel system, allowing your emission control system to function properly. Therefore, you should not have to add anything to the fuel. In addition, gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available in your area to help clean the air. General Motors recommends that you use these gasolines if they comply with the specifications described earlier.


NOTICE:


Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that contains methanol. Don't use it. It can corrode metal parts in your fuel system and also damage plastic and rubber parts, That damage wouldn't be covered lander your warranty.


Fuel Door Lock (Option) On a model equipped with the theft-deterrent system, the fuel door is locked and unlocked together with the driver’s power door lock. Therefore, to unlock the fuel filler door, you may use the outside door key lock, the inside power door lock button or the Remote Keyless Entry key chain transmitter. To unlock the fuel door, unlock the driver’s door.


Fuels in Foreign Countries If you plan on driving in another country outside the United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard to find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel not recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly repairs caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by your warranty. To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or contact a major oil company that does business in the country where you’ll be driving. You can also write us at the following address for advice, Just tell us where you’re going and give your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).


General Motors International Product Center 1908 Colonel Sam Drive Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7


6-5


Filling Your Tank


A CAUTION:


Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. It burns violently, and that can cause very bad injuries. Don’t smoke if you’re near gasoline or refueling your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking materials away from gasoline.


The cap is behind a hinged door on the driver’s side of your vehicle.


While refueling, hang the cap inside the fuel door.


I A CAUTION:


If you have the (L36) 3800 V6 engine, your fuel cap will be tethered and you cannot hang it on the inside fuel door while refueling. To take off the cap, turn it slowly to the left (counterclockwise).


If you get gasoline on yourself and then something ignites it, you could be badly burned. Gasoline can spray out on you if you open the fuel filler cap too quickly. This spray can happen if your tank is nearly full, and is more likely in hot weather. Open the fuel filler cap slowly and wait for any “hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew the cap all the way.


Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from painted surfaces as soon as possible. See “Cleaning the Outside of Your Pontiac” in the Index.


6-7


When you pur the cap back on, turn it to the right (clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make sure you fully &stall the cap. The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in the Index.


Fuel Door Manual Release (Option) If your vehicle has a fuel door lock, the fuel door can be opened manually in case of an electrical power failure.


type. Your dealer can get one for you. If you get the wrong type, it may not fit properly. This may cause your malfunction indicator lamp to light and your fuel tank and emissions system may be damaged. See ‘(Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in the Index.


Open the trunk. The release mechanism is on the driver’s side of the vehicle, at the top of the trunk compartment. Pull the tab rearward to release the fuel door.


Prying on a locked fuel filler door can damage it. Use the remote fuel door manual release located in the trunk.


Checking Things Under the Hood The following sections tell you how to check fluids, lubricants and important underhood parts.


An electric fan under the hood can start up and injure you even when the engine is not running. Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any underhood electric fan.


A CAUTION: F - Things that burn can get on hot engine parts and start a fire. These include liquids like gasoline, oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or others could be burned. Be careful not to drop or spill things that will burn onto a hot engine.


Hood Release


To open the hood, first pull the hood release handle inside the vehicle. It is next to the parking brake pedal near the flour.


6- 10


Then go to the front of the vehicle and push up on the secondary hood release. Lift the hood. Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps are on properly. Then just pull the hood down and close it f i i y .


3800 Series I1 Engine (L36 - Code K) When you open the hood, you’ll see:


A. Engine Coolant Recovery Tank B. Battery C. Radiator Pressure Cap


D. Engine Oil Dipstick E. Engine Oil Fill Cap E Automatic Transaxle Fluid Dipstick I. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir


G. Brake Master Cylinder H. Air


Cleaner


6-11


3800 Supercharged Engine (L67 - Code 1) (Option)


When you open the hood, you'll see:


A. Engine Coolant Recovery Tank B. Battery C. Radiator Pressure Cap


D. Engine Oil Dipstick E. Engine Oil Fill Cap E Automatic Transaxle Fluid Dipstick


G. Brake Master Cylinder H. Air Cleaner I. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir


6-12


Supercharged Engine (Option) Your Bonneville may have a 3800 Supercharged engine. The supercharger is a device which is designed to pump more air into the engine than it would normally use. This air mixed with fuel, creates increased engine power. Since the supercharger is a pump and is driven from an engine accessory drive belt, increased pressure is available in all driving conditions. The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) works with a vacuum control to regulate the increased pressure required during specific driving conditions. When this increased pressure or boost is not desired, such as during idling and light throttle cruising, the excess air that the supercharger is pumping is routed through a bypass. AI1 of these controls working together provide high performance character and fuel efficiency in the 3800 V6 Supercharged engine.


Engine Oil


CHECK OIL


LEVEL


If the CHECK OIL LEVEL light on the instrument panel comes on, it means you need to check your engine oil level right away. For more information, see “Check Oil Level Light’’ in the Index. You should check your engine oil level regularly; this is an added rerninder.


It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time you get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil must be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.


6-13


The engine oil dipstick is lo'cated behind the engine fans and in front of the engine oil fill cap. The top of the dipstick is-a round,- yellow loop.


Checking Engine Oil Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it a g a i n 9 keeping the tip down, and check the level.


Turn off the engine and give the oil a few minutes to drain back into the oil pan. If you don't, the oil dipstick might not show the actual level.


6- 14


When to Add Oil If the oil is at or below the ADD mark, then you’ll need to add at least one quart of oil. But you must use the right kind. This part explains what lund of oil to use. For crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications” in the Index.


What Kind of Oil to Use Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by looking for the “Starburst” symbol. This symbol indicates that the oil has been certified by the American Petroleum Institute (API). Do not use any oil which does not carry this Starburst symbol.


NOTICE:


Don’t add too much oil. If your engine has so much oil that the oil level gets above the cross-hatched area that shows the proper operating range, your engine could be damaged.


The engine oil fill cap is behind the engine oil dipstick and engine fans. Be sure to fill it enough to put the level somewhere in the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way back in when you’re through.


If you change your own oil, be sure you use oil that has the Starburst symbol on the front of the oil container. If you have your oil changed for you, be sure the oil put into your engine is American Petroleum Institute certified for I gasoline engines.


- _


You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your vehicle, as shown in the following chart:


6-15


RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS


SAf YSCDSJTY =DE OIL FOR THE EXPECTED TEMPERATURE RANGE. FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLD STIIRTING, SELECT THE LOWEST


HOT


WEATHER I “F “C


LOOK


FOR THIS


SYMBOL I


- SAE 5W-M -


DQ NOT USE SAE ZOW-50 OR ANY OTHER GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED


k 100 -


. +30


+ 80 -


+ 6 0 .


+ 4 0 -


+ 20.


0 .


- +27 - + 16


- + 4


- - 7 - -18


WEATHER


6-16


As shown in the chart, S A E 1OW-30 is best for your vehicle. However, you can use S A E 5W-30 if it’s going to be colder than 60 O F ( 16 O C) before your next oil change. When it’s very cold, you should use SAE 5W-30. These numbers on an oil container show its viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other viscosity oils, such as SAE 2OW-50.


NOTICE:


Use only ‘engine oil with thle American Petroleum Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines “Starburst” symbol. Failure to use the recommended oil can result in engine damage not covered by your warranty.


GM [email protected] ail meets all the requirements for your vehicle. If you are in an area where the temperature falls below -20°F (-29”C), consider using either an SAE 5W-30 synthetic oil or an S A E OW-30 oil. Both will provide easier cold starting and better protection for your engine at extremely low temperatures.


Engine Oil Additives Don’t add anything to your oil. Your Pontiac dealer is ready to advise if you think something should be added. When to Change Engine Oil If any one of these is true for you, use the short trip/city maintenance schedule:


Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km). This is particularly important when outside temperatures are below freezing. Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent driving in stop-and-go traffic). Most trips are through dusty areas. You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top of your vehicle. The vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi or other commercial application.


Driving under these conditions causes engine oil to break down sooner. If any one of these is true for your vehicle, then you need to change your oil and filter every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or 3 months -- whichever occurs first.


If none of them is true, use the long triphighway maintenance schedule. Change the oil and filter every 7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months -- whichever occurs first. Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed engine under highway conditions causes engine oil to break down slower. What to Do with Used Oil Did you know that used engine oil contains certain elements that may be unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer? Don’t let used oil stay on your skin for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw away clothing or rags containing used engine oil. (See the manufacturer’s warnings about the use and disposal of oil products.) Used oil can be a real threat to the environment. If you change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowing oil from the filter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose of oil by putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers, or into streams or bodies of water. Instead, recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used oil. If you have a problem properly disposing of your used oil, ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling center for help.


Air Cleaner The air cleaner and filter are on the driver’s side o f the engine compartment.


1. Remove the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) cover that is located to the driver’s side of the air cleaner assembly. Unscrew the retaining screws and remove the PCM cover.


6-18


2. Remove the screws on the air cleaner housing cover.


3. Remove the air intake hose that is fitted over the


throttle body by pulling the hose upward and away from the throttle body which is located near the top of the engine. After detaching the hose from the throttle body, pull back the entire rear portion of the air cleaner by pulling upward and rearward.


4. Replace the air filter. 5. Reinstall the rear section of the air cleaner. 6. Reattach the air intake hose. Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to replace the air filter. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.


6-19


Operating the engine with the air cleaner off can muse you or others to be burned. The air cleaner not only cleans the air, it stops flame if the engine backfires. If it isn’t there, and the engine backfires, you could be burned. Don’t drive with it off, and be careful working ow the engine with the air cleaner off.


Supercharger Oil


Unless you are technically qualified and have the proper tools, you should let your dealer or a qualified service center perform this maintenance.


If the air cleaner is off, a backfire can cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can easily get into your engine, which will damage it. Always have the air cleaner in place when you’re driving.


When to Check Check oil level every 30,000 miles (50 000 km) or every 36 months, whichever occurs first. What Kind of Oil to Use See (‘Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index and use only the recommended oil.


6-20


How to Check and Add Oil Check oil only when the engine is cold. Allow the engine to cool two to three hours after running.


If you remove the supercharger oil fill plug while the engine is hot, pressure may cause hot oil to blow out of the oil fill hole. You may be burned. Do not remove the plug until the engine cools.


1. Clean the area around the oil fill plug before


removing it.


2. Remove the oil fill plug using a 3/16 inch


Allen wrench.


3. The oil level is correct when it just reaches the


bottom of the threads of the inspection hole.


4. Replace the oil plug with the O-ring in place. Torque


to 88 lb-in (10 N-m).


Automatic Transaxle Fluid When to Check and Change A good time to check your autamatic transaxle fluid level is when the engine oil is changed. Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles (83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of these conditions: 0 In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature


regularly reaches 90 O F (32 O C) or higher. In hilly or mountainous terrain. When doing frequent trailer towing.


0 Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service. If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.


6-21


To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal operating temperature, which is 180 "F to 2080°F (82*C to 93°C). Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles (24 km) when outside temperatures are above 50°F (10°C). If it's colder than 50°F (lO"C), you may have to drive longer. Checking the Fluid Level


Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the engine running. With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever in PARK (P).


0 With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift lever through each gear range, pausing for about three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift lever in PARK (P).


0 Let the engine run at idle for three to five minutes.


How to Check Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may choose to have this done at your Pontiac dealership Service Department. If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions here, or you could get a false reading on the dipstick.


NOTICE:


Too much or too little fluid can damage your transaxle. Too much can mean that some of the fluid could come out and fall on hot engine parts or exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Be sure to get an accurate reading if you check your transaxle fluid.


Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle fluid level if you have been driving:


When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32°C).


0 At high speed for quite a while. 0 In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.


While pulling a trailer.


6-22


ken, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps:


The transaxle fluid dipstick top is a round, red loop and is next to the brake master cylinder behind the engine block. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or paper towel.


2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and


then pull it back out again.


3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the lower


level. The fluid level must be in the cross-hatched area. 4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the


dipstick back in all the way.


6-23


How to Add Fluid Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind of transaxle fluid to use. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index. If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper fluid to bring the level into the cross-hatched area on the dipstick. 1. Pull out the dipstick. 2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid dipstick hole to bring it to’ the proper level. It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than one pint (0.5 L). Don’t overjU.


@e


NOTICE:


We recommend you use only fluid labeled [email protected], because fluid with that label i,s made especially for your automatic transaxle. Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRON-I11 is not covered by your new vehicle warranty.


6-24


3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as


described under “How to Check.”


4. When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the


dipstick back in all the way.


Engine Coolant The cooling s stem in your vehicle is filled with DEX-COOL engine coolant. This coolant is designed to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles (240 000 km) whichever occurs first, if you add only DEX-COOL6 extended life coolant. The following explains your cooling system and how to add coolant when it is low. If you have ;e problem with engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating” in the Index. A 50J50 mixture of water and [email protected] coolant will:


Give freezing protection down to -34°F (-37°C). Give boiling protection up to 2685 “F (129 O C ) . Protect against rust and corrosion. Help keep the proper engine temperature. Llet the warning lights and gages work as they should.


NOTICE:


When adding coolant, it is important that you use only [email protected] (silicate-free) coolant. If coolant other than [email protected] is added to the system, premature engine, heater core or engine coolant will require change sooner -- at radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the 30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the use of coolant other than [email protected] covered by your new vehicle warranty.


is not


Adding only plain water to your cooling system can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper coolant mix will. Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the proper coolant mix. With plain water or the wrong mix, your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t get the overheat warning. Your engine could catch fire and you or others could be burned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean water and [email protected] coolant.


What to Use Use a mixture of one-half clean water (preferably distilled) and one-half [email protected] coolant which won’t damage aluminum parts. If you use this mixture, you don’t need to add anything else.


6-25


Checking Coolant


NOTICE:


If you use an improper coolant mix, your engine could overheat and be badly damaged. The repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your warranty, Too much water in the mix can freeze and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.


If you have to add coolant more than four times a year, have your dealer check your cooling system.


NOTICE:


If you use the proper coolant, you don’t have t’o add extra inhibitors or additives which claim to improve the system. These can be harmful,


When your engine is cold, the coolant level should be at FULL COLD or a little higher. When your engine is warm, the level should be up to FULL HOT or a little higher.


If this light comes on, it means you’re low on engine coolant.


LOW


COOLANT


Adding Coolant If you need more coolant, add the proper [email protected] coolant mixture at the coolant recovery tank, but be careful not to spill it.


Turning the radiator pressure cap when the engine and radiator are hot can allow steam and scalding liquids to blow out and burn you badly. With the coolant recovery tank, you will almost never have to add coolant at the radiator. Never turn the radiator pressure cap -- even a little -- when the engine and radiator are hot.


You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol, and it will burn if the engine parts are hot enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.


Radiator Pressure Cap


NOTICE:


Your radiator cap is a 15 psi (105 kPa) pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed to prevent coolant loss and possible engine damage from overheating. Be sure the arrows on the cap line up with the overflow tube on the radiator filler neck.


6-27


Thermostat Engine coolant temperature is controlled by a thermostat in the engine coolant system. The thermostat stops the flow of coolant through the radiator until the coolant reaches a preset temperature. Power Steering Fluid


in the system or


When to Check Power Steering Fluid It is not necessary to regularly check power steering fluid unless you suspect there is a leak you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected and repaired. How To Check Power Steering Fluid When the engine compartment is cool, unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag. Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then remove the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick. The level should be at the FULL COLD mark. If necessary, add only enough fluid to bring the level up to the mark. What to Use To determine what kind of fluid to use, see “Recommended Flui’ds and Lubricants” in the Index. Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.


6-28


Windshield Washer Fluid What to Use When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient protection against freezing. Adding Washer Fluid


Open the cap labeled WASHER FLUID ONLY. Add washer fluid until the tank is full.


NOTICE:


When using concentrated washer fluid, follow the manufacturer’s instructions for adding water. Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze and damage your washer fluid tank and other parts of the washer system. Also, water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid. Fill your washer fluid tank only three-quarters full when it’s very cold. This allows for expansion if freezing occurs, which could damage the tank if it is completely full. Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your windshield washer. It can damage your washer system and paint.


6-29


Brakes Brake Fluid


Your brake master cylinder reservoir is here. It is filled with DOT-3 brake fluid. There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in the reservoir might go down. The first is that the brake fluid goes down to an acceptable level during normal brake lining wear. When new linings are put in, the fluid level goes back up. The other reason is that fluid is leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you should have 6-30


your brake system fixed, since a leak means that sooner or later your brakes won’t work well, or won’t work at all, So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off’ your brake fluid. Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add (or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when w’ork is done on the brake hydraulic system.


If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is hot enough. You or others could be burned, and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake fluid only when work is done on the brake hydraulic system,


When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake warning light will come on. A chime will sound if you try to drive with this warning light on. See “Brake System Wming Light” in the Index.


What to Add When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake fluid -- such as Delco Supreme [email protected] (GM Part No. 12377967). Use new brake fluid from a sealed container only. Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area around the cap before removing it. This will help keep dirt from entering the reservoir. - - - - A CAUTION:


With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake system, your brakes may not work well, or they may not even work at all. This could cause a crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.


NOTICE:


Using the wrong fluid can badly damage brake system parts. For example, just a few drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine oil, in your brake system can damage brake system parts so badly that they’ll have to be replaced. Don’t let someone put in the wrong kind of fluid. If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s painted surfaces, the paint finish can be damaged. Be careful not to spill brake fluid on your vehicle. If you do, wash it off immediately. See “Appearance Care” in the Index.


Brake Wear Your Pontiac has front disc brakes and rear drum brakes. Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads are worn and new pads are needed. The sound may come and go or be heard all the time your vehicle is moving (except when you are pushing on the brake pedal f i i y ) .


Le brake wear warning sound means that soon your brakes won’t work well. That could lead to an accident. When you hear the brake wear warning sound, have your vehicle serviced.


I NOTICE:


Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads could result in costly brake repair.


6-32


Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly applied. This does not mean something is wrong with your brakes. See “Caliper/Knuckle Maintenance Inspection” in Section 7 of this manual under Part C “Periodic Maintenance Inspections.” Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect brake pads for wear and evenly torque wheel nuts in the proper sequence to GM specifications. Your rear drum brakes don’t have wear indicators, but if you ever hear a rear brake rubbing noise, have the rear brake linings inspected. Also, the rear brake drums should be removed and inspected each time the tires are removed for rotation or changing. When you have the front brakes replaced, have the rear brakes inspected, too. Brake linings should always be replaced as complete axle sets. See “Brake System Inspection” in Section 7 of this manual under Part C 44Periodic Maintenance Inspections”.


Brake Pedal Travel See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble. Brake Adjustment Every time you apply the brakes, with or without the vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear. Replacing Brake System Parts The braking system on a mo’dern vehicle is complex. Its many parts have to be of top quality and work well together if the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your vehicle was designed and tested with top-quality GM brake parts. When you replace parts of your braking system -- for example, when your brake linings wear down and you have to have new ones put in -- be sure you get new approved GM replacement parts. If you don’t, your brakes may no longer work properly. For example, if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong for your vehicle, the balance between your front and rear brakes can change -- for the worse. The braking performance you’ve come to expect can change in many other ways if someone puts in the wrong replacement brake parts.


Battery Every new Pontiac has a Delco [email protected] battery. You never have to add water to one of these. When it’s time for a new battery, we recommend a Delco Freedom battery. Get one that has the replacement number shown on the original battery’s label. Vehicle Storage If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days or more, take off the black, negative (-) cable from the battery. This will help keep your battery from running down.


Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the Index for tips on working around a battery without getting hurt.


Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle for longer storage periods. Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent Feature” in the Index.


6-33


Bulb Replacement For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this section, contact your Pontiac dealer’s service department. Halogen Bulbs


‘ A CAUTION:


Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or others could be injured. Be sure to read and follow the instructions on the bulb package.


If you go through a high pressure car wash, or it is very humid, your headlamps may “fog up.” This is normal. The lenses should clear by themselves in time.


6-34


Headlamps For bulb type, see “Replacement Bulbs” in the Index. Driver’s Side Replacement


1. Reach behind the headlamp assembly and turn the bulb assembly counterclockwise to remove the bulb assembly.


2. Remave the bulb from the assembly. 3. Replace the bulb and reverse the steps to install the


new bulb assembly.


Passenger’s Side Replacement


1. Remove the two bolts with a 10 mm socket.


2. Slide the headlamp assembly outward (to the left)


and lift it out.


6-35


3. Tip the assembly and turn the bulb assembly


counterclockwise to remove it.


4. Replace the bulb and reverse the steps to install the


new bulb assembly.


6-36


Rear Quarter Tail/Stop/lhrn Signal/Sidemarker Lamps For bulb type, see “Replacement Bulbs” in the Index.


1. Remove the plastic nut holding the carpeting in place. 2. Pull the carpeting away from the rear corner of the trunk.


3. nrn the bulb socket assembly counterclockwise to


remove it from the lamp assembly. Turn the bulb one-quarter turn counterclockwise to remove it from the socket.


6-37


Trunk M’ounted Taillamps and Back-up Lamps For bulb type, see “Replacement Bulbs” in the Index.


4. Replace the bulb and reverse the steps to install the


new bulb assembly.


1. Push in on the center of the plastic push pin with a


pen. The push pin should eject.


6-38


2. Pull the push pin with your fingers to remove it.


(There are four pins altogether -- two on the driver’s side and two on the passenger’s side.)


3. Remove the five nuts that hold the assembly in place


with a 10 mm socket. Pull the carpet up and out of the way to remove the center nut. (There are two nuts on the driver’s side, two on the passenger’s side and one in the middle.)


6-39


4. Lift up on both plastic side flaps at the same time


(driver’s side shown) and lift the assembly out.


5. Carefully let go of the decklid and let it raise


completely. The assembly will still be connected to the wiring harness, but now you will have access to the bulbs.


6. Turn the bulb assembly counterclockwise to remove it.


6-40


i


7. Pull out the taillamp bulb to remove it.


8. If you are replacing the back-up bulb, it must be


turned and pulled out to be removed.


9. Reverse the steps to install the new bulb assembly.


6-41


Tires Your new Pontiac comes with high-quality tires made by a l’eading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions about your tire warranty and where to obtain service, see your Pontiac Warranty booklet for details.


Poorly maintained and improperly used tires are dangerous.


Overloading your tires ‘can cause overheating as a result of too much friction. You could have an air-out and a serious accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index.


CAUTION: (Continued)


Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement


Replacement blades come in different types and are removed in different ways. Here’s how to remove the type with a release clip: 1 Pull the windshield wiper ann away from the windshield. 2. Push down on the release clip with a screwdriver and


pull the blade assembly off the wiper m.


3. Push the new wiper blade securely on the wiper a m . For the correct windshield wiper blade replacement length and type, see “Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts” in the Index, 6-42


0 Underinflated tires pose the same danger as


overloaded tires. The resulting accident could cause serious injury. Check all tires frequently to maintain the recommended pressure. Tire pressure should be checked when your tires are cold. Overinflated tires are more likely to be impact -- such as when you hit a pothole. cut, punctured or broken by a sudden Keep tires at the recommended pressure. Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If your tread is badly worn, or if your tires have been damaged, replace them.


Inflation -- Tire Pressure The Tire-Loading Information label, which is on the rear edge of the driver’s door shows the correct inflation pressures for your tires when they’re cold. “Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting for at least three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).


NOTICE:


Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can get the following: 0 Too much flexing 0 Too much heat Tire overloading Bad wear


0 Bad handling


Bad fuel economy.


If your tires have too much air (overinflation), you can get the following: e Unusual wear 0 Bad handling 0 Rough ride


Needless damage from road hazards.


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When to Check Check your tires once a month or more. Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should be at 60 psi (420 kPa).


How to Check Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look properly inflated even when they’re underinflated. Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems. They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and moisture. Tire Inspection and Rotation Tires should be rotated every 6,080 to 8,000 miles (10 000 to 13 000 h). Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate your tires as soon as possible and check wheel alignment. Also check for damaged tires or wheels. See “When It’s Time for New Tires’’ and “Wheel Replacement” later in this section for more information. The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more unifQm wear The first


on . h . . vehicle.


dl tires


.- - for ..


rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index for scheduled rotation intervals.


When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation pattern shown here. Don’t include the compact spare tire in your tire rotation. After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire-Loading Information label. Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” in the Index.


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Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts become loose after a time. The wheel could come off and cause an accident. When you change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from places where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire brush later, if you need to, to get all the rust or dirt off. (See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index.)


When It’s Time for New Tires


One way to tell when it’s time for new tires is to check the treadwear indicators, which will appear when your tires have only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or less of tread remaining.


You need a new tire if any of the following statements are true: 0 You can see the indicators at three or more places


around the tire. You can see cord or fabric showing through the tire’s rubber.


0 The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep


enough to show cord or fabric. The tire has a bump, bulge or split. The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that can’t be repaired well because of the size or location of the damage.


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Buying New Tires To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at the Tire-Loading Information label. The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec) numb’er on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires, get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating, traction, ride and other things during normal service on your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread design, the TPC number will be followed by an “MS” (for mud and snow). If you ever replace your tires with those not having a TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size, load range, speed rating and construction type (bias, bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.


Mixing tires could cause you to lose control w: e driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types (radial and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may not handle properly, and you could have a crash. Using tires of different sizes may also cause damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same size and type tires on all wheels. It’s all right to drive with your compact spare, though. It was developed for use on your vehicle.


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Uniform Tire Quality Grading The following information relates to the system developed by the United States National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This appLies only to vehicles sold in the United States.) The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm), or to some limited-production tires. While the tires available on General Motors passenger cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these

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