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I If the surface does not polish easily, use a

“road tar” remover and wax again.

Machine compounding or aggressive pol- ishing on a base coat/clear coat paint finish may dull the finish or leave swirl marks. Removing spots Remove tar and oil spots, industrial dust, in- sects, and tree sap as quickly as possible from the surface of the paint to avoid lasting dam- age or staining. Special cleaning products are available at your NISSAN dealer or any auto- motive accessory store.

Underbody In areas where road salt is used in winter, the underbody must be cleaned regularly. This will prevent dirt and salt from building up and causing underbody and suspension corrosion. Before the winter period and again in the spring, the underseal must be checked and, if necessary, re-treated.


Cleaning glass When cleaning the rear window, it may be easier to clean if the high-mounted stop light is removed first. Be careful when removing the high-mounted stop light to reduce the risk of damaging the high-mounted stop light wires. The high-mounted stop light must be properly reinstalled before driving your vehicle. Use glass cleaner to remove smoke and dust film from the glass surfaces. It is normal for glass to become coated with a film after the vehicle is parked in the hot sun. Glass cleaner


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could discolor the wheel if not removed. Chrome parts Clean all chrome parts regularly with a non- abrasive chrome polish to maintain the finish. Cleaning interior Occasionally remove loose dust from the inte- rior trim, plastic parts and seats using a vacuum cleaner or soft brush. Wipe the vinyl and leather surfaces with a clean, soft cloth dampened in mild soap solution, then wipe clean with a dry soft cloth. Before using any fabric protector, read the manufacturer’s rec- ommendations. Some fabric protectors con- tain chemicals that may stain or bleach the seat material.

I Never use benzine, thinner, or any

similar material.

I The leather seats should be regularly coated with a leather wax like saddle soap. Never use car wax.

I Never use fabric protectors unless recommended by the manufacturer.


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and a soft cloth will easily remove this film.


When cleaning the inside of the window, do not use sharp-edged tools, abrasive cleaners or chlorine based disinfectant cleaners. They could damage the rear window defogger.

Cleaning aluminum alloy wheels Wash regularly, especially during winter months in areas where road salt is used. Salt

Floor mats The use of Genuine Nissan floor mats can extend the life of your vehicle carpet and make it easier to clean the interior. No matter what mats are used, be sure they are fitted for your vehicle and are properly positioned in the footwell to prevent interference with pedal operation. Mats should be maintained with regular cleaning and replaced if they become excessively worn. Seat belts The seat belts can be cleaned by wiping them with a sponge dampened in a mild soap solu- tion. Allow the belts to dry completely before using them.

Do not allow wet belts to roll up in the retractor. NEVER use bleach, dye, or chemical solvents since these may se- verely weaken the seat belt webbing.


Most common factors contributing to vehicle corrosion: 1. The accumulation of moisture-retaining dirt and debris in body panel sections, cavities, and other areas.

2. Damage to paint and other protective coat- ings caused by gravel and stone chips or minor traffic accidents.

Environmental factors influence the rate of corrosion: Moisture Accumulation of sand, dirt and water on the vehicle body underside can accelerate corro- sion. Wet floor coverings will not dry com- pletely inside the vehicle, and should be re- moved for drying to avoid floor panel corrosion. Relative humidity Corrosion will be accelerated in areas of high relative humidity, especially those areas where the temperatures stay above freezing and where atmospheric pollution exists and road salt is used.


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Floor mat positioning aid (Driver side only) This model includes a front floor mat bracket to act as a floor mat positioning aid. NISSAN floor mats have been specially designed for your vehicle model. The driver’s side floor mat has a grommet hole incorporated in it. Simply position the mat by placing the floor mat bracket hook through the floor mat grommet hole while centering the mat in the floorpan contour.

Periodically check to make certain that the mats are properly positioned.

ment by washing it out with a hose. Remove dirt with a vacuum cleaner or broom.

I Never allow water or other liquids to come in contact with electronic com- ponents inside the vehicle as this may damage them.


A temperature increase will accelerate the rate of corrosion to those parts which are not well ventilated.

Air pollution

Industrial pollution, the presence of salt in the air in coastal areas, or heavy road salt use will accelerate the corrosion process. Road salt will also accelerate the disintegration of paint surfaces. To protect your vehicle from corrosion: I Wash and wax your vehicle often to keep

the vehicle clean.

I Always check for minor damage to the paint

and repair it as soon as possible.

I Keep drain holes at the bottom of the doors

open to avoid water accumulation.

I Check the underbody for accumulation of sand, dirt or salt. If present, wash with water as soon as possible.

I NEVER remove dirt, sand or other debris from the passenger compart-


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7 Do-it-yourself operations

Maintenance precautions .......................................... 7-2
Engine cooling system .............................................. 7-5
Engine oil .................................................................. 7-7
Automatic transmission fluid ................................... 7-10
Power steering fluid ................................................ 7-11
Brake and clutch fluid ............................................. 7-12
Window washer fluid ............................................... 7-12
Battery ..................................................................... 7-13
Drive belts ............................................................... 7-15
Spark plug replacement .......................................... 7-15
Air cleaner filter ....................................................... 7-17
Wiper blades ........................................................... 7-18
Parking brake .......................................................... 7-19
Brake pedal ............................................................. 7-20
Brake booster.......................................................... 7-21
Clutch pedal ............................................................ 7-21
Fuses....................................................................... 7-21
Fusible links ............................................................ 7-23
Light bulbs............................................................... 7-23
Wheels and tires ..................................................... 7-30

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When performing any inspection or mainte- nance work on your vehicle, always take care to prevent serious accidental injury to yourself or damage to the vehicle. The following are general precautions which should be closely observed.

I Park the vehicle on a level surface, apply the parking brake securely and block the wheels to prevent the ve- hicle from moving. For a manual transmission, move the shift lever to Neutral. For an automatic transmis- sion, move the selector lever to “P” (Park).

I Be sure the ignition key is “OFF” or “LOCK” when performing any parts replacement or repairs.

I Your vehicle is equipped with an au- tomatic engine cooling fan. It may come on at any time without warning, even if the ignition key is in the “OFF” position and the engine is not run- ning. To avoid injury, always discon- nect the negative battery cable before working near the fan.

I If you must work with the engine running, keep your hands, clothing, hair and tools away from moving fans, belts and any other moving parts.

I It is advisable to remove necktie and any jewelry, such as rings, watches, etc. before working on your vehicle. I If you must run the engine in an enclosed space such as a garage, be sure there is proper ventilation for exhaust gases.

I Never get under the vehicle while it is supported only by a jack. If it is nec- essary to work under the vehicle, support it with safety stands.

I Keep smoking materials, flame and sparks away from fuel and the bat- tery.

I The fuel filter or fuel lines should be serviced by a NISSAN dealer because the fuel lines are under high pressure even when the engine is off.

I Do not work under the hood while the engine is hot. Turn off the engine and wait until it cools down.

I Never connect or disconnect either the battery or any transistorized com- ponent connector while the ignition key is on.

I Never leave the engine or the auto- matic transmission related compo- nent harness connector discon- nected while the ignition key is on.

I Avoid direct contact with used engine oil. Improperly disposed motor oil and/or other vehicle fluids can hurt the environment. Always conform to local regulations for disposal of ve- hicle fluid.

This “Do-it-yourself operations” section gives instructions regarding only those items which are relatively easy for an owner to perform. You should be aware that incomplete or im- proper servicing may result in operating diffi- culties or excessive emissions, and could af-


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fect your warranty coverage. If in doubt about any servicing, have it done by your NISSAN dealer.


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the The engine cooling system is filled at factory with a high-quality, year-round, anti- freeze coolant solution. The anti-freeze solu- tion contains rust and corrosion inhibitors, therefore additional cooling system additives are not necessary.

When adding or replacing coolant, be sure to use only an ethylene glycol anti- freeze with the proper mixture ratio of 50% anti-freeze and 50% distilled water. The use of other types of coolant solu- tions may damage your engine cooling system.



down to





Anti- freeze

Distilled water



I Never remove the radiator cap when the engine is hot. Serious burns could be caused by high pressure

fluid escaping from the radiator. Wait until the engine and radiator cool down.

I See precautions in “If Your Vehicle Overheats” found in the “In case of emergency” section.

I The radiator is equipped with a pres- sure cap. Use a genuine cap or its equivalent when replacement is required.


CHECKING ENGINE COOLANT LEVEL With coolant reservoir Check the coolant level in the reservoir tank when the engine is cold. If the coolant level is below “MIN”, add coolant up to the “MAX” level. If the reservoir tank is empty, check the coolant level in the radiator when the engine is cold. If there is insufficient coolant in the radiator, fill the radiator with coolant up to the filler opening and also add it to the reservoir tank up to the “MAX” level. If the engine cooling system frequently


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requires coolant, have it checked by your NISSAN dealer.

I Improper servicing can result in reduced heater performance and engine overheat- ing.

I To avoid the danger of being scalded, never change the coolant when the engine is hot.

I Never remove the radiator cap when the engine is hot. Serious burns could be caused by high pressure fluid escaping from the radiator.

1. Open the radiator cap and drain plug. 2. Open the drain plug on the engine block. 3. Flush the cooling system by running fresh

water through the radiator.

4. Close the radiator drain plug and the drain

plug on the engine block securely.

5. See the “Technical information” section for cooling system capacity. Fill the radiator slowly with the proper mixture of coolant and water. Fill the reservoir tank up to the “MAX” level. Then install the radiator cap.


CHANGING ENGINE COOLANT I Major cooling system repairs should be performed by your NISSAN dealer. The service procedures can be found in the appropriate NISSAN Service Manual.


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CHECKING ENGINE OIL LEVEL 1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and

apply parking brake. 2. Run the engine until


it reaches operating

3. Turn off the engine. Wait more than 10
minutes for the oil to drain back into the oil pan.

4. Remove the dipstick and wipe it clean.

Reinsert it all the way.


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6. Start the engine, and warm it up until the radiator fan operates. Then race the engine 2 or 3 times under no load. Watch the coolant temperature gauge for signs of overheating.

7. Stop the engine. After it completely cools down, refill the radiator up to the filler opening. Fill the reservoir tank up to the “MAX” level.

8. Check the radiator drain plug and the drain plug on the engine block for any sign of leakage.

Oil level should be checked regularly. Operating with insufficient amount of oil can damage the engine, and such dam- age is not covered by warranty.


5. Remove the dipstick again and check the oil level. It should be between the “H” and “L” marks. If the oil level is below the “L” mark, remove the oil filler cap and pour recommended oil through the opening. Do not overfill.

6. Recheck oil level with dipstick. It is normal to add some oil between oil maintenance intervals or during the break-in period, depending on the severity of operating conditions.


CHANGING ENGINE OIL 1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and

apply the parking brake.

2. Run the engine until


it reaches operating

3. Turn the engine off and wait more than 10


4. Place a large drain pan under the drain


5. Remove the oil filler cap.


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6. Remove the drain plug with a wrench and

9. Start the engine.

completely drain the oil.

If oil filter is to be changed, remove and replace it at this time. See “Changing oil filter”.

Check for leakage around the drain plug. Correct as required.

10.Turn the engine off and wait more than 10
level with the dip-

minutes. Check the oil stick. Add engine oil if necessary.

11.Dispose of waste oil in the proper manner.

Be careful not to burn yourself, as the engine oil is hot.

Waste oil must be disposed of properly. Check your local regulations. 7. Clean and re-install the drain plug and new washer. Securely tighten the drain plug with a wrench. Drain plug tightening torque:

22 to 29 ft-lb (29 to 39 N(cid:215) m)

Do not use excessive force.

8. Refill engine with recommended oil and

install the cap securely. See the “Technical information” section for refill capacity. Never pull out the dipstick while filling the engine with oil.

I Prolonged and repeated contact with used engine oil may cause skin can- cer.

I Try to avoid direct skin contact with used oil. If skin contact is made, wash thoroughly with soap or hand cleaner as soon as possible.

I Keep used engine oil out of reach of



CHANGING OIL FILTER 1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and

apply the parking brake.

2. Turn the engine off. 3. Loosen the oil filter with an oil filter wrench. (Depending on the engine model, a special cap type wrench may be required. See your NISSAN dealer if in doubt.) Remove the oil filter by turning it by hand.


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Be careful not to burn yourself, as the engine oil may be hot.

4. Wipe the engine oil filter mounting surface

with a clean rag. Be sure to remove any old rubber gasket remaining on the mounting surface of the engine.

5. Coat the rubber gasket on the new filter

with clean engine oil.

6. Screw in the oil filter until a slight resistance is felt, then tighten additionally more than 2/3 turn. Oil filter tightening torque:

10.85 to 15.19 ft-lb (14.7 to 20.6 N(cid:215) m)

7. Start

the engine and check for leakage

around the oil filter. Correct as required.

8. Turn the engine off and wait several min- utes. Check the oil level. Add engine oil if necessary.



I When engine is running, keep hands, jewelry and clothing away from any moving parts such as cooling fan and drive belt.

I Automatic transmission fluid is poi- sonous and should be stored care- fully in marked containers out of the reach of children.

TEMPERATURE CONDITIONS FOR CHECKING I The fluid level should be checked using the “HOT” range on the dipstick after the follow- ing conditions have been met:

— The engine should be warmed up to oper-

ating temperature.

— The vehicle should be driven at


least 5

— The automatic transmission fluid should be warmed to between 122 and 176°F (50 and 80°C).

I The fluid can be checked at fluid tempera- tures of 86 to 122°F (30 to 50°C) using the “COLD” range on the dipstick after the engine is warmed up and before driving. However, the fluid should be re-checked using the “HOT” range.

1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and set

the parking brake.

2. Start the engine and then move the selector lever through each gear range. Move the shift lever to “P” after you have moved it through all ranges.


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3. Check the fluid level with the engine idling. 4. Remove the dipstick and wipe it clean with

lint-free paper.

5. Reinsert the dipstick into the charging pipe

as far as it will go.

6. Remove the dipstick and note the reading. If the level is at the low side of either range, add fluid to the charging pipe.


I DO NOT OVERFILL. I USE ONLY NISSAN Matic “D” (Conti- nental U.S. and Alaska) or Genuine NISSAN Automatic Transmission Fluid (Canada). DexronTMIII/MerconTM or equivalent may also be used. Out- side the continental United States and Alaska contact a NISSAN dealer for more information regarding suit- able fluids, including recommended brand(s) of DexronTMIII/MerconTM or DexronTMIIE/MerconTM Automatic Transmission Fluid.

NOTE: If the vehicle has been driven for a long time at high speeds, or in city traffic in hot weather, or if it is being used to pull a trailer, the accurate fluid level cannot be read. You should wait until the fluid has cooled down (about 30 minutes).


Check the fluid level in the reservoir tank. The fluid level should be checked using the “HOT” range at fluid temperatures of 122 to 176°F (50 to 80°C) or using the “COLD” range at fluid temperatures of 32 to 86°F (0 to 30°C).

I Do not overfill. I Use type DEXRONTMIIE, DEXRONTMIII

or equivalent.


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Do not spill the fluid on painted sur- faces. This will damage the paint. If fluid is spilled, wash with water.


Check the fluid level in the reservoir. If the fluid is below the Min. line or the brake warning light comes on, add DOT 3 fluid up to the Max. line. If fluid must be added frequently, the system should be thoroughly checked by your NIS- SAN dealer.

Use only new fluid. Old, inferior, or con- taminated fluid may damage the brake and clutch systems. The use of im- proper fluids can damage the brake sys- tem and affect the vehicle’s stopping


Type A Add fluid when the low washer fluid warning light comes on. Add a washer solvent to the water for better cleaning. In the winter season, add a windshield washer anti-freeze. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the mixture ratio.


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Anti-freeze is poisonous and should be stored carefully in marked containers out of the reach of children.

Do not substitute engine anti-freeze coolant for window washer solution. This may result in damage to the paint.


Type B To check the fluid level, use your finger to plug the center hole of the cap (as shown above), then remove it from the tank. If there is no fluid in the tube, add fluid. Add a washer solvent to the water for better cleaning. In the winter season, add a windshield washer anti-freeze. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the mixture ratio.


I Keep the battery surface clean and dry. Any corrosion should be washed off with a solution of baking soda and water.

I Make certain the terminal connections are

clean and securely tightened.

I If the vehicle is not to be used for 30 days or longer, disconnect the “—” negative battery terminal cable to prevent discharge.

I Do not expose the battery to flames or electrical sparks. Hydrogen gas generated by battery action is explo- sive. Do not allow battery fluid to contact your skin, eyes, fabrics, or painted surfaces. After touching a battery or battery cap, do not touch or rub your eyes. Thoroughly wash your hands. If the acid contacts your eyes, skin or clothing, immediately flush with water for at least 15 minutes and seek medical attention.

I When working on or near a battery, always wear suitable eye protection and remove all jewelry.

I Keep the battery out of the reach of


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JUMP STARTING If jump starting is necessary, see the “In case of emergency” section. If the engine does not start by jump starting, the battery may have to be replaced. Contact your NISSAN dealer.


Check the fluid level in each cell. It should be between the MAX. and MIN. lines. If it is necessary to add fluid, add only distilled water to bring the level to the indicator in each filler opening. Do not overfill. 1. Remove the cell plugs. 2. Add distilled water up to the MAX. level. 3. Tighten cell plugs.


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Be sure the engine and ignition switch are off and that the parking brake is engaged securely.

Be sure to use the correct wrench to remove the plugs. An incorrect wrench can cause damage.


Be sure the ignition key is “OFF”. The engine could rotate unexpectedly.

1. Visually inspect each belt for signs of un- usual wear, cuts, fraying, oil adhesion or looseness. If the belt is in poor condition or loose, have it replaced or adjusted by your NISSAN dealer.

2. Have the belts checked regularly for condi- tion and tension in accordance with the maintenance schedule in this manual.


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5. Fit the new plugs, one at a time, into the spark plug wrench and install them. Turn each plug in several full turns by hand, then tighten with a spark plug wrench to the correct torque. Do not overtighten. Spark plug tightening torque:

14 to 22 ft-lb (20 to 29 N(cid:215) m)

6. Holding the ignition coil, re-connect each to its proper spark plug by

ignition coil pushing it on until you feel a snap.

7. Tighten all ignition coils.

1. Remove the rocker cover ornament using a

suitable hexagon wrench. (Front side)

2. Disconnect the electrical connectors.

3. Loosen the ignition coil fixing bolts. And remove the ignition coil to give access to the spark plugs.

4. Remove the spark plugs with a spark plug

wrench. The plug wrench has a rubber seal that holds the spark plug so that it will not fall when it is pulled out. Make sure that each spark plug is snugly fitted into the plug wrench.


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Platinum-tipped spark plug It is not necessary to replace the platinum- tipped spark plugs as frequently as the con- ventional type spark plugs since they will last much longer. Follow the maintenance sched- ule but, do not reuse them by cleaning or regapping. Always platinum-tipped spark plugs.

replace with


The filter element should not be cleaned and reused. Replace it according to the mainte- nance intervals shown in the “Maintenance schedule” section. When replacing the filter, wipe the inside of the air cleaner housing and the cover with a damp cloth.

Operating the engine with the air cleaner off can cause you or others to be burned. The air cleaner not only cleans the air, it stops flame if the engine back- fires. If it is not there, and the engine


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backfires, you could be burned. Do not drive with it off, and be careful working on the engine with the air cleaner off.


after cleaning the blades and using the wiper, replace the blades.

2) REPLACEMENT 1. Pull the wiper arm. 2. Push the lock pin, then remove the wiper


3. Insert the new wiper blade to the wiper arm

until a click sounds.


If your windshield is not clear after using the windshield washer or if a wiper blade chat- ters when running, wax or other material may be on the blade or windshield.

Clean the outside of the windshield with a washer solution or a mild detergent. Your windshield is clean if beads do not form when rinsing with clear water.

Clean the blade by wiping it with a cloth soaked in a washer solution or a mild detergent. Then rinse the blade with clear water. If your windshield is still not clear


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After wiper blade replacement, return the wiper arm to its original position.

Otherwise it may be damaged when the engine hood is opened.

Make sure the wiper blade contacts the glass, otherwise the arm may be dam- aged from wind pressure.



From the released position, pull the parking brake lever up slowly and firmly. If the number of clicks is out of the range listed above, see your NISSAN dealer.


If you wax the surface of the hood, be careful not to let wax get into the washer nozzle. This may cause clogging or im- proper windshield washer operation. If wax gets into the nozzle, remove it with a needle or small pin.


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With the engine running, check the distance between the upper surface of the pedal and the metal floor. If it is out of the range shown above, see your NISSAN dealer. Self-adjusting brakes Your vehicle is equipped with self-adjusting brakes. The disc-type brakes self-adjust every time the brake pedal is applied.

See your NISSAN dealer and have it checked if the brake pedal height does not return to normal.

Brake pad wear indicators The disc brake pads on your vehicle have audible wear indicators. When a brake pad requires replacement, it will make a high pitched scraping or screeching sound when the vehicle is in motion whether or not the brake pedal is depressed. Have the brakes checked as soon as possible if the wear indi- cator sound is heard. Under some driving or climate conditions, oc- casional brake squeak, squeal or other noise may be heard. Occasional brake noise during light to moderate stops is normal and does not affect the function or performance of the brake system. Proper brake inspection intervals should be followed. For more information regarding brake inspections, see the appropriate main- tenance schedule information in the “Mainte- nance Schedule” section of this manual.


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Check the brake booster function as follows: 1. With the engine off, press and release the times. When brake brake pedal several pedal movement (distance of travel) re- mains the same from one pedal application to the next, continue on to the next step.

2. While depressing the brake pedal, start the engine. The pedal height should drop a little.

3. With the brake pedal depressed, stop the engine. Keeping the pedal depressed for about 30 seconds, the pedal height should not change.

4. Run the engine for one minute without depressing the brake pedal, then turn it off. Depress the brake pedal several times. The pedal travel distance will decrease gradu- ally with each depression as the vacuum is released from the booster.

If the brakes do not operate properly, see your NISSAN dealer.



Press the pedal by hand and be sure the free travel is within the limits shown above. If free travel is too little or too much, see your NIS- SAN dealer.

Engine compartment

Never use a fuse of higher amperage rating than that specified on the fuse box cover. This could damage the elec- trical system or cause a fire.

If any electrical equipment does not operate, check for an open fuse.

1. Be sure the ignition key and headlight

switch are “OFF”.


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2. Open the engine hood. 3. Remove the fusible link cover. 4. Remove the fuse with the fuse puller. 5. If the fuse is open, replace it with a new


6. If a new fuse also opens, have the electrical system checked and repaired by your NIS- SAN dealer.


2. Pull to open the fuse box lid. 3. Remove the fuse with the fuse puller. 4. If the fuse is open, replace it with a new


5. If a new fuse also opens, have the electrical system checked and repaired by your NISSAN dealer.

Passenger compartment

Never use a fuse of higher amperage rating than that specified on the fuse box cover. This could damage the elec- trical system or cause a fire.

If any electrical equipment does not operate, check for an open fuse.

1. Be sure the ignition key and the headlight

switch are “OFF”.


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If any electrical equipment does not operate and fuses are in good condition, check the fusible links. If any of these fusible links are melted, replace only with genuine NISSAN parts.

HEADLIGHTS The headlight is a semi-sealed beam type which uses a replaceable headlight (halogen) bulb. A bulb can be replaced from inside the engine compartment without removing the headlight assembly.

High pressure halogen gas is sealed inside the halogen bulb. The bulb may break if the glass envelope is scratched or the bulb is dropped.

Hold the plastic base when handling the bulb. Never touch the glass envelope.

Removing the headlight bulb 1. Disconnect the battery negative cable.

2. Disconnect

the electrical connector from

the rear end of the bulb.

3. Turn the bulb retaining ring counterclock- wise until it is free from the headlight reflec- tor, then remove it.

4. Remove the headlight bulb. Do not shake

or rotate the bulb when removing it.



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Replacing the headlight bulb 1. Insert the bulb into the headlight reflector with the flat side of the plastic base facing upward.

2. Install the bulb retaining ring and turn it

clockwise until it stops.

3. Push the electrical connector into the bulb

plastic base until it snaps and stops. 4. Connect the battery negative cable.

DO NOT TOUCH THE BULB. I Use the same number and wattage as

originally installed: Wattage 65/45
Bulb no. 9004

I Aiming is not necessary after replac- ing the bulb. When aiming adjust- is necessary, contact your ment NISSAN dealer. I Do not leave the bulb out of the head- light reflector for a long period of time as dust, moisture, and smoke may enter the headlight body and affect the performance of the headlight.



Wattage (W)

Bulb No.


Front turn signal light

Front side marker light

Front fog light

Rear combination light

Turn signal



Rear side marker light

License plate light

High-mounted stop light

Interior light

Front personal light

Step light

Trunk light

Vanity mirror light


























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Replacement procedures All other lights are either type A, B, C or D. When replacing a bulb, first remove the lens and/or cover.



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If you have a flat tire, see “In case of emergency” section. Maximum inflation pressure Do not exceed the maximum inflation pres- sures shown on the side wall of the tire. Tire inflation pressure Periodically check the tire pressure (including spare). Incorrect tire pressure may adversely affect tire life and vehicle handling. Tire pres- sure should be checked when tires are COLD. Tires are considered COLD after the vehicle has been parked for three or more hours, or driven less than 1 mile (1.6 km). COLD tire


pressures are shown on the tire placard affixed to the center console lid.

I The vehicle capacity weight is indi- cated on the tire placard. Do not load your vehicle beyond this capacity. Overloading your vehicle may result in reduced tire life, unsafe operating conditions due to premature tire fail- ure, or unfavorable handling charac- teristics and could also lead to a serious accident. Loading beyond the specified capacity may also result in failure of other vehicle components. I Before taking a long trip, or whenever you have loaded your vehicle heavily, use a tire pressure gauge to ensure that the tire pressure is at the speci- fied level.

I Do not drive your vehicle over 85
MPH (140 km/h) unless it is equipped with high speed capability tires. Driv- ing faster than 85 MPH (140 km/h) may result in tire failure, loss of con- trol and possible injury.

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Types of tires

Summer tires

When changing or replacing tires, be sure all four tires are of the same type (i.e., Summer, All Season or Snow) and construction. Your NISSAN dealer may be able to help you with information about tire type, size, speed rating and availability. Replacement tires may have a lower speed rating than the factory equipped tires, and may not match the potential maximum vehicle speed. Never exceed the maximum speed rating of the tire.

All season tires NISSAN specifies All Season tires on some models to provide good performance for use all year around, including snowy and icy road conditions. All Season Tires are identified by “ALL SEASON” and/or “M&S” on the tire side- wall. Snow tires have better snow traction than All Season tires and may be more appropriate in some areas.

NISSAN specifies summer tires on some mod- els to provide superior performance on dry roads. Summer tire performance in snow and ice will be substantially reduced. Summer tires do not have the tire traction rating “M&S” on the tire sidewall. If you plan to operate your vehicle in snowy or icy conditions, NISSAN recommends the use of “SNOW” or “ALL SEASON” tires on all four wheels. Snow tires If snow tires are needed, it is necessary to select tires equivalent in size and load rating to the original equipment tires. If you do not, it can adversely affect the safety and handling of your vehicle. Generally, snow tires will have lower speed ratings than factory equipped tires and may not match the potential maximum vehicle speed. Never exceed the maximum speed rating of the tire. For additional traction on icy roads, studded tires may be used. However, some provinces and states prohibit their use. Check local, state and provincial laws before installing studded tires. Skid and traction capabilities of studded snow tires, on wet or dry surfaces, may be


poorer than that of non-studded snow tires. Tire chains Use of tire chains may be prohibited according to location. Check the local laws before install- ing tire chains. When installing tire chains, make sure they are of proper size for the tires on your vehicle and are installed according to the chain manufacturer’s suggestions. Use only SAE class “S” chains. Other types may damage your vehicle. Use chain tensioners when recommended by the tire chain manu- facturer to ensure a tight fit. Loose end links of the tire chain must be secured or removed to prevent the possibility of whipping action dam- age to the fenders or undercarriage. If pos- sible, avoid fully loading your vehicle when using tire chains. In addition, drive at a re- duced speed. Otherwise, your vehicle may be damaged and/or vehicle handling and perfor- mance may be adversely affected. Never install tire chains on a T-type spare tire. Do not use the chains on dry roads.

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Tire rotation NISSAN recommends that every 7,500 miles (12,000 km).

tires be rotated

Wheel nut tightening torque:

72 to 87 ft-lb (98 to 118 N(cid:215) m)

See “Flat tire” in the “In case of emergency” section for tire replacing procedures.

I After rotating the tires, adjust the tire


I Retighten the wheel nuts after the aluminum wheels have been run for the first 600 miles (1,000 km) (also in cases of a flat tire, etc.).

I Do not include the T-type spare tire or any other small size spare tire in the tire rotation.

Tire wear and damage


Tires should be periodically inspected for wear, cracking, bulging, or objects caught in the tread. If excessive wear, cracks, bulging, or deep cuts are found, the tire should be replaced.

The original tires have a built-in tread wear indicator. When the wear indicator is visible, the tire should be replaced.

Improper service for a T-type spare tire


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may result in serious personal injury. If it is necessary to repair the T-type spare tire, contact your NISSAN dealer.

Changing tires and wheels When replacing a tire, use the same size, speed rating and load carrying capacity as originally equipped. Recommended types and sizes are shown in “Wheels and tires” in the “Technical information” section.

I The use of tires other than those recommended or the mixed use of tires of different brands, construction (bias, bias-belted or radial), or tread patterns can adversely affect the ride, braking, handling, ground clearance, body-to-tire clearance, tire chain clearance, speedometer calibration, headlight aim and bumper height. Some of these effects may lead to accidents and could result in serious personal injury.

I If the wheels are changed for any reason, always replace with wheels

which have the same offset dimen- sion. Wheels of a different offset could cause early tire wear, possibly degraded vehicle handling character- istics and/or interference with the brake discs. Such interference can lead to decreased braking efficiency and/or early brake pad wear.

I Do not install a deformed wheel or tire even if it has been repaired. Such wheels or tires could have structural damage and could fail without warning.

Wheel balance Unbalanced wheels may affect vehicle han- dling and tire life. Even with regular use, wheels can get out of balance. Therefore, they should be balanced as required.

Wheel balance service should be performed with the wheels off the vehicle. Spin balancing the front wheels on the vehicle could lead to transmission damage. Care of wheels I Wash the wheels when washing the vehicle

to maintain their appearance.


I Clean the inner side of the wheels when the wheel is changed or the underside of the vehicle is washed.

I Do not use abrasive cleaners when wash-

ing the wheels.

I Inspect wheel rims regularly for dents or corrosion. Such damage may cause loss of pressure or poor seal at the tire bead.

I NISSAN recommends that the road wheels be waxed to protect against road salt in areas where it is used during winter.

Spare tire (T-type spare tire) Observe the following precautions if the T-type spare tire must be used, otherwise your ve- hicle could be damaged or involved in an accident.

I The T-type spare tire should be used only for emergency. It should be re- placed by the standard tire at the first opportunity.

I Drive carefully while the T-type spare

tire is installed.

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age to the vehicle do not drive over obstacles. Also do not drive the ve- hicle through an automatic car wash since it may get caught.

I Do not use the T-type spare tire on

other vehicles.

I Do not use more than one T-type

spare tire at the same time.

I Do not tow a trailer while the T-type

spare tire is installed.

Avoid sharp turns and abrupt braking while driving.

I Periodically check tire inflation pres- sure, and always keep it at 60 psi (420
kPa, 4.2 bar).

I Do not drive your vehicle at speeds

faster than 50 MPH (80 km/h).

I Do not use tire chains on a T-type spare tire. Tire chains will not fit prop- erly on the T-type spare tire and may cause damage to the vehicle.

I When driving on roads covered with snow or ice, the T-type spare tire should be used on the rear wheel and the original tire used on the front wheels (drive wheels). Use tire chains only on the front two original tires.

I Tire tread of the T-type spare tire will wear at a faster rate than the original tire. Replace the T-type spare tire as soon as the tread wear indicators appear.

I Because the T-type spare tire is smaller than the original tire, ground clearance is reduced. To avoid dam-


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8 Maintenance schedule

General maintenance................................................ 8-3
Periodic maintenance................................................ 8-5

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However, under severe driving conditions, ad- ditional or more frequent maintenance will be required. Where to go for service If maintenance service is required or your vehicle appears to malfunction, have the sys- tems checked and tuned by an authorized NISSAN dealer. NISSAN technicians are well-trained special- ists and are kept up to date with the latest service information through technical bulletins, service tips, and in-dealership training pro- grams. They are completely qualified to work on NISSAN’s vehicles before they work on your vehicle, they have worked on it. You can be confident that your NISSAN deal- er’s service department performs the best job to meet the maintenance requirements on your vehicle — in a reliable and economic way.

than after


Your new NISSAN has been designed to have minimum maintenance requirements with longer service intervals to save you both time and money. However, some day-to-day and regular maintenance is essential to maintain your NISSAN’s good mechanical condition, as well as its emission and engine performance.

It is the owner’s responsibility to make sure that the specified maintenance, as well as general maintenance, is performed. As the vehicle owner, you are the only one who can ensure that your vehicle receives the proper maintenance care. You are a vital link in the maintenance chain. General maintenance General maintenance includes those items which should be checked during normal day- to-day operation of the vehicle. They are es- sential if your vehicle is to continue to operate properly. It is your responsibility to perform these procedures regularly as prescribed. These checks or inspections can be done by yourself, a qualified technician or, if you prefer, your NISSAN dealer. Periodic maintenance The maintenance items listed in this part are required to be serviced at regular intervals.


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During the normal day-to-day operation of the vehicle, general maintenance should be per- formed regularly as prescribed in this section. If you detect any unusual sounds, vibrations or smell, be sure to check for the cause or have your NISSAN dealer do it promptly. In addition, you should notify your NISSAN dealer if you think that repairs are required.

When performing any checks or maintenance work, closely observe the precautions in the “Do-it-yourself operations” section. Additional information on the following items with “*” is found in the “Do-it- yourself operations” section. OUTSIDE THE VEHICLE The maintenance items listed here should be performed from time to time, unless otherwise specified. Tires* Check the pressure with a gauge peri- odically when at a service station, including the spare, and adjust to the specified pressure if necessary. Check carefully for damage, cuts or excessive wear. Wheel nuts* When checking the tires, make sure no nuts are missing, and check for any loose nuts. Tighten if necessary. Tire rotation* Tires should be rotated every

7,500 miles (12,000 km). Wheel alignment and balance If the vehicle pulls to either side while driving on a straight and level road, or if you detect uneven or abnormal tire wear, there may be a need for wheel alignment. If the steering wheel or seat vibrates at normal highway speeds, wheel balancing may be needed. Windshield wiper blades* Check for cracks or wear if they do not wipe properly. Doors and engine hood Check that all doors and the engine hood operate smoothly as well as the trunk lid or back hatch. Also make sure that all latches lock securely. Lubricate if nec- essary. Make sure that the secondary latch keeps the hood from opening when the pri- mary latch is released. When driving in areas using road salt or other corrosive materials, check lubrication fre- quently.

INSIDE THE VEHICLE The maintenance items listed here should be checked on a regular basis, such as when performing periodic maintenance, cleaning the vehicle, etc. Lights* Make sure that the headlights, stop lights, tail lights, turn signal lights, and other lights are all operating properly and installed securely. Also check headlight aim. Warning lights and buzzers/chimes Make sure that all warning lights and buzzers/chimes are operating properly. Windshield wiper and washer* Check that the wipers and washer operate properly and that the wipers do not streak. Windshield defroster Check that the air comes out of the defroster outlets properly and in good quantity when operating the heater or air conditioner. Steering wheel Check that it has the specified play. Be sure to check for changes in the steering conditions, such as excessive play, hard steering or strange noises. Seats Check seat position controls such as seat adjusters, seatback recliner, etc. to make sure they operate smoothly and that all latches lock securely in every position. Check that the


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head restraints move up and down smoothly and that the locks (if equipped) hold securely in all latched positions. Seat belts Check that all parts of the seat belt system (e.g. buckles, anchors, adjusters and retractors) operate properly and smoothly, and are installed securely. Check the belt webbing for cuts, fraying, wear or damage. Accelerator pedal Check the pedal for smooth operation and make sure the pedal does not catch or require uneven effort. Keep the floor mats away from the pedal. Clutch pedal* Make sure the pedal operates smoothly and check that it has the proper free play. Brakes Check that the brakes do not pull the vehicle to one side when applied. Brake pedal and booster* Check the pedal for smooth operation and make sure it has the proper distance under it when depressed fully. Check the brake booster function. Be sure to keep floor mats away from the pedal. Parking brake* Check that the lever has the proper travel and make sure that the vehicle is held securely on a fairly steep hill when only the parking brake is applied. Automatic transaxle “Park” mechanism

Check that the brake pedal must be depressed for the selector lever to be moved from the “P” position. On a fairly steep hill check that the vehicle is held securely with the selector lever in the “P” position without applying any brakes. UNDER THE HOOD AND VEHICLE The maintenance items listed here should be checked periodically (e.g. each time you check the engine oil or refuel). Windshield washer fluid* Check that there is adequate fluid in the tank. Engine coolant level* Check the coolant level when the engine is cold. Radiator and hoses Check the front of the radiator and clean off any dirt, insects, leaves, etc., that may have accumulated. Make sure the hoses have no cracks, deformation, dete- rioration or loose connections. Brake and clutch fluid levels* Make sure that the brake and clutch fluid levels are between the “MAX” and “MIN” lines on the reservoir. Battery* Check the fluid level in each cell. It should be between the “MAX” and “MIN” lines. Engine drive belts* Make sure that no belt is frayed, worn, cracked or oily. Engine oil

level* Check the level on the


dipstick after parking the vehicle on a level spot and turning off the engine. Be sure to wait a few minutes to allow the oil to drain back into the sump. Power steering fluid level* and lines Check the level in the reservoir tank with the engine off. Check the lines for proper attachment, leaks, cracks, etc. Automatic transaxle fluid level* Check the level on the dipstick after putting the selector lever in “P” with the engine idling. Exhaust system Make sure there are no loose supports, cracks or holes. If the sound of the exhaust seems unusual or there is a smell of exhaust immediately locate the trouble and correct it. (See the carbon monox- ide warning in the “Starting and driving” sec- tion) Underbody The underbody is frequently ex- posed to corrosive substances such as those used on icy roads or to control dust. It is very important to remove these substances, other- wise rust will form on the floor pan, frame, fuel lines and around the exhaust system. At the end of winter, the underbody should be thor- oughly flushed with plain water, being careful to clean those areas where mud and dirt may accumulate. See the “Appearance and interior care” section for additional information.


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Fluid leaks Check under the vehicle for fuel, oil, water or other fluid leaks after the vehicle has been parked for a while. Water dripping from the air conditioner after use is normal. If you should notice any leaks or if gasoline fumes are evident, check for the cause and have it corrected immediately.

I Driving in dusty conditions. I Driving on rough, muddy, or salt spread


I Towing a trailer, using a camper or a

car-top carrier. SCHEDULE 2
Follow Periodic Maintenance Schedule 2 if none of the driving conditions shown in Sched- ule 1 apply to your driving habits.


To ensure smooth, trouble-free, safe and eco- nomical driving, NISSAN provides two differ- ent maintenance schedules that may be used, depending upon the conditions in which you usually drive. These schedules contain both distance and time intervals, up to 60,000 miles (96,000 km)/48 months. For most people, the odometer reading will indicate when service is needed. However, if you drive very little, your vehicle should be serviced at the regular time intervals shown in the schedule. After 60,000
miles (96,000 km) or 48 months, continue the periodic maintenance at the same mileage/time intervals. SCHEDULE 1
Follow Periodic Maintenance Schedule 1 if your driving habits frequently include one or more of the following driving conditions: I Repeated short trips of less than 5 miles

(8 km).

I Repeated short trips of less than 10
miles (16 km) with outside temperatures remaining below freezing.

I Operating in hot weather in stop-and-go

“rush hour” traffic.

I Extensive idling and/or low speed driv- ing for long distances, such as police, taxi or door-to-door delivery use.


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Abbreviations: R = Replace I = Inspect. Correct or replace if necessary.

]: At the mileage intervals only



Perform at number of miles, kilometers or months, which- ever comes first.

Miles x 1,000
(km x 1,000) Months




(24) 12

18.75 22.5 26.25
(42) (30) 15

(36) 18

(48) 24

33.75 37.5 41.25
(66) (54) 27

(60) 30

(72) 36

48.75 52.5 56.25
(90) (78) 39

(84) 42

(96) 48

See NOTE (1) See NOTE (2)

Emission control system maintenance Drive belts Air cleaner filter Vapor lines Fuel lines Fuel filter Engine coolant Engine oil Engine oil filter (Use part No. 15208-31U00 or equivalent) Spark plugs (Use PLATINUM-TIPPED type) Intake & exhaust valve clearance

See NOTE (3)* See NOTE (4)

See NOTE (5)

[R] I* I*

I* [R] I* I*

R* [R]

NOTE: (1) After 60,000 miles (96,000 km) or 48 months, inspect every 15,000 miles (24,000 km) or 12 months.

(2) If operating mainly in dusty conditions, more frequent maintenance may be required. (3) If vehicle is operated under extremely adverse weather conditions or in areas where ambient temperatures are either

extremely low or extremely high, the filters might become clogged. In such an event, replace them immediately.

(4) After 60,000 miles (96,000 km) or 48 months, replace every 30,000 miles (48,000 km) or 24 months. (5) If valve noise increases, inspect valve clearance. (6) Maintenance items and intervals with “*” are recommended by NISSAN for reliable vehicle operation. The owner need not perform such maintenance in order to maintain the emission warranty or manufacturer recall liability. Other maintenance items and intervals are required.


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Abbreviations: I = Inspect. Correct or replace if necessary.



Miles x 1,000


7.5 11.25

15 18.75 22.5 26.25

30 33.75 37.5 41.25

45 48.75 52.5 56.25


(km x 1,000)































Perform at number of miles, kilometers or months, whichever comes first.

Chassis and body maintenance

Brake lines & cables

Brake pads, discs, drums & linings

Manual & automatic transaxle oil

See NOTE (1).

Steering gear & linkage, axle & suspension parts

Steering linkage ball joints & front suspension ball joints

Exhaust system

Front drive shaft boots

Supplemental air bag system

See NOTE (2).

NOTE: (1) If towing a trailer, using a camper or a car-top carrier, or driving on rough or muddy roads, change (not just inspect) oil at

every 30,000 miles (48,000 km) or 24 months.

(2) Inspect the supplemental air bag system 10 years after the date of manufacture noted on the FMVSS certification label.


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Abbreviations: R = Replace I = Inspect. Correct or replace if necessary.