Download PDF Manual trailer weight is c-alculated a s s u ~ q g :the driver and one. pesseiger are in the tow vehicle- and it has till ,the required traiiering equipment; The weight of additimal optional equipment, passieiigers- and cargo in the tow vehicle, must be sub,jxac.f,ed from the maximum trailer weight Two-wh&I-drive models with a. GVWR of 4,20ci lbs. (L9O7 kg) and. four-wheel-drive models w& .&e ZR2 suspen&an package are limited to a 2,@001bs. (908 kg) .trailer rating. YOU can .ask yaur dealer for our trailering information or advice, or you.,cm write us. at the address’listed in your Warranty and Owner Assis;taace. Information Booklet.. In Canada, write t~:

Weight of the Trailer Tongiue, The tongue load (A) of any trailer is- an important weight to. measure because it affects:the. total or.-gross wei.ght of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) includes the curb weight of the vehcle, any cargo you may in it, and the people who will be riding in the vehick. And..if you will tow a trailer, you must add the ton

Hitches. It’s important to have the correct hitch: -eq.uipn%ent. Cross&nds, large tru&s :gaing-by and mughmads are a few reasons why -you’ll need the-right hitch. Here -are. some rules to follow:

Total We-ight. .on Your Vehicle 9 s - Tires.



Following Distance stay at least twice as far behnd-the vehicle ahead-as YOU would when driving your vehicle without a trai1e.r. This Can help y.ou avoid situations that require heavy braking a ~ d

sudden turns.

You’ll need more passing distance-up ahead when you’re tawing a trailer. .And, .because you’re a good deal lmgei-,. you’11. need to go much farther beyond the passed,.vehicle, before. you. can rexurn tp your larrc. Backing Up Hold the. battom of the -steering w’heel with- one nand. Then, to move the- tr.ai1e.r to the left, just m Q ~ e to the left. To. move the trailer tof the-right, move your hmd.t.0 she right. Always back up d-owly possible, haveSorneone ,guide ycau.

that hmd


M.aking Turns


Making very sharp turns while traileririg could cause the trailer to come in contact with the vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid 1nakin.g very sharp turns while trailering.



Wkfm ‘Y6u’re turning with .a trauer, make wider turns than normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees .or other objects. Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. S,ignal well in advance.


you should use

If you have an.aut~~atic-transm~ssion, DRIVE (D) when towing a trailer. Operating your vehicle in DRIVE @) when towing a . trail& will heat:buiidup and merid the life af y.our M z e : transmissioil. Qr, if you have, a-manu-ai transmission, it’s better not to use FIFTH (S), just drive in FOURTH (4) (or, as you need to, a lower gew).

When. you tow a tixiilkr, y-our vehicle ha.s to’have extra wiring :and a- heavy-duty turn signal flasher. (included in the- optional trailering package). The arrows-on your instrument panel will flash whenever. you signal a turn 01- 1-me. change, Properly hooked .up, the &&la lamps will also flash, telling other drivers you’re about to :turn, change lanes or stop. When towing a:txailer, the. arrows. on your hstrument panel will flash for turm even if the bulbs on the trailer are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind you axe seeing your signal when they arenot. ICs important to check. occasionally sure- the trider bulbs are. still working. Driving On .Grades Reduce speed and shiftlo dower. ,befure you start dawn B long -or steep downgrade. If-you do-n’t shift down, you might have to use your brakes w m u c h that they would get hot and no longer work weIl.


Parking on Hills You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer attached, on a hll. If something goes wrong, your rig could start to move. People can be injured, and b.oth your vehicle and the trailer can be damaged. But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s how to do it: 1.

Apply your regulafbrakes, but don’t shift into PARK (P) yet, or into gear for a manual transmission. When parking uphill, turn your wheels away from the curb. When parking downhill, turn your wheels into the curb. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking brake, and then shift into PARK (P), or REVERSE (R) for a manual transmission. have a four-wheel-drive vehicle with a manual transfer case shift lever, be sure the transfer case is in a drive gear -- not in NEUTRAL (N). Release the regular brakes.

2. 3.




It can be dangerous to get out of p u r vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll. If you have left the engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly. You or others could be injured. To be sure your vehicle won’t move, even when yoa’re on fairly level ground, use the steps that follow. If you have four-wheel drive with a manual transfer case shift lever and your transfer case is in NEUTRAL (N), your vehicle will be free to sure the transfer ca’se is in a drive gear -- not in roll, even if your shift lever is in PARK (P). So, be



When You Are Re.ady .to Leave After Parking on a Hill 1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down

while you:

Start your engine; s.hift; int,o a.gear; and

.i Release tfie parking brake.

2. Let up dn the brake pedal. 3. .Drive slowly until the trailer- is ele-ar of-the chocks. 4. .Stop. and have someone pick up and store the chocks, Maintenance W-hen Trailer Towing Your vehicle will need service more. often when you're -pullilig'.a trailer. Swthe Maintenance Schedule 'for more on this. Things. that ar.e e.specizrlly import,at in trailer operation -axe automatic trmsrnission.fluid (don't overfill), engjne oil, axle lubricant, belt, cooling system and brake adjustment. Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Tndex- will help you find them. quickly. If you're traileriqg, i-t's a go0.d i,dea to review these sections before you start ,your trip ... Check periodicailp t6 all hitch nuts and bolts are -tight.

Trailer Wiring Harness, 'The -eight-wire harness is: stored under ysur vehicle along the rear frame crossmember. This hamess has a 30-amp feed wire with an inline fuse located by the .junction block. It has no.cmnecttor .and should he. wired by a qualified electrical technician. T.he .technician can use the fullowing c~lor:c.ode chart when connecting the -wiring harness IO yow trailer:



Section 5 Problems on the Road

Here you'll:find.what ta do about some problems .that ciin "Ciel%af bfi the road.

5- 2 5-2 5-3 5-7 5-1 2

Hazard. Warning Flaihers. .Other Warning Devices Jump Starting Towing Your Vehicle Engine Overhearing

5-22 5-22 5-23 5-35 5-36

Engine Fan Noise Ita Tife Goes Flat Changirig x Flat 'Tire Compact Spare Tire (Tf Equipped) If You're Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow

Hazard Warning Flashe-rs

... .. . _. . . . , . . . . . . ,, n.....,.,.

Yom hazard warning flashers let you w a n others. They also kt police h o w you have. a-pmblem. Your front and rear turn signal lamp$ will flash on and off.

Press the button on -top -or the steering column all the wgy down to make your front and rear turn signal lamps. flash :on a d off.

Your hazard warnirrg flashers work no matter-what position your key is in, and even if the key isn't in. To turn off the flashers, pres the-button until the first click. and release.. When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn signals won't work. ,The flashers -will stop if you step on the brake. Other Warning Devices If y b ~ &ry Pkflective triangles, .you can set one up at the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind your vehicle.

Jump S t-arting. If your battery has run clown, you m.ay want to use another vehic1.e and some jumper cables to start your vehicle, But p1eas.e use the-folluwing steps to do it safely.


Ignoring these steps could result in costly damage to your vehicle that wouldnlt b.e covered by your ww-ranty. Do not try to Start your vehicle by pushing or pulling it. This could damage your vehicle, even if you have. a m-mual transdssion. And if you have I an automatic transmis;sion, it: won’t start that way.

Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous because:

They contain.acid that can burn you. They contain gas that can explode or ignite. They corit&iu enough electricity to burn you.

If you don’t follow- these -steps exactly,-’some or all of-these things- can hurt you.

1. Check the other ve-hicle. 1.t must.have a 12-volt

battery with a neg,ative ground system.

I NOTICE: I€ the other system isn’t a l2-volt .systein with .a

negative ground, both vehicles, can role d-amaged.: I


If you leave your radio on, it could be badly damaged. The repair wouldn't b-e covered by your warranty.

I€ your vehicle has air conditioning, the auxiliary electric fan under the. hood can start up even when- the engine- is not running and can injure you. Keep hands, clathhg and tools away'from any underhood electric fan.

5. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or

missing insulation. If they do, you could. get a shock. The-vehicles could be damaged too. Before you connect the cables, here are some- basic things you should know. Positive (+> will ga to positive (+) and negative (-) will go to a metal engine part. Don’t connect positive (+) to negative (-) or you’ll get a short that would damage the battery and maybe other parts too.

6. Connect the red

positive (+) cable to the positive (+) terminal of the vehicle with the dead btittery.

4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find the positive (+) and negative (-) terminals on each battery.

cause battery

Using a match near .a battery can gas to explode. People have been hurt doing this, and some have been blinded. Use a flashiight if you need more light. Be sure the battery has enough water. You don’t need to add water to the Delco Freedom@ battery installed in every new GM vehicle. But if a battery has filler caps, be sure the right amount of fluid is there. .If it is‘low, add water to take care of that fist, If you don’t, explosive gas could be present. Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you. Don’t get it on you. If you accidentally get it in your eyes or on your skin, flush the place with water and get medical help immediately.

7. Don’t let the .other.end touch metal. Connect it- to the positive (+) terminal of the good battery.

8. Now connect the

black negative (-1 cable to the good battery’s negative (-> terminal. Don’t let the other end touch anything until the next step. The other end of the negative cable doesn’t go to the dead battery. It goes to.a heavy unpaiked ketal part on the engine .of the vehicle with the dead battery.

9. Attach the cable at least 18 inches (45 cm) away from the dead battery, but not near engine parts that move. The electrical connection is just as good there, but the chance of sparks getting -back to the battery is much less.

10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run

the engine for a while.

11. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery. If it

won’t start after a few tries, make sure all connections are good. If it still won’t start, it probably needs service.

Fans or other moving engine parts can injure you badly. Keep your hands away from moving parts once the engines .are running.


1.2. Remove me cables in reversemder .to prevent

electrical shGrting. Take that they don’? touch each .other, or any other metal.

A. Heavy Metal Engine Part B. Good Battery C. Dead Battery

A vehicle can fall from a car carrier .i it isn't adequately secured. This can cause a .:collision9 serious personal injury and vehicle damage. The vehicle tightly secured with chains or steel cables before it is transported. Dan% use substitutes (ropes, leather-straps, canvas webbing, etc.) that can be cut by sharp edges. underneath thedowed vehicle. Always use T-hooks inserted in the T=hook slots, Never use J-hooks. They will damage .drivetrain *and suspension components.

TO hdp avoid injury to you or! otfiws: * Never let passengers ride in a vehicle that is @ Never tow faster than safe or posted speeds. 0 Never taw "wish d.amage.d piarts not

being towed.

fully secured,

0 Never.@ under your vehicle after it has

been. I[i€ted by the tow truck. Always we s,eparate safety chains..on each .side -when towing a vehicle.

0 Newr use J-hooks. Use T-hooks instead.

When your vehicle is being towed,. h-ave the ignition key . md.& ;the OFF- position.. The ite,erin,g wliegl sli~ultl be. cla-mped in- a straightdahezd position witb a clamping &vice desi:ped for towing-service. DO fiat ust the vehicle's steering c.olumxz I-ock for this. The transmission should be in NEUTRAL (N) an-d the .transfer case, if you '31ave one, ShQuLd. be in 2HI. The p& shguld-.-lje seleased. If your vehicle has. a flqor mounted shifter and no .electrical power, the electrical.So1enoi.d lock must be .ovexKidd.m tu PARK (P> :to NEUTRAL (Nj. Follow -:these. step.8: 1. Push the'bme of the.'€e.ather shift leva boat forward

with your thumb.




'Move the solenoid. lever toward the driver's side to. m1oc.k it; 'While holding the solenoid lever in the unlock gosition, press the shift lever button and shift into NEUTRAL (N). Release the solenoid lever and snap the b.QgL.b.a& into place.

,... . .

Don't have your vehi-cle towed on th-e drive wheels unless you must. If -the Vehicle .must be towed--on. the drive wheels, be sure to follow the. and distance restrictions Mer in this section oryour transmission will be damaged.. If these limitations must be exceeded, the0 the drive wheels have to b:e supported on .a dolly.

Front Towing; Tow.Limits. -- 35 rnph (56 k m h ) , 50 miles (-8O-km) lrehicles with fuur-whesl-drive with the electronic -transfercase o p t h must use a towing dolly under the mar whe& when towing from the fipnt.


Do not tow with sling-type equipment or fascia/fog lamp damage will occur. Use wheel-lift or car-carrier equipment. Additional ramping may be. fequiped for car-earrier equipment. U k safety chains and wheel straps. Towing a vehicle over rough surfaces could damage a vehicle. Damage can occur from vehicle to ground or vehicle to wheel-lift equipment. To help avoid damage, instan a towing doIly and raise the vehicle until adequate clearance is obtained between the-ground and/or wheel-lift equipment. Do not attach winch cables or J-haoks to suspension components. when using;car-carrier eq-uipment. Always use T-hooks inserted in the T-hook-slots.

Rear Towing Tow Limits -- .35 mph (56 kwdh), 50 miles (SO kmj Vehicles with four-whe&dvive with EkctroHic transfer case option must use a towing, dolly under th.efron;t ~vheels when towing- frmn the reaz


Do not tow with sling-type equipment or rear bumper valance damage will occur. Use wheel-lift , or car-carrier equipment. Additional rainping may be required for car carrier equipment. Use safety chains and wheel straps. Towing a vehicle over rough Surfaces could damage a vehicle. Damage can occur from vehicle to .ground or vehicle to wheel-lift eq-uipment. Ta help avoid darnage, install a towing dally and raise the vehicle until adequate clearance is obtained between the ground and/or wheel-lift equipment. Do not ,attach winch cables or J-hooks ta suspension components when using car-carrier equipment. Always use- T-hooks inserted in the T-hook slots.


Engine Overheating YQU will find a coolant temperature gage on your vehicle’s instrument paneI. ESteam Is Coming FroniYour Engine


Steam from an overheatdengine can burn y.ou badly, even if you just open the ho.od. Stay away from the engine if you see or hear steam toming from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away from the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until there is no sign of-steam or coolant before you open the hood. If you keep driving when your engine:is overheated, the liquids in it can You .or others could be badly burned. Stop your engine if it overheats,, and getmt of the vehicle until. the engine is cool.


If your -engine catches fire. because you keep driving with no co.olant, your vehicle can b.e badly damaged. The costly repairs would..not. be c~overed by your warranty.

IfNo Steam Is Coming - . From Your Engine If y0.u get the overheat warning but s.ce or hear RO steam, the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes the engine can get a 1i.ttle too hot when yau: .O Climb a long hill OLI: a hot day. 0 after high-speed driving. 0 Idle for long periods in traffic. e- Tow a trailer. See “Dfiving on Grades” in .the Index. If you get .the overheat warning with no sign of s-team; try this for a minute or so:- 1. If you have an air conditioner, turn it off. 2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest.$gm

speed and open the window as necessary.

3. 1% you’re in a. traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N); otherwise, shift to the highest gear while driving -- AUTOMATlC OVERDRIVE (@) or DRIVE (D) far automatic transmissions.

If you n.0 longer have the overheat warniiqg,. you can drive. Just to besafe, driv.e slower for .about 10 minu.tes. If the warning does;n’.t come back. ofl, you can drive normdly.. If the warning c.aritinues-, pull OV&, stop, and p - ~ k y.Our- vehicle right hway. If there’s still no sign of steam, push the accelerator Uhtil the engine speed is about twice as fast-as normal idie speed. Bring the. engine speed back to- normal idle sped after two QP three minutes. if the warning, stops. But &en-, if you still have the .warnhg-, twn qfl--fhc engine and get Gveryona .out af rhe whicle until it coois Eo wn.

When you decide it’s m€e to lift the, hood, here’s what you’ll see:


If your vehicle. has air conditioning, the auxiliary electric fan under the hood can start up .even when the. engine is not running. and can injure you. Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any underhood .electric fan.

If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is boiling, don’t do anything else u,ntil it cools down.

A, Ccrolant R-ecovery Tank B. .Radiator Prmsure Cap C . Engine .Fan



heater and radiator noses, and other engine parts, can be. very hat. Don’t touch them. If you do,, you can be burned. Don’t run the engine if there is a leak. If you run the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could cause ,an engine fire, and you could be burned. Get any leak fixed before you drive the vehicle.



Engine damage from running your ,engine without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.

fine again, :See If there seems to be no leak, start the if the fan speed increases when idle sped is -doubled by pushing the -accelerator pedal down. If it doesn’t, your vehicle needs service. Turn off-the engine.

The coolant level should be at the ADD mark. If it isn’t, you may have, a-le-& in the mdiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water pump 01 the cdoling. system.

?mewbere else in


In cold weather, water can freeze and crack.the engine, radiator, heater core and ather parts. Use the recommended coolant and the proper coolant mix.

How to, Add Csolsrnt to the Coolant Recovery Tank If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolmt level isn’t at ADD, add a :SO/SO mixture. of clean wnrer (prefer&bly .distilled) :and DEX-CC)OL@ (siljcate-frm) antifreeze at the coolant recovery tank. (See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for more information.)

r- Adding only plain water to your cooling system

can be da-ngerous. Plain water, or some other liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper coolant mix win. Your vehicle’s coolant warning. system -is set.for the.pr0pe.r coolant mix. With plain water or the wrong-mix, your engine conld ,get too hQt but y.ou wouldn’t get the overheat warning. Your engine could catch fire and you or others could be burned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean water ana DEX=COOL@ coolant.

r You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot

engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol and it will burn if the engine parts are hot enough. Don’t spill coolant on -a hot engine.

When the coolant in the coolant recovery tank is at ADD, start your vehicle. If the overheat warning continues, there’s one more thing you can try. You can add the. proper coolant .mix directly to the radi,ator, but be sure the cooling system is cool before you do it.

Steam and scalding Bquids from a hot cooling system can blow out and burn you badly. They are .under pressure, and if you turn the radiator

pressure cap -- even a little -- they can come out

at highspeed. Never turn the.cap when the cooling system, including: the radiator pressure cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling systemrand radiator pressure cap to cool if you ever have to turn. the pressure cap.


Wow .to Add Coolant to the Radiator

2. Then keep turning the pressur'e cap, but. now push

down as you turn it. Remove the pressure cap.

1. You can remove the pressure cap when the cooling

system, inchding the pressure cap and upper radiator hose, is no longer hot. Turn the-pressure cap slowly counterclockwise until'it first stops. (Don't press down while turning the pressure cap.) If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means there is still some pressure left.

3. Fill the radiator with the proper DEX-cOOL@ co.olant mixture, up to the base of the filler neck.

4. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to the ADD mark. 5. Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank, but

leave the pressure cap off.


6. Start the engine and let itrun until you can feel the upper radi:ator hose. getting hot. Watch out for the engine fan.

7 . By this time, the coolant level inside the filler neck may be lower. If .the level is lower, tidd more of the proper DEX-COOL@ coolant mixture through the filler neck until the level xh-e base af the filler neck.

8. Then replace the pressure cap, A,t any time during this procedure if coolant begins to flow aut of the filler, reinstall the press-ure cap. B.e-sure the on t.he pressure cap line up like this.

It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out’? while you’re driving, especially if you- maintain your tires properly. If-air goes out of.a..tire, it3 much more likely to le:& out sbwly. But if you should. ever have a “blowoilt,” hme are a few tips about what to expec~ -and what to do:

You.mhy alstt- hear this €annoise wheli ycju s.tart the :lutch disengages. engine. It will .go away as the fa

If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your hazard warning flashers.

Changing a tire can cause an injury. The vehicle can slip off the jack and roll over you or other people. You and they could be badly injured. Find a level place to change your tire. To help prevent the vehicle from moving:

I. Set the parking brake firmly. 2. Put an automatic transmission shift lever in PARK (PI or shift a manual transmission to FIRST (1) or REVERSE (R).

CAUTION: (Continued)

3. If you have a four-wheel-drive vehicle with a manual transfer case shift lever, be sure the transfer case is in a drive

gear -- not in NEUTRAL (N).

4. Turn off the engine. 5. Put the wheel blocks at the front and rear of the tire farthest away from the one being changed. That would be the tire on the other side of the vehicle, at the opposite end.

Removing the Spare.’Tire and Tools The jacking equipment you’I1 need. is .stored inside the plastic jack covef.which is behind the-fr-ont seats, -either on the center of the wall (extmded cab) ‘or ‘on the p-assenger’s side .of the wxll (regular cab).

The following steps will tell youhow to use the jack and change a tire.

This is the jack cover for the extended cab. The cover .for the re,gular cab is similar. To remove it, turn the phstic wing nu% counterclmkwis.e. Rem-ove the. J ac R cover.

Turn .the wi~%g imt. cwnterclockwise :and rem-ove the wheel blocks., jack and wheel wrench. Your spare tire is stored underneath the rear of your vehicle; See “Compact S-pare Tire” later in this section for more mformation- about the compact spare.


Never remove or restow a tire frodto a stowage. psition under the vehicle while the .vehicle is suppiorted by .a jack+ Always tighten th.e tire fully against the: underside- of the vehicle when restowiqg.

. _.. - .

$ - E

Turn the wheel wrench c0unterclo'ckwiA-e t$ lower the .spare tire. Keep turning the wheel wrench irntil the spare tire can be pulled out from under .the vehicle. When the tire has been completely lowered, tilt the retainer at the end of the cable.,and pill it through the- wheel Gpening:. Puli the tire out from underthe vehicle.

To help avoid v.ehicle .damage, do not drive th-e vehicle before $he- cable is restored.

Pwf.the spare .tire nearae- flat tire.

The tools you'll be, wing include. the jack (A) and wheel wrench (€3). Your vehicle may also liava an optional hub, cap I:emov.d to-ol.


The optional hub cap removal tool is stowed with the jack. Position the hub cap removal tool i-n the notch and pull straight ,away from the wheel tQ avoid,p.otential damag,e TO the hubcap and wheel surface.

Remove. the hub cap. I€ you h v e an aluminum or plastic molded hGb :cap:, pry it off with the chisel .end of your wheel wrench. Some of the molded plastic hub caps. hme imitation wheel nuts -molded into them. The wheel wrench won’t the. fit these imitation nuts, SQ don’t try to remove them with the socket end of the’ wheel. wrench.

If you have individual wheel nut caps that cover nut, they must be- removed in order to get to the wheel nuts. Use the socket end of the wheel wrench


wheel nLlt

Your wheel nut. caps may attach your hub cap to the wheel, Remove these whe.el nut caps before you rake off the hub cap,

3. Fit the jack into the appropriate ho1.e nearest the

flat tire.

1. Using the wheel wrench, lomen all the wheel nuts.

Don't remove them yet.

2. Turn the jack handle clockwise slightly to raise the

jack lift head.

A. Front Frame Hole. B. Rear Frame Hole (ZR2) C. Spring Hanger Hole (Standard Pickups)


Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack, you could be badly injured or killed. Never get under a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.


Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly positioned can damage the vehicle and even make the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal injury and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the jack 18t head into the proper location before raising your vehicle.

4. Raise the vehicle by turning the jack handle

clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off the ground so there is enough room for the spare tire to fit.

5. Remove all the wheel nuts and take off the flat-tire;

b. Remove any rust or dirt

from the wheel bolts, mounting surfaces and spare wheel.

Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts.. If you do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel could fall off, causing a serious accident.

7 . Place the spare on the wheel mounting- surface. 8. Put the nuts on by

hand. Make sure. the end is toward the wheel. Tighten each nut by hand untiI the- wheeI is held against the hub. If a nut can’t bel turned by hand,. us.e the wheel wrench. and see your as soon as possible.

Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts become loose after a t h e . Th-e wheel could come off.and cause an accident. When you change a wheel,-remove-.any rust or dirt from the places where the wheel to the vehicle. In an emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel todo this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire brush rater, if .you need to, to get all the rust or dirt off.


9. Lower the vehicle by turning the jack handle counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.

10. Use the

tighten the wheel nuts firmly in a crisscross sequence as shown.



Incorrect wheel nuts or imprdperly tightened wheel nuts can cause th,e-wheel to become loose and-even comeaff. This. could lead to 'an accident. F k swe'to use the corre-ct whee1 nuts. If p u have to .iiep-lsrC.e them, be sure. to get 'new GM equipment wheel nuts. Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have the nuts tightened with a torque wpsnch to 95 lb-ft (I30 Nmj.

Storing .a F1i ' or Spare .Tire and To& A CAUTION:

Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment In the passenger .compartment of the vehicle could .r.,sudden stop -or collision, loose cause injury. In equipment, could strike smneome. Stote all these in the proper place.


tiightened wheel nuts: can lead to Improperly brake - pulsatian-and r.otor damage. To avoid expe-nsive brake repairs; evenly tighten the wheel nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper tGrque s p e ~ ~ c i t i g n .

Don't use the existing hoist to store a tire with an ,aluminum wheel or it could &amage the wheel. Secure. the tire in the p i c h p bed.

Follow this diagram to store the underbody -mounted spare.

. A . . Wheel W m c h B. Hoi;$ Assembly C, Retainer D. Spring E. Tice E Valve stem (PoiritedD.own) G. Lower €3. R.aise


D.. E. G. H, 1. J. Repl.ace the. j-ack cover, -if -you have one.

A. Wheel Wxensh 3. Bracket:

Compact Spare Tire (If Equippe.d) Although the compact spare-tire was fully inflated when your vehicle new, it can lose air after a time. Check the. inflation pressure regularly. It should be 60 psi (420 kPa). After installing the compact spare on your vehicle, you should stop as 'soon as possible and 'm.ake-. sure your spare tire is cor-rec.tly inflated. The compact spare is made to perform well at speeds up to 65 :mph (I 05 krn/h) for distances up to 3,000 miles (5.000 km), so you can finish your trip and have your full-size tire repaired or replaceid want. Of course, it's best to replace y0.w spare with a full-size tire as soon as you can. Your spare will last longer and be: in .good shape in case you-need it again.


When the compact 'spare: is installed, don't your vehicle through an automatic car wash with guide rails, The compact spare can get caught on the rails; That can damage the tire and wheel, -and maybe other-parts of your vehicle.

A, Hub Cap Removal Tool (Some Mmiels) E. Cover (Extended Cab) %. Cover (Stand,ard Cab) D. Hub Cap Removal Tool (Some Models) E. B d t

Dan’t use your. campacl. spare .on othex vehicle-s, And don’t mix .yoat cumpact c spa^. tirem-wheel with :olher-whe;els-ar t k ~ . They won’t fit. Keep yirur. spare tire and its w h d together.


Tire chains: won’t - fit your xornpact .spare. Using .and can damage: th.em can damage.yaur ve~hicle the chains too-. Don’t use :tire chains an your CaPnpact.-spaPe.

If You’re .Stuck.: In Ice or Snow What: you d.on”t want to .do when yo.t~e vehcle is sty& i . ~ t.0 spin your wheels too fast. Tlie melhod known as ‘:rocking” can heIp you. g-et out whm you’re: stack, but you must use: caution.

explode.,. and you or oth-ers could be.injure& And, the tran3mission or other pqrts of the. .vehicle. cm. ,overheatc That :could cause an engine compartment fire :or other damage. When yo.u’re. .stuck, .spin the wheels as little-as passsble. Dan% spin the- wheels above 35 mph (55 kmh) as shown ‘on the speedometer.


Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your vehicle as we11 as the tires. If you spin the wheels too fast while shifting your transmission back and forth, you can destroy your- transmission.

For information about using tire chains on your vehicle, see “Tire Chains” in the Index. Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will ;clear the area around your front wheels. Then shift back ,;and forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear (or *with a manual transmission, between FIRST (1) or SECOND (2) and REVERSE(R)), spinning the wheels as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal when the transmission is in g,ear. If that doesn’t get you out after a few tries,. you may need to be towed out. Or, you use.your recovery hooks if your vehicle. has ::them. IT you do need to be tawed out, see “Towing Your ”Vehicle” in the Index,.

U-sing the Recovery Hooks

Tour vihilfe may be equipped with recovery hooks. The recovery hooks are pmvided at the front of yo-ur vehicle. You may need to use them if you’re stuck off-road and need to be pulled to some place where you can wntinue driving.



The 'recovery hooks, when used, are under a lot of .force. Always p-ull the vehicle.straight out. Never pull on the hooks at a sideways angle. The'hooks could break off and you or others could be injured from the chain or cable snapping. back.


Never use the recovery hooks to tow the vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged and it would not be covered by warranty.






Section 6 Service and. Appearance Care

Here:you will find inf6frriatisn about 'the care of your vehicle. This section begins with Service and fuel information,, and then it.shows how to check important fluid and lubriean~.Ievz=ls.. There vehicle, and a pmt devoteft to itsappearance c.are.

is a1s.o technical informatkm &;gut your

Fuel Fuels in Foreign Countrks Filling Your Tank Checking Things Ugdgr lhs Hood Engine Oil Air Cleaner Autam-atic Trans-missi-on Fluid.

Manual Transmission Fluid.. Hy.draulk Clutch Rear Axle Four-wheel Drive Engine' Coolant Radiator Pressare- Cap 'Thermg-sgat P6we.r. Steering Fluid

6-29 6-3.1 6- 3-5. 6 -3 5 -6-42 6-44 -6-53 6-53 6-57 6-6.1 6-62 '6-63 6-67 6-68 &'70

Windshield. Washer Fluid Brakes Battery Bulb Replacement Windshield; Wiper Blade Rephement Tires Appearance Care Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle Appearance Care Materids C h a t Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) Electrical Sptem Replacement Bulbs Capacities -and Specificztions Air Conditioning Refrigerants

6" 1

Service Your GM dealer knows your vehicle best &nd wants you to be happy with k We hope you’ll gn t.0 your dealer for .dl,your Service needs. Yo,u’ll :get genuine GM parts and GM-tf&ed and supported s-ervick people. We hope you”11 want to keep your GM vehicle all GM. Genuine GM-parts have one of these marks:


Doing Your Own Service Work- If you want twdo some of your Q W ! ~ service work, ~0~1’11 wmt to get the proper GM Service Manual. It tells-you much mare about how to s-erv-ice your vehicle than thi,s manualscan. To order the proper service manual, see “Service and Owner Publications” in the Index.

Your vehicle has an air bag system. Behe. attempting to do your own service work, see “Servicing- You Air Bag-Equipp-ed Vehicle” in the Index. You should keep a record with all parts receipts -and list the rnile-age and-the date of any service work you perform. See-“Mainte,nance. Record” in the.Index,

You can be injured and your vehicle could be damaged ifyou try to do service work on a vehicle without knowing enough about it. @ Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,

experience, the proper replacement parts and tools before you attempt any vehicle maintetenance:’task. Be .sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and other fasteners. “English” and ‘‘m.etric’’ fasteners can be easily confused. If you ‘use the wrong fasteners, parts can later break or fall off, You could be hurt.

i in Foreign ,Countries

' . .~ %

If-you pian on driving-in another country outside the United., States or Canada, .the proper fuel may be hard to find. Neveruse leaded gasoline or any other fuel not recommended in the previous. text on fuel. Costly repairs. caused by use of improper file1 w-oddn't be c.overed:'by your warranty. TQ check un fuel availability, ask an auto club, or contact a major oil company that does bt country.where you'I1 be driving. You can also write us &the following addressfor advice. Just tell us where. you're going and give your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).

s in the

General Molars International Product Center 190.8 Colonel Sam Drive Oshawa, Ontario LlH SP7


Your vehixle was xiat desigaed. for fk%I that contains me-thand. 'Don't use it. It can Corrode metal parts in your- fuel-system and also, damage phstie and rubb-er parts. -That damage wouldn't be covered under your warranty.

behind .a hiLged door on the driver’s side of your vehicle.

While refueling, hang the cap by the tether from the hook’on the filler door.

To take off the cap, turn it slowly to the left (counterclockwise). The cap has a spring in it; if you let go of the cap too soon, it will spring back to the right.

soline ne vapor is highly flammable. It bums

4- violently, and that can cause very bad injuries. Don’t smoke if you’re near gasoline or refueling your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking materials away from gasoline.


for you. If you $-et

If y0.u need .a new cap, be sure to get the right type. Your dealer ean get. one the wrong type, itmay not fit properly. This-may cause your rnalfunctiori indicator lamp to li.ght and your fuel tank and emissions. system may be damaged. S;ee “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in the Index.

Checking Things Under the Ho

To open the hood, first pull the handle- inside the vehicle on the lower left side of the instrument panel.

som-ething ignites it; y0.u could. be badly burned. Gasoline can spray out on you if you open the fuel fiIler cap too quickly. This spray can happen if your tank i s nearly full, and is more likely in hot weather. Open the fuel fiier cap slowly and wait for;ang ‘ShW’ noise to stop. Then unscte-w the cap all the way.

lam Vehicle” in- the Index.

Be- careful .not to spill gasolina. C1e.m gasoline from painted surfaces-as- S O O ~ as possible. Se-e “Clean-ing the Out; e o When y0.u put the cap back on, twn it to the right (clockwise) until you hear a cli.cking sound. Make sure you -fully install the cap.

Then go to the front of the vehicle and release the secondary hood- release.

Things that burn can-get on hot engine parts and start a fire. These include liquids like gasoline, oil, coolant, brake fluid,. windshield washer and other fluids,-.and plastic or rubber. Yau or others could be burned. Be carefuL not to drop or spill things that will burn onto a hot engine.

Lift the hood, release the hood prop from its retainer .and put.the hood prop into the slot in the hood. You may have a lamp that comes on when you lift the hood.


When you.lift the hood, you’ll see these items on the 2.2L engine:

A. Coolant Recovery Tank B. Engine 011 Fill Cap and Dipstick C. Brake Master Cylinder D. Hydraulic Clutch Reservoi.r 6-8

E. Battery E Power Steering Reservoir G. Air Cleaner H. WindshieId Washer Fluid

When you lift the hood, you’ll see these items on the “VORTEC” 4300 engine:

A. Battery E. Coolant Recovery Tank C. Engine Oil Dipstick

D. Transmission Dipstick E. Engine Oil Fill F. Power Steering Reservoir

G. Brake Master Cylinder H. Air Cleaner I. Windshield Washer Fluid

Before cJosing the hood, he .sure- all the filler caps are on properly. Thin lift the hood to. relieve pressure !on the hood prop. Remove: the hood prop: from the slot in the hood and return the prop to Zts reta.iner. Then pull the hood down firmly to close. It wdl Iatch when dropped from 10 to 1.<2 inches (25 to- SO cm) without.pressing on th.e b o d -

It’s a good idea to Cheek your- engine ‘oil-every time :you get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the. o.iI must .be warm and th.e vehicle ‘ be an level ground. The oil dipstick ,on the “VORTEC”4300eng~,eis a yellow ring.


The oil dipstick on the 2.2L engine is under the fill cap.

Checking Engine Oil Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel 01- cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again, keeping the tip down, and check the level.

Turn off the engine and give the oil a few minutes to drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick might not show the actual level.

When to Add- Oil If the oil is at or below the ADD line, then .you’ll need to add at least one quart of oil. But- you m u t use the. right kind. This part explaimwhat k i r d o f ’ d to use. Fur crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications” in the Index.

What Kind of Oil to Use Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by looking. for the “S.tarburst” symbol. This symbol indicates that the oil has been certified by the ArneriGm Petroleum Institute- (API). Do no1 use any oil which doesmot carry this Starburst symbol.


Don’t add too much oil. If your engine has. so. much dl that the oil-level gets above the cr8s.s-hatched area that shows the- proper operatiqg-rapgq, your engine cduld be damaged.

Be sure to fill it enough to~put the level somewhere in the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way back in when you’re though.

1 1


If you change your own oil, be sure you use oil that has the Starbursl s-yrnbol . o n the front of the oil container: If you have your oil changed for yo.u, be s.ure the oil put into your .engine is American Petr.oleum Institute certified for .gasoline engines.

You should also .use the proper viscosity oil for your vehicle., as shown in the fgliDwing chart:








- + 3 - + 2 ‘7

+1 - $ 4

- - 7

+ 60

+ 40

+ 20

- - 1

8 -







As shown in the chat, SAE 5W-30 is b.est for your vehicle. However, you can use SAE low-30 if it’s going to be 0°F (- 18 “C) or above. These- numbers on an oil container show i t s viscosity, or thickness. Do not’use other viscosity oils, such as SAE 20W-50.


Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines “Starburst” symbol. Failure to use the recommended oil can result in engine damage not covered by your warranty.

GM Goodwrench’ oil meets all the requirements for your vehicle. If you are in an area where,the temperature falls below -20°F (-29°C)’ considerusing either an SAE 5W-30 synthetic oil or an SAE OW-30 oil. Both will provide easier cold starting and better protection for your engine at extremely low temperatures.


Driving undef these conditions causes eagineail to break down sooner. If' a.ny one of these is true for your vehicle, -then you need to .change, your oil and filter every 3, (3' 000 km] or 3 .months - whichever first. If none of them i s true, use the lopg triplhighway maintenance schedule. Change. the bil-and filter every '7.,500 miles ( km) or 1.2 months -- whicheve-r first. Driving a vehicle with 3 fully warmqd engine under highway coridifians causeis engine oil- to break dawn dower.

Rem-ote Oil Filter (Four=Whe:el Drive) The access ,dcmx f m the ;re:mote:oil filter is in-the steering linkage shiqld as-sbrnbly h a t e d under the. r.adiator support. Twist the screw to unlock or lack the dom. Make sure 8 you open the door, it is securely closed. when you are finished.


Most trip3 .are less. than 5 to 10 miles (8 to Xi km). This is particularly impgrtant when outsid.: tempemratures me below Freezing; Most trips include.-extensive idling (such .as fiequenr driving .in stopand-go traffic). YQU operate- yo.^ vehicle in dusty areas or a€f-roid fraquen-tly. You frkquently tow a'traila. The vehicle is .used for delivtyy ,service, police, taxi or other cornexcia1 application.

Did you know that used engine oil contains certain ,;elements that may .be.unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer? .Don’t let used ail stay an,yo.ur skln -for very hng. Clean your- s h n and nai1.s with ‘soap and water,.or a good hand cleaner. Wash 01 properly throw away clothing or rags containing used engine oil. (See the manufacturer’s warning-s tibout the use and disposal of- oil products.) Used oil can be a real threat. to the environment. If you change ydur owri oil, be sure to drain all- fre,e-flowing oil from the filter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose of oil by p.ut.ting it. in the trash, pouring it on the .ground, into, sewers., 01 into streams .or b0die.s of water. Instead, ,recycle it by taking it. to a place that collects used oil. If you have a problem propedy disposing .of your used oil, ask your dealer; a service station or a local recycling cen& for help.

Air Cleaner

VORTEC” 4300 Engine

To remove t.his air cleaner, remove the wing nut$ that hold the cover on, Remove the cover and lift out the air filter. Insert a new air filter, then replace the air cleaner-cover. Tighten the wing nuts to hold the cover in place.

To remove this air cleaner, .open both &mps and push the rear of:the air cleaner toward the rear of the engine compartment.

2.2L Engine

Insert a ne’w air filter. Then replace the air cleaner assembly, making certain the PCV air tube is properly -seate.d in the left-hand valve- cover and the clamps are securely fastened. Refer to- the M.aintenan.ce .Schedule to ‘determirre when to replace the ais- filter.. See “Scheduled” in the Index.


t CA . -


Operating the engine with the air cleaner off can cause you or others to be burned. The air cleaner not only cleans the air, it stops. flame if -the engine backfires. If it isn’t there, and the engine backfires, you could be burned. Don’t drive with it off, and be careful working on the engine with the air cleaner off.


If the air cleaner is off, :a backfire can cause, a .dam-aging engine fire, And, dirt can easily get into your engine, which will damage it. Always have the air cleaner in place when you’re driving,

When to Check and Change .A goad time to check-your a0tomati.c transmission fluid level is when the en.gine .oil is chanzed, C.hange both the fluid an.d filter every 50,000-miles (8'3 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of these conditions:

In heavy city traf€ic where temperature regularly reaches. 906F (.32'C) or higher. In hilly or mountainom terrain.

0 When doing frequent trailer towing. 0 Uses. such as found in taxi, police or delivery service. If you do not use your vehicle under any of the-se cqnditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing. See "Scheduled Maintenance Services" in the Index, How to Check B.eCanse this operation can be a little difficult, you may cho.Oge to have this dme at your GM de-alership Service Department

If you do it ywrsiAf, be sure to follow all the instruaims here, uryclu coukd get a false re.adirig on the dipstick.


Too much or too little fluid can damage- your transmission, TQO much can mean that s.ome of the fluid could come out and fall on hot engine parts or exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Be sure to getan accurate reading if .you .check .your transmission fluid.

Wait &t least.30 minutes before checking the transmissioil fluid level have been driving: * When ou&ide te:mperatures a r ~ above 9C>-'F (32 O C). 0 At high spe>ed fbr.quite-.a while. 0 Tn'heavy traffic -- especidly i n hot weather.

While pulling a. trailer:

To -get the right reading, the flui,d'should be at dermal operating temperature, which- is 1:80."F to 208°F (82QG to 33°C).

Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about IS miles (24 km) when outside trnperaturas aie above .50°F (1,O"C). Z:it's~c

10 .minLites. Then

Checking the Fluid Hot or Cold 0' Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the

eng,ine rufinihg.;

@ With the: pai.king brake aplied,, pl,ace the shift h e r

in PARK (P). '

0 With yoL!'r foot on the br'zkelpedal, move the shift lever through each gear range, pausing for abaut three se.c-onds in each: range.. Then, PO-sition the..shift lever in PARK (P).


Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps:

1. Flip the handle up and then pull out the dipstick and

wipe it with a clean rag or paper towel.

2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and

then pull it back out again,



Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the lower level. The fluid level in the COLD area €or a cold check or in the ROT area or.cross-hatched area for a hot check. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the dipstick back in all the way; then flip the handle down to .lock thedipstick. in place.

HOW to Add Fluid Referto- the. M-aintenance Schedule t~ dtztermirie. what kind of- tram~ssion fluid to. me. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants:” in. the Index. Add fluid only after checking tktrmsmission fluid HOT. (A COLD check i s used .only as a reference.) If the fluid levd is low, add Only enough of the proper flvid. to bring the le,vel up t.0 the HOT area fora hat check. It doesdt take much fluid, ,generally less than Qne pint (0.5 L). Don t ove.$ll.


We recommend you use only fluid labeled DEXRON@-III, because. fluid with that label is made especidy for-. your automatic transmission. .Damage caused. by fluid other than DEXRON-111 is not covered by y.our new vehicle warranty.

After srddiag fluid-, recheck the fluid Ievel as described under “How to Check.” When the-correct fluid level Ls obtained, .push the dipstick back in all the way; then flip the handle down to lock the dipstick in place.

Manual TransmisSion Fluid

A good time to have it checked is when-the engine o i l is changed. However, the fluid in your manual transmission doesn’t require charging.. How to Check Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may choose to have this done GM dealership Service Department. ‘If YOU do it yourself, be sure. to follow all the instructions here, or you could ge.t a false reading,


Too much or too little-fluid can damage your transmission. Too much can mean that same: u1 the fluid could come; out and fall on hot engine. parts or exhaust system p-arts, starting a fire. Be sure to get an accurate reading if you check your tranqmission fluid.

%heck the fluid level only when your engine is .off, the vehi-dle is parked on a level place and the lrtrarrsI’nissionisCool e’nough for you torest your fingers :on the transmissision case. Then, follow these steps:

1. Remove the filler plug. 2. Check that the lubxicant level is the bott,om ~f

the fill&- plug hdle.

5. I f ’ b - f l uid level is good,. install the plug a d b e . sur&.

it is .ft111y seated. F t h e fluid level is low, add more fluid as described in the next steps.

H-OW to Add Fluid Here’s how to add fluid. Refer-to the Mailiteaance Schedule to determine what kind of fluid to use. See “Recommended Fluid-s and Lubricants” in the Index. 1. Remove the filler plug. 2. Add fluid at the filler plug ho1.e. Add ~ n I y enough fluid to bring the fluid level up to th-e bottom of the filler plug- hole.

3. Install the filler plug. Be sure the plug is fully seated. Hydraulic Clutch The hydfaulic clutch system in your vehicle is self-adjusting. A slight amount of play (1/4 inch .to 1/2 inch or 6 rnm to 12 mm) in the p.edal is normal. It isn’t a gaod ‘idea to “top off” your -clutch..fluid,, Ad,dingfluid won’t correct a leak. A fluid loss in this system could indicate-a poblem. Have the :syste.m inspected and repaired.


When to Check and What to Use

Rear Axle When to Check and Change Lubricant R.efer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how often .to check the 1ubric.ant and when to chaage it. See “ScheduIed Maintenance Services” in the 1ndk.x. How to Check Lub.ricant

Refer to .the M-aintenance- Schedule, Owner Checks and Services, to determine. how often you: should check the fluid h e 1 in your clutch master cylinder reservoir and for the proper fluid. See “Owner Checks and Services” a d “Fkcommended Fluids and Lubricants” In the Index. How to Check The proper fluid should be addeif$the‘levei does not reach the battornof the diaphragm when it’s in place in the reservoir. See the instructions on the re-servoir cap.


If the level is below the bottom of.the filler plug hole, you’ll need to add s o m lubricant. Add enough lubricant to raise, the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.

What to Use Refkr to the Mainteriance Schedule to determine- what kind of lubricant to use., See “Remmmended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index. Four- Wheel Drive Most lubricant checks in this section also apply to four-wheel-drive vehicles. However, they have two additional systems that need lubrication. Transfer Case When to Check Lubricant Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how often to check the lubricant. See “Periodic Maintenance Inspections” in the Index.

How to Check Lubrimnt

If the level is below the bottom of the. filler plug hole, you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant to raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole. What to Use Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind of lubrican-t-to use. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.

Front Axle When to Check and Change Lubricant Referto the Maitltenance Schedule -to determine haw often to check the lubricant and when to change it. See “Scheduled Maintenance S-ervic-es” in the Index. HOW to Check Lubricant

If the 1ev.el is below -the bottom of the filler plug hole, youfll need to add some lubricant.


If the differential is at aperating temperature (warm), add enough lubricant to ,raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole, If the differe.ntia1 is. cold, add enough lubricant to raise- the level to 1/2 inch ( 12 mm) below the filler plug hole. What to Use Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determirie what kind of lubricant to use. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index. Engine C,oolant The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with DEX-COOL@ engine coolant. This coolant is designed to remain in your vehicle for:5 year$ or 150,000 miles (240 000 km), whicheveroccurs first, if you add only DEX-COOL@ extended life coolant. The fdIowing explains your .coaling system and how to If YQU have a problem with add coolant when it i s - 1 0 ~ ~ engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating’’ in the Index.

A :50/50 mixture of water and DEX-COOL@ coolant far your vehicle will:

Give freezing protection down to -34°F (-37°C). Give boiling protection up to-265'0F (129 "C).

0 Protect against rust and corrosion. 0 Help keep the proper engine temperature. 0 Let the w h g lights and gages work as they should.


When adding. coolant, It is important that you use only DEX--COOL@ (s&ate-&ee) coolant. Tf co.olant other than DEX-COOL@ is added to the system, premature. engine, heater core or engine coolant will require change sdoner -- at radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the 30,000 miles (SO 000 km) .or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the use of coolant other than DEX=COOL@ is not covered by your new vehicle warranty.

W.hat to Use Use a mixture of one-half clean water (preferably distilled) and one-half DEX-COOL' coolant which won't damage aluminum parts. If YOU use this mixture, you don't need to add anything else.

Adding only plain water to your co ng system can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other alcohol, can boil before the proper coolant mix will. Your vehicle's coolant warning system is set for the proper coolant mix. With plain water or the wrong mix, your engme could get too hot but you wouldn't get the overheat warning. Your engme c:onld catch -6re and you or others could be burned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean water and DEX=COOLQ coolant.


Checking Coolant

When your engine i.s cold, the coolant level should be at ADD, or a little higher. When your engine is warln, the level should be up to FULL H.OT, or a little higher.


If you .use an improper coolant mix, your engine conld overheat and be badly damaged. The repair cost wouldn’t be covered by p u r warranty. Too much water in the mix can freeze and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.

If you have. to add. coolant more than four times a year, have your dealer check. your cooling system.


If yon use. the proper coolant, you don’t have to add extra inhibitors or additives which claim to improve the system. These can be harmful.


.Add coolant mixture at the recovery tank; bdt be c-ap$ul riot to

Y h a n be Bmmd. if fl~~splsill coolant OM hot engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol, and it will b.urn if the -engine pafts are hot enoggh. D.on’t spill coolant-.on a hQt engine.,

Turning the radiator. pre$sare c&p when the engine and radiator are. hot can. allow steam and scalding liquids to.-blow out. and burn y,ou b-adly. With the coolant recovery tank, you will alm.ost Never turn the radiator? pressure cap -- even a neve-r have- t.0 add coolant at the radiator. little -- when the engine and radiator are hot.


Thermostat Engine coolant temperature is controlled by a thermostat in the engine coolant sys-tem. The. thermostat stops the flow of coolant through the radiator until the coolant reaches a preset temperature. Power Steering Fluid


Your radiator cap is a 15 psi (105 kPa) pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed to prevent coolant loss and possible engine damage from overheating. Be sure the arrows on the cap line up with the overflow tub.e on the radiator filler neck.


When to Check Power $.teering Fluid It is not necessary to regularly check power steering fluid unless you suspect there is a le.& in the,system or y m hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system could indicattt a problem. Have-the .-system inspecte.d and repaired. How To -Check Power Steering Fluid When the engine compartment is cool, wipe the cap and. the top of the-reservoir ciean,.then tms.crew the cap and wipe the dipstick .with a clean rag. Replace th.ccap tind completely :tighten .it. Then remove the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick. The be between the- ADD and FULL mxks. For the 2.2L engine, the. fluid level should be at tbe C- mark. If rieCe;sssirfr, add m l y fluid to bring the level up to the proper range.

TO determine what kind of fluid to use, E& “Recommended Fiuids and Lubricants” in the-:Index. Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper fluid can-cmse leaks and damage hoses-and seals. Windshield Washer Flu,id What to Use When you need windshield washe? fluid, be sure to read the:maaufact-’s instructions before me. If you will be operating your vehicle in an area where. the. temperature may fall below freezing, use a fluid th-at has su.fficien.t protection against free2i.n.g.



When using concentrated washer fluid, follow the manufacturer’s instructions .for adding water. Don’t mix water with rea-dy-to-use washer to freeze. fluid. Water can cause- the soIution .and damage your washer fluid. tank .and other parts of the washer system. Also, water.doe-sn’t clean as well’aswasher fluid. Fill yourwasher fluid tank only thre-elquarters full-when it’s very cold. This alIows for expansion if freezing occurs, which codd damage: the tank if it is completely full. Don’t use radiator :antifreeze in your windshield washer. It can damage your washer system and paint.

Adding Washer Fluid

dpen the cap labeled WASHER FLUID ONLY with the washer synibol on it. Add washer fluid until the tank is full.


Brakes Brake Fluid

Your brake master cylinder reservoir is ha-e. It is filled with DOT-3 brake fluid. There .are only tw.0 reasons why the brake fluid level in the reservoir might go down. The first is that, the brak.e fluid goes. down to an acceptable level. :during normal brake lining wear. When new lin-ings are put-in, the fluid level goes back up. The other leason is that fluid is leaking o.ut of the’brake system. If it is, you should lwve

your brake system fixed, since a leak means that so.oner or later your brakes won’t work. well, or won’t work at all. So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off’ your brczke fl.uid. Adding brake fluid won’t correct :a leak. If-you add fluid when your linings are. worn: then you’ll have too snucl.1 fluid when you. get new brake linings. You should add (or remove) b1-ake fluid, as necessary, only when work is done on the brake hydraulic system.

If you have too much brake fluid, it can spin on the engine. The .fluid will burn if the- engine. is hot enough. You or others could be burned, and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake fluid only when work is done on the brake hydraulic @em.

Refel‘ to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when t.o check your brake fluid. See “Periodic M.aintenance Tnspection-s’” in the Index.

What to Adid When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake fluid -- Such as Delco Supreme 11 No.. 12377:967). Usenew brake fluid from a sealed container only. Always clean the brake, fluid reservuir cap and the area around the cap. before removing it. will help keep dirt from entering the reservoir.

(GM Paft

With the wrong kind. of fluid in your brake system, your brakes may not work well, 'or' they may not even work at all. This codd cause a crash. Always use the proper- brake fluid.

Checking B-rake Fluid

You. can check. th.e .brake fluid without taking off the- cap. Just look at the windows on the brake fluid reservoir. The fluid levels. should be above MIN. If they aren't, your-brake System checked to see if there is B leak. After work i-s done on the brake hydraulic system, make sure the levels are above MIN and below the top of each window.


let someone put in the

Using the wrong fluid can badly damage brake system parts, For example, just a few drops of mineral-based oil, such as. engine oil, in your brake system can dam-age brake system patts-so badly that thef”l1 have to be rep1aced:Don’t wrong kind of fluid. If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s painted surfaces, the paint- finish can be damaged:. $e careful not to spill brake fluid on your vehicle. If you do, wash it off imnxdiately. See “Appearance Care” in the-Index.

Your vehicle has front disc brakes and rear drum brakes.. Disc brake ‘pads have built-in wear indicators that make. a. high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads are worn and new pads are needed. The sound may come and go or be heard all the time your vehicle-is moving (except when you are pushing on the brake pedal firmly).

The brake wear warnirg sound. means that.s.oon yaur brakes won’t work, well. That could lead to an accident. When you hear the brake wear warning sound, have your vehicle serviced.

I NOTICE: I Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads

c’ould result in costly brake repair.


Brake Adjustment Every time you make a brace s~op, your disc brakes adjust for wear. If your brake pedal goes down farthcr than normal., your rear drum brakes may need-:adjustrnent. Adjust them by backing up and firmly applying the brakes a few times. Replacing B:rake System Pats

Some driving conditions or cljrnates may cause-a brake squeal when. the brakes are first app1ie.d or li,ghtly ;ipplied. This; does.laot mean something is- wrong with your brakes, Propeiiy torqued wheel nuts axnecessary to h:elp prevent. brake pulsation. When tirm are rotated, inspect -brake pads for wear and evenly ‘torque wheel nuts in the -proper sequence to GM specifications. You r e a dnm brakes. don’t’h-ave wear irdicators, but- if you ever hear a rex brake rubbing noise, have the rear -brake- linings inspected. Also, the .rear brake drums should be removed and inspected each time the tit-& are removed -for rotatimar changing, When you have the &ant brakes replaced, have the rear bp&m inspected, too, .Brake linings should alw-ays be replaced as complete axle -sets. See, “Brake System I-nspection” ixl Section 7 of this manual under Part C “Pexiodic Maintenance Inspections.” .Brake P.edaL Travel S-ee your dealer if the brake pedal does .not return to normal hei-ht,, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal ,travel. This cau1.d

be a sign :qf brake troubk,



. -

Battery Every -new vehicle h-as n D ~ C Q Freedom. .battery. You never have to .add watu to one of these. When it’s time for a new battery, we .recommend a .Deko Fteedom battery. Get-one that has the replacement number shown on .the. original battery’s label.

will help keep your battery from Mnming dawn. - Halogen bulbs have pressurized g y inside and

Bulb Replacement &fore you replace any bulbs, .be .SUE that all .the k u ~ ~ p s are off and the engine. isn’t running. See “Replacement Bulbs” in the Index.

If you’re not going to drive your vehisle.for 25 days &+more, take- off the black, negative (-) cable fkom the -battery. This

can burst if you drop 6.r scratch the bulb. You or others could be injured. Be sure to read and follow the instructions on the bulb



can burn you and B-atteries


that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you aren’t careful. See “Jumy? Starting” in the index for tips on working a und a battery with9,qt getting hurt.

Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle far longer storage periods.. Also, for your. audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent Feature” in the Index.


Headlamps. Sealed

1. -Remove the screws from

the headlamp. retainer.

2. .Pull the headlamp o-ut and remove fhc retainer.

3 . Unplug and remove the headlamp. 4; Plugin the new headlamp and put it in place, 5. Put the retainex the tighten the screws.

headlamp and install and.


Composite Headlamps 1. Open. the hood.

2. Remove the black

protective cap.s from the removal pins at the top of the radiator support. Use a hex socket to unscrew the pins.

3. Pull the headlamp lens

assembly out. (Some vehicles may have side-by-side bulbs.)

4. Unplug the electrical connector.


5. Turn the. bulb

countercl.ockrwise to remove it.

Front Turn Signal Lamps If you. have fog.lamps, the fog lalizp bracket rnusE.De &H6v'ed before you can rep1ac.e the front parking/!turn signal limps.

6. .Put-the new bulb into theheadlamp lens ass-ernbiy

and turn it clockwise until it is tight.

7. PhLg in the connector. 8. P.ut the headlamp 1-ens assembly back into t.he

ve:hicle. Insrall and tighten the screws.

1, under the bumper and behind the parkin,g/turn

signal lamp assembly.

2. Push the tab on the socket, turn the socket

counterclockwise and pull it out,

3. Holding the base of the bulb, pull the bulb straight

out of the socket.

4. Push the new the socket until it clicks. 5. Put the socket-back into lhe parkinghrn signal lamp

assembly and turn it clockwise until it locks into place.

F.ront Sidemarker Lamps. 1 . 2. 3.

Remove the le-ns retaining screws. Remove the sidenmker lens from the .radiator grille. Turn the bulb and socket one-quarter of a-turn counterclockwise, Remove thebulb and socket fro'm the lens. Install. the new:bulb and socket 10 the sidemarker lens. Rotate the bulb and-socket one-quarter of-a .turn ciockwise. Install the sidemarker lens to the radiator grille. Insert the tabs into.the locators- Tnstall and tighten the screws.

4. 5.

6 ,.

7. 8. 9.

Center High-Mounted- Stoplamp

1. Remove the lais i-.etairiing scre~s; .2. Remove the lens.

3. Remove. the bulb.

Taillamps 1 .. Open the tailgate;

2. Re,move the-.screws f r ~ m

the lamp assembly nea the tailgate latch..

4. Insrall a new bulb?

and tighten the screws. If equipment--such as a cap or camper is installed on your vehicle, a center high-mounted stoplamp feed wire is provided along the driver's s.iid& rear fram-e. This wire ,-rshould be used to install a center high-mounted '-stoplanip in the cap 'or c.mper;


3. Pull the assembly away from the pickup side. panel. 4. Turn the socket countexclockwise to remove it. Push

the tab. i-n while you turn the s,ocket.

5. Pull the bulb out. ,6. Push the new bulb into the socket-. 7. Put the scrcket into the assembly and.ttlrn the s:ocket

clockwk until it locks into-place-:

8. assembly. Install and tighten the screws, -9. Close the tailgate.

Underh.osd Lamp 1. Disconnect-the electrical conn&tor frum the

underhood lamp assemb1,y.

the screws.

2. Re~~iove 3.. Disconnect ,th,e ground wire. 4. Rembvei th.e lamp assembly fforn the hood. 5. Install the new bulb.

7. Connea the graun-d wire. -8. Gonnixt the electrical connectbr to the

lamp assembly:

Vanity Ntirror Lamps 1. Insert the blade of a small screwdrivef-iizto the ceI1-ler

slo-t a,t the bottom ofthe lens.

2.. Gently pry tBe.Bcre.wdriver,d~wn in order to lift out

t k lens;

3. Pry out the bulb. 4, the new bulb into place. 5 , Sli&.=the. side tabs of the lens. mid& .the side ;of the

vanity ass.e-mbly frame.

6. Rotate the lens- downward, 7. Snap the lens into the fiame.

-Windshield Wiper Blade .Replacement See “Normal Maintenance Replacement Pqrt.s” in the Inde-x for the proper type of replacement blade.


Use care when -removing-or installing a blade assernb-ly. ,Accidental bumping can cause the arm to fall back and strike the windshield.

1.. To remove the old wiper blades;, lift the wiper arm

until it into a vertical position.


A. Asse.mbly B. Arm Assembly C. Locking Tab D. Blade Pivot E. Hook S.10t E Arm Hook

5. Be sure- that the notche-s are 1:ocked .by the boztom claws. Make sure that a11 other d a w s are properly