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When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake warning light will come on. See Brake System Warning bight on page 3-3 1.



Using the wrong fluid can badly damage brake system parts. For example, just a few drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine oil, in your brake system can damage brake system parts so badly that they’ll have to be replaced. Don’t let someone put in the wrong kind of fluid. If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s painted surfaces, the paint finish can be damaged. Be careful not to spill brake fluid on your vehicle. If you do, wash it off immediately. See “Appearance Care” in the Index.

Brake Wear Your vehicle has front disc brakes and rear drum brakes. Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads are worn and new pads are needed. The sound may come and go or be heard all the time your vehicle is moving (except when you are pushing on the brake pedal firmly).

.-.J wear warning sound means that

TI soon your brakes won’t work well. That could lead to an accident. When you hear the brake wear warning sound, have your vehicle serviced.

Notice: Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads could result in costly brake repair. Some drivinq conditions or climates may cause a brake squeal whenthe brakes are first applied or lightly applied. This does not mean something is wrong with your brakes. Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel nuts in the proper sequence to GM torque specifications.


Your rear drum brakes don’t have wear indicators, but if you ever hear a rear brake rubbing noise, have the rear brake linings inspected immediately. Also, the rear brake drums should be removed and inspected each time the tires are removed for rotation or changing. When you have the front brake pads replaced have the rear brakes inspected, too. Brake linings should always be replaced as complete axle sets. See Brake System Inspection on page 6-15. Brake Pedal Travel See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble. Brake Adjustment Every time you apply the brakes, with or without the vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.

Replacing Brake System Parts The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many parts have to be of top quality and work well together if the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your vehicle was designed and tested with top-quality GM brake parts. When you replace parts of your braking system - for example, when your brake linings wear down and you need new ones put in - be sure you get new approved GM replacement parts. If you don’t, your brakes may no longer work properly. For example, if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong for your vehicle, the balance between your front and rear brakes can change - for the worse. The braking performance you’ve come to expect can change in many oilier ways if S O M ~ O W puts in the wrong replacement brake parts.


Battery Your new vehicle comes with a maintenance free ACDelco@ battery. When it’s time for a new battery, get one that has the replacement number shown on the original battery’s label. We recommend an ACDelco@ battery. See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-72 for battery location. Warning: Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.

Vehicle Storage If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days or more, remove the black, negative (-) cable from the battery. This will help keep your battery from running down.

that L.. burn you and gas Buss*. .es ha., acid that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” next for tips on working around a battery without getting hurt.

Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle for longer storage periods. Also, for your audio system, see Theft-Deterrent Feature on page 3-67.


Jump Starting If your battery has run down, you may want to use another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your vehicle. Be sure to follow the steps below to do it safely.

ca.. ..-. . ,ou. Tl.-i can be dangerous

Batteri,, because:

They contain acid that can burn you. They contain gas that can explode or ignite.

0 They contain enough electricity to

burn you.

If you don’t follow these steps exactly, some all of these things can hurt you.


Notice: Ignoring these steps could result in costly damage io your venicie inai wouian’t be covered by your warranty. Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling it won’t work, and it could damage your vehicle. 1. Check the other vehicle.

It must have a 12-volt

yround Sysiertl~

.Wiiii a

Notice: If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged. 2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching each other. If they are, it could cause a ground connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to start your vehicle, and the bad grounding could damage the electrical systems. To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved in the jump start procedure. Put an automatic transaxle in PARK (P) before setting the parking brake.

Notice: If you leave your radio on, it could be badly damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty. 3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug

unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette lighter or in the auxiliary power outlet. Turn off the radio and all lamps that aren’t needed. This will avoid sparks and help save both batteries. And it could save your radio!


To uncover the remote positive (+) terminal, squeeze the sides of the red plastic cap and pull the cap upward. You should always use the remote positive (+) terminal instead of the positive (+) terminal

1 your battery.

An electric fan can start up even when the engine is not running and can injure you. Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any underhood electric fan.

4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find the

positive (+) and negative (-) terminal location on each vehicle. You will not need to access your battery for jump starting. Your vehicle has a remote positive (+) jump starting terminal for that purpose. The terminal is located on the same side of the engine compartment as your battery. See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-72 for more information on location.


Using a match near a battery can cause battery gas to explode. People have been hurt doing this, and some have been blinded. Use a flashlight if you need more light. Be sure the battery has enough water. You don’t need to add water to the ACDelco@ battery installed in your new vehicle. But if a battery has filler caps, be sure the right amount of fluid is there. If it is low, add water to take care of that first. If you don’t, exp!osive gas could be present. Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you. Don’t get it on you. If you accidentally get it in your eyes or on your skin, flush the place with water and get medical help immediately.

Fans or other moving engine parts can injure you badly. Keep your hands away from moving parts once the engine is running.

5. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or

missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock. The vehicles could be damaged too. Before you connect the cables, here are some basic things you should know. Positive (+) will go to positive (+) or to a remote positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one. Negative (-) will go to a heavy, unpainted metal engine part or to a remote negative (-) terminal if the vehicle has one. Don’t connect positive (+) to negative (-) or you’ll get a short that would damage the battery and maybe otner parts too. Ana aon’t connect tne negative (-) cable to the negative (-) terminal on the dead battery because this can cause sparks.



8. Now connect the

negative (-) cable to the negative (-) terminal of the good battery. Use a remote negative (-) terminal if the vehicle has one.

6. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+)

terminal of the dead battery. Use a remote positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.


Don’t let the other end touch anything until the next step. The other end of the negative (-) cable doesn’t go to the dead battery. It goes to a heavy, unpainted metal part, or to the remote negative (-) terminal on the vehicle with the dead battery.

9. Connect the other end of the negative (-) cable at

least 18 inches (45 cm) away from the dead battery, but not near engine parts that move. The electrical connection is just as good there, and the chance of sparks getting back to the battery is much less.

10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run

the engine for a while.

11. Try to start the vehicle that had the dead battery. If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably needs service.

Notice: Damage to your vehicle may result from electrical shorting if jumper cables are removed incorrectly. To prevent electrical shorting, take care that the cables don’t touch each other or any other metal. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.


To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles do the following:

1. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable from the

vehicle that had the dead battery.

2. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable from the

vehicle with the good battery.

3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the

vehicle with the good battery.

4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the other


5. Return the remote positive (+) terminal cover to its

original position.

Jumper Cable Removal

A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part or Remote

Negative (-) Terminal

B. Good Battery or Remote Positive (+) and Remote

Negative (-) Terminals

C. Dead Battery or Remote Positive

(+) Terminal


Headlamp Aiming Your vehicle has a headlamp system equipped with horizontal and vertical aim indicators. The aim has been pre-set at the factory and should need no further adjustment. This is true even though your vertical and horizontal aim indicators may not fall exactly on the “ 0 (zero) marks on their scales. If your vehicle is damaged in an accident, the headlamp aim may be affected. Aim adjustment may be necessary if it is difficult to see lane markers (for horizontal aim), or if oncoming drivers flash their high beams at you (for vertical aim). If you believe your headlamps need to be re-aimed, we recommend that you take it to p u r dealer for se!-vice; however, it is possib!e for you to re-aim your headlamps as described in the following procedure. Notice: To make sure your headlamps are aimed properly, read all the instructions before beginning. Failure to follow these instructions could cause damaue to headlamp parts.

To check the aim, the vehicle should be properly prepared as follows:

The headlamps must be off for one hour prior to aiming and must remain off during this procedure. The vehicle must have all four tires on a perfectly level surface. If necessary, pads may be used on an uneven surface. The vehicle should not have any snow, ice or mud attached to it. The vehicle should be fully assembled and all other work stopped while headlamp aiming is being done. I nere shouici not be any cargo or ioading of the vehicle, except it should have a full tank of fuel and one person or 160 Ibs (75 kg) on the driver’s seat. Close all doors. Tires should be properly inflated. Rn& the \mhicle tn stahili7e the s1Is;nension~



Driver’s Side Headlamp Shown

Passenger’s Side Headlamp Shown

A. Vertical Aim Adjustment Screw B. Horizontal Aim Adjustment Screw Open the hood and locate the vertical and horizontal aim indicators. The aiming screw for the vertical aim indicator (A) is at the center of the headlamp cover and the aiming screw for the horizontal aim indicator is on the outboard side of the headlamp cover (B).

A. Horizontal Aim Adjustment Screw B. Horizontal Block Index Plate C. Vertical Aiming Level Start with the horizontal aim. The adjustment screws can be turned with an E8 Tom@ socket. Once the horizontal aim is adjusted, then adjust the vertical aim.

1. Turn the horizontal aiming screw until the indicator

is lined up with zero.

2. Turn the vertical aiming screw until the level bubble

is lined up with zero.


Bulb Replacement For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this section, contact your dealer. For the type of bulb, see Replacement Bulbs on page 5-55.

Headlamps 1. Open the hood.

I lalogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or others could be injured. Be sure to read and follow the instructions on the bulb package.

2. Pull up on the headlamp retainers (A) to release

the assembly locator tabs.

3. Disconnect the electrical connector (B) from the

headlamp assembly.

4; Slide the headlamp assembly out of the slots.

5-5 1

9. Insert the bulb socket into the headlamp assembly. IO. Reverse all steps to reassemble the headlamp

assembly, then check the lamps.

Front Turn Signal and Parking Lamps

1. Remove the headlamp assembly. Refer to the

removal procedure earlier in this section.

2. Remove the rubber bulb access cover. 3. Twist the sidemarker lamp socket, located on the

outboard side of the headlamp assembly, counterclockwise and pull it from the headlamp assembly.

4. Holding the base of the socket, pull the old bulb

from the socket.

5. Push the new bulb into the socket. 6. Reverse Steps 1 through 3 to reinstall the lamp

assem bly.

5. Remove the rubber access cover from behind the

bulb you are replacing.

6. Turn the bulb socket one-quarter turn and remove it

from the headlamp assembly.

7. Lift the plastic locking tab on the electrical connector

and pull the connector from the headlamp bulb socket.

8. Connect the new headlamp bulb to the electrical connector, making sure the connector tab snaps into place.


Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL) 1. Open the trunk.

2. Reach through the access opening in the trunk lid.

3. Remove the old bulb by turning it one-quarter turn


4. Push the new bulb into the bulb socket. 5. Turn the socket one-quarter turn clockwise to



Taillamps, Turn Signal, and Stoplamps

1. Open the trunk. 2. If your vehicle is equipped with a convenience net,

remove it.

3. Remove the three plastic wing nuts (A).

There is one wing nut located on the outside of the carpet. The other two are located underneath the carpet.

4. Pull the taillamp housing (B) away from the body of

the vehicle.

5. Squeeze the tab on the socket and turn the socket

counterclockwise. 6. Pull out the socket. 7. Pull the old bulb out of the socket. (There are two

bulbs on each taillamp.)

8. Push in a new bulb. 9. Reverse these steps to reinstall the lamp assembly.


Back-up Lamps 1 4

4. Twist and pull the bulb socket (B) from the trunk lid. 5. Twist and/or pull the old bulb from the bulb socket. 6. Twist and/or push the new bulb into the lamp socket. 7. Twist and/or push the lamp socket into the trunk lid


8. Reverse Steps 2 and 3 to reinstall the lamp covering.

1. Open the trunk lid. 2. Remove the seven wing nuts (A) from the lamp


3. Remove the lamp covering.

Replacement Bulbs

Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL) Front Turn Signal and Parking 4,57NAK LamDs

I Taillamps and StoplampsRurn I For any bulb not listed here contact your dealer.


I 3, 55 I 3057


Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at least twice a year for wear or cracking. See “Wiper Blade Check under Part B: Owner Checks and Services on page 6-10 for more information.

1. Turn on the wipers to LO. 2. Turn off the ignition while the wipers are at the outer positions of the wiper pattern. The blades are more accessible for removalheplacement while in this position.

3. Pull the windshield wiper arm 3 to 4 inches

(7.5 to 10 cm) away from the windshield.


4. While holding the wiper arm away from the glass, push the release clip from under the windshield wiper arm connecting point and slide the blade assembly down toward the glass to remove it from the wiper arm.

5. Slide the new wiper blade securely on the wiper arm

until you hear the release clip “click into place.

For wiper blade length and type, see Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts on page 5-95.

Tires Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions about your tire warranty and where to obtain service, see your Buick Warranty booklet for details.

Poorly maintained and improperl, s e are dangerous.


Overloading your tires can cause overheating as a result of too much friction. You could have an air-out and a serious accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index. Underinflated tires pose the same danger as overloaded tires. The resulting accident could cause serious injury. Check all tires freauentlv to maintain the recommended pressure. Tire pressure should be checked when your tires are cold.



Overinflated tires are more likely to be cut, punctured or broken by a sudden impact - such as when you hit a pothole. Keep tires at the recommended pressure. Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If your tread is badly worn, or if your tires have been damaged, replace them.

Inflation -- Tire Pressure

The Tire-Loading Information label, which is on the inside of the trunk lid, shows the correct inflation pressures for your tires when they’re cold. “Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting for at least three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).


Notice: Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can get the following:

Too much flexing

0 Too much heat

Tire overloading Bad wear Bad handling Bad fuel economy

If your tires have too much air (overinflation), you can get the following:

Unusual wear Bad handling

Rough ride Needless damage from road hazards

When to Check Check your tires once a month or more. Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should be at 60 psi (420 kPa).


How to Check Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look properly inflated even when they’re underinflated. Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems. They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and moisture. Tire Pressure Monitor System If your vehicle has the tire inflation monitor system, it can alert you to a large change in the pressure of one tire. The system “learns” the pressure at each tire throughout the operating speed range of your vehicle. The system normally takes between 45 and 90 minutes of driving to learn the tire pressures. This time may be longer depending on your individual driving habits. Learning need not be accumulated during a single trip. Once learned, the system will remember the tire pressures until the system is recalibrated. After the system has learned tire pressures with properly inflated tires, the LOW TIRE light will come on if the pressure in one tire becomes 12 psi (83 kPa) lower than the other three tires. The tire inflation monitor system won’t alert you if the pressure in more than one tire is low, if the system is not properly calibrated, or if the vehicle is moving faster than 70 mph (1 10 km/h).

The tire inflation monitor system detects differences in tire rotation speeds that are caused by changes in tire pressure. The system can alert you about a low tire - but it doesn't replace normal tire maintenance. See Tires on page 5-57. When the LOW TIRE light comes on, you should stop as soon as you can and check all your tires for damage. (If a tire is flat, see If a Tire Goes Flat on page 5-66.) Also check the tire pressure in all four tires as soon as you can. See lnflation -- Tire Pressure on page 5-57. The LOW TIRE light will also be displayed (while the ignition is on) until you reset (calibrate) the system. Don't reset the tire inflation monitor system without first correcting the cause of the problem and checking and adjusting the pressure in all four tires. If you reset the system when the tire pressures are incorrect, the system will not work properly and may not alert you when a tire is low. Ui- ;-,2.".e u i ~ e ui- -,-, 9ny time you adjust a tire's pressure, rotate your tires, need to reset (calibrate) the tire inflation monitor system. You'll also need to reset the system whenever you buy new tires and whenever the vehicle's battery has been disconnected.

ui- lep;dGec;, yuu';;

ure tire5 Iep5jfec;

To reset (calibrate) the system:

1. Turn the ignition to RUN. 2. Locate the red RESET button inside of your

instrument panel fuse block. The fuse block is located under the cover labeled FUSES, which is at the end of the instrument panel on the passenger's side of the vehicle. The RESET button is the first button in the top row of the fuse block.

3. Press and hold the RESET button for about

five seconds. The LOW TIRE light will come on and flash three times. Then it will go off. If the light doesn't go off, see your dealer for service.

-. I ne system compietes the calibration process auring driving. The system normally takes 15 to 20 minutes of driving in each of three speed ranges to "learn" tire pressures. The speed ranges are 15 to 40 mph (25 to 65 km/h), 40 to 65 mph (65 to 105 km/h) and above 65 mph \.!men !earnincJ, is cnmplete, t k system (1 05 km!h). will alert you after two to eight minutes if a tire is 12 psi (83 kPa) different from the other three tires. Detection thresholds may be higher and detection times may be longer on rough roads, curves and at high speeds. The system is not capable of detection at cnnnric nrnatnr than 7n mnh /I I n Lm/h\ I I " 1x1 I I, I I u t u y u u u u 3' " U L U l I -

I " I I syn I



Tire Inspection and Rotation Tires should be rotated every 7,500 miles (12 500 km). Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate your tires as soon as possible and check wheel alignment. Also check for damaged tires or wheels. See When It Is Time for New Tires on page 5-61 and Wheel Replacement on page 5-64 for more information. The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first rotation is the most important. See “Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services,” in Section 6, for scheduled rotation intervals.

When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation pattern shown here. Don’t include the compact spare tire in your tire rotation. After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire-Loading Information label. Reset the Tire Inflation Monitor System. See Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 5-58. Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” under Capacities and Specifications on page 5-94.


- When It Is Time for New Tires

Rust or dirt or. _. wheel, or on the parts to which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts become loose after a time. The wheel could come off and cause an accident. When you change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from places where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire brush later, if you need to, to get all the rust or dirt off. See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the index.

time for new tires is to check the treadwear indicators, which will appear when your tires have only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or less of tread remaining.

You need a new tire if any of the following statements are true: e You can see the indicators at three or more places

around the tire.

e You can see cord or fabric showing through the

tire’s rubber.

e The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged

deep enough to show cord or fabric. The tire has a bump, bulge or split.

e The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that

can’t be repaired well because of the size or location of the damage.

5-6 1

Buying New Tires To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at the Tire-Loading Information label. The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec) number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires, get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating, traction, ride and other things during normal service OF your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread design, the TPC number will be followed by an “MS” (for mud and snow). If you ever replace your tires with those not having a TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size, load range, speed rating and construction type (bias, bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.


Mixing tires could cause you to lose control while driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types (radial and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may not handle properly, and you could have a crash. Using tires of different sizes may also cause damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same size and type tires on all wheels. It’s all right to drive with your compact spare, though. It was developed for use on your vehicle.

If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel could fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only radial-ply tires with the wheels on your vehicle.

Uniform Tire Quality Grading Quality grades can be found where applicable on the tire sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum section width. For example: Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A The following information relates to the system developed by the United States National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.) The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading svstem does not apply to deep tread? winter-type snow tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm), or to some limited-production tires. While the tires available on General Motors passenger cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these grades, they must also conform to federal safety requirernenis ana aaaitionai Generai iviotors Tire Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.

Treadwear The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and a half (1 -5) times as well on the government course as a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices and differences in road characteristics and climate. Traction - AA, A, B, C The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A, 8, and C. Those grades represent the tire's abiiity to stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction performance. Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking traction tests, and does not include acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.


Temperature - A, B, C The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law. Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure. Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life and best overall performance.

Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are not needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels may need to be rebalanced. Wheel Replacement Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked or badly rusted or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your dealer if any of these conditions exist. Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need. Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the same way as the one it replaces. If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your vehicle.


Used Replacement Wheels

PuiLIg a used wheel on your vehicle is dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used or how far it’s been driven. It could fail suddenly and cause a crash. If you have to replace a wheel, use a new GM original equipment wheel.

Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel bolts or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be dangerous. It could affect the braking and handling of your vehicle, make your tires lose air and make you lose control. You could have a collision in which you or others could be injured. Always use the correct wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for replacement.

Nofice: The wrong wheel can also cause problems with bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper height, vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire chain clearance to the body and chassis. See Changing a Flat Tire on page 5-67 for more information.


Tire Chains

Notice: Use tire chains only where legal and only when you must. Use only SAE Class “S” type chains that are the proper size for your tires. Install them on the front tires and tighten them as tightly as possible with the ends securely fastened. Drive slowly and follow the chain manufacturer’s instructions. If you can hear the chains contacting your vehicle, stop and retighten them. If the contact continues, slow down until it stops. Driving too fast or spinning the wheels with chains on will damage your vehicle.

If a Tire Goes Flat It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving, especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly. But if you should ever have a “blowout”, here are a few tips about what to expect and what to do: If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly. Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to a stop well out of the traffic lane. A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a skid and may require the same correction you’d use in a skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently brake to a stop - well off the road if possible. If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.


Changing a Flat Tire If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your hazard warning flashers

Changing a tire can cause an injury. The vehicle can slip off the jack and roll over you or other people. You and they could be badly injured. Find a level place to change your tire. To help prevent the vehicle from moving:

1. Set the parking brake firmly. 2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P). 3. Turn off the engine.

To be even more certain the vehicle won’t move, you can put blocks at the front and rear of the tire farthest away from the one being changed. That would be the tire on the other side of the vehicle, at the opposite end.

The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and change a tire.


Removing the Spare The equipment you’ll need is

Tire and Tools in the trunk. 1. Turn the center nut on the compact spare tire cover counterclockwise to remove it. Then lift and remove the cover. See Compact Spare Tire on page 5-78 for more information about the compact spare tire.

2. Remove the spare tire.


3. Turn the nut holding the jack counterclockwise and

remove it. Then remove the jack and wrench.

The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A), extension and protection guide (B) and wheel wrench (C).


Removing the Wheel Covers If your vehicle is equipped with wheel covers, be sure to use a wheel wrench to begin the process of loosening the plastic wheel nut caps.

Once you have loosened the plastic nut caps with the wheel wrench, if needed, you can finish loosening them with your fingers.

Removing the Wheel Center Caps

To remove a center cap, use the wrench to pry gently at the notch. Don’t use a tool that is narrower than the wrench to pry at this notch. Then pry off the cap.

Then, using the flat end of the wheel wrench, pry along the edge of the wheel cover until it comes off. Be careful; the edge may be sharp. Don’t try to remove the cover with your bare hands.


Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the Spare Tire

B ‘

1. Using the wheel wrench, loosen all the wheel nuts.

Don’t remove them yet.

2. Turn the Jack handle clockwlse to raise

the jack lift head.

3. For jacking at the vehicle’s front location, put the jack lift head (C) about 6 inches (1 5 cm) from the rear edge of the front wheel opening (B) or just behind the two bolts (A) as shown.


Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack you could be badly injured or killed. Never get under a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.


For jacking at the vehicle's rear location, put the jack lift head (B) about 5 inches (13 em) from the front edge of the rear wheel opening (C) or just behind the off-set (A) as shown.

4. Put the compact spare tire near you.

Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly positioned can damage the vehicle and even make the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal injury and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the jack lift head into the proper location before raising the vehicle.


7. Remove any rust or dirt

from the wheel bolts, mounting surfaces and spare wheel.

Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts become loose after a time. The wheel could come off and cause an accident. When you change a wheel,.remove any rust or dirt from the places where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire brush later, if you need to, to get all the rust or dirt off.


5. Raise the vehicle by

turning the jack handle

clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off the ground for the spare compact tire to fit underneath the wheel well.

6. Remove all wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.

Never use 011 or grease on studs or nuts. If you do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel could fall off, causing a serious accident.

8. Install the compact spare tire.

9. Put the wheel nuts

back on with the rounded end of the nuts toward the wheel. Tighten each nut by hand until the wheel is held against the hub.


10. Lower the vehicle by turning the jack handle counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.

11. Tighten the wheel nuts

firmly in a crisscross sequence as shown.


luts or improperly I - ltened

ncorrect wheel nuts can cause the wheel to come loose and even come off. This could lead to an accident. Be sure to use the correct wheel nuts. If y01.1 have to replace them, he sl.lre to get new GM original equipment wheel nuts.



Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to the proper torque specification. See ”Capacities and Specifications” in the Index for wheel nut torque specification.

Notice: Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead to brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper torque specification. See “Capacities and Specifications” in the index for the wheel nut torque specification. Don’t try to put the wheel cover on your compact spare tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel cover in the trunk until you have the flat tire repaired or replaced.

Notice: Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact spare. If you try to put a wheel cover on your compact spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.



Storing the Flat Tire and Tools

Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the passenger compartment of the vehicle could cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose equipment could strike someone. Store all these in the proper place.

After you’ve put the compact spare tire on your vehicle, you’ll need to store the flat tire in your trunk. Use the following procedure to secure the flat tire in the trunk.

When storing a full-size tire, use the extension with the protector/guide, located in the foam holder, to help avoid wheel surface damage. To store a full-size tire, place the tire valve stem facing down, and then remove the protector/guide and attach the retainer securely. Store the cover as far forward as possible.


Storing the Spare Tire and Tools When storing a compact spare tire in the trunk, put the protector/guide back in the foam holder.

Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the passenger compartment of the vehicle could cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose equipment could strike someone. Store all these in the proper place.

The compact spare is for temporary use only. Replace the compact spare tire with a full-size tire as soon as you can. See Compact Spare Tire on page 5-78. See the storage instructions label to return your compact spare to your trunk properly. Be sure to calibrate your low tire pressure system after you replace your compact spare tire with a full-sized one. See Inflation -- Tire Pressure on page 5-57.

A. Retainer B. Cover C. Compact Spare Tire D. Nut E. Jack F. Wheel Wrench G. Extension and


H. Bolt Screw I. Foam Holder


Compact Spare Tire Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated when your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time. Check the inflation pressure regularly. It should be 60 psi (420 kPa). After installing the compact spare on your vehicle, you should stop as soon as possible and make sure your spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact spare is made to perform well at speeds up to 65 mph (105 km/h) for distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km), so you can finish your trip and have your full-size tire repaired or replaced where you want. You must calibrate the tire inflation monitor system after installing or removing the compact spare. See Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 5-58. The system may not work correctly when the compact spare is installed on the vehicle. Of course, it’s best to replace your spare with a full-size tire as soon as you can. Your spare will last longer and be in good shape in case you need it again.

Notice: When the compact spare is installed, don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car wash with guide rails. The compact spare can get caught on the rails. That can damage the tire and wheel, and maybe other parts of your vehicle. Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles. And don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel with other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare tire and its wheel together.

Notice: Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare. Using them can damage your vehicle and can damage the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on your compact spare.


Appearance Care Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some are toxic. Others can burst into flames if you strike a match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space. When you use anything from a container to clean your vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings and instructions. And always open your doors or windows when you’re cleaning the inside. Never use these to clean your vehicle:

Gasoline Benzene Naphtha

0 Carbon Tetrachloride


0 Paint Thinner


0 Lacquer Thinner

Nail Polish Remover

They can all be hazardous - some more than others - and they can all damage your vehicle, too. Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can. In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:

Alcohol Laundry Soap

0 Bleach

Reducing Agents

V V I 1 J G ~ , i m t t l \ A / i m n

Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and V l l l Y l , leather, plastic and painted loosG uII L. surfaces with a clean, damp cloth. FabridCarpet Your dealer has cleaners for the cleaning of fabric and carpet. They will clean normal spots and stains very well. You can get GM - approved cleaning products from your dealer. See GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-85.


Special Fabric Cleaning Problems Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee (black), egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine and blood can be removed as follows: 1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the

soiled area with cool water.

2. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions

described earlier.

3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine, treat

the area with a watedbaking soda solution: 1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml) of lukewarm water.

4. Let dry. Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:

1. Carefully scrape off excess stain. 2. Clean with cool water and allow to dry completely. 3. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions

described earlier.

Here are some cleaning tips:

Always read the instructions on the cleaner label. Clean up stains as soon as you can - before they set. Carefully scrape off any excess stain. Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean area often. A soft brush may be used if stains are stubborn. If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning, clean the entire area immediately or it will set.

Using Cleaner on Fabric 1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any

loose dirt.

2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask

surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.

3. Follow the directions on the container label. 4. Apply cleaner with a clean sponge. Don’t saturate

the material and don’t rub it roughly.

5. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a

sponge to remove any excess cleaner.

6. Wipe cleaned area with a clean, water-dampened

towel or cloth.

7. Wipe with a clean cloth and let dry.


Vinyl Use warm water and a clean cloth.

Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You may have to do this more than once. Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth and vinyl/leather cleaner. See your dealer for this product.

Leather Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let the leather dry naturally. !x? r?!A I?se heat to dry.

For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner. See your dealer for this product. Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.

- ~ U I I C U V I a a l l l c u lcauIct ~ I I W U I U U G WGUIIGU

..L...*lA L- - l m n m m A

-- -4-:--.-l

r - - : l - A


immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the finish, it can harm the leather.

Top of the Instrument Panel Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield and even make it difficult to see through the windshield under certain conditions. Interior Plastic Components Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft cloth or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the surface finish. Glass Surfaces Glass shou!d bS c!eaned nften. GM G!ass CIeaner or a liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass. See GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-85. Notice: Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the inside rear window, since they may have to be scraped off later. If abrasive cleaners are used on the inside of the rear window, an electric defogger element may be damaged. Any temporary license should not be attached across the defogger grid.


Care of Safety Belts Keep belts clean and dry.

Do not bleach or dye safety bell it may severely weaken them. In a crash, they might not be able to provide adequate protection. Clean safety belts only with mild soap and lukewarm water.

IOU do,

Weatherstrips Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent application may be required. See Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6- 16.


Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth of color, gloss retention and durability. Washing Your Vehicle The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep it clean by washing it often with lukewarm or cold water. Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun. Use a car washing soap. Don’t use strong soaps or chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle well, removing all soap residue completely. You can get GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer. See GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-85. Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based, or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a soft, clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid surface scratches and water spotting. High pressure car washes may cause water to enter your vehicle.

Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a car washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses. Follow instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.” Finish Care Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer. See GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-85. Your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish. The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are non-abrasive and made for a basecoaVclearcoat paint finish. Notice: Machine compounding or aggressive polishing on a basecoaVclearcoat paint finish may

. dull the finish or leave swirl marks.

Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc., can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted

surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter. Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered whenever possible. Windshield and Wiper Blades If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running, wax, sap or other material may be on the blade or windshield. Clear? the wtside d the Lvindshielc! with a fu!!-strength glass cleaning liquid. The windshield is clean if beads do not form when you rinse it with water. Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades and affect their performance. Clean the blade by wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade with water. Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary: replace blades that look worn.


Aluminum Wheels Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax may then be applied. The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps, chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners, cleaners with acid, or abrasive cleaning brushes on them because you could damage the surface. Do not use chrome polish on aluminum wheels. Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car wash that has silicone carbide tire cleaning brushes. These brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels. Tires To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with tire cleaner. Notice: When applying a tire dressing, always take care to wipe off any overspray or splash from all painted surfaces on the body or wheels of the vehicle. Petroleum-based products may damage the paint finish and tires.

Sheet Metal Damage If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop applies anti-corrosion material to parts repaired or replaced to restore corrosion protection. Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide the corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty. Finish Damage Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the finish should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode quickly and may develop into major repair expense. Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up materials avaliable from your dealer or other service outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected in your dealer’s body and paint shop.


Underbody Maintenance Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust control can collect on the underbody. If these are not removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on the underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan and exhaust system even though they have corrosion protection. At least every spring, flush these materials from the underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud and debris can collect. Dirt packed in close areas of the frame should be loosened before being flushed. Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can do this for you. Chemical Paint Spotting Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage can take two forms; blotchy, ringlet-shaped aiscoioraiions, aria srrlaii irreyuiar dark spuis eiciwd i l - l i u the paint surface. Although no defect in the paint job causes this, GM will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within 13 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase; whichever occurs first.

GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials See your GM dealer for more information on purchasing the following products.

GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials

DescriPtion ~~~ Polishing Cloth Wax- Treated Tar and Road Oil Remover

White Sidewall Tire Cleaner

Vinyl Cleaner

Glass Cleaner

Chrome and Wire Wheel Cleaner


Interior and exterior polishing cloth. Removes tar, road oil and asphalt.

Removes soil and black marks from whitewalls. Cleans vinyl tops, upholstery and convertible tom. Removes dirt, grime, smoke and fingerprints. Removes dirt and grime from chrome wheels and wire wheel covers.


GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials



Spot Lifter

Odor Eliminator


Quickly and easily removes spots and stains from carpets, vinyl and cloth upholstery. Odorless spray odor eliminator used on fabrics, vinyl, leather and carpet.

See your General Motors parts department for these products. See Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6- 16.

GM Vehicle Care/A (C(

3pearance Materials int’d)



Finish Enhancer

Swirl Remover Polish

Cleaner Wax

Foaming Tire Shine Low Gloss

Wash Wax Concentrate

Removes dust, fingerprints, and surface contaminants, Spray on wipe off. Removes swirl marks, fine scratches and other light surface contamination. Removes light scratches and protects finish. Cleans, shines and protects in one easy step, no wiping necessary. Medium foaming shampoo. Cleans and lightly waxes. Biodegradable and phosphate free.


Vehicle Identification

Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)

Service Parts Identification Label You’ll find this label on the inside of the trunk lid. It’s very helpful if you ever need to order parts. On this label is:

your VIN, the model designation,

0 paint information and

a list of all production options and special equipment.

Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.

SAMPI FdlJX1 M077675


This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on the driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts labels and the certificates of title and registration. Engine Identification The 8th character in y l r VIN is the engine code. This code will help you identify your engine, specifications and replacement parts.


Windshield Wiper Fuses The windshield wiper motor is protected by a circuit breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to heavy snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor cools. If the overload is caused by some electrical problem, have it fixed. Power Windows and Other Power Options Circuit breakers in the instrument panel fuse block protect the power windows and other power accessories. When the current load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opens and closes, protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed.

Electrical System

Add-on Electrical Equipment Notice: Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle unless you check with your dealer first. Some electrical equipment can damage your vehicle and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment can keep other components from working as they should. Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to add anything electrical to your vehicle, see Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-62. Headlamp Wiring The headlamp wiring is protected by a circuit breaker in the underhood fuse block. An electrical overload will cause the lamps to go on and off, or in some cases to remain off. If this happens, have your headlamp system checked right away.


Fuses and Circuit Breakers The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from short circuits by a combination of fuses, circuit breakers and in the fuse block wiring itself. This greatly reduces the chance of fires caused by electrical problems. Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size and rating. Instrument Panel Fuse Block


PCM, Radio Power B m . Prem. Mtrmrs UM S a n d Relay

INADV Dwr Paver Lwks BUS

Cluster Cigar Ur

Stop Lamps

Air Bag

BCM Hazard Pwr


Some fuses are located in a fuse block on the passenger's side of the vehicle. Pull off the cover labeled FUSES to expose the fuses.


Turn Radio, High 3Qgnais. HVAC. B l o w hrnlps RFA. Cluster Data link

r v v n




Power Windows

Power Sunroof

~~ REAR DEFOG Rear Window Defogger POWER SEATS Power Seats


Not Used




Blank Blank






IGN 0,


Blank Blank Blank INADV

Usage lanition Kev Solenoid Not Used Not Used Ignition Signal: Hot in Run and Start, Powertrain Control Module, Body Control Module, Underhood Relav






LAMPS, I Taillamps, License Lamps




I Radio I Not Used

Remote Radio Premium Sound

Power Mirrors

Not Used

Panel Dimming

STOP LAMPS Stoplamps

Not Used Ignition Signal: Hot in Run, Unlock and Start, Cluster, Powertrain Control Module, Body Control Module Not Used Yot Used Vot Used




FRT PARK LPS Front Parking Lamps

POWER DROP 1 Auxiliary Power Connection (Power

Drop): Hot in ACC and Run

I Shifter Lock Solenoid




nterior Lamps

Door Locks



Body Control Module Hazard Flashers


Driver's Heated Seat


SEAT Blank

odv Control Module

I Not Used I BCM ACC I B Ignition Signal: Hot in ACC and Run, I Not Used LOW BLOWER I Low Blower I CORN LPS

Radio, Heatin Ventilation Air

Conditioning t7 ead, Remote Keyless I Passenger's Heated Seat

Entrv. Cluster I HIGH BLOWER I Hiah Blower


SIGNALS, Turn Signals,

Cornering Lamps

. _ . .. .

Underhood Fuse Block Some fuses and relays are located in the underhood fuse block on the passenger's side of the vehicle in the engine compartment. See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-72 or more information on location.

(2) [3) (41

[5) m



Audio Steering Wheel Controls

I Defogger Heated Seats

(321 (981


Usage High Blower, Hazard Flasher, Stoplamps, Power Mirror, Door Locks Ignition Switch, BTSI, Stoplamps, Anti-Lock Brake System, Turn Signals, Cluster, Air Bag, Daytime Running Lamps Module Cooling Fan Retained Accessory Power, Keyless Entry, Data Link, Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning Head, Cluster, Radio, Auxiliary Power (Power Drop), Cigarette Lighter Ignition Switch, Wipers, Radio, Steering Wheel Controls, Body Control Module, Auxiliary Power (Power Drop), Power Windows, Sunroof, Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning Controls, Daytime Running Lamps, Rear Window Defogger Relay




13 14 15 16 17 18

Usage Cooling Fan 2 Cooling Fan 3 Starter Solenoid Coolinq Fan 1 Ignition Main Air Pump (Optional) Not Used Horn Fog Lamps Not Used I Fuel Pump


Usage Rear Compartment Release Parking Lamps Fuel Pump Headlamp (Left) Not Used Not Used Not Used Not Used Not Used Not Used Not Used A/C Compressor Clutch Diode


Capacities and Specifications

Capacities and Specifications


Air Conditioning Refrigerant R134a


Automatic Transaxle

Pan Removal and Replacement After Complete Overhaul When drainingheplacing converte needed.

r, more fluid will be

English 2.4 Ibs

7.4 quarts 10.0 quarts

Metric 1.1 kg

7.0 L 9.5 L

Cooling System Including Reservoir Engine Oil with Filter ~ Fuel Tank Wheel Nut Torque All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to fill to the approximate level, as recommended in this manual. See Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-16.

11.7 quarts 4.5 quarts 17.0 gallons

11.0 L 4.3 L 64.0 L 140 N*m

100 Ib ft

Engine SDecifications


Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts

Spark Plugs

Wiper Blade


Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts


Number A I 61 4C* 10406026 Type PF47* Type 41-1 01 *

Gap: 0.060 inches (1 5 2 mm)

Shepherd’s Hook

22.0 inches (56.0 cm)


Section 6 Maintenance Schedule

Maintenance Schedule ...................................... 6.2 Introduction ................................................... 6.2 Your Vehicle and the Environment .................... 6-2 Maintenance Requirements .............................. 6-2 How This Section is Organized ......................... 6-3 Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services ........... 6-4 Using Your Maintenance Schedule .................... 6-4 Scheduled Maintenance ................................... 6-5 Part B: Owner Checks and Services ................ 6-10 At Each Fuel Fill ...................................... 6-10 At Least Once a Month ............................. 6-10 At Least Twice ....... 6-11

a Year .............

At Least Once a Year ................................... 6-11 Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections ......... 6-14 Steering, Suspension and Front Drive Axle

Boot and Seal Inspection ............................ 6-14 Exhaust System Inspection ............................ 6-14 Firel System Inspection .................................. 6-14 Engine Cooling System Inspection ................... 6-14 Throttle System Inspection ............................. 6-15 Brake System Inspection ................................ 6-15 Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants .... 6-16 Part E: Maintenance Record ........................... 6-17

6- 1

Your Vehicle and the Environment Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the environment. All recommended maintenance procedures are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our environment, and to keep your vehicle in good condition, please maintain your vehicle properly. Maintenance Requirements Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections and recommended fluids and lubricants as prescribed in this manual are necessary to keep your vehicle in good working condition. Any damage caused by failure to follow recommended maintenance may not be covered by warranty.

Maintenance Schedule





Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet or your dealer for details.


How This Section is Organized This maintenance schedule is divided into five parts: “Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services” explains what to have done and how often. Some of these services can be complex, so unless you are technically qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should let your dealer’s service department or another qualified service center do these jobs.

. .,rming maintenance work on a vehicle can be dangerous. in trying to do some jobs, you can be seriously injured. Do your own maintenance work only if you have the required know-how and the proper tools and equipment for the job. If you have any doubt, have a qualified technician do the work.