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each fuse.


1) Fuse puller 4. Pull out the fuse with the fuse puller. 5. Inspect the fuse. If it has blown, replace it with a spare fuse of the same rating. 6. If the same fuse blows again, this indicates that its system has a problem. Contact your SUBARU dealer for repairs.


– CONTINUED – 11-67


Maintenance and service


Main fuse


Installation of accessories Always consult your SUBARU dealer before installing fog lights or any other electrical equipment in your ve- hicle. Such accessories may cause the electronic sys- tem to malfunction if they are incorrectly installed or if they are not suited for the vehicle.


HSB065BA


Main fuse box The main fuses are designed to melt during an over- load to prevent damage to the wiring harness and electrical equipment. Check the main fuses if any elec- trical component fails to operate (except the starter motor) and other fuses are good. A melted main fuse must be replaced. Use only replacements with the same specified rating as the melted main fuse. If a main fuse blows after it is replaced, have the electrical system checked by your nearest SUBARU dealer.


11-68


Replacing bulbs


10 11


15


14 13 12


Maintenance and service


14 16


15


10


11


UGB135BB


– CONTINUED – 11-69


Maintenance and service


1) Front turn signal 2) Spot light 3) Room light 4) Parking light 5) Low beam head light


Wattage 12V-21W 12V-8W 12V-8W 12V-5W


U.S.-spec. WRX-STi 12V-35W Except U.S.-spec. 12V-55W WRX-STi


6) Front fog light 12V-55W 7) High beam head light 12V-60W


8) Trunk room light 9) High mount stop light


12V-16W


Bulb No. – – – 168


D2R H1


H3
9005
(HB3) W16W


Sedan (in compartment) (in rear spoiler) Wagon


10) Backup light 11) Rear turn signal


12) Brake/tail light 13) Tail light 14) Brake light 15) License plate light


11-70


921


912
7440


12V-18W 12V-1.2W – 12V-13W 12V-21W 12V-21W (Amber) 12V-21/5W 7443
12V-21/5W 7443
7440
12V-21W 12V-5W 168


16) Cargo area light


Wattage 12V-13W


Bulb No. –


(cid:132) Headlights (U.S.-spec. WRX-STi)


High-intensity-discharge (HID) bulbs are used for the low beams of the headlights on the U.S.- spec. WRX-STi. These HID bulbs use an ex- tremely high voltage. To avoid the risk of an electric shock and resulting serious injury, you should not attempt to replace them. Neither should you attempt to replace the high-beam bulbs, remove/refit the headlight assemblies, or remove any headlight-assembly compo- nents. For replacement of the headlight bulbs (low-beam and high-beam), removal and instal- lation of the headlight assemblies, and removal of headlight-assembly components, contact your SUBARU dealer.


(cid:132) Headlights (Except U.S.-spec. WRX-


STi)


(cid:84) Low beam light bulbs


Maintenance and service


Halogen headlight bulbs become very hot while in use. If you touch the bulb surface with bare hands or greasy gloves, finger prints or grease on the bulb surface will develop into hot spots and cause the bulb to break. If there are finger prints or grease on the bulb surface, wipe them away with a soft cloth moistened with alcohol.


NOTE (cid:121) If headlight aiming is required, consult your SUBARU dealer for proper adjustment of the head- light aim. (cid:121) It may be difficult to replace the bulbs. Have your SUBARU dealer replace the bulbs if neces- sary.


1. Remove the bulb cover, by turning it counterclock- wise.


UGB516BA


– CONTINUED – 11-71


Maintenance and service


2. Disconnect the electrical connector.


UGB517BA


UGB518BA


11-72


3. Remove the retainer spring. 4. Replace the bulb, then set the retainer spring se- curely. 5. Reconnect the electrical connector. 6. Install the bulb cover. (cid:84) High beam light bulbs


1. Disconnect the electrical connector from the bulb.


UGB519CA


Maintenance and service


(cid:132) Front turn signal light bulbs


UGB520BA


2. Remove the bulb from the headlight assembly by turning it counterclockwise. 3. Replace the bulb with new one. 4. Reconnect the electrical connector. At this time, use care not to touch the bulb surface. 5. To install the bulb to the headlight assembly, turn it clockwise until it clicks.


1. Remove the bulb socket from the headlight assem- bly by turning it counterclockwise.


UGB536CA


– CONTINUED – 11-73


Maintenance and service


(cid:132) Parking light


UGB531BA


2. Pull the bulb out of the socket. Install a new bulb. 3. Set the bulb socket into the headlight assembly and turn it clockwise until it locks. 4. Install the headlight assembly and the front grille in the reverse order of removal.


UGB523BB


1) Parking light The headlight assembly must be removed before the parking light bulbs can be replaced. When the head- light assembly has been removed and then rein- stalled, it may become necessary to make a headlight aiming adjustment. It may be difficult to replace the bulbs. Have your SUBARU dealer replace the bulbs if necessary.


11-74


(cid:84) Before removing the headlight assembly


Maintenance and service


1. Loosen four clips at the top of the front bumper.


UGB525BA


(cid:99): Clip (cid:133): Hook


UGB528BA


– CONTINUED – 11-75


Maintenance and service


(cid:84) Removal of headlight assembly


2. Remove the front grille. Use a screwdriver to de- tach the four clips at the top and the two hooks on each side.


UGB529BA


11-76


UGB534BA


UGB533CA


1. Remove two bolts and disconnect connectors.


(cid:84) Parking light bulbs


Maintenance and service


2. Pull the headlight assembly toward you and re- move it from the vehicle.


1. Remove the bulb socket from the headlight assem- bly by turning it counterclockwise.


UGB551BA


UGB535BA


– CONTINUED – 11-77


Maintenance and service


(cid:132) Rear combination lights (cid:84) Sedan


1. Remove the clip from the rear trunk trim with a screwdriver.


UGB538BA


UGB532BA


2. Pull the bulb out of the socket. Install a new bulb. 3. Set the bulb socket into the headlight assembly and turn it clockwise until it locks. 4. Install the headlight assembly and the front grille in the reverse order of removal.


(cid:132) Front fog light It may be difficult to replace the bulbs. Have your SUBARU dealer replace the bulbs if necessary.


11-78


2


(cid:84) Wagon


Maintenance and service


54


UGB539BB


1) Backup light 2) Rear turn signal light 3) Brake/tail light 4) Tail light 5) Brake light 2. Open the rear portion of the side trunk trim panel. 3. Remove the bulb holder from the rear combination light assembly by turning it counterclockwise. 4. Remove the bulb from the socket by pushing it and turning counterclockwise. Install a new bulb. 5. Set the bulb holder into the rear combination light assembly and turn it clockwise until it locks. 6. Secure the rear trunk trim panel with the clips.


1. Using a Phillips screwdriver, remove the upper and lower screws that secure the side cover of the rear combination light assembly.


UGB540BA


– CONTINUED – 11-79


Maintenance and service


UGB541BA


UGB542BB


2. Remove the upper and lower screws. Then, slide the rear combination lamp assembly to the rear and remove it from the vehicle.


1) Brake/tail light 2) Rear turn signal light 3) Backup light 3. Remove the bulb holder from the rear combination light assembly by turning it counterclockwise. 4. Remove the bulb from the socket by pushing it and turning counterclockwise. Install a new bulb. 5. Set the bulb holder into the rear combination light assembly and turn it clockwise until it locks. 6. Close the cover and latch the lock. 7. Reinstall the rear combination light assembly and its side cover.


11-80


(cid:132) License plate light


(cid:132) Dome light, map light and cargo area


light


Maintenance and service


UGB136BA


1. Remove the mounting screws using a Phillips screwdriver. 2. Remove the cover and lens. 3. Pull the bulb out of the socket. Install a new bulb. 4. Reinstall the lens and cover. 5. Tighten the mounting screws.


HSB088BA


– CONTINUED – 11-81


Maintenance and service


a flat-head screwdriver. 2. Pull the bulb out of the socket. Install a new bulb. 3. Reinstall the lens.


(cid:132) Trunk light


UGB544BA


UGB137BA


1. Remove the cover by squeezing its sides and pull- ing it. 2. Pull the bulb out of the socket. Install a new bulb. 3. Reinstall the cover.


1. Remove the lens by prying the edge of the lens with


UGB078BA


11-82


(cid:132) High mount stop light (cid:84) Sedan


(cid:84) Wagon


Maintenance and service


UGB546BA


1. Remove the high mount stop light cover by prying the edge with a screwdriver. 2. Pull the bulb out of the socket. Install a new bulb. 3. Reinstall the cover.


HSB091BA


1. Remove the mounting screw covers by prying the edge with a screwdriver. 2. Remove the mounting screws using a Phillips screwdriver and then remove the high mount stop light cover. 3. Remove the bulbs from the socket by pushing it and turning counterclockwise. Install a new bulb. 4. Reinstall the cover. 5. Tighten the mounting screws then reinstall the cov- ers. NOTE Other bulbs may be difficult to replace. Have your – CONTINUED – 11-83


Maintenance and service


SUBARU dealer replace these bulbs if necessary.


11-84


Specifications


Dimensions ....................................................... Engine ................................................................ Electrical system .............................................. Capacities .......................................................... Tires ................................................................... Wheel alignment ...............................................


Specifications ................................................ 12-2
12-2
12-3
12-3
12-4
12-5
12-6
Fuses and circuits ........................................ 12-7
12-7
12-9
Bulb chart ...................................................... 12-10
Vehicle identification .................................... 12-11


Fuse panel located behind the coin tray ....... Fuse panel located in the engine compartment ..................................................


12


12-1


Specifications


SpecificationsSpecifications These specifications are subject to change without notice. (cid:132) Dimensions


Item


2.5-liter non-turbo RS, RS sport


package


Sedan 2.0-liter turbo


WRX


2.5-liter turbo


WRX-STi


Wagon


2.5-liter non-turbo


2.0-liter turbo


in (mm)


RS


OUTBACK


SPORT


WRX


Drive system Transmission type Overall length Overall width


Sedan Wagon Overall height Without roofrail With roofrail


Wheel base


Tread


Front


Rear


AT


MT


AT


MT


MT


AWD AT


173.8 (4,415)


MT


AT


MT


AT


MT


68.5 (1,740)


– 56.7 (1,440)


– 99.4 (2,525)


58.5 (1,485)


58.1 (1,475)


58.3 (1,480)


66.7 (1,695) 57.7 (1,465)


58.5 (1,485)



67.3 (1,710) 58.1 (1,475)


58.9 (1,495) 99.4 (2,525)


66.7 (1,695) 57.7 (1,465)


58.5 (1,485)


57.7 (1,465)


57.5 (1,460)


57.7 (1,465)


57.3 (1,455)


5.9 (150)


6.3 (160)


6.1 (155)


56.3 (1,430)


100 (2,540) 58.7 (1,490) 58.9 (1,495) 5.7 (145)


Ground clearance*1


5.9 (150)


6.1 (155)


*1: Measured with vehicle empty AT: Automatic transmission MT: Manual transmission


12-2


(cid:132) Engine Engine model


Engine type Displacement cc (cu-in) Bore × Stroke in (mm) Compression ratio Firing order (cid:132) Electrical system MT Battery type and capacity (5HR) AT


Alternator


Spark plugs


AT: Automatic transmission MT: Manual transmission


Specifications


EJ253


(2.5-liter, SOHC, non-turbo)


EJ205 (2.0-liter, DOHC, turbo) EJ257 (2.5-liter, DOHC, turbo)


Horizontally opposed, liquid cooled 4 cylinder, 4-stroke gasoline engine


2,457 (150)


1,994 (122)


2,457 (150)


3.9 × 3.1 (99.5 × 79.0)


3.6 × 2.9 (92.0 × 75.0)


3.9 × 3.1 (99.5 × 79.0)


10.0 : 1


8.0 : 1


1 – 3 – 2 – 4


8.2 : 1


With 2.5-liter non-turbo engine With 2.0-liter turbo engine 2.5-liter non-turbo and 2.0-liter turbo engine 2.5-liter turbo engine 2.5-liter non-turbo engine 2.0-liter turbo engine 2.5-liter turbo engine


12V-48AH (55D23L) 12V-52AH (75D23L) 12V-52AH (65D23L)


12V-75A


12V-90A FR5AP-11


PFR6G (NGK) IFLR6B (NGK)


– CONTINUED – 12-3


5 speed 6 speed


2.5-liter non-turbo engine


2.0-liter turbo engine


2.5-liter turbo engine


MT AT MT AT MT


15.9 US gal (60 liters, 13.2 Imp gal)


4.2 US qt (4.0 liters, 3.5 Imp qt) 3.7 US qt (3.5 liters, 3.1 Imp qt) 4.3 US qt (4.1 liters, 3.6 Imp qt) 10.0 US qt (9.5 liters, 8.4 Imp qt) 0.7 US qt (0.7 liter, 0.6 Imp qt) 7.4 US qt (7.0 liters, 6.2 Imp qt) 7.3 US qt (6.9 liters, 6.1 Imp qt) 8.1 US qt (7.7 liters, 6.8 Imp qt) 8.0 US qt (7.6 liters, 6.7 Imp qt) 8.1 US qt (7.7 liters, 6.8 Imp qt)


Specifications


(cid:132) Capacities Fuel tank Engine oil Transmission oil (MT)


Transmission oil (AT) Power steering gear fluid Engine coolant


AT: Automatic transmission MT: Manual transmission


12-4


(cid:132) Tires


Tire size Wheel size Pressure


Temporary spare tire


Item


Front


Rear


Size Pressure


Specifications


RS, RS sport package,


WRX


P205/55R16 89V


16 × 61/2 JJ


32 psi


(220 kPa, 2.2 kgf/cm2)


WRX (option tire)*1


WRX-STi


215/45R17 87W


225/45R17 90W


17 × 7 JJ 33 psi


(230 kPa, 2.3 kgf/cm2)


17 × 8 JJ 36 psi


(250 kPa, 2.5 kgf/cm2)


29 psi


(200 kPa, 2.0 kgf/cm2)


32 psi


(220 kPa, 2.2 kgf/cm2)


30 psi


(210 kPa, 2.1 kgf/cm2)


T135/70 D16


T135/70 D17


60 psi (420 kPa, 4.2 kgf/cm2)


*1: The recommended cold tire pressure for the 215/45R17 87W tire is not indicated on the vehicle placard attached to the driver’s side B-pillar since this tire is a dealer option for the WRX. If your vehicle is equipped with 215/45R17 87W tires, be sure to adjust them to the air pressure shown on this page.


– CONTINUED – 12-5


Specifications


(cid:132) Wheel alignment


Item


Sedan


Wagon


2.5-liter non-turbo


RS, RS sport


package


2.0-liter turbo


2.5-liter turbo


2.5-liter non-turbo


2.0-liter turbo


WRX


WRX-STi


RS


OUTBACK


SPORT


WRX


Drive system Toe


Camber


Front Rear Front Rear


AWD


0 in (0 mm) 0 in (0 mm)


–0°15’ –1°25’


–0°25’ –1°30’


–0°30’ –1°40’


–0°10’ –1°15’


–0°05’ –1°10’


–0°20’ –1°20’


12-6


Fuses and circuits (cid:132) Fuse panel located behind the coin


tray


10


11


12


13 14


15 16


17


18 19


20 21 22 23


HSC001BB


Specifications


Fuse panel


Fuse rating


Circuit


10


11


15A


15A


15A


20A


10A


15A


15A


20A


15A


Empty


15A


(cid:121) Heater fan


(cid:121) Heater fan


(cid:121) Power door lock (cid:121) Remote keyless entry


(cid:121) Cigarette lighter (cid:121) Remote controlled rear


view mirrors


(cid:121) Tail light (cid:121) Parking light


(cid:121) SRS airbag


(cid:121) Fog light


(cid:121) ABS solenoid


(cid:121) Radio


(cid:121) Engine ignition system (cid:121) SRS airbag (cid:121) AT control system


– CONTINUED – 12-7


Specifications


Fuse panel


Fuse rating


Circuit


Fuse panel


Fuse rating


Circuit


(cid:121) Accessory power outlet


(cargo)


(cid:121) Seat heater


23


20A


10A


10A


10A


30A


20A


15A


15A


20A


Empty


Empty


10A


(cid:121) Illumination brightness


control


(cid:121) Combination meter (cid:121) SRS lamp


(cid:121) Rear window wiper and


washer


(cid:121) Windshield wiper and


washer


(cid:121) Brake light


(cid:121) Air conditioner


(cid:121) Backup light (cid:121) Cruise control


(cid:121) Mirror heater


(cid:121) ABS ignition


12


13


14


15


16


17


18


19


20


21


22


12-8


(cid:132) Fuse panel located in the engine com-


partment


9 10 11 12


6 7 8


UGC012BB


1 2


A) FWD socket (AT models except Turbo) B) Main fuse C) Engine sensor (Non-turbo models)


Specifications


Fuse panel


Fuse rating


Circuit


10


11


12


20A


20A


30A


20A


15A


15A


10A


10A


15A


15A


20A


20A


(cid:121) Radiator cooling fan


(Main)


(cid:121) Radiator cooling fan


(Sub)


(cid:121) ABS motor


(cid:121) Rear window defogger


(cid:121) Hazard warning flasher (cid:121) Horn


(cid:121) Turn signal lights


(cid:121) Automatic transmis-


sion control unit


(cid:121) Alternator


(cid:121) Headlight (right side)


(cid:121) Headlight (left side)


(cid:121) Lighting switch


(cid:121) Clock (cid:121) Interior light


– CONTINUED – 12-9


Specifications


Bulb chart


Description Headlight


U.S.-spec. WRX- STi version Low beam High beam


Except U.S.-spec. WRX-STi version


Low beam High beam Front fog light Front turn signal Parking light Rear combination light


Wattage


Bulb type


12V-35W 12V-60W


D2R 9005 (HB3)


12V-55W 12V-60W 12V-55W 12V-21W 12V-5W


H1
9005 (HB3) H3
– 168


Description High mount stop light


Sedan (in compartment) Sedan (in rear spoiler) Wagon


License plate light Trunk room light Cargo area light Front ashtray light Dome light Map light


Wattage


Bulb type


12V-18W


921


12V-1.2W 12V-13W 12V-5W 12V-16W 12V-13W 12V-1.4W 12V-8W 12V-8W


– 912
168
W16W – – – –


Brake light (Sedan) 12V-21W Brake/tail light Turn signal light


12V-21/5W 12V-21W (Amber) 12V-21/5W 12V-21W


7440
7443


– 7443
7440


Tail light (Sedan) Back-up light


12-10


Specifications


1) Vehicle identification number 2) Vacuum hose connections la-


bel/Emission control label 3) Tire inflation pressure label 4) Certification plate 5) Bar cord label (U.S. only) 6) Vehicle identification number


plate


7) Model number plate 8) Radio noise label (Canada only) 9) Fuel label


Vehicle identification


UGC013BB


– CONTINUED – 12-11


Consumer information and Reporting safety defects


Tire information ............................................. 13-2
13-2
Tire labeling ....................................................... 13-5
Recommended tire inflation pressure ............ 13-7
Glossary of tire terminology ............................ Tire care – maintenance and safety 13-8
practices ......................................................... 13-9
Vehicle load limit – how to determine ............. Determining compatibility of tire and vehicle load capacities ............................................... 13-13
Adverse safety consequences of overloading on handling and stopping and on tires ........ 13-14
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit ..... 13-14
Uniform tire quality grading standards ....... 13-15
Treadwear .......................................................... 13-15
Traction AA, A, B, C .......................................... 13-15
Temperature A, B, C ......................................... 13-16
Reporting safety defects (USA) ................... 13-17


13


13-1


Consumer information and Reporting safety defects


Consumer information and Reporting safety defects


For U.S.A. The following information has been compiled accord- ing to Code of Federal Regulations “Title 49, Part 575”.


vide more dimensional information about the tire size. Example:


Tire information (cid:132) Tire labeling Many markings (e.g. Tire size, Tire Identification Number or TIN) are placed on the sidewall of a tire by tire manufacturers. These marking can provide you with useful information on the tire. (cid:84) Tire size Your vehicle comes equipped with P-Metric tire size. It is important to understand the sizing sys- tem in selecting the proper tire for your vehicles. Here is a brief review of the tire sizing system with a breakdown of its individual elements. (cid:86) P Metric With the P-Metric system, Section Width is mea- sured in millimeters. To convert millimeters into inches, divide by 25.4. The Aspect Ratio (Sec- tion Height divided by Section Width) helps pro-


13-2


(4)


(3)


(2)


P 205 / 55 R 16
(1) (5) (1) P = Certain tire type used on light duty vehi- cles such as passenger cars (2) Section Width in millimeters (3) Aspect Ratio (= section height ÷ section width). (4) R = Radial Construction (5) Rim diameter in inches (cid:86) Load and Speed Rating Descriptions The load and speed rating descriptions will ap- pear following the size designation. They provide two important facts about the tire. First, the number designation is its load index. Second, the letter designation indicates the tire’s speed rating.


Example:


P 205 / 55 R 16 89 V (7)


Size designation


(6)


(6) Load Index: A numerical code which speci- fies the maximum load a tire can carry at the speed indicated by its speed symbol, at maxi- mum inflation pressure. For example, “90” means 1,323 lbs (600 kg), “89” means 1,278 lbs (580 kg).


Load indices apply only to the tire, not to the vehicle. Putting a load rated tire on any vehicle does not mean the vehicle can be loaded up to the tire’s rated load.


(7) Speed Rating: An alphabetical system de- scribing a tire’s capability to travel at established and predetermined speeds. For example, “V” means 149 mph (240 km/h)


Consumer information and Reporting safety defects


(cid:121) Speed ratings apply only to the tire, not to the vehicle. Putting a speed rated tire on any vehicle does not mean the vehicle can be operated at the tire’s rated speed. (cid:121) The speed rating is void if the tires are worn out, damaged, repaired, retreaded, or otherwise altered from their original condi- tion. If tires are repaired, retreaded, or oth- erwise altered, they may not be suitable for original equipment tire designed loads and speeds.


(cid:84) Tire Identification Number (TIN) Tire Identification Number (TIN) is marked on the intended outboard sidewall. The TIN is com- posed of four groups. Here is a brief review of the TIN with a breakdown of its individual elements.


DOT XX XX XXX XXXX


(1)


(2)


(3)


(4)


(1) Manufacturer’s Identification Mark


– CONTINUED – 13-3


Consumer information and Reporting safety defects


(2) Tire Size (3) Tire Type Code (4) Date of Manufacture The first two figures identify the week, starting with “01” to represent the first full week of the cal- endar year; the second two figures represent the year. For example, 0101 means the 1st week of 2001. (cid:84) Other markings The following makings are also placed on the sidewall. (cid:86) Maximum permissible inflation pressure The maximum cold inflation pressure to which this tire may be inflated. For example, “300 kpa (44 PSI) MAX. PRESS” (cid:86) Maximum load rating The load rating at the maximum permissible weight load for this tire. For example, “MAX. LOAD 580 kg (1279 LBS) @ 300 kpa (44 PSI) MAX. PRESS.”


13-4


Maximum load rating applies only to the tire, not to the vehicle. Putting a load rated tire on any vehicle does not mean the vehi- cle can be loaded up to the tire’s rated load.


(cid:86) Construction type Applicable construction of this tire. For example, “TUBELESS STEEL BELTED RA- DIAL” (cid:86) Construction The generic name of each cord material used in the plies (both sidewall and tread area) of this tire. For example, “PLIES: TREAD 2 STEEL + 2
POLYESTER SIDEWALL 2 POLYESTER” (cid:86) Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG) For details, refer to “Uniform tire quality grading standards” in this chapter.


Consumer information and Reporting safety defects


(cid:132) Recommended tire inflation pressure (cid:84) Recommended cold tire inflation pressure Recommended cold tire inflation pressure for your vehicle’s tires is as follows,


Tire size Wheel size Pressure


Item


Front


Rear


Temporary spare tire


Size Pressure


RS, RS sport package, WRX P205/55R16 89V


16 × 61/2 JJ 2.2 kgf/cm2)


32 psi (220 kPa,


29 psi (200 kPa,


2.0 kgf/cm2)


WRX (option tire)*1


WRX-STi


215/45R17 87W 225/45R17 90W


17 × 7 JJ


33 psi (230 kPa,


2.3 kgf/cm2)


32 psi (220 kPa,


2.2 kgf/cm2)


17 × 8 JJ


36 psi (250 kPa,


2.5 kgf/cm2)


30 psi (210 kPa,


2.1 kgf/cm2) T135/70 D17


T135/70 D16


60 psi (420 kPa, 4.2 kgf/cm2)


*1: The recommended cold tire pressure for the 215/45R17 87W tire is not indicated on the vehicle plac- ard attached to the driver’s side B-pillar since this tire is a dealer option for the WRX. If your vehicle is equipped with 215/45R17 87W tires, be sure to adjust them to the air pressure shown on this page.


– CONTINUED – 13-5


Consumer information and Reporting safety defects


(cid:84) Vehicle placard


Example:


614- ), ),1/ 1.4)61


5-)61/ +)2)+16;  66) #


.46  4-)4 !


6DA ?>E[email protected] MAECDJ B ??KF=JI =@ ?=HC IDK@ ALAH [email protected] "&C H '>I


ORIGINAL TIRE SIZE


P205/55R16


COMPACT SPARE TIRE


+, 614- 1.)61 24-554-


.46
4-)4


2=! 251
2= '251


+, 614- 1.)61 24-554-


T135/70D16


" 2= $251


SEE OWNER’S MANUAL FOR


ADDITIONAL INFORMATION MD


UGD513AA


The vehicle placard shows original tire size, rec- ommended cold tire inflation pressure on each tire at maximum loaded vehicle weight, seating capacity and loading information. (cid:84) Adverse safety consequences of under-in-


flation


Driving at high speeds with excessively low tire pressures can cause the tires to flex severely and to rapidly become hot. A sharp increase in temperature could cause tread separation, and failure of the tire(s). Possible resulting loss of ve-


The vehicle placard is affixed to the driver’s side B-pillar.


UGD502BA


13-6


hicle control could lead to an accident. (cid:84) Measuring and adjusting air pressure to


achieve proper inflation


Check and, if necessary, adjust the pressure of each tire (including the spare) at least once a month and before any long journey. Check the tire pressures when the tires are cold. Use a pressure gauge to adjust the tire pressures to the specific values. Driving even a short distance warms up the tires and increases the tire pres- sures. Also, the tire pressures are affected by the outside temperature. It is best to check tire pres- sure outdoors before driving the vehicle. When a tire becomes warm, the air inside it expands, causing the tire pressure to increase. Be careful not to mistakenly release air from a warm tire to reduce its pressure.


(cid:132) Glossary of tire terminology (cid:121) Cold tire pressure The pressure in a tire that has been driven less than 1 mile or has been standing for three hours or more. (cid:121) Maximum inflation pressure


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The maximum cold inflation pressure to which a tire may be inflated. (cid:121) Recommended inflation pressure The cold inflation pressure recommended by a vehicle manufacturer. (cid:121) Intended outboard sidewall


1)The sidewall that contains a whitewall, bears white lettering or bears manufacturer, brand, and/or model name molding that is higher or deeper than the same molding on the other sidewall of the tire, or 2)The outward facing sidewall of an asymmet- rical tire that has a particular side that must al- ways face outward when mounting on a vehi- cle.


(cid:121) Accessory weight The combined weight (in excess of those stan- dard items which may be replaced) of floor mats, leather seats and cross bars to the extent that these items are available as factory-installed equipment (whether installed or not). (cid:121) Curb weight The weight of a motor vehicle with standard equipment including the maximum capacity of fu- el, oil, and coolant and air conditioning.


– CONTINUED – 13-7


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(cid:121) Maximum loaded vehicle weight The sum of curb weight, accessory weight, vehi- cle capacity weight and production options weight. (cid:121) Normal occupant weight 150 lbs (68 kg) times the number of occupants (3
occupants). (cid:121) Occupant distribution Distribution of occupants in a vehicle, 2 in front, 1 in rear seat. (cid:121) Production options weight The combined weight of those installed regular production options weighing over 5.1 lbs (2.3 kg) in excess of those standards items which they replace, not previously considered in curb weight or accessory weight. (cid:121) Vehicle capacity weight The total weight of cargo, luggage and occu- pants that can be added to the vehicle. (cid:121) Vehicle maximum load on a tire Load on an individual tire that is determined by distributing to each axle its share of the maxi- mum loaded vehicle weight and dividing by two. (cid:121) Vehicle normal load on a tire Load on an individual tire that is determined by


13-8


distributing to each axle its share of the curb weight, accessory weight, and normal occupant weight and dividing by two.


(cid:132) Tire care – maintenance and safety


practices


(cid:121) Check on a daily basis that the tires are free from serious damage, nails, and stones. At the same time, check the tires for abnormal wear. (cid:121) Inspect the tire tread regularly and replace the tires before their tread wear indicators become visible. When a tire’s tread wear indicator be- comes visible, the tire is worn beyond the ac- ceptable limit and must be replaced immediately. With a tire in this condition, driving at even low speeds in wet weather can cause the vehicle to hydroplane. Possible resulting loss of vehicle control can lead to an accident. (cid:121) To maximize the life of each tire and ensure that the tires wear uniformly, it is best to rotate the tires every 7,500 miles (12,500 km). Rotating the tires involves switching the front and rear tires on the right hand side of the vehicle and similarly switching the front and rear tires on the


left hand side of the vehicle. (Each tire must be kept on its original side of the vehicle.) Replace any damaged or unevenly worn tire at the time of rotation. After tire rotation, adjust the tire pres- sures and make sure the wheel nuts are correct- ly tightened. A tightening torque specification and a tightening sequence specification for the wheel nuts can be found “Flat tires” in Chapter 9.


(cid:132) Vehicle load limit – how to determine The load capacity of your vehicle is determined by weight, not by available cargo space. The load limit of your vehicle is shown on the vehicle placard attached to the driver’s side B-pillar. Lo- cate the statement “The combined weight of oc- cupants and cargo should never exceed XXX kg or XXX lbs” on your vehicle’s placard. The vehicle placard also shows seating capacity of your vehicle. The total load capacity includes the total weight of driver and all passengers and their belong- ings, any cargo, any optional equipment such as a trailer hitch, roof rack or bike carrier, etc., and the tongue load of a trailer. Therefore cargo ca-


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pacity can be calculated by the following method. Cargo capacity = Load limit – (total weight of oc- cupants + total weight of optional equipment + tongue load of a trailer (if applicable)) For towing capacity information and weight lim- its, refer to “Trailer towing” in Chapter 8. (cid:84) Calculating total and load capacities vary-


ing seating configurations


Calculate the available load capacity as shown in the following examples: Example 1A


UGD504BA


– CONTINUED – 13-9


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Vehicle capacity weight of the vehicle is 900 lbs (408 kg), which is indicated on the vehicle plac- ard with the statement “The combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed 900
lbs or 408 kg”. For example, if the vehicle has one occupant weighing 154 lbs (70 kg) plus cargo weighing 662 lbs (300 kg). 1. Calculate the total weight.


Total weight = 154 lbs (70 kg) + 662 lbs (300 kg)


(Occupant)


(Cargo)


= 816 lbs (370 kg) 2. Calculate the available load capacity by sub- tracting the total weight from the vehicle capacity weight of 900 lbs (408 kg).


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Available Load Capacity = 900 lbs (408 kg) – 816 lbs (370 kg)


(Vehicle


capacity weight)


(Total weight)


= 84 lbs (38 kg) 3. The result of step 2 shows that a further 84 lbs (38 kg) of cargo can be carried. Example 1B


For example, if a person weighing 176 lbs (80
kg) now enters the same vehicle (bringing the


HG8014BA


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number of occupants to two), the calculations are as follows: 1. Calculate the total weight.


Example 2A


Total weight = 154 lbs (70 kg) + 176 lbs (80 kg)


(Occupant)


+ 662 lbs (300 kg)


(Cargo)


= 992 lbs (450 kg)


2. Calculate the available load capacity.


Available Load Capacity = 900 lbs (408 kg) – 992 lbs (450 kg)


(Vehicle


(Total weight)


capacity weight) = –92 lbs (–42 kg) 3. The total weight now exceeds the capacity weight by 92 lbs (42 kg), so the cargo weight must be reduced by 92 lbs (42 kg) or more.


UGD505BA


Vehicle capacity weight of the vehicle is 900 lbs (408 kg), which is indicated on the vehicle plac- ard with the statement “The combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed 408
kg or 900 lbs”. For example, the vehicle has one occupant weighing 165 lbs (75 kg) plus cargo weighing 375 lbs (170 kg). In addition, the vehicle is fitted with a trailer hitch weighing 22 lbs (10 kg), to which is attached a trailer weighing 1,764 lbs (800 kg). 10% of the trailer weight is applied to – CONTINUED – 13-11


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the trailer tongue (i.e. Tongue load = 176 lbs (80
kg)). 1. Calculate the total weight.


Example 2B


Total weight = 165 lbs (75 kg) + 375 lbs (170 kg)


(Occupant)


(Cargo)


+ 22 lbs (10 kg) + 176 lbs (80 kg)


(Trailer hitch)


(Tongue load)


= 738 lbs (335 kg) 2. Calculate the available load capacity.


Available Load Capacity = 900 lbs (408 kg) – 738 lbs (335 kg)


(Vehicle


(Total weight)


capacity weight) = 162 lbs (73 kg) 3. The result of step 2 shows that a further 162
lbs (73 kg) of cargo can be carried.


13-12


UGD506BA


For example, if a person weighing 143 lbs (65
kg) and a child weighing 40 lbs (18 kg) now enter the same vehicle (bringing the number of occu- pants to three), and a child restraint system weighing 11 lbs (5 kg) is installed in the vehicle for the child to use, the calculations are as fol- lows: 1. Calculate the total weight.


Total weight = 165 lbs (75 kg) + 143 lbs (65 kg) + 40 lbs (18 kg)


(Occupant)


+ 11 lbs (5 kg) + 375 lbs (170 kg)


(Child restraint)


(Cargo)


+ 22 lbs (10 kg) + 176 lbs (80 kg)


(Trailer hitch)


(Tongue load)


= 932 lbs (423 kg)


2. Calculate the available load capacity.


Available Load Capacity = 900 lbs (408 kg) – 932 lbs (423 kg)


(Vehicle


(Total weight)


capacity weight) = –32 lbs (–15 kg) 3. The total weight now exceeds the capacity weight by 32 lbs (15 kg), so the cargo weight must be reduced by 32 lbs (15 kg) or more.


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(cid:132) Determining compatibility of tire and


vehicle load capacities


The sum of four tires’ maximum load ratings must exceed the maximum loaded vehicle weight (“GVWR”). In addition, sum of the maxi- mum load ratings of two front tires and of two rear tires must exceed each axle’s maximum loaded capacity (“GAWR”). Original equipment tires are designed to fulfill those conditions. The maximum loaded vehicle weight is referred to Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). And each axle’s maximum loaded capacity is referred to Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). The GVWR and each axle’s GAWR are shown on the vehicle certification label affixed to the driver’s door. The GVWR and front and rear GAWRs are de- termined by not only the maximum load rating of tires but also loaded capacities of the vehicle’s suspension, axles and other body parts. Therefore, this means that the vehicle cannot necessarily be loaded up to the tire’s maximum load rating on the tire sidewall.


– CONTINUED – 13-13


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(cid:132) Adverse safety consequences of over- loading on handling and stopping and on tires


Overloading could affect vehicle handling, stop- ping distance, vehicle and tire as shown below. This could lead to an accident and possibly result in severe personal injury. (cid:121) Vehicle stability will deteriorate. (cid:121) Heavy and/or high-mounted loads could in- crease the risk of rollover. (cid:121) Stopping distance will increase. (cid:121) Brakes could overheat and fail. (cid:121) Suspension, bearings, axles and other body parts could break or experience accelerated wear that will shorten vehicle life. (cid:121) Tires could fail. (cid:121) Tread separation could occur. (cid:121) Tire could separate from its rim.


(cid:132) Steps for Determining Correct Load


Limit


1. Locate the statement “The combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed XXX pounds” on your vehicle’s placard.


13-14


2. Determine the combined weight of the driver and passengers that will be riding in your vehicle. 3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver and passengers from XXX kilograms or XXX pounds. 4. The resulting figure equals the available amount of cargo and luggage load capacity. For example, if the “XXX” amount equals 1,400 lbs (635 kg) and there will be five- 150 lbs (68 kg) passengers in your vehicle, the amount of avail- able cargo and luggage load capacity is 650 lbs. (1,400 – 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs.) 5. Determine the combined weight of luggage and cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight may not safely exceed the available car- go and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4. 6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, load from your trailer will be transferred to your vehi- cle. Consult this manual to determine how this reduces the available cargo and luggage load capacity of your vehicle.


Uniform tire quality grading stan- dards This information indicates the relative perfor- mance of passenger car tires in the area of treadwear, traction, and temperature resistance. This is to aid the consumer in making an in- formed choice in the purchase of tires. Quality grades can be found where applicable on the tire sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum section width. For example: Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A The quality grades apply to new pneumatic tires for use on passenger cars. However, they do not apply to deep tread, winter type snow tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim diameters of 12 inches or less, or to some limited production tires. All passenger car tires must confirm to Federal Safety Requirements in addition to these grades.


(cid:132) Treadwear The treadwear grade is a comparative rating


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based on the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified gov- ernment test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and one-half (1-1/2) times as well on the govern- ment course as a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices and differences in road characteristics and climate.


(cid:132) Traction AA, A, B, C The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A, B and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as mea- sured under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of asphalt and con- crete. A tire marked C may have poor traction performance.


The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking traction – CONTINUED – 13-15


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tests, and does not include acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.


and not overloaded. Excessive speed, un- derinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.


(cid:132) Temperature A, B, C The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and exces- sive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of perfor- mance which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Stan- dards No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law.


The temperature grade for this tire is es- tablished for a tire that is properly inflated


13-16


Reporting safety defects (USA) If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause in- jury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Admin- istration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Subaru of America, Inc. If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your dealer, or Subaru of America, Inc. To con- tact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393
(or 366-0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or write to: NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. 20590. You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline.


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– CONTINUED – 13-17


Index


14


14-1


Index


ABS (Anti-lock Brake System) ........................... 7-31
Warning light ........................................ 3-23, 7-32
Accessories .............................................. 5-3, 11-68
Accessory power outlet .............................. 6-8, 6-11
Active head restraint ............................................ 1-6
Air cleaner element ......................................... 11-24
Air conditioner operation ..................................... 4-9
Air filtration system ............................................ 4-18
Air flow selection ................................................. 4-2
All-wheel drive warning light (for AWD AT


vehicles) ........................................................ 3-26
Aluminum wheels ............................................ 11-54
Antenna system .................................................. 5-2
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) ........................... 7-31
Arming the system ............................................. 2-17
Armrest ................................................................ 1-9
Ashtray .............................................................. 6-12
AT OIL TEMPerature warning light ................... 3-22
Audio set ............................................................. 5-3
Auto-dimming mirror/compass .......................... 3-46
Automatic climate control system ...................... 4-11
Automatic transmission ..................................... 7-22
Capacities ..................................................... 12-4
Fluid ............................................................ 11-32
Selector lever ................................................ 7-23
Shift lock release .......................................... 7-27


14-2


Temperature warning light ............................ 3-22


Automatic/Emergency Locking Retractor


(A/ELR) .......................................................... 1-15


Brake


Battery ............................................................. 11-63
Jump starting ................................................ 9-13
Replacement (Remote keyless entry system) ...................................................... 2-11


Booster ....................................................... 11-42
Fluid ............................................................ 11-40
Pad and lining ............................................. 11-45
Pedal .......................................................... 11-43


Brake pedal


Free play .................................................... 11-43
Reserve distance ........................................ 11-43
Brake system .................................................... 7-30
Warning light ................................................ 3-24
Braking .............................................................. 7-30


Breaking-in of new brake pads and linings ....................................................... 11-45
Tips ............................................................... 7-30


Bulb


Chart ........................................................... 12-10
Replacing ................................................... 11-69


C Capacities .......................................................... 12-4
Cargo


Area cover .................................................... 6-14
Area light ............................................. 6-2, 11-81
Tie-down hooks ............................................ 6-17
Catalytic converter ............................................... 8-4
Center


Console .......................................................... 6-6
Ventilators ....................................................... 4-3


Changing


Checking


Flat tire ............................................................ 9-5
Oil and oil filter ............................................ 11-12
Charge warning light ......................................... 3-22
CHECK ENGINE warning light/


Malfunction indicator lamp ............................. 3-21


Brake pedal free play .................................. 11-43
Brake pedal reserve distance ..................... 11-43
Clutch function ............................................ 11-44
Clutch pedal free play ................................. 11-44
Engine oil level ........................................... 11-11
Fluid level ................. 11-32, 11-38, 11-40, 11-41
Gear oil level ........................ 11-30, 11-35, 11-36
Child restraint systems ...................................... 1-32
Installation with A/ELR seatbelt .................... 1-36
Lower and tether anchorages ....................... 1-43


Index


Chime


Child safety ............................................................. 7
Locks ............................................................ 2-23


Key ................................................................. 3-5
Seatbelt ............................................... 1-15, 3-20
Cigarette lighter socket ........................................ 6-9
Cleaning


Aluminum wheels ......................................... 10-3
Interior .......................................................... 10-6
Ventilator grille .............................................. 4-17


Climate control system


Automatic ...................................................... 4-11
Manual ............................................................ 4-4
Clock ................................................................. 3-29
Clutch fluid ....................................................... 11-41
Clutch pedal .................................................... 11-44
Coat hook .......................................................... 6-14
Coin tray .............................................................. 6-6
Cooling system ................................................ 11-18
Corrosion protection ................................. 8-14, 10-4
Cruise control .................................................... 7-38
Indicator light ................................................ 3-27
Set indicator light .......................................... 3-27
Cup holder ........................................................... 6-7


Daytime running light system ............................ 3-32


14-3


Index


Differential gear oil


Front ........................................................... 11-35
Rear ............................................................ 11-36
Dimensions ........................................................ 12-2
Disarming the system ........................................ 2-19
Disc brake pad wear warning indicators ............ 7-31
Dome light ................................................ 6-2, 11-81
Door locks ........................................................... 2-6
Door open warning light .................................... 3-26
Drive belts ....................................................... 11-29
Driver’s control center differential ...................... 7-18
Auto indicator light ........................................ 3-28
Indicator lights .............................................. 3-28


Driving


Drinking ............................................................. 9
Drugs ................................................................. 9
Foreign countries ............................................ 8-6
Mobile phone ................................................... 10
Pets ................................................................. 11
Snowy and icy roads .................................... 8-13
Tips ............................................... 7-14, 7-17, 8-7
Tired or sleepy ................................................. 10


EBD (Electronic brake force distribution)


system ........................................................... 7-34
Electrical system ............................................... 12-3

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