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Electronic Compass (Option)


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The earth's magnetic field is not always the same direction as true north as we know it. a zone number to tell the compass the difference between magnetic and actual north. This tells the compass where in the country you are driving The compass shows the zone number you turn your key on. This is shown above. The number is turned off after a few seconds. The compass remembers your zone, so you only have to change it if you drive to a.new zone on the map. The compass adjusts only a small amount for each zone, so you may not notice a difference if you drive from one zone to the next one, until you cross several zones.


in use each time


Some vehicles are equipped with an electronic'compass. As with all compasses, this unit senses the earth's magnetic field to show the direction the car is pointing. .' ..:. - .,- - - ;. i . :. .. .:.+-; i: - . ... ' 3 _ '


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Choosing Your Zone Number


Changing Your Zone Number


ZONE 05)


Locate your zone number on the map above. If your number is different than the one shown when you turn the key on, follow the steps to change your zone number. If you live on the line, you can pick the zone area you are most likely to drive in. (In Alaska use Zone 9 or 10. In Hawaii use Zone 7).


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1.


2. 3. 4.


Press and hold the MODE button until zone and the zone number appear. Release the MODE button. Press the MODE button until your number appears. In a few seconds, the zone number and ZONE turn off, and the new zone number is remembered by the compass.


Calibrating the Compass


/CALIBRATE


Sometimes, strong magnetic fields can affect the compass. If the CALIBRATE light comes on as shown above, try calibrating the compass as follows: 1. Drive the car to an open, flat area. ' 2. Press and hold the MODE button until the


CALIBRATE light reappears.


3. Release the MODE button. The heading display will


start to rotate.


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All electronic compasses need to know profile of your car. This is called calibration and is done automatically by your compass. But, the feature is available if you would like to manually calibrate.


the magnetic


4. Drive the car in small circles. Don't drive faster than


10 mph (16 km/h).


5. Drive in circles until the CALIBRATE light goes


out. It usually takes one


to five circles.


6. Your compass should be calibrated. You will know


this when the direction bars are on and the CALIBRATE light is off.


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to normal.


The rear defog system can affect accuracy, and the compass corrects for the reatdefog. However, if the rear defbg is turned on while making sharp turns, the accuracy may be off. When you hun the rear defog off again, the accuracy returns .Do not turn on the r e s defog if you are trying to calibrate. The systemwill not allow the calibration. You will hear the chime, and CALIBRATE will flash for a few seconds. Be aware that metal objects are sometimes buried in the ground. They can affect accuracy and you may not know they are there. As an example, many concrete roads have metal reinforcements inside.


Compass Accuracy Your compass may show different headings around bridges, power lines, large metal objects and steep hills. This is normal and is true of compasses in general. like golf clubs in the trunk If yhu -put large metal objects they could affect accuracy. If the accuracy is close, the compass will adapt to these objects over time. If you use ah antenna with a magnetic base, it is best to mount it away from the center of the trunk near the rear window.


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Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems


In this section you'll find out how to operate the comfort Standard Climate Control System control and audio systems offered with your Pontiac. Be sure to read about the particular systems supplied with your vehicle. Comfort Controls This section tells you how to make yo'ur air system work for you. Your comfort control system uses ozone-friendly R- 134a refrigerant. With these systems, you can control the heating, cooling and ventilation in your Pontiac. Your vehicle also has a flow-through ventilation system described later in this section.


Fan Knob The left knob is the fan knob and selects the force of air you want. Turn the knob clockwise to increase fan speed and counterclockwise to decrease fan speed. The fan will always run unless the right control knob is turned to OFF. The fan must be on to run the air conditioning compressor.


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Temperature Knob 12 BI-LEVEL: This setting directs air into your The center control regulates the temperature of the air vehicle in two ways. Cool air is directed to the upper coming through the system. Turn it toward the blue area portion of your body through the middle instrument for cooler air. Turn it toward the red area for w m e r air. panel outlets while warmed. air is directed to the floor. d VENT: This setting directs airflow through the Mode Knob middle instrument panel outlets. The air conditioning' The right control has settings for air conditioning and compressor is not working when VENT is selected. non-air conditioning modes. The mode control allows I ! HEATER: This se&ng directs warmed air through you to choose the direction of air delivery. the floor outlets. Some warm air is' diverted to the MAX: This setting provides maximum cooling with the windshield to minimize fogging. w. least amount of work. MAX recircdates much of the air +H DEFOG: his setting directs &to ~e HEATER inside your vehicle so it cools quickly. outlets and toward the windshield. Mc: his setting cools the air entering your vehicle 9 DEFROST: This setting directs most of the air and directs it through the instrument panel outlets. The air conditioning compressor operates in all air conditioner positions.


toward the windshield.'


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Electronic Climate Control System (Option)


Fan Button The button with the fan symbol adjusts the fan speed. Press the up arrow to increase fan speed and the down arrow to decrease fan speed. Temperature Button The TEMP button changes the temperature of the air coming through the system. Press the up arrow for warmer air and the down arrow for cooler air.


Mode Button Press this button to deliver air through the floor, middle or windshield outlets. The system will stay in the selected mode until the MODE or AUTO button is pushed. Press the up arrow to cycle through the available modes. Automatic Operation When the system is set for AUTO, sensors will control the air delivery mode. Air will come from the floor, vary middle and windshield outlets. The fan speed will as the system maintains the selected temperature setting. To find your comfort zone, start with 75°F (24°C) temperature setting, allow about 20 minutes for the system to regulate. Press the TEMP button up or down to adjust the temperature setting if necessary. If you choose the temperature setting of 60°F (15 "C), the system will remain at that maximum cooling setting and will not regulate the fan speed. If you choose the temperature setting of 90°F (33 O C), the system will remain at that maximum heating setting and will not regulate the fan speed. Choosing either maximum setting will not cause the system to heat or cool any faster.


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Pressing the AUTO button will display the requested temperature, fan speed'and air delivery mode for five seconds, then change to display the outside air temperature. Be careful not to put anything over the sensor located in the middle of the instrument panel near the windshield, or over the sensor radio. These sensors are used by the automatic system to regulate temperature. The exterior temperature display sensor is in front of the car, near the radiator. This displayed temperature is most accurate when the vehicle is moving. During stops, or while idling, the display shows the previous driving temperature for best system control. To avoid blowing cold air in cold weather, the system will delay turning on the fan until warm air is available. The length of delay depends on outside air temperature, engine coolant temperature, and time since the engine was last started. Pushing the fan button will override this delay and change the fan to a selected single speed. If you leave your vehicle, the system will remember the control setting the next time you start your engine.


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Manual Operation You may also manually adjust the delivery mode fan speed. ' ! ! HEAT: Manually selecting HEAT by cycling through the MODE settings will deliver air to the floor outlets. w. +# DEFOG: Manually selecting DEFOG by cycling through the MODE settings will deliver air to the floor and windshield outlets.


BI-LEVEL: Manually selecting BI-LEVEL by


cycling through the MODE setting will deliver warm air to the floor and cooler air to the middle instrument panel outlets. OFF: Press this button to turn the system off. Fresh air will continue to flow through the vehicle, and the system will try to maintain the previously set temperature. The outside temperature will show in the display when the system is OFF.


A/C: Press this button to turn the air conditioning on and off. The system will cool and dehumidify the air inside the vehicle. In the AUTO mode, the display will show that A/C is active, but the air conditioning compressor only operates when the system determines it is needed. RECIRC,: Press this button to limit the amount of fresh air entering your vehicle. You may use this setting to limit odors entering your vehicle. Press REClRC to change to a manual MODE and air will recirculate for 10 minutes. RECIRC will show on the display and then return to EXT TEMP display. DEFROST: Press this button to clear the windshield. The system will automatically control the fan speed if you select defrost from AUTO. O F O C: ‘Press this button to display the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit or Celsius. Air Conditioning On hot days, open the windows long enough to let hot inside air escape. This reduces the time vehicle to cool down. Then keep your windows closed for the air conditioner to work its best.


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If you have the standard system, for quick cool-down on very hot days, use MAX with the temperature knob in the blue area. If this setting is used for long periods of time, the air in your vehicle may become too cold and dry. For normal cooling on hot days, use A/C with the temperature knob i n . the blue area. This setting cools the air entering your vehicle and directs instrument panel outlets. If you have the electronic system, press the A/C button to turn the system on. The system will cool and dehumidify the air inside the vehicle. Also while in AUTO mode, the system will use FtECIRC as necessary to cool the air. &1 cool but sunny days, with the standard system through manual operation of the electron& system, use BI-LEVEL to deliver warm air to the floor and cooler air to the middle instrument panel outlets. To warrn or cool the air delivered, push the TE- button up or down. When the air conditioner is on, you may sometimes notice slight changes in your vehicle’s engine speed and power. This is normal because the system is designed to cycle the cornpressor on and off to keep the desired temperature.


Heating If you have the standard system, on cold days use HEATER with the temperature knob in the red area. If you have the electronic system, press AUTO and adjust the TEMP up or down the temperature by p;essing arrow. You may also adjust the electronic system manually by pressing the MODE button and selecting HEAT. Again, adjust the temperature by pressing the "EMF up or down arrow. With each system, outside air will be brought in and sent through the floor outlets. The heater works best if you keep your windows closed while using it. Ventilation System For mild outside temperatures when cooling is needed, use VENT (on the standard system) to direct outside air through your vehicle. Air will flow through the middle instrument panel outlets. Your vehicle's flow-through ventilation system supplies outside air into the vehicle when it's moving. When the vehicle is not moving, you can get outside air to flow through by selecting any air choice (except the rear ,window defogger) and any fan speed.


littkheating or


Your vehicle has air outlets that allow you to adjust the direction and amount of airflow inside the vehicle. Push the outlet up or down to direct airflow to your preference. Increase or reduce the amount of airflow by opening and closing the louvers. Opening and closing the louvers will also direct airflow from side-to-side.


Ventilation Tips 0 Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow or


any other obstruction such as leaves. The heater and defroster will work better, reducing the chance of fogging your windows.


0 When you enter a vehicle with the standard system in cold weather, select HEATER to supply air through the floor outlets. Then turn the fan on high for a few moments before driving away. This will blow moist air from the intake outlets toward the floor, not the windshield. It reduces the chance of fogging your windows. If you have the electronic system, the AUTO setting will do this for you. Manual operation of the electronic system in the HEAT' mode will also supply air through the floor outlets.


0 Keep the air path under the front seats clear of objects.


This helps air to circulate throughout your vehicle.


0 When the engine idles for a long time, the exterior


temperature sensor may cause the system to blow air that is too cool. Once the vehicle is moving again the system will try to maintain the set temperature inside your vehicle.


0 When you start your vehicle and the EXT TEMP display flashes (electronic system only) for some time, the system may need repair. See your Pontiac dealer.


If you have the rear seat passenger outlet, it's attached to the back of the console. You can adjust the airflow toward either seating area, the floor or upward. Turn the end knobs up and down to direct airflow. Increase or reduce the amount of airflow by opening and closing the louvers. Opening and closing the louvers will also direct airflow from side-to-side.


Defogging and Defrosting On cool, humid days, use DEFOG to keep the windshieId and side windows clear. Use DEFROST to remove fog or ice fi-om the windshield.quickly in extremely humid or cold conditions. If you have the standard system, use DEFOG and adjust the fan speed to your comfort level. Use DEFROST with the temperature toward the red area and the fan control toward high. If you have the electronic system, press the DEFOG button and adjust the fan speed by pressing the fan button up or down to your comfort level. Adjust fan speed by pressing the fan up or down arrow. If you select DEFROST fi-om AUTO, the system will control the fan speed. Adjust the temperature to your comfort level by pressing the TEMP up QT


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Rear Window Defogger


The lines you see on the rear window warm the glass, Press the button to start warming your window. If you have the standad system, a light will glow in the switch while the defogger is working.


After 10 minutes it will turn off by itself or press the button during the heating cycle to turn it off. If you need additional warming time, push the button again. The system will then operate for five minutesbefore going off by itself. Do not attach a temporary vehicle license, tape or decals across the defogger grid on the rear window.


I NOTICE:


Don't use a razor blade or something else sharp on the inside of the rear window. If you do, you could cut or damage the warming grid, and the repairs wouldn't be covered by your warranty.


Audio Systems Your [email protected] audio system has been designed to operate easily and give years of listening pleasure. You will get the most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself with itfirst. Find out what your Delco system can do and'how to operate all its controls, to be sure you're getting the most out of the advanced engineering that went into it. Setting the Clock for AM-FM Stereo Press SET. Within five seconds, press and hold the SEEK down arrow until the correct hour appears on the display. Press and hold the SEEK up arrow until the correct minute appears on the display. Setting the Clock for All Systems Except AM-FM Stereo Press and hold HR until the correct hour appears. Press and hold MIN until the correct minute appears. There will be a two-second delay before the clock goes into time-set mode, and the colon on the display will blink while in this mode.


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PUSHBUTTONS: The four numbered pushbuttons let you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to 14 stations (seven AM and seven FM). 1. Press AM-FM to select the band. 2. Tune in the desired station. 1 3. Press SET. 4. Within five seconds, press one of the four numbered pushbuttons. Whenever you press that numbered pushbutton, the station you set will return.


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VOLUME: Turn this knob to turn the system on or off. Turn the knob clockwise to increase volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume. RCL: Press the upper knob briefly to recall the station being played or the clock display. AM-FM: Press the lower knob to get AM or FM. The display shows your selection. TUNE: Turn the lower knob to choose radio stations. SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next higher or lower station.


5.. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton. In addition to the four stations set as above, up to three additional stations may be preset on each band by pressing two adjoining buttons at the same time. Just: 1. 2. 3.


Tune iil the desired station. Press SET. Press any two adjoining pushbuttons at the same time (within five seconds). Whenever you press the same buttons, the station you set will return.


4.


Setting the Tone BASS: Slide the lever up or down decrease bass. TREB: Slide the lever up or down to increase decrease treble. If a station is weak or noisy, slide the lever down to reduce the noise.


to increase or


or


Adjusting the Speakers BALANCE: Turn the control behind the upper knob to move the sound to the left or right speakers. Use the middle position to bhance these speakers. ,i;.< . - , FADE: Turn the control behind the lower knob to move the sound to the front or rear speakers. Use the middle position to balance these speakers.


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AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player


Playing the Radio VOL: Push this knob to turn the system on or off. Turn it clockwise to increase volume and counterclockwise to decrease volume. RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall the station being played or the clock display. If you press the knob when the ignition is off, the clock will show for a few seconds.


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Setting the Tone BASS: Slidcthe lever to the right or left to b-crease or decrease bass. TREBLE: Slide the lever to the right or left to increase or decrease treble. If a station is weak or noisy, slide the lever down to reduce the noise. Adjustin’g the Speakers BAL: Press this knob lightly so it extehds. Turn this knob to move the sound to the left or right speakers. Use the middle position to balance these speakers. Push the knob back in when you’re not using it. FADE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. T L I ~ ~ knob to move the sound to the front or rear speakers. Use the middle position to balance these speakers. Push the knob back in when you’re not using it.


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Finding a Station’ AM-FM: Press this button to get AM, FM1 or FM2. Tbe display shows your selection. If a cassette tape is playing, press this button to play the radio. TUNE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn it to choose radio stations. Push the h u b back in when you’re not using it. SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next higher or lower station. PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2). 1. Press AM-FM to select the band. 2. Find the station you want by using TUNE or SEEK. 3. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons until SET appears on the display. Whenever you press that numbered button, the station you set will return. , - , . : 1. I ,:. , .


4. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.


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Playing a Cassette Tape You tape player is built to work best with tapes that are 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes longer than that are so thin they may not work well in this player. While the tape is playing, use the VOL; FADE, BAL, TREBLE and BASS controls just as you do for the radio. The display will show an arrow to show which side of the tape is playing. When the down indicator arrow is lit, selections listed on the bottom side of the cassette are playing. When the up arrow is lit, selections listed on the top side of the cassette are playing. The tape player automatically begins playing the other side when it reaches the end of the tape. If E and a number appear on the radio display, the tape won't play because of an error.


ElO: The tape is tight and the player can't turn the' tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold the tape with the open end down and try to turn the right hub counterclockwise'with a pencil. Turn the tape over and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your tape may be damaged and should not be used in the player. Try a new tape to make sure your player is working properly.


0 Ell: The tape is broken. Try a new tape. If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can't be If your radio corrected, please contact your dealer. displays an error number, write it down and provide it to your dealer when reporting the problem. PREV (1): Press this button or the SEEK down arrow to search for the previous selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three seconds of silence between each selection for PREV or SEEK to work. The tape direction arrow blinks during PREV or SEEK operation. Press PREV or the SEEK down arrow to stop searching. The sound is muted during PREV or SEEK operation. NEXT (2): Press this button or the SEEK up arrow to search for the next selection on the tape. If you hold the button or press it more than once, the player will continue moving forward through the tape. Your tape must have at least three seconds of silence between each selection for NEXT or SEEK to work. The tape direction arrow blinks during NEXT or SEEK operation. Press PREV or the SEEK up arrow to stop searching. The sound is muted during NEXT or SEEK operation.


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PROG (3): Press this button to play the other side of the tape. DD (4): Press this button to reduce background noise. Note that the double-D symbol will appear on the display. [email protected] Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. REV (5): Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly. Press it again to return to playing speed. The radio will play the last-selected station while the tape reverses. You may select stations during REV operation .by using SEEK or TUNE.


. FWD (6): Press this button to advance quickly to


another part of the tape. Press the button again to return to playing speed. The radio will play the'last-selected station while the tape advances. You may select stations during FWD operation by using SEEK or TUNE.


.AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a tape is in the player. TAPE/PLAY: Press this button to change to the tape function when the radio is on. The tape symbol with an arrow will appear on the display when the tape is active. To return to playing the radio, press the AM-FM button. E JECR Press this button to remove the tape., The radio will play. EJECT may be activated with either the ignition or radio off. Cassettes may be loaded with the radio and ignition off if this button is pressed first. CLN: This message may appear on the display. If it to be cleaned. It does, your cas'sette tape player needs will still play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to prevent damage to your tapes and player. See "Care of Your Cassette Tape Player" in the Index. After you clean the player, press and hold EJECT for five seconds to reset the CLN indicator. The radio will display --- to show the indicator was reset.


AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player and? Equalizer


Playing the Radio VOL: Push this knob to turn the system on or it clockwise to increase volume and counterclockwise to decrease volume. RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall the station being played or the clock display. If you press the knob when the ignition is off, the clock will show for a few seconds.


off. Turn


in when


Finding a Station AM-FM: Press this button to get AM, FM1 or FM2. The display shows your selection. If a cassette.tape is playing, press this button to play the radio. TUNE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn it to choose radio stations. Push the knob back you’re not using it. SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next higher or lower station. PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2). 1. Press AM-FM to select the band. 2. Find the station you want by using TUNE or SEEK. 3. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons until SET appears on the display. Whenever you press that numbered button, the station you set will return.


4. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton. Setting the Tone EQUALIZER: A seven band equalizer is part of your audio system. Slide the levers up to boost or down to reduce frequency range.


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Adjusting the Sa kers BAL: Press ms Knob lightly so it extends. Turn it to move the sound to the left or right speakers. Use the middle position to balance these speakers. Push the knob back in when you’re not using it. FADE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn it to move the sound to the front or rear speakers. Use the middle position to balance these speakers. Push the knob back in when you’re not using it.


Playing a Cassette Tape Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes longer than that are so thh they may not work well in this player. While the tape is playing, use the VOLUME, FADE and BAL controls just as you do for the radio. The display will show an m o w to show which side of the tape is playing. m e n the down indicator arrow is lit, selections listed on the bottom side of the cassette are playing. When the up of the cassette are playing. The tape player automatically begins playing the other side when it reaches the end of the tape.


is lit, selections listed on the top side


If E and a number appear on the radio display, the tape won’t play because of an error.


E10: The tape is tight and the player can’t tunn the tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold the tape with the open end down and try to turn the right hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Turn the tape over and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your tape may be damaged and should not be used in the player. Try a new tape to make m e your player is working properly. Ell: The tape is broken. Try a new tape.


If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio displays an error number, write it down and provide it to your dealer when reporting the problem. PREV (1): Press this button or the SEEK down arrow to searGh for the previous selection on the tape. Yow tape must have at least three seconds of silence between each selection for PREV or SEEK to work. The tape direction m o w blinks dwmg PREV or SEEK operation. Press PREV or the SEEK down arrow to stop searching. The sound is muted during PFWV or SEEK operation.


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,


If you hold the


NEXT (2): Press this button or the SEEK up arrow to search for the next selection on the tape. button or press it more than once, the player will continue moving forward through the tape. Your tape must have at least three seconds of silence between each selection for NEXT or SEEK to work. The tape direction arrow blinks during NEXT or SEEK operation. Press PREV or the SEEK up arrow to stop searching. The sound is muted during NEXT or SEEK operation. PROG (3): Press this button to play the other side of the tape. 00 (4): Press this button to reduce background noise. Note that the double-D symbol will appear on the display. Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. REV (5): Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly. Press it again to return to playing speed. The radio will play the last-selected station while the tape reverses. ,You may select stations during REV operation by using SEEK or TUNE.


FWD (6): Press this button to advance quickly to another part of the tape. Press the button again to return to playing speed. The radio will play the last-selected station while the tape advances. You may select stations during FWD operation by using SEEK or TUNE. AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a tape is in the player. TAPEIPLAY: Press this button to change to the tape function when the radio is on. The tape symbol with an arrow will appear on the display when the tape is active. To return to playing the radio, press the AM-FM button. EJECT Press this button to remove the tape. The radio will play. EJECT may be activated with either the ignition or radio off. Cassettes may be loaded with the radio off if this button is pressed first. CLN: This message may appear on the display. If it does, your cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to prevent damage to your tapes and player. See “Care of Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you clean the player, press and hold EJECT for five seconds to reset the CLN indicator. The radio will display --- to show the indicator was reset.


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AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player


Playing the Radio VOL: Push this knob to turn the system on or off. Turn it clockwise to increase volume and counterclockwise to decrease volume. RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall the station being played or the clock display. If you press the knob when the ignition is off, the clock will show for a few seconds.


Finding a Station AM-FM: Press this button to get AM, F M l or FM2. The display shows your selection. TUNE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn it to choose radio stations. Push the knob back in when you're not using, it. SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next higher or lower station. PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations (six AM, six FM 1 and six FM2). 1. Press AM-FM to select the band. 2. Find the station you want by using TUNE or 'SEEK. 3. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons until


SET appears


on


the display. you


that Whenever press


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4. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.


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Setting the Tone BASS: Slide the lever to the right or decrease bass. TREBLE: Slide the lever to the right or or decrease treble. K a station is weak or noisy, slide the lever down to reduce the noise.


left to increase or


left to increase


display. If you want to insert a disc when the ignition is OFF, first press EJECT. If you're driving on a very rough road or if it's very hot, the disc may not play and E (error) and a number may appear on the radio display. If the. disc comes out, it could be that:


Adjusting the Speakers BAL: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn it to move the sound to the left or right speakers. Use the middle position to balance these speakers. Push the knob back in when you're not using it. FADE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn it to move the sound to the front or rear speakers. Use the middle position to balance these speakers. Push the knob back in when you're not using it. Playing a Compact Disc The integral CD player can play 8 cm "single" mini-discs. Full-size compact discs and &-discs are loaded in the same manner. Insert a disc partway irito the slot, label side up. The player will pull it in. The compact disc symbol will appear on the display. If the ignition is on, but the radio is off, the disc will begin playing. CD will appew.&.,


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The disc is upside down. It is dirty, scratched or wet. The air is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour and try again.)


If y o y radio


if an error can't be


If any error occurs repeatedly or corrected, please contact your dealer. displays an error number, write it down and provide it to your dealer when reporting the problem. RECALL: Press this button to see what track is playing. Press it again within five seconds to see how long been playing (elapsed time). The track number also appears when the disc is inserted, you change the volume or when a new track starts playing. PREV (1): Press this button or the SEEK down arrow to go to the start of the current track if more than eight seconds have played. If you hold the button or press it more than once, the player will continue moving back through the disc.


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~ - : - s- h . 1 * _ . .. .


3-19


NEXT (2): Press this button or the SEEK up arrow to go to the start of the next track if more than eight secmds have played. If you hold the button or press it more than once, the player will continue moving forward through the disc. RDM (3): Press this button to hear the tracks in a random order. It will change tracks in a random, rather than sequential order. Press RDM again to turn off random play. REV (5): Press and hold this button to return to a passage quickly. Release it to play the passage. You will hear sound at a reduced volume. The display will show elapsed time. FWD (6): Press and hold this button to advance to a passage quickly. You will hear sound at a reduced volume. The display will show elapsed t h e . AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a disc is playing. The disc will stop but remain in the player. CD/PLAY: Press this button to change to the disc function when the radio is on. EJECT Press this button to remove the disc or stop the disc and switch to the radio. EJECT will work with the radio off.


3-20


AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player and Equalizer


Playing the Radio VOL: Push this knob to turn the system on or off. T m it clockwise to increase volume and counterclockwise to decrease volume. RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall the station being played or the clock display. you press the knob when the ignition is off, the clock will show for a few seconds.


in when


Finding a Station AM-FM: Press this button to get AM, FM1 or FM2. The display shows your selection. TUNE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn it to choose radio stations. Push the knob back you’re not using it. SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next higher or lower station. PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to ! 18 1. 2. 3.


stations (s& AM, six F M 1 and six FM2). Press AM-FM to select the band. Find the station you want by using TUNE or SEEK. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons until SET appears on the display. Whenever you press that numbered button, the station you set will return. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.


4. Setting the Tone EQUALIZER: A seven band equalizer is part of your audio system. Slide the levers up to boost or down to reduce frequency range.


Adjusting the Speakers BAE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn it to move the sound to the left or right speakers. Use the middle position to balance these speakers. Push the knob back in when you’re not using it. FADE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn it to move the sound to the front or rear speakers, Use the middle position to balance these speakers. Push the knob * back in when you’re not using it. Playing a Compact Disc The integral CD player can play 8 cm “single” mini-discs. Full-size compact discs and mini-discs are loaded in the same manner. Insert a disc partway into the slot, label player will pull it in. If the ignition is on, but the radio is off, the disc will begin playing. If you want to in%ert disc when the ignition is off, first press EJECT.


side up. The


P


If you're driving on a very rough road or if it's very hot, the disc may not play and E (error) and a number may appear on the radio display. If the disc comes out, it could be that:


The disc is upside down. It is d m 7 scratched or wet. The air is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour and try again.)


if an error can't be If any error occurs repeatedly or corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio displays an error number, write it down and provide it to your dealer when reporting the problem. WECALL: Press this button to see what track is playing. Press it again within five seconds to see how long it has been playing (elapsed time). The track number also appears when the disc is inserted, the volume is changed or whefi a new track starts playing. P W V (1): Press this button or the S'EEK down mow to go to the start of the current track if more than eight seconds have played. If you hold the-button or press it more than once, the player will continue moving back through the disc.


NEXT (2): Press this button ar the SEEK up arrow to go to the start of the next track if more than eight seconds have played. If you hold the button or press it more than once, the player will continue moving furward through the disc. RDM (3): Press this button to hear the tracks in a random order. It will change discs and tracks in a random, rather than sequential order. Press RDM again to turn o€f randm play. The radio will' play during this operation. REV (5): Press and hold this button to return to a passage quickly. Release it to play the passage. You will .I hear sound at a reduced volume. The display will show elapsed time. FWD (6): Press and hold this button to advance to a passage quickly. You will hear sound at a reduced volume. WE display will show elapsed time. AM-PM: Press this button to play the radio when a disc is playing. The Bjsc will stop but remain in the player. CRIPLAY: Press this button to change'to the disc: function when the radio,is on, EJECT Press'this button to remove the disc or stop the disc and switch to the radio. EJECT will work with the radio off.


' s


::>, _ . "f ' : 7% ,


3-22


1.


If THEFTLOCK is


Theft-Deterrent Feature THEFTLOC,K" is designed to discourage theft of your radio. It works by using a secret code to disable all radio 2. functions whenever battery power is removed. 3. The' THEFTLOCK feature for the radio may be used or ignored. If ignored, the system plays normally and the 4. radio is not protected by the feature. activated, your radio will not operate if stolen. When THEFTLOCK is activated, the radio will display LOC to indicate a locked condition anythe battery power is removed. If your battery loses power for any reason, you must unlock the radio with the,. secret code before it will operate. Activating the Theft-Deterrent Feature 8. The instructions which follow explain how to enter your secret code to activate the THEFTLOCK system. It is recommended that you read through all nine steps before starting.the procedure. NOTE: If you allow more than 15 seconds to elapse between any steps, the radio automatically reverts to time apd you must start the procedure over at Step 4.


5. 6.


9.


7.


Write down any three or four-digit number from 000 to 1999 and keep it in a safe place separate from the vehicle. Turn the ignition to the ACC or RUN position. Turn the radio off. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down until --- shows on the display. Next you will use the secret code number which you have written down. Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display.. Press MIN again to make the last two digits agree with your code. Press HR to make the first one or two digits agree with your code. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the code matches the secret code you have written down. The display will show REP to let you know that you need to repeat Steps 5 through 7 to confirm your secret code. Press AM-FM and this tinie the display will show SEC to let you know that your radio is secure.


.. . .


? ' . .:?<


Unlocking the Theft-Deterrent Feature After a Power Loss than Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more 15 seconds between steps: 1. LOC appears when the ignition is on. 2. Press MIN and 000 will appear-on the display. 3. Press MIN again to make the last two digits agree


with your code.


4. Press HR to make the first one or two digits agree


with your ?ode.


Disabling the Theft-Deterrent Feature Enter your secret code as follows; pause 15 seconds between steps: 1. Turn the ignition to the ACCESSORY or RUN


no more than


position.


2. Turn the radio off. 3. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down


until SEC shows on the display.


4. 'Press MIN and 0010 will appear on the display. 5. Press MIN again to make 'the iast two digits agree


5. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the


code matches the secret code you have written down. The display will show SEC, indicating the radio is now operable and ,secure.


with your code.


with your code.


If you enter the wrong code eight times, INOP will appear on the display. You will have to wait an hour with the ignition on before you can try again. When you try again, you will only have three chances to enter the correct code before INOP appears. 11 you lose or forget your code, contact y o u dealer.


3-24


6. Press HR to make the first one or two digits agree


7.. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the


code matches the secret code you have written down. The display will show ---, indicating that the radio is no longer secured.


If the code entered is incorrect, SEC will appear on the display. The radio will remain secured until the correct code is entered. When battery power is given to a secured radio, the radio won't turn on and LOC will appear on the display.


Steering Wheel Controls (Option) If your vehicle has this feature, you can control certain radio functions using the buttons on your steering wheel.


VOLUME: Press the up arrow to increase the volume and the down arrow to decrease volume.


SEEK: Press the up arrow to tune to the next radio station and the down arrow to tune to the previous radio station. If a cassette tape or compact disc is playing, the player will advance with the up arrow and rewind with the down arrow.


PRESET Press this button to hear the radio stations that are set on your pushbuttons. AM-FM: Press this button to select AM, FM1 or FM2. The band selected will show on the digital screen. The if the station is in frequency will also be displayed and, stereo, the stereo indicator will also be displayed. If a cassette tape or compact disc is playing, the tape or disc will stop playing and the radio will play.


PLAY: Press this button to play a cassette tape or compact disc when the radio is playing. MUTE: Press this button to silence the system. Press it again, or any other radio button, to turn on the sound.


3-25


Understanding Radio eception FM Stereo FM stereo will give you the best sound. But EM signals will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall buildings 'or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing the sound to come and go. AM The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM, especially at night. The longer range, however, can cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick up noise fkom things like storms and power lines. Try reducing the treble to reduce this nois'e Tips About Your Audio System Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be loud and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe sound level before your hearing adapts to


if you ever get it.


it.


. . .


To help avoid hearing loss or damage:


Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.


0 Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably


and clearly.'


NOTICE: vehicle -- like a tape player, CB'radio, mobile Before you add any sound equipment to your telephone or two-way radio -- be sure you can


add what you want. If you can, it's very important to i o it properly. Added sound equipment may interfere with the operation of your vehicle's engine, Delco radio or other systems, and even damage them. Your vehicle's systems may interfere with the operation of sound equipment that has been added improperly. So, before adding sound equipment, check with your dealer and be sure to check Federal rules covering mobile radio and telephone units.


1.::.


1 "-


Care of Your Cassette Tape Player A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their cleaner which uses a cassette with a cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and the tape head. It may extreme heat. If they aren't, they may not operate scrubbing type properly or may cause failure of the tape player.


cleaner.


to CUT TAPE DETECTION


The radio will default back when the cleaner cassette is ejected. You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type fabric belt to clean


not'clean as thoroughly as the


Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality may


tape player should be clean4 regularly after every, degrade over time. Always make sure that the cassette


50 h o k without player serviced.


tape is in good condition before you have your tape


50 hours of use. Youi. radio may display CLN to indicate that you have used your tape player for resetting the tape clean timer. If you notice a reduction in sound quality, try a known good cassette to see if the tape or the tape player is at fault. If this other cassette has no improvement in sound quality, clean the tape player. Cleaning m y be done with a scrubbing action, non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn. Follow these steps to prevent the cassette from being Be sure never td touch the signal surface when handling ejected due to the CUT TAPE DETECTION feature: discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges or the 1. Turn the radio edge of the hole and the outer 2. Press and hold the TAPEPLAY button for three


Care of Your Compact Discs Handle discs carefully. Store them in th'eir original cases or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight , and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.


off and the ignition


edge..


on.


seconds (tape indicator will flash


for two seconds).


3. ~nskrt the cleaner cassette.


Fixed Mast Antenna The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes without being damaged. If the mast should ever become slightly bent, you can straighten it out by hand. If the mast is badly bent, as it might be by vandals, YOU should replace it. Check every once in a while to be sure the mast is still tightened to the fender. Power Antenna Mast Care Your power antenna will look its best and work well if it’s cleaned fiom time to time. To clean the antenna mast: 1. Turn on the ignition and radio to raise the antenna. 2. Dampen a clean cloth with’mineral spirits or


equivalent solvent.


3. Wipe the cloth over the.mast sections, removing any


dirt.


4. Wipe dry with a clean cloth. 5. Make the antenna go up and down by turning the


radio or ignition off and on.


6. Repeat if necessary.


I NOTICE:


Don’t lubricate the power antenna. Lubrication could damage it.


NOTICE:


Before entering an automatic car wash, turn off your radio to make the power antenna go down. This will prevent the ,mast from possibly getting damaged. If the antenna does not go down when you turn the radio off, it may be damaged or need to be cleaned. In either case, lower the antenna by hand by carefully pressing the antenna down.


If the mast portion of your antenna is damaged, you can easily replace it. See your dealer for a replacement kit and follow the instructions in the kit.


NOTES


NOTES


3-30


Section 4 Your Driving and the Road


in the Index.)


Defensive Driving The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive defensively. Please start with a very important safety device in your Pontiac: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts” Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.” On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means “always expect the unexpected.” Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might do. Be ready for their mistakes. Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following distance. It’s the best defensive driving maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake or turn suddenly.


‘i


4-1


Here you’ll find information about driving on different kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve also included many other useful tips on driving.


Drunken Driving Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor. to the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims every year. Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs a vehicle:


to drive



Judgment


0 Muscular Coordination


Vision Attentiveness,


Police records show that almost half of all motor vehicle-related,deaths involve alcohol. In most cases, these deaths me the result of someone who was drinking and driving. h recent years, some 18,000 annual motor vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured. Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly hdf the adult population -- choose never to drink alcohol, so they never drive after drinking. For persons under 21, it’s against the law in every W.S’. state to drink alcohol. There are good medical, psychological and developmental reasons for these laws.


The obvious way to solve this highway safety problem is for people never to drink alcohol and then drive. But what if people do? How much is “too much” if the driver plans to elrive? It’s a lot less than many might think. Although it depends on each person and situation, here is some general information on the problem. The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone who is drinking depends upon four things: 0 The amount of alcohol consumed 0 The drinker’s body weight


The amwnt of food that is consumed before and during drinking The length of time it has taken the drinker to consume the alcohol.


According to the Amefican Medical Association, a 180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce (355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1 - 1/2 ounces (45 d) of a liquor me whiskey, gin or vodka.


Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a man of her same body weight when each has the same number of drinks. The law in many U.S. states sets the legal limit at a BAC of 0.10 percent. In a growing number of U.S. states, and throughout Canada, the limit is 0.08 percent. In some for all other countries, it’s even lower. The BAC limit is 0.04 percent. commercial drivers in the United States The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen, it depends on how much alcohol is quickly the person drinks them. But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of 0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills of many people aie impaired at a BAC approaching 0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All 0.05 percent. drivers are impaired at BAC levels above Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of 0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level 0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!


in the drinks, and how


of


4-3


It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who consumes food just before or during drinking will have a somewhat lower BAC level. There is a gender difluence, too. Women generally have a lower relative percentage of body water than men.


The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold showers will speed that up. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street? A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able to react quickly enough to avoid the collision. There’s something else about drinking and driving that many people don’t know. Medical research shows that alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or heart. This means that when anyone who has been drinking -- driver or passenger --, is in a crash, that person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled is higher than if the person had not been drinking.


Drinking and then driving is very dangerous. Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and judgment can be affected by even a small amount of alcohol. You can have a serious -- or even fatal -- collision if you drive after drinking. Please don’t drink and drive or ride with a driver who has been drinking. ‘Ride home in a cab; or if you’re with a group, designate a driver who *.not drink.


4-4


Control of a Vehicle You have three systems that make your vehicle go where Braking action involves you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work First, at the places where the tires meet the road.


Braking


reaction time.


perception time and


you have to decide to push on the brake


pedal. That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up your foot A d do it. That’s reaction time. Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But that’s only an average. It might be less with one driver and as long as two or three seconds or more with another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle moving at 60 mph (100 h/h) travels 66 feet (20 m). That could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so keeping enough space between your vehicle and others is important. And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement or gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire tread; and the condition of your brakes.


Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires and road can provide. That means of your vehicle.


you can lose control


Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the traffic and allow realistic following distances, you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means better braking and longer brake life. If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine stops, you dill still have some power brake assist. But you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal will be harder tol push.


Anti-Lock Brakes Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes (ABS). ABS is an advanced electronic braking system that will help prevent a braking skid. When you start your engine, or when you begin to drive away, your anti-lock, brake system will check itself. You may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while this test is going on, and you may even notice that your brake pedal moves a little. This is normal.


(a) If there’s a problem with the


anti-lock brake system, this warning light will stay on. See “Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light” in the Index.


ANTILOCK


4-6


The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure faster than any driver could. The computer is programmed to make the most of available tire and road conditions.


is wet.


Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal jumps out in front of you. You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with ABS. A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at the rear wheels.


You can steer around the obstacle while braking hard. As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.


Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t cfiange the time you need to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease stopping distance. If you get too close to the vehicle in front of you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows .or stops. Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have anti-lock brakes. Using Anti-Lock Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down and let anti-lock work for you. You may feel the system workg, or you may notice some noise, but this is normd. Traction Control System (Option) Your vehicle may have a traction con&ol system that limits wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery road conditions. The system operates only if it senses that one or both of the front wheels are spinning or beginning to lose traction. When this happens, the system works the front brakes and reduces engine power to limit wheel spin. You may feel or hear the system working, but this is normal,.


If your-vehicle is in cruise control when the traction control system. begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise. control will automatically disengage. When road conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may reengage the cruise control. (See “Cruise Control” in the Index.)



M e n the system is on, this warning light will come on to k t you know if there’s- a problem with. your traction control system.


TRACTION


OFF


See “Traction Control System Warning Light’’ in the Index. When this warning light is on, the system will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving


accordingly.


---


.., ’. . ,.! “ A


~ i 1


e . -. .. . l ’ i-!


The traction control system automatically comes on whenever you start your vehicle. To limit wheel spin, especially in slippery road conditions, you should always leave the system on. But you can turn the traction control system off if you ever need to. (You should turn the system off if your vehicle ever gets stuck in sand, mud, ice or snow. See “Rocking Your Vehicle” in the Index.)


To turn the system off, press the TRACTION CONTROL button located on the console next to the gear shift selector.


The traction control system warning light will come on and stay on. If the system is limiting wheel spin when you press the button, the warning light will come on -- but the system won’t turn off right away. It will wait until there’s no longex a current need to limit wheel spin.


You can turn the system back on at any time by pressing the button again. The traction control system warning light should go off. Braking in Emergencies Use your anti-lock braking system when you need to. With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more than even the very best braking. Steering Power Steering If you lose power steering assist because the engine stops or the system. is not functioning, you can steer but it will take much more effort. Magnasteer Your vehicle is equipped with GM Magnasteer TM , a steering system that continuously adjusts the effort you feel when steering.at all vehicle speeds. It provides ease when parking, yet a firm, solid feel at highway speeds.


4-9


Steering Tips Driving on Curves It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed. A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on the news happen on curves. Here’s why: Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to the same laws of physics when driving on curves. The traction of the tires against the road surface makes it possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this. The traction you can get in a curve depends on the condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at which the curve is banked, and your speed. While you’re in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control. Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve. Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control systems -- steering and acceleration -- have to do their work where the tires meet the road. Unless you have traction control and the system is on, adding the sudden acceleration can demand too much of those places. You can lose control.


What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it to go, and slow down. Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are based on good weather and road conditions. Under less favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower. If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front wheels are straight ahead. Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady spied. Wait to accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then accelerate gently into the straightaway. Steering in Emergencies There are times when steering can be more effective than braking. For example, you come over a hill and find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between parked cars and stops right in fi-ont of you. You can avoid these problems by braking -- if you can stop in time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room. That’s the time for evasive action -- steering around the problem.


4-10


Your Pontiac can perfom very well in emergencies like these. First apply your brakes. (See ‘‘Braking in Emergencies” earlier in this section.) It is better to remove as much speed as you can from a possible collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left right depending on the space available.


or


An emergency like this requires close attention and a quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly, and just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have avoided the object. The fact that such emergency situations are always possible is a good reason to practice defensive ‘driving at all times and.wear safety belts properly.


4-11


Off-Road Recovery You may find sometime that your right wheels have dropped off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.


/ // e-


LEFT APPAOX. QUARTER TURN


Passing The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a two-lane highway waits for just the right moment, accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver? Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision. So here are some tips for passing:


If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter turn until the right front tire contacts the pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel to go straight down the roadway.


“Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides and to crossroads for situations that might affect your passing patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait for a better time. Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a hun or an intersection, delay youi pass. A broken center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass (providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross a solid line on your side of the lane or a double solid line, even if the road seems empty of approaching trS1c.


a


Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one thing, following too closely reduces your area of vision, especially if you’re following a larger vehicle. Also, you won’t have adequate space vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a reasonable distance. When it looks like a chance to pass start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and don’t get too close. Time your move so you will be


is coming up,


if the ’


I % .


. > .-


. . . -..increasing speed as the time comes to move into the - .; -.: - 5 ; . : y other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a -8 -“running start” that more than makes up for the


distance-you would lose by dropping back. And if something happens to cause you you need only slow down and drop back again and wait for another opportunity. If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder and check the blind spot.


to cancel your pass,


.~ . . 4 ,


.*


Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and start your left lane change signal before moving out of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal and move back into the right lane. (Remember that your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you just passed may seem to be farther away from you than it really is.) Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the next vehicle. Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly. Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may be slowing down or starting to turn. If you’re being passed, make it easy for the following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you can ease a little to the right.


Loss of Control Let’s review what driving experts say about what happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked. In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to steer and constantly seek an escape route or area of less danger. Skidding In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle. Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable care suited to existing conditions, and by not “overdriving” those conditions. But skids are always possible. The three types of skids correspond to your Pontiac’s three control systems. In the braking skid, your wh’eels aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and lose cornering force. And in the acceleration ‘skid, too much throttIe causes the driving wheels A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal. If you have the traction control system, remember: It helps avoid only the acceleration skid.


If you do not have traction control, or if the system is off, then an acceleration skid is also best handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal. If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a second skid if it occurs. Of course, traction i,s reduced when water, snow, ice, gravel or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll want to slow down and adjust your driving to these conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and vehicle control more limited. While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery until your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow on the road to make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow down when you have any doubt. Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps avoid only the braking skid.


to spin.


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Driving at Night


Here are some tips on night dnving. 0 Drive defensively.


Don’t drink and drive. Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the gl&e from headlamps behind you.


0 Since you can’t see as well, you may need to


slow down and keep more space between you and other vehicles.


0 Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.


0 In remote areas, watch for animals.


If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place and rest.


Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One reason is that some drivers are likely to be impaired -- by alcohol or chugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue.


Night Vision No one c8n see as well at night as in the-daytime. But as we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old driver may require at least twice as much light to see the same thing at night as a 20-year-old. What you do in the daytime can also afTect your night vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will have less trouble adNsting to night. But if you're driving, don't wear sunglasses at night. They may cut down on.glare from headlamps, but they also. make a lot of things invisible. You can be temporarily blinddby approaching. aren't even headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. when you are faced with severe glare (as fkom a driver who doesn't lower the high beams, or a vehicle with m i s h e d headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring directly into the approaching headlamps.


Keep you windshield and all the glass on your vehicle clean - inside and out. Glare at night is made much worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would, making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly. Remember that your headlamps light up farless of a roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your eyes moving; that way, it's easier to pick out dimly lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night blindness -- the inability to see in dim light - and


aware of it.


Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads


Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet road, you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads. And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get to go slower and be even less traction. It’s always wise cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are tuned for driving on dry pavement. The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals, pavement markings, the edge of the road and even people walking. It’s wise to keep your wiping equipment in good shape and keep your windshield washer tank filled. Replace your windshield wiper inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to separate from the inserts.’


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.Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to ‘one side. You could lose control of the vehicle. After driving through a large puddle of water or a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until your brakes work normally.


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