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I NISSAN recommends that the road wheels be waxed to protect against road salt in areas where it is used during winter.

Spare tire (T-type spare tire) Observe the following precautions if the T-type spare tire must be used, otherwise your ve- hicle could be damaged or involved in an accident.

I The T-type spare tire should be used only for emergency. It should be re- placed by the standard tire at the first opportunity.

I Drive carefully while the T-type spare

tire is installed.

Avoid sharp turns and abrupt braking while driving.

I Periodically check tire inflation pres- sure, and always keep it at 60 psi (420
kPa, 4.2 bar).

I Do not drive your vehicle at speeds

faster than 50 MPH (80 km/h).

I Do not use tire chains on a T-type spare tire. Tire chains will not fit prop- erly on the T-type spare tire and may cause damage to the vehicle.

I When driving on roads covered with snow or ice, the T-type spare tire should be used on the rear wheel and the original tire used on the front wheels (drive wheels). Use tire chains only on the front two original tires.

Do-it-yourself 8-35

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I Tire tread of the T-type spare tire will wear at a faster rate than the original tire. Replace the T-type spare tire as soon as the tread wear indicators appear.

I Because the T-type spare tire is smaller than the original tire, ground clearance is reduced. To avoid dam- age to the vehicle do not drive over obstacles. Also do not drive the ve- hicle through an automatic car wash since it may get caught.

I Do not use the T-type spare tire on

other vehicles.

I Do not use more than one T-type

spare tire at the same time.

I Do not tow a trailer while the T-type

spare tire is installed.

8-36 Do-it-yourself

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9 Maintenance

General maintenance................................................ 9-3
Periodic maintenance schedules .............................. 9-5

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However, under severe driving conditions, ad- ditional or more frequent maintenance will be required. Where to go for service: If maintenance service is required or your vehicle appears to malfunction, have the sys- tems checked and tuned by an authorized NISSAN dealer. NISSAN technicians are well-trained special- ists and are kept up to date with the latest service information through technical bulletins, service tips, and in-dealership training pro- grams. They are completely qualified to work on NISSAN’s vehicles before they work on your vehicle, they have worked on it. You can be confident that your NISSAN deal- er’s service department performs the best job to meet the maintenance requirements on your vehicle — in a reliable and economic way.

than after


Your new NISSAN has been designed to have minimum maintenance requirements with longer service intervals to save you both time and money. However, some day-to-day and regular maintenance is essential to maintain your NISSAN’s good mechanical condition, as well as its emission and engine performance.

It is the owner’s responsibility to make sure that the specified maintenance, as well as general maintenance, is performed.

As the vehicle owner, you are the only one who can ensure that your vehicle receives the proper maintenance care. You are a vital link in the maintenance chain. General maintenance:

General maintenance includes those items which should be checked during normal day- to-day operation of the vehicle. They are es- sential if your vehicle is to continue to operate properly. It is your responsibility to perform these procedures regularly as prescribed. These checks or inspections can be done by yourself, a qualified technician or, if you prefer, your NISSAN dealer. Periodic maintenance: The maintenance items listed in this part are required to be serviced at regular intervals. 9-2 Maintenance

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During the normal day-to-day operation of the vehicle, general maintenance should be per- formed regularly as prescribed in this section. If you detect any unusual sounds, vibrations or smell, be sure to check for the cause or have your NISSAN dealer do it promptly. In addition, you should notify your NISSAN dealer if you think that repairs are required. When performing any checks or maintenance work, see “Maintenance precautions” in the “8. Do-it-yourself” section. EXPLANATION OF MAINTENANCE ITEMS Additional information on the following items with “*” is found in the “8. Do-it- yourself” section. Outside the vehicle The maintenance items listed here should be performed from time to time, unless otherwise specified. Tires*: Check the pressure with a gauge pe- riodically when at a service station, including the spare, and adjust to the specified pressure if necessary. Check carefully for damage, cuts or excessive wear.

Wheel nuts*: When checking the tires, make

sure no nuts are missing, and check for any loose nuts. Tighten if necessary.

Tire rotation*: Tires should be rotated every 7,500 miles (12,000 km).

Wheel alignment and balance: If the vehicle pulls to either side while driving on a straight and level road, or if you detect uneven or abnormal tire wear, there may be a need for wheel alignment.

If the steering wheel or seat vibrates at normal highway speeds, wheel balancing may be needed. Windshield wiper blades*: Check for cracks or wear if they do not wipe properly.

Doors and engine hood: Check that all doors and the engine hood operate smoothly as well as the trunk lid or back hatch. Also make sure that all latches lock securely. Lubricate if nec- essary. Make sure that the secondary latch keeps the hood from opening when the pri- mary latch is released.

When driving in areas using road salt or other corrosive materials, check lubrication fre- quently.

Inside the vehicle The maintenance items listed here should be checked on a regular basis, such as when performing periodic maintenance, cleaning the vehicle, etc. Lights*: Make sure that the headlights, stop lights, tail lights, turn signal lights, and other lights are all operating properly and installed securely. Also check headlight aim.

Warning lights and buzzers: Make sure that all warning lights and buzzers are operating properly.

Windshield wiper and washer*: Check that the wipers and washer operate properly and that the wipers do not streak.

Windshield defroster: Check that the air comes out of the defroster outlets properly and in good quantity when operating the heater or air conditioner.

Steering wheel: Check for changes in the steering conditions, such as excessive free play, hard steering or strange noises.

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Seats: Check seat position controls such as seat adjusters, seatback recliner, etc. to en- sure they operate smoothly and that all latches lock securely in every position. Check that the head restraints move up and down smoothly and that the locks (if equipped) hold securely in all latched positions.

Seat belts: Check that all parts of the seat belt system (for example, buckles, anchors, adjust- ers and retractors) operate properly and smoothly, and are installed securely. Check the belt webbing for cuts, fraying, wear or damage.

Accelerator pedal: Check the pedal for smooth operation and make sure the pedal does not catch or require uneven effort. Keep the floor mats away from the pedal.

Clutch pedal*: Make sure the pedal operates smoothly and check that it has the proper free play.

Brakes: Check that the brakes do not pull the vehicle to one side when applied.

Brake pedal and booster*: Check the pedal for smooth operation and make sure it has the proper distance under it when depressed fully. Check the brake booster function. Be sure to 9-4 Maintenance

keep floor mats away from the pedal.

Parking brake*: Check that the lever has the proper travel and make sure that the vehicle is held securely on a fairly steep hill when only the parking brake is applied.

Automatic transaxle P (Park) position mechanism: Check that the brake pedal must be depressed for the selector lever to be moved from the P (Park) position. On a fairly steep hill check that the vehicle is held se- curely with the selector lever in the P (Park) position without applying any brakes. Under the hood and the vehicle The maintenance items listed here should be checked periodically (for example, each time you check the engine oil or refuel). Windshield washer fluid*: Check that there is adequate fluid in the tank.

Engine coolant level*: Check the coolant level when the engine is cold.

Radiator and hoses: Check the front of the radiator and clean off any dirt, insects, leaves, etc., that may have accumulated. Make sure the hoses have no cracks, deformation, dete- rioration or loose connections.

Brake and clutch fluid levels*: Make sure that the brake and clutch fluid levels are be- tween the MAX and MIN lines on the reservoir.

Battery*: Check the fluid level in each cell. It should be between the MAX and MIN lines.

Engine drive belts*: Make sure that no belt is frayed, worn, cracked or oily.

Engine oil level*: Check the level on the dipstick after parking the vehicle on a level spot and turning off the engine. Be sure to wait a few minutes to allow the oil to drain back into the sump.

Power steering fluid level* and lines: Check the level in the reservoir tank with the engine off. Check the lines for proper attachment, leaks, cracks, etc.

Automatic transaxle fluid level*: Check the level on the dipstick after putting the selector lever in P (Park) position with the engine idling.

Exhaust system: Make sure there are no loose supports, cracks or holes. If the sound of the exhaust seems unusual or there is a smell of exhaust immediately locate the trouble and correct it.


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taxi or door-to-door delivery use.

I driving in dusty conditions. I driving on rough, muddy, or salt spread


I towing a trailer, using a camper or a

car-top carrier. SCHEDULE 2
Follow Periodic Maintenance Schedule 2 if none of the driving conditions shown in Sched- ule 1 apply to your driving habits.

(See “Precautions when starting and driving” in the “5. Starting and driving” section for exhaust gas (carbon monoxide).)

Underbody: The underbody is frequently ex- posed to corrosive substances such as those used on icy roads or to control dust. It is very important to remove these substances, other- wise rust will form on the floor pan, frame, fuel lines and around the exhaust system. At the end of winter, the underbody should be thor- oughly flushed with plain water, being careful to clean those areas where mud and dirt may accumulate. For additional information, see “Cleaning exterior” in the “7. Appearance and care” section.

Fluid leaks: Check under the vehicle for fuel, oil, water or other fluid leaks after the vehicle has been parked for a while. Water dripping from the air conditioner after use is normal. If you should notice any leaks or if gasoline fumes are evident, check for the cause and have it corrected immediately.

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE SCHEDULES To ensure smooth, trouble-free, safe and eco- nomical driving, NISSAN provides two differ- ent maintenance schedules that may be used, depending upon the conditions in which you usually drive. These schedules contain both distance and time intervals, up to 60,000 miles (96,000 km)/48 months. For most people, the odometer reading will indicate when service is needed. However, if you drive very little, your vehicle should be serviced at the regular time intervals shown in the schedule. After 60,000
miles (96,000 km) or 48 months, continue the periodic maintenance at the same mileage/time intervals. SCHEDULE 1
Follow Periodic Maintenance Schedule 1 if your driving habits frequently include one or more of the following driving conditions: I repeated short trips of less than 5 miles

(8 km).

I repeated short trips of less than 10 miles (16 km) with outside temperatures re- maining below freezing.

I operating in hot weather in stop-and-go

rush hour traffic.

I extensive idling and/or low speed driv- ing for long distances, such as police,

Maintenance 9-5

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Abbreviations: R = Replace I = Inspect. Correct or replace if necessary.

]: At the mileage intervals only



Perform at number of miles, kilometers or months, which- ever comes first.

Miles x 1,000
(km x 1,000) Months




(24) 12

18.75 22.5 26.25
(42) (30) 15

(36) 18

(48) 24

33.75 37.5 41.25
(66) (54) 27

(60) 30

(72) 36

48.75 52.5 56.25
(90) (78) 39

(84) 42

(96) 48

See NOTE (1) See NOTE (2)

Emission control system maintenance Drive belts Air cleaner filter EVAP vapor lines Fuel lines Fuel filter Engine coolant Engine oil Engine oil filter (Use part No. 15208-31U00 or equivalent) Spark plugs (Use PLATINUM-TIPPED type) Intake & exhaust valve clearance

See NOTE (3)* See NOTE (4)

See NOTE (5)

[R] I* I*

I* [R] I* I*

R* [R]

NOTE: (1) After 60,000 miles (96,000 km) or 48 months, inspect every 15,000 miles (24,000 km) or 12 months.

(2) If operating mainly in dusty conditions, more frequent maintenance may be required. (3) If vehicle is operated under extremely adverse weather conditions or in areas where ambient temperatures are either

extremely low or extremely high, the filters might become clogged. In such an event, replace them immediately.

(4) After 60,000 miles (96,000 km) or 48 months, replace every 30,000 miles (48,000 km) or 24 months. (5) If valve noise increases, inspect valve clearance. (6) Maintenance items and intervals with “*” are recommended by NISSAN for reliable vehicle operation. The owner need not perform such maintenance in order to maintain the emission warranty or manufacturer recall liability. Other maintenance items and intervals are required.

9-6 Maintenance

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Abbreviations: I = Inspect. Correct or replace if necessary.



Miles x 1,000


7.5 11.25

15 18.75 22.5 26.25

30 33.75 37.5 41.25

45 48.75 52.5 56.25


(km x 1,000)































Perform at number of miles, kilometers or months, whichever comes first.

Chassis and body maintenance

Brake lines & cables

Brake pads & discs

Manual & automatic transaxle oil

See NOTE (1).

Steering gear & linkage, axle & suspension parts

Exhaust system

Front drive shaft boots

Supplemental air bag system

See NOTE (2).

NOTE: (1) If towing a trailer, using a camper or a car-top carrier, or driving on rough or muddy roads, change (not just inspect) oil at

every 30,000 miles (48,000 km) or 24 months.

(2) Inspect the supplemental air bag system 10 years after the date of manufacture noted on the F.M.V.S.S. certification label.

Maintenance 9-7

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Abbreviations: R = Replace I = Inspect. Correct or replace if necessary.


Perform at number of miles, kilometers or months, whichever comes first.

Miles x 1,000
(km x 1,000) Months


(24) 12

(36) 18

Emission control system maintenance Drive belts See NOTE (1) Air cleaner filter EVAP vapor lines Fuel lines Fuel filter Engine coolant Engine oil Engine oil filter (Use part No. 15208-31U00 or equivalent) Spark plugs (Use PLATINUM-TIPPED type) Intake & exhaust valve clearance

See NOTE (2)* See NOTE (3)

See NOTE (4)


]: At the mileage intervals only

(48) 24

[R] I* I*

(60) 30

(72) 36

(84) 42

(96) 48

I* [R] I* I*

R* [R]

NOTE: (1) After 60,000 miles (96,000 km) or 48 months, inspect every 15,000 miles (24,000 km) or 12 months.

(2) If vehicle is operated under extremely adverse weather conditions or in areas where ambient temperatures are either

extremely low or extremely high, the filters might become clogged. In such an event, replace them immediately.

(3) After 60,000 miles (96,000 km) or 48 months, replace every 30,000 miles (48,000 km) or 24 months. (4) If valve noise increases, inspect valve clearance. (5) Maintenance items and intervals with “*” are recommended by NISSAN for reliable vehicle operation. The owner need not perform such maintenance in order to maintain the emission warranty or manufacturer recall liability. Other maintenance items and intervals are required.

9-8 Maintenance

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Abbreviations: I = Inspect. Correct or replace if necessary.



Perform at number of miles, kilometers or months, whichever comes first.

Chassis and body maintenance Brake lines & cables

Brake pads & discs

Manual & automatic transaxle oil

Steering gear linkage, axle & suspension parts

Exhaust system

Front drive shaft boots

Miles x 1,000

(km x 1,000)

























Supplemental air bag system

See NOTE (1).

NOTE: (1) Inspect the supplemental air bag system 10 years after the date of manufacture noted on the F.M.V.S.S. certification label.

Maintenance 9-9

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EXPLANATION OF MAINTENANCE ITEMS Additional information on the following items with “*” is found in the “8. Do-it- yourself” section. Emission control system maintenance Drive belts*: Check drive belts for wear, fray- ing or cracking and also for proper tension. Replace the drive belts if found damaged.

Air cleaner filter: Under normal driving con- ditions, the air cleaner filter should be replaced in accordance with the maintenance schedule. However, driving the vehicle in dusty areas may cause more rapid clogging of the element. Consequently, the element may have to be replaced more frequently.

EVAP vapor lines: Check EVAP vapor lines and connections for failure or looseness. If leaks are found, replace them.

Fuel lines: Check the fuel hoses, piping and connections for leaks, looseness or deteriora- tion. Replace any parts if they are damaged.

Fuel filter: If the vehicle is operated under extremely adverse weather conditions or in areas where ambient temperatures are either the filter extremely low or extremely high, might become clogged. In such an event, replace the filter immediately.

Engine coolant*: Drain and flush the cooling system.

Engine oil & oil filter*: Under normal driving conditions, the engine oil and oil filter should be replaced in accordance with the mainte- nance schedule. However, under severe driv- ing conditions, they may have to be replaced more frequently.

Spark plugs*: Replace with new plugs having the correct heat range.

Intake & exhaust valve clearance: Check the valve clearance if valve noise increases. Chassis and body maintenance Brake lines & cables: Check the brake lines and hoses (including brake booster vacuum hoses, connections & check valve) and park- ing brake cables for proper attachment, leaks, cracks, chafing, abrasion, deterioration, etc.

Brake pads & discs: Check these and the other neighboring brake components for wear, deterioration and leaks. Under severe driving conditions, they may have to be inspected more frequently.

Manual & automatic transaxle fluid*: Check the fluid level and visually inspect for signs of leakage.

Under severe driving conditions, the oil should be replaced at the specified interval. Steering gear & linkage, axle & suspension parts, and drive shaft boots: Check for dam- age, looseness and leakage of oil or grease. Under severe driving conditions, more fre- quent inspection should be performed.

Exhaust system: Visually check the exhaust pipes, muffler, and hangers for proper attach- ment, leaks, cracks, chafing, abrasion, dete- rioration, etc. Under severe driving conditions, inspection should be performed more fre- quently.

Supplemental air bag, and supplemental side air bag (if so equipped) systems: Main- tenance for the supplemental air bags or supplemental side air bags should be done by an authorized NISSAN dealer.

9-10 Maintenance

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Maintenance 9-11

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9-12 Maintenance

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10 Technical and consumer information

Capacities and recommended fuel/lubricants .......................................................... 10-2
Specifications .......................................................... 10-7
When traveling or registering your vehicle in another country....................................... 10-9
Vehicle identification ............................................... 10-9
Installing front license plate................................... 10-11
Vehicle loading information................................... 10-12
Towing a trailer ..................................................... 10-13
Uniform tire quality grading................................... 10-17
Emission control system warranty ........................ 10-18
Reporting safety defects (US only) ....................... 10-18
Readiness for inspection/maintenance (I/M) test (US only)................................................ 10-18

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CAPACITIES AND RECOMMENDED FUEL/LUBRICANTS The following are approximate capacities. The actual refill capacities may be a little different. When refilling, follow the procedure instructed in the “8. Do-it-yourself” section to determine the proper refill capacity.


Engine oil (Refill)

With oil filter

Without oil filter

Cooling system

With reservoir Reservoir

Manual transmission gear oil

Automatic transmission fluid

Power steering fluid

Brake and clutch fluid

Capacity (Approximate)






18-1/2 gal

15-3/8 gal


4-1/4 qt

3-7/8 qt

9 qt 7/8 qt —

3-1/2 qt

3-1/4 qt

7-1/2 qt 3/4 qt —




Refill to the proper oil level according to the instructions in the “8. Do-it- yourself” section.

Multi-purpose grease Air conditioning system refrigerant

Air conditioning system lubricants

— —

— —

— —

Recommended specifications

Unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of at least 91 AKI (RON 96)

I API SG or SH and Energy Conserving

II*1, *2

I API Certification Mark*1, *2

Anti-freeze coolant (Ethylene glycol base)

API GL-4, Viscosity SAE 80W-90 only Nissan Matic “D” (Continental U.S. and Alaska) or Genuine Nissan Automatic Transmission Fluid (Canada).*3
Type DEXRONTMIII or equivalent Genuine Nissan Brake Fluid*4 or equiva- lent DOT 3 (US FMVSS No. 116) NLGI No. 2 (Lithium soap base) HFC-134a (R-134a) Nissan A/C System Oil Type S or exact equivalent

*1: For additional information, see later in “Capacities and recommended fuel/lubricants” for engine oil and oil filter recommendation. *2: For additional information, see later in “Capacities and recommended fuel/lubricants” for recommended SAE viscosity number. *3: DexronTMIII/MerconTM or equivalent may also be used. Outside the continental United States and Alaska contact a NISSAN dealer for more information regarding suitable fluids, including recommended brand(s) of DexronTMIII/MerconTM automatic transmission fluid.

*4: Available in mainland US through your NISSAN.

10-2 Technical and consumer information

FUEL RECOMMENDATION Unleaded premium gasoline with an octane rating of at least 91 AKI (Anti-Knock Index) number (Research octane number 96)

If unleaded premium gasoline is not avail- able, unleaded regular gasoline with an octane rating of at least 87 AKI (Research octane number 91) can be used. However, for maximum vehicle perfor- mance, the use of unleaded premium gaso- line is recommended.

Using a fuel other than that specified could adversely affect the emission con- trol devices and systems, and could also affect the warranty coverage.

Under no circumstances should a leaded gasoline be used, since this will damage the three-way catalyst.

Reformulated gasoline Some fuel suppliers are now producing refor- mulated gasolines. These gasolines are spe- cially designed to reduce vehicle emissions.

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NISSAN supports efforts towards cleaner air and suggests that you use reformulated gaso- line when available. Gasoline containing oxygenates Some fuel suppliers sell gasoline containing oxygenates such as ethanol, MTBE and methanol with or without advertising their pres- ence. NISSAN does not recommend the use of fuels of which the oxygenate content and the fuel compatibility for your NISSAN cannot be readily determined. If in doubt, ask your ser- vice station manager.

If you use oxygenate-blend gasoline, please take the following precautions as the usage of such fuels may cause vehicle performance problems and/or fuel system damage. I The fuel should be unleaded and have an octane rating no lower than that rec- ommended for unleaded gasoline.

I If an oxygenate-blend, excepting a methanol blend, is used, it should con- tain no more than 10% oxygenate. (MTBE may, however, be added up to 15%.)

I If a methanol blend is used, it should contain no more than 5% methanol (me- thyl alcohol, wood alcohol). It should

also contain a suitable amount of appro- priate cosolvents and corrosion inhibi- tors. If not properly formulated with ap- propriate cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors, such methanol blends may cause fuel system damage and/or ve- hicle performance problems. At this time, sufficient data is not available to ensure that all methanol blends are suit- able for use in NISSAN vehicles.

If any undesirable driveability problems such as engine stalling and hard hot starting are experienced after using oxygenate-blend fu- els, immediately change to a non-oxygenate fuel or a fuel with a low blend of MTBE. Take care not to spill gasoline during refu- eling. Gasoline containing oxygenates can cause paint damage. Aftermarket fuel additives NISSAN does not recommend the use of any fuel additives (i.e. fuel injector cleaner, octane booster, intake valve deposit removers, etc.) which are sold commercially. Many of these additives intended for gum, varnish or deposit removal may contain active solvent or similar ingredients that can be harmful to the fuel system and engine.

Octane rating tips In most parts of North America, you should use unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of at least 87 or 91 AKI (Anti-Knock Index) number. However, you may use unleaded gasoline with an octane rating as low as 85 AKI number in these high altitude areas [over 4,000 ft (1,219
m)] such as: Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming, northeastern Nevada, south- ern Idaho, western South Dakota, western Nebraska, and that part of Texas which is directly south of New Mexico. Using unleaded gasoline with an octane rating lower than stated above can cause persistent, heavy spark knock. (Spark knock is a metallic rapping noise.) If se- vere, this can lead to engine damage. If you detect a persistent heavy spark knock even when using gasoline of the stated octane rating, or if you hear steady spark knock while holding a steady speed on level roads, have your dealer correct the condi- tion. Failure to correct the condition is misuse of the vehicle, for which NISSAN is not responsible.

Incorrect ignition timing will result in knocking, after-run or overheating. This in turn may cause excessive fuel consumption or damage Technical and consumer information 10-3

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to the engine. If any of the above symptoms are encountered, have your vehicle checked at a NISSAN dealer or other competent service facility. However, now and then you may notice light spark knock for a short time while accelerating or driving up hills. This is no cause for concern, because you get the greatest fuel benefit when there is light spark knock for a short time under heavy engine load.

10-4 Technical and consumer information


ENGINE OIL AND OIL FILTER RECOMMENDATION Selecting the correct oil It is essential to choose the correct quality, and viscosity oil to ensure satisfactory engine life and performance. NISSAN recommends the use of a low friction oil (energy conserving oil) in order to improve fuel economy and con- serve energy. Oils which do not have the specified quality label should not be used as they could cause engine damage. Only those engine oils with the American Pe- troleum Institute (API) certification mark on the

front of the container should be used. This type of oil supersedes the existing API SG or SH and Energy Conserving II categories.

If you cannot find engine oil with the certifica- tion mark, an API SG or SH and Energy Conserving II oil with API service symbol may be used. An oil with a single designation SG or SH, or in combination with other categories (for example, SG/CC or SG/CD) may also be used if one with the API certification mark cannot be found. Mineral based or synthetic type oils may be used in your NISSAN vehicle. These oils must however, meet the API quality and SAE vis-

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cosity ratings specified for your vehicle. Do not mix mineral based and synthetic type oils in the engine at the same time. Oil additives NISSAN does not recommend the use of oil additives. The use of an oil additive is not necessary when the proper oil type is used and maintenance intervals are followed. Oil which may contain foreign matter or has been previously used should not be used. Oil viscosity The engine oil viscosity or thickness changes with temperature. Because of this, it is impor- tant that the engine oil viscosity be selected based on the temperatures at which the ve- hicle will be operated before the next oil change. The recommended SAE viscosity number chart shows the recommended oil viscosities for the expected ambient tempera- tures. Choosing an oil viscosity other than that recommended could cause serious engine damage. Selecting the correct oil filter Your new vehicle is equipped with a high- quality genuine NISSAN oil filter. When replac- ing, use the genuine oil filter or its equivalent for the reason described in change intervals.

Change intervals The oil and oil filter change intervals for your engine are based on the use of the specified quality oils and filters. Oil and filter other than the specified quality, or oil and filter change intervals longer than recommended could re- duce engine life. Damage to engines caused by improper maintenance or use of incorrect oil and filter quality and/or viscosity is not covered by the new NISSAN vehicle warran- ties. Your engine was filled with a high quality engine oil when it was built. You do not have to change the oil before the first recommended change interval. Oil and filter change intervals depend upon how you use your vehicle. Op- eration under the following conditions may require more frequent oil and filter changes. I repeated short distance driving at cold out-

side temperatures,

I driving in dusty conditions, I extensive idling, I towing a trailer.

Technical and consumer information 10-5

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SAE 5W-30 viscosity oil is preferred for all ambient temperatures. SAE 10W-30 viscos- ity oil may be used if the ambient tempera- ture is above 0°F (−18°C). 10-6 Technical and consumer information

your air conditioning system.

AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM REFRIGERANT AND LUBRICANT RECOMMENDATIONS The air conditioning system in this NISSAN vehicle must be charged with the refriger- ant HFC-134a (R-134a) and the lubricant, Nissan A/C System Oil Type S or the exact equivalents.

Use of any other refrigerant or lubricant will cause severe damage and you will need to replace your vehicle’s entire air conditioning system.

The refrigerant HFC-134a (R-134a) in your NISSAN vehicle will not harm the earth’s ozone layer. Although this refrigerant does not affect the earth’s atmosphere, certain govern- mental regulations require the recovery and recycling of any refrigerant during automotive air conditioning system service. Your NISSAN dealer has the trained technicians and equip- ment needed to recover and recycle your air conditioning system refrigerant. Contact your NISSAN dealer when servicing

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The spark ignition system of this vehicle meets all requirements of the Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment Regula- tions.



Type Cylinder arrangement Bore x Stroke Displacement Firing order Idle speed Ignition timing (B.T.D.C.) CO percentage at idle speed

Spark plug

Spark plug gap Camshaft operation Alternator belt size Width x Length


in (mm) cu in (cm3)

rpm degree/rpm [No air] % Standard Service option in (mm)


Gasoline, 4-cycle 6-cylinder, V-slanted at 60° 3.66 x 2.886 (93.0 x 73.3) 182.33 (2,988) 1-2-3-4-5-6*

See the emission control label on the underside of the hood.

PFR4G-11, PFR6G-11

Timing chain

in (mm)

0.8409 x 43.11 (21.36 x 1,095)


Technical and consumer information 10-7

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Road wheel

Tire size




15 x 6JJ

in (mm) 1.57 (40)

15 x 6.5JJ 16 x 6.5JJ


in (mm) 1.77 (45)



P205/65R15 92S P205/65R15 92H P215/55R16 91H

T125/90D16*2, *3

*1: For CANADA *2: For US *3: For models with Viscous LSD

Overall length

Overall width

Overall height

Front tread

Rear tread



in (mm)

189.4 (4,810)

in (mm)

69.7 (1,770)

in (mm)

55.7 (1,415)

in (mm)

in (mm)

60.2 (1,530)*1
59.8 (1,520)*2

59.4 (1,510)*1
59.1 (1,500)*2

in (mm)

106.3 (2,700)

Gross vehicle weight rating

lb (kg)

Gross axle weight rating



lb (kg)

lb (kg)

*1: For models with steel wheels *2: For models with aluminum wheels

See the F.M.V.S.S. certifica- tion label on the driver’s side lock pillar.

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Z 01.1.31/A32-D X

WHEN TRAVELING OR REGISTERING YOUR VEHICLE IN ANOTHER COUNTRY When planning to travel in another country, you should first find out if the fuel available is suitable for your vehicle’s engine.

Using fuel with too low an octane rating may cause engine damage. All gasoline vehicles must be operated with unleaded engine gaso- line. Therefore, avoid taking your vehicle to areas where appropriate fuel is not available. When transferring the registration of your vehicle to another country, state, province or district, it may be necessary to modify the vehicle to meet local laws and regulations.

The laws and regulations for motor vehicle emission control and safety standards vary according to the country, state, province or district; therefore, vehicle specifications may differ. When any vehicle is to be taken into an- other country, state, province or district and registered, its modifications, transpor- tation, and registration are the responsibil- ity of the user. NISSAN is not responsible for any inconvenience that may result.




VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (VIN) PLATE The vehicle identification number plate is at- tached as shown. This number is the identifi- cation for your vehicle and is used in the vehicle registration.

VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (Chassis number) The number is stamped as shown.

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ENGINE SERIAL NUMBER The number is stamped on the engine as shown.

F.M.V.S.S. CERTIFICATION LABEL The Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (F.M.V.S.S.) certification label is affixed as shown. This label contains valuable vehicle information, such as: Gross Vehicle Weight Ratings (GVWR), Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR), month and year of manufacture, Vehicle Identification Number, (VIN), etc. Re- view it carefully.

EMISSION CONTROL INFORMATION LABEL The emission control tached as shown.

information label

is at-

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Z 01.1.31/A32-D X




TIRE PLACARD The cold tire pressure is shown on the tire placard affixed to the center console lid.

AIR CONDITIONER SPECIFICATION LABEL The air conditioner specification label is affixed inside of the hood as shown.


Use the following steps to mount the license plate:

1. Mount the license plate bracket with 0.24 in (6 mm) diameter by 0.55 in (14 mm) long tapping screws.

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Z 01.1.31/A32-D X

2. Mount the license plate with the 0.24 in (6
mm) bolts. The bolts used to fasten the license plate to the bracket are not included in the bracket assembly.

10-12 Technical and consumer information


I It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area inside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas are more likely to be seriously injured or killed

I Do not allow people to ride in any is not

area of your vehicle that equipped with seats and seat belts. I Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a seat belt properly.

TERMS It is important to familiarize yourself with the following terms before loading your vehicle: I Curb Weight (actual weight of your vehicle) including: standard and - vehicle weight optional equipment, fluids, emergency tools, and spare tire assembly. This weight does not include passengers and cargo. I GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight) - curb weight plus the combined weight of passengers and cargo.

I GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) -

maximum total weight (load) limit specified for the vehicle.

I GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating) - maxi- mum weight (load) limit specified for the front or rear axle.

DETERMINING VEHICLE LOAD CAPACITY The load capacity of this vehicle is determined by weight, not by available cargo space. For example, a luggage rack, bike carrier, cartop carrier or similar equipment does not increase load carrying capacity of your vehicle.

To determine vehicle load capacity:

Vehicle weight can be determined by using a commercial-grade scale, found at places such as a truck stop, gravel quarry, grain elevator, or a scrap metal recycling facility. 1. Determine the curb weight of your vehicle. 2. Compare the curb weight amount to the GVWR specified for your vehicle to deter- mine how much more weight your vehicle can carry.

3. After loading (cargo and passengers), re- weigh your vehicle to determine if either GVWR or GAWR for your vehicle is ex- ceeded. If GVWR is exceeded, remove

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cargo as necessary. If either the front or rear GAWR is exceeded, shift the load or remove cargo as necessary.

LOADING TIPS I The GVW must not exceed GVWR or GAWR as specified on the F.M.V.S.S. cer- tification label.

I Do not load the front and rear axle to the GAWR. Doing so will exceed the GVWR.

I Properly secure all cargo to help pre- vent it from sliding or shifting. Do not place cargo higher than the seat- backs. In a sudden stop or collision, unsecured cargo could cause per- sonal injury.

I Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the GVWR or the maximum front and rear GAWRs. If you do, parts on your vehicle can break, or it can change the way your vehicle handles. This could result in loss of control and cause personal injury.

I Overloading can shorten the life of


your vehicle. Failures caused by overloading are not covered by your warranty.


Your new vehicle was designed to be used primarily to carry passengers and cargo. Re- member that towing a trailer will place addi- tional loads on your vehicle’s engine, drive train, steering, braking and other systems. Information on trailer towing ability and the special equipment required should be ob- tained from your Nissan dealer. He can obtain a Nissan Trailer Towing Guide for you.

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MAXIMUM LOAD LIMITS Maximum trailer loads Never allow the total trailer load to exceed 1,000 lb (454 kg). The total trailer load equals trailer weight plus its cargo weight. Towing loads greater than 1,000 lb (454 kg) or using improper towing equipment could adversely affect vehicle handling, braking and perfor- mance.

Vehicle damage and/or personal injury resulting from improper towing proce- dures is not covered by NISSAN warran- ties. Information on trailer towing and required towing equipment should be obtained from dealers who specialize in providing trailers or other towing equipment.

Tongue load Keep the tongue load between 9 and 11% of the total trailer load. If the tongue load be- comes excessive, rearrange cargo to allow for proper tongue load.

10-14 Technical and consumer information


Unit: lb (kg)



1,000 (454)

110 (49)

TOWING SAFETY Trailer hitch Choose a proper hitch for your vehicle and trailer. Make sure the trailer hitch is securely attached to the vehicle, to help avoid personal injury or property damage due to sway caused by crosswinds, rough road surfaces or passing trucks.

I Do not use axle-mounted hitches. I The hitch should not be attached to or affect the operation of the impact- absorbing bumper

I Do not modify the vehicle exhaust system, brake system, etc. when the hitch is installed.


vehicle weight/

Maximum gross maximum gross axle weight The gross vehicle weight of the towing vehicle must not exceed. GVWR shown on the F.M- .V.S.S. certification label. The gross vehicle weight equals the combined weight of the unloaded vehicle, passengers, luggage, hitch, trailer tongue load and any other optional equipment. In addition, front or rear gross axle weight must not exceed GAWR shown on the F.M.V.S.S. certification label.

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I To reduce the possibility of additional damage if your vehicle is struck from the rear, where practical, remove the hitch when not in use. Remove the receiver when not in use. After the hitch is removed, seal the bolt holes to prevent exhaust fumes, water or dust from entering the passenger compartment.

I Regularly check that all hitch mount-

ing bolts are securely mounted.

Tire pressures I When towing a trailer, inflate the vehicle tires to the recommended cold tire pressure indicated on the tire placard (located on the inside of the center console lid.)

I Trailer tire condition, size, load rating and proper inflation pressure should be in ac- cordance with the trailer and tire manufac- turers’ specifications.

Safety chain Always use a suitable chain between your vehicle and the trailer. The chain should be crossed and should be attached to the hitch, not to the vehicle bumper or axle. Be sure to

leave enough slack in the chain to permit turning corners. Trailer lights Trailer lights should comply with federal and/or local regulations. When wiring the vehicle for towing, connect the stop and tail light pickup into the vehicle electrical circuit at a point between the sensor and stop light or light switch. Trailer brakes If your trailer is equipped with a braking sys- tem, make sure it conforms to federal and/or local regulations and that is properly in- stalled.


Never connect a trailer brake system directly to the vehicle brake system.

Pre-towing tips I Be certain your vehicle maintains a level position when a loaded and/or unloaded trailer is hitched. Do not drive the vehicle if it has an abnormal nose-up or nose-down condition; check for improper tongue load, overload, worn suspension or other pos-

sible causes of either condition.

I Always secure items in the trailer to prevent

load shifts while driving.

I Be certain your rear view mirrors conform to all federal, state or local regulations. If not, install any mirrors required for towing be- fore driving the vehicle.

Trailer towing tips In order to gain skill and an understanding of the vehicle’s behavior, you should practice turning, stopping and backing up in an area which is free from traffic. Steering stability, and braking performance will be somewhat differ- ent than under normal driving conditions. I Always secure items in the trailer to prevent

load shift while driving.

I Avoid abrupt starts, acceleration or stops. I Avoid sharp turns or lane changes. I Always drive your vehicle at a moderate


I Always block the wheels on both vehicle and trailer when parking. Parking on a slope is not recommended; however, if you must do so, and if your vehicle is equipped with automatic transmission, first block the wheels and apply the parking brake, and Technical and consumer information 10-15

Z 01.1.31/A32-D X

When towing a trailer, change oil in the transmission more frequently.

See “Periodic maintenance schedules” in the “9. Maintenance” section.

then move the transmission selector lever into the P (Park) position. If you move the selector lever to the P (Park) position be- fore blocking the wheels and applying the parking brake, transmission damage could occur.

I When going down a hill, shift into a lower gear and use the engine braking effect. When ascending a long grade, downshift the transmission to a lower gear and reduce speed to reduce chances of engine over- loading and/or overheating.

I If the engine coolant rises to an extremely high temperature when the air conditioning system is on, turn off the air conditioner. Coolant heat can be additionally vented by opening the windows, switching the fan control to high and setting the temperature control to the HOT position.

I Trailer towing requires more fuel than nor-

mal circumstances.

I Avoid towing a trailer for the first 500 miles

(800 km).

I Have your vehicle serviced more often than at intervals specified in the recommended maintenance schedule.

I When making a turn, your trailer wheels will be closer to the inside of the turn than your 10-16 Technical and consumer information

vehicle wheels. To compensate for this, make a larger than normal turning radius during the turn.

I Crosswinds and rough roads will adversely affect vehicle/trailer handling, possibly causing vehicle sway. When being passed by larger vehicles, be prepared for possible changes in crosswinds that could affect vehicle handling. If swaying does occur, firmly grip the steering wheel, steer straight ahead, and immediately (but gradually) re- duce vehicle speed. This combination will help stabilize the vehicle. Never increase speed.

I Be careful when passing other vehicles. Passing while towing a trailer requires con- siderably more distance than normal pass- ing. Remember the length of the trailer must also pass the other vehicle before you can safely change lanes.

I To maintain engine braking efficiency and electrical charging performance, do not use fifth gear (manual transmission) or over- drive (automatic transmission).

I Avoid holding the brake pedal down too long or too frequently. This could cause the brakes to overheat, resulting in reduced braking efficiency.

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UNIFORM TIRE QUALITY GRADING DOT (Department Of Transportation) Quality Grades: All passenger car tires must conform to federal safety requirements in addition to these grades. Treadwear Treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on tire wear rate when tested under controlled conditions on specified government test courses. For example, a tire graded 150
would wear one and a half (1-1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire graded 100. However, relative tire performance de- pends on actual driving conditions, and may vary significantly from the norm due to varia- tions in driving habits, service practices and differences in road characteristics and climate. Traction AA, A, B and C The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A, B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction performance.

The traction grade assigned to your ve- hicle tires is based on straight-ahead braking traction tests, and does not in- clude acceleration, cornering, hydro- planing, or peak traction characteristics.

Temperature A, B and C Temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C. They represent a tire’s resistance to heat build-up, and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sus- tained high temperature can cause tire mate- rial to degenerate, reducing tire life. Excessive temperatures can lead to sudden tire failure. Grade C corresponds to a performance level which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109. Grades A and B represent higher levels of performance on laboratory test wheels than the minimum required by law.

The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in combina- tion, can cause heat buildup and pos- sible tire failure.

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EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM WARRANTY Your NISSAN is covered by the following emission warranties. For US: I Emission Defects Warranty I Emissions Performance Warranty For Canada: Emission Control System Warranty Details of these warranties may be found with other vehicle warranties in your Warranty In- formation and Maintenance Log Booklet that comes with your NISSAN. If you did not re- ceive a Warranty Information and Mainte- nance Log Booklet, or it has become lost, you may obtain a replacement by writing to: I Nissan Motor Corporation U.S.A.

Consumer Affairs Department P.O. Box 191
Gardena. CA. 90248-0191

I Nissan Canada Inc. 5290 Orbitor Drive Mississauga, Ontario, L4W 4Z5

10-18 Technical and consumer information


REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (US only) If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National High- way Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying NISSAN. If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your dealer, or NISSAN. To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in Wash- ington, D.C. area) or write to: NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. 20590. You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline. You may notify NISSAN by contacting our Consumer Affairs Department, toll- free, at 1-800-NISSAN-1. In Hawaii call (808) 836-0888.

READINESS FOR INSPECTION/ MAINTENANCE (I/M) TEST (US only) Due to legal requirements in some states/ areas, your vehicle may be required to be in what is called the ready condition for an Inspection/Maintenance (I/M) test of the emis- sion control system. The vehicle is set to the ready condition when it is driven through certain driving patterns. Usually, the ready condition can be obtained by ordinary usage of the vehicle. If a powertrain system component is repaired or the battery is disconnected, the vehicle may be reset to a not ready condition. Before taking the I/M test, drive the vehicle through the following pattern to set the vehicle to the ready condition. to perform the driving pattern, an NISSAN dealer can conduct it for you.

If you cannot or do not want

Always drive the vehicle in a safe man- ner according to traffic conditions and obey all traffic laws.

1. Start the engine when the engine coolant temperature gauge needle points to C. Al- low the engine to idle until the gauge needle points between the C and H (normal oper- ating temperature).

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2. Accelerate the vehicle to 55 MPH (88
km/h), then quickly release the accelerator pedal completely and keep it released for at least 6 seconds.

3. Quickly depress the accelerator pedal for a moment, then drive the vehicle at a speed of 53 to 60 MPH (86 to 96 km/h) for at least 5 minutes.

4. Stop the vehicle. 5. Accelerate the vehicle to 35 MPH (55 km/h)

and maintain the speed for 20 seconds.

6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 at least 3 times. 7. Accelerate the vehicle to 55 MPH (88 km/h) and maintain the speed for at least 3 min- utes.

8. Stop the vehicle and turn the engine off. 9. Repeat steps 1 through 8 at least one more


If step 1 through 7 is interrupted, repeat the preceding step. Any safe driving mode is ac- ceptable between steps. Do not stop the en- gine until step 7 is completed.

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Z 01.1.31/A32-D X

bilingual NISSAN representative will assist you. Also available are Genuine NISSAN Service and Owner’s Manuals for older Nissan models.

A Genuine Nissan Service Manual is the best source of service and repair information for your vehicle. Filled with wiring diagrams, illus- trations and step-by-step diagnostic and ad- justment procedures, this manual is the same one used by the factory trained technicians working at your Nissan dealership. Also avail- able are Genuine NISSAN Owner’s Manuals.

For current pricing and availability of a Genu- ine NISSAN Service Manual or Genuine NISSAN Owner’s Manual, contact:

In the U.S.A.: See your NISSAN dealer or contact: Dyment Distribution Services 20770 Westwood Dr. Strongsville OH 44136

In a hurry? Call 1-800-247-5321 and charge your purchase to Visa/Master Card. In Canada: To purchase a copy of a Genuine NISSAN Service Manual or Owner’s Manual please contact your nearest NISSAN Dealer. For the phone number and location of a NISSAN Dealer in your area call the Nissan Satis- faction Center at 1-800-387-0122 and a

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11 Index

ABS................................................................. 5-18
Adjusting the time ........................................... 2-25

Front manual seat ....................................... 1-2
Front power seat ......................................... 1-4
Head restraint.............................................. 1-5
Shoulder belt ............................................. 1-22

Air bag

System....................................................... 1-12
System, Side ............................................. 1-13
Warning label ............................................ 1-15
Warning light ...................................... 1-15, 2-8
Air cleaner....................................................... 8-18
Air conditioner

Automatic..................................................... 4-9
Manual......................................................... 4-3