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(8 – 12 inches). Always check to ensure that the hood lock is fully engaged.


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2.0 litre EFI-engine compartment

Power steering reservoir

Engine coolant reservoir

Automatic transaxle dipstick

(if equipped)

Brake fluid reservoir



Windshield washer fluid


Engine oil dipstick

Engine oil filler cap





For ease of identification, all filler caps and the engine oil dipstick are marked yellow/black.


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2.5 litre EFI-engine compartment

Power steering reservoir

Engine coolant reservoir

Automatic transaxle dipstick

(if equipped)

Brake fluid reservoir



Windshield washer fluid


Engine oil dipstick

Engine oil filler cap





For ease of identification, all filler caps and the engine oil dipstick are marked yellow/black.


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Engine oil Use SAE 5W-30 motor oil CERTIFIED FOR GASOLINE ENGINES by the American Petroleum Institute. Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, oil treatments or engine treatments. They are unnecessary and could, under certain conditions, lead to engine damage which is not covered by Ford Warranty. Checking the engine oil Check the engine oil each time you fuel your vehicle. To check the oil: 1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground. If the engine is warm, turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for the oil to drain into the oil pan. 2. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P (Park). Put the manual transaxle gearshift in 1 (first) or R (reverse). 3. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat. 4. Locate and carefully remove the engine oil dipstick. 5. Wipe the dipstick clean. Insert the dipstick fully, then remove it again. The oil level should be between the MIN and MAX marks.








Do not exceed MAX!

2.0 l DOHC

Do not exceed MAX!

2.5 l DOHC


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6. If the oil level is below the minimum line, add engine oil as necessary. If the oil level is beyond the maximum line, engine damage or high oil consumption may occur and some oil must be removed from the engine by a service technician. 7. Put the dipstick back in and ensure it is fully seated.

Continuous contact with used motor oil has caused

cancer in laboratory mice.

Adding engine oil 1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to Checking the engine oil in this chapter. 2. If the fluid level is not within the normal range, add only certified engine oil of the preferred viscosity. Add engine oil through the oil filler cap. Remove the filler cap and use a funnel to pour oil in the opening. 3. Recheck the oil level. Make sure the oil level is not above the MAX mark on the dipstick. Change your engine oil and oil filter according to the scheduled mileage and time requirements, whichever occurs first.


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Refer to the “Scheduled Maintenance Guide” for additional information.

It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.

Always dispose of used automotive fluids in a

responsible manner. Follow your community’s standards for disposing of these types of fluids. Call your local recycling center to find out more about recycling automotive fluids.

Engine oil filler cap The design of the filler cap varies by engine. To open, turn in the direction of the arrow and pull. Do not open the cap while the engine is running.

Empty and used oil containers must be disposed of at an authorized waste disposal facility.







Alternative design

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Brake/clutch fluid reservoir Brake and clutch fluid systems are supplied from the same reservoir. The level of the fluid must lie between the MIN and MAX marks on the side of the reservoir. If the level falls below the MIN mark, the brake fluid level warning light on the instrument cluster will illuminate. Add only DOT 3, DOT 4
or Super DOT 4 brake fluid that meets the Ford specification (see the chapter Capacities and specifications). If you use brake fluid that is not DOT 3, DOT 4 or Super DOT 4 you will cause permanent damage to your brakes.

Brake fluid is toxic.

Do not let the reservoir for the master cylinder run dry. This may cause the brakes to fail.

Windshield washer system If necessary, add enough washer fluid to fill the reservoir. Follow the instructions on the washer fluid label.

Do not put engine coolant in the container for the

windshield washer fluid.


Maintenance and care



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Cooling system - engine coolant The importance of engine coolant Engine coolant provides freeze protection, boil protection, cooling efficiency and corrosion protection to the engine and cooling components. In order to obtain these protections, the engine coolant must be maintained at the proper concentration and fluid level in the coolant reservoir. Your vehicle was factory-filled with a 50/50 engine coolant and water concentration. If the concentration of coolant falls below 40 % or rises above 60 %, the engine parts could become damaged or not work properly. A 50/50 mixture of coolant and water provides the following: • Boiling protection up to 265°F (129°C). • Freeze protection down to -34°F (-36°C). • Protection against rust and other forms of corrosion. • Enables calibrated gauges to function properly.


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Checking engine coolant The concentration and level of engine coolant should be checked at the mileage intervals listed in the “Scheduled Maintenance Guide“. The coolant concentration should be maintained at 50/50 coolant and water, which equates to a freeze point of -34°F (-36°C). Coolant concentration testing is possible with a hydrometer or antifreeze tester (such as the Rotunda Battery and Antifreeze Tester, 014- R1060). The level of coolant should be maintained at the “cold full“ or “cold fill range“ level in the coolant reservoir. If the level falls below, add coolant per the instructions in the Adding engine coolant section. Adding engine coolant When adding engine coolant, make sure it is a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and distilled water. Add the mixture to the coolant reservoir when the engine is cool until the appropriate fill level is obtained.

Do not put engine coolant in the windshield washer fluid

container. If sprayed on the windshield, engine coolant could make it difficult to see through the windshield.


Do not add engine coolant when the engine is hot.

Steam and scalding liquids released from a hot cooling system can burn you badly. Also, you can be burned if you spill coolant on hot engine parts.

The coolant system in your vehicle is filled with Ford Premium Engine Coolant E2FZ-19549-AA (Motorcraft CXC-8-B in Canada) or equivalent meeting Ford specification ESE-M97B44-A.

To maintain the integrity of the coolant and the cooling system and maintain the warranty on the cooling system: • Add the type of coolant originally equipped in your vehicle. If you are unsure which type of coolant your vehicle requires, contact your local dealer. • Do not mix the factory-filled coolant with an orange-colored EXTENDED LIFE COOLANT such as F6AZ-19544-A, meeting WSS-M97B44-D. Mixing of Ford Premium Engine Coolant with an extended life product can result in degraded corrosion protection.

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• A large amount of water without engine coolant may be added, in case of emergency, to reach a vehicle service location. In this instance, the cooling system must be drained and refilled with a 50/50
mixture of engine coolant and distilled water as soon as possible. Water alone (without engine coolant) can cause engine damage from corrosion, overheating or freezing. • Do not use alcohol or methanol or any engine coolants mixed with alcohol or methanol antifreeze (coolant). Alcohol and other liquids can cause engine damage from overheating or freezing. • Do not add extra inhibitors or additives to the coolant. These can be harmful and compromise the corrosion protection of the engine coolant. • Do not mix with recycled coolant unless the bottle label states compliance with Ford specification ESE-M97B44-A.




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To avoid personal injury, make sure the engine is cool

before unscrewing the coolant pressure relief cap. The cooling system is under pressure; steam and hot liquid can come out forcefully when the cap is loosened slightly.

1. Before you begin, turn the engine off and let it cool. 2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth around the coolant pressure relief cap on the coolant reservoir (an opaque plastic bottle). Slowly turn the cap counterclockwise (left) until the pressure begins to release. 3. Step back while the pressure releases (you may hear a hissing sound). 4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been released from the cooling system, use the cloth to turn the cap counterclockwise and remove it. 5. Fill the coolant reservoir slowly with the proper coolant mixture (see above) to within the “cold full“ or the “cold fill range“ level on the reservoir. 6. Replace the cap. Turn until tightly installed. (Cap must be tightly installed to prevent coolant loss.)


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After any coolant has been added, check the coolant concentration (see Checking engine coolant section). If the concentration is not 50/50 (protection to -34°F /-36°C), drain some coolant and adjust the concentration. It may take several drains and additions to obtain a 50/50 coolant concentration. Whenever coolant has been added, the coolant level in the coolant reservoir should be checked the next few times you drive the vehicle. If necessary, add enough 50/50 concentration of engine coolant and distilled water to bring the liquid level to the proper level. If you have to add more than 1.0 liter (1.0 quart) of engine coolant per month, have your dealer check the engine cooling system. Your cooling system may have a leak. Operating an engine with a low level of coolant can result in engine overheating and possible engine damage. Changing engine coolant Change your engine coolant according to the appropriate schedule listed in the “Scheduled Maintenance Guide“. It is important that the engine coolant be changed at the specified intervals. The corrosion protection of engine coolant is depleted with time and usage. Use of engine coolant with depleted corrosion protection may result in damage to the coolant system. Color, specific gravity and freeze point of the coolant are not

Maintenance and care

indicators of depletion. To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling system can hold, refer to the Refill capacities in the Capacities and Specifications chapter. Fill your coolant reservoir following the directions given in the Adding engine coolant section. Coolant usage in severe winter climate If you drive in extremely cold climates less than -34°F (-36°C), it may be necessary to increase the coolant concentration above 50 %. Refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure the coolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequate freeze protection. Never increase the engine coolant concentration above 60 % (protection to -60°F). At a level over 60 %, your engine could overheat and become damaged. Coolant usage in hot climate If you drive in hot climates, it is still necessary to maintain the coolant concentration at 50/50 coolant and water. Do not allow the concentration to fall below 40 % coolant. At a concentration less than 40 %, the corrosion protection to your engine and cooling components may be compromised and permanent damage may result.


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Use of recycled engine coolant Ford Motor Company recommends the use of recycled engine coolant produced by Ford-approved processes. However, not all coolant recycling processes produce coolant that meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44A. Use of such coolant may harm the engine and coolant system components.

Disposal of used engine coolant Used engine coolant should be disposed of in an appropriate manner. Follow your community’s regulations and standards for recycling and/or disposal of automotive fluids.

Checking and adding power steering fluid Switch off the engine. With the steering system at normal operating temperature, the fluid level should come up to the MAX mark. If the fluid level drops below the MIN mark, add the specified fluid. Refer to the Capacities and specifications chapter.



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Checking and adding automatic transaxle fluid Follow the scheduled service intervals outlined in the “Scheduled Maintenance Guide“. Your transaxle does not consume fluid. However, it is recommended that you refer to your “Scheduled Maintenance Guide“ for scheduled intervals for fluid checks and changes. The fluid level should be checked or changed by a qualified technician at the appropriate intervals or if the transaxle is not working properly, i.e., if the transaxle slips or shifts slowly or if you notice some sign of fluid leakage. Note: Automatic transaxle fluid expands when warmed. To obtain an accurate fluid level check drive the vehicle until warmed, approximately 30 km (20 miles). If your vehicle has been operated for an extended period at high speeds, in city traffic during hot weather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should be turned off for about 30 minutes to allow fluid to cool before checking. 1. Drive the vehicle 30 km (20
miles) or until the vehicle reaches normal operating temperatures. 2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.


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3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on the brake pedal, start the engine and move the gearshift lever through all of the gear ranges. Allow sufficient time for each gear to engage. 4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running. 5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it with a clean, dry lint free rag. 6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube. 7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid level should be in the designated areas for normal and room temperature.

Low fluid level Do not drive the vehicle if the fluid level is below the hole at the bottom of the dipstick.

Correct fluid level The transaxle fluid level should be checked at normal operating temperatures 66°C - 77°C (150°F - 170°F) on a level surface. The normal operating temperature can be reached after approximately 30 km (20 miles) of driving. The transaxle fluid should be in this range if at normal operating temperature of 66°C - 77°C (150°F - 170°F).


Do not drive if below this area

Normal operating temperature 66°C - 77°C (150°F - 170°F)

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High fluid level Fluid levels above the safe range may result in transaxle failure. An overfill condition of transaxle fluid may cause shift and/or possible damage. High fluid levels can be caused by an overheating condition, see note.

Adjusting automatic transaxle fluid levels Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type of fluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and/or dipstick handle and also in the Lubricant specifications section in the Capacities and Specifications chapter. Use of a non approved automatic transaxle fluid may cause internal transaxle component damage. If necessary, add fluid in 250 ml (1/2 pint) increments through the filler tube until the level is correct. If an overfill occurs, excess fluid should be removed by a qualified technician. An overfill condition of transaxle fluid may cause shift and/or engagement concerns and/or possible damage.

Maintenance and care

Do not add if above the crosshatched area

Do not add if above the crosshatched area


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Battery Your vehicle may be equipped with a Motorcraft maintenance-free battery. The Motorcraft maintenance-free battery normally does not require additional water during its life of service. However, for severe service usage or in high temperature climates, refer to the “Scheduled Maintenance Guide” for additional information. Keep the electrolyte in each cell up to the “level” indicator. Do not overfill the battery cell. For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of the battery clean and dry. Also, make certain the battery cables are always tightly fastened to the battery terminals. If you see any corrosion on the battery cables or terminals, remove the cables from the terminal(s) and clean with a wire brush. You can neutralize the acid with a solution of baking soda and water. Reinstall the cables when you are done cleaning them, and apply a small quantity of grease to the top of each battery terminal to help prevent corrosion.


Maintenance and care

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Battery replacement If your original equipment battery requires replacement while under warranty, it will be replaced with a Motorcraft service battery, identical in design technology. Like the original equipment battery, it should not require water addition during its normal life of service; however, for severe service usage or in high temperature climates, refer to the “Scheduled Maintenance Guide” for more information. Do not overfill the battery cell. If the electrolyte level in your battery gets low, you can add plain tap water to the battery, as long as you do not use hard water (water with a high mineral or alkali content). If possible, however, try to only fill the battery cell with distilled water. If the battery needs water often, have the charging system checked.


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Applying too much pressure on the ends when lifting a battery could cause acid to spill. Lift the battery with a carrier or with your hands on the opposite corners.

Batteries normally produce explosive gases which can

cause personal injury. Do not allow flames, sparks or lit tobacco to come near the battery. Always cover your face and protect your eyes and also provide ventilation.

Follow these steps to minimize risk of personal


Always dispose of automotive batteries in a responsible

manner. Follow your community’s local standards for disposal. Call your local recycling center to find out more about recycling automotive batteries.


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Relearning the idle function Because your vehicle’s engine is electronically controlled, some control conditions are maintained by power from the battery. When the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the computer must “relearn” its idle conditions before your vehicle can drive properly. To begin this process: 1. Put the automatic transaxle gearshift in P (Park). Put the manual transaxle gearshift in neutral. 2. Turn off all accessories and start the vehicle. 3. Let the engine idle for at least one minute. 4. The “relearning” process will automatically complete as you drive the vehicle. • If you do not allow the engine to “relearn” its idle, the idle quality of your vehicle may be adversely affected until the idle is eventually “relearned”. • If the battery has been disconnected or if a new battery has been installed, the clock and preset radio stations must be reset once the battery is reconnected.


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Checking wiper blades Check the wiper blades on your vehicle for roughness by running the tips of your fingers over the edge of the blade. Traces of grease, silicone and fuel prevent wiper blades from functioning properly. We recommend Ford cleaning solutions or equivalent to clean wiper blades. Change the wiper blades on your vehicle at least once a year.

Cabin air filter replacement In your climate control system, you have a filter that cleans the air before it enters the interior of the vehicle. This filter should be replaced at the intervals in the “Scheduled Maintenance Guide“. To replace the cabin air filter: 1. Unscrew the nut in the base of each windshield wiper arm. Remove the windshield wiper arms.


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2. Remove the plastic caps from the screws on the grille. Remove the screws.

3. Open the hood. Pull off the rubber weatherstrip at the back of the engine compartment. Remove the screws that hold the grille, separate the two halves and remove the grille.

4. The filter is in a housing at the back of the engine compartment, on the passenger side. Pull off the two clips on the sides of the housing. Slide out the top part of the housing and filter. 5. Slide the filter out of the housing, replace with the new filter and slide the top part of the housing and cabin air filter back into place. Reinstall the clips on the housing. 6. Replace the grille and wiper arms.


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New vehicles are fitted with tires that have their Tire Quality Grade (described below) molded into the tire’s sidewall. These Tire Quality Grades are determined by standards that the United States Department of Transportation has set. Tire Quality Grades apply to new pneumatic tires for use on passenger cars. They do not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production tires as defined in Title 49 Code of Federal Regulation Part 575.104(c)(2).

U.S. Department of Transportation – Tire quality grades: The U.S. Department of Transportation requires Ford to give you the following information about tire grades exactly as the government has written it.


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Treadwear The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified government test course. For example, a tire graded 150
would wear one and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices, and differences in road characteristics and climate.

Traction AA A B C The traction grades, from highest to lowest are AA, A, B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction performance.

The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on

straight-ahead braking traction tests, and does not include acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.


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Temperature A B C The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law.

The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.


Maintenance and care

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Checking tire pressure Check the tire pressure periodically after the vehicle has been parked for at least one hour or has been driven less than 5 km (3 miles). Inflate the tires as necessary. To check the tire pressure, insert the tire pressure gauge into the valve. The cold pressure amount is listed on the Safety Compliance Certification label.

Improperly inflated tires can affect vehicle handling and

can fail suddenly, possibly resulting in loss of vehicle control.

Rotating tires Rotate your tires at regular intervals for even wear. Rotation intervals are listed in the “Scheduled Maintenance Guide”.


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Replacing tires Replace tires when the wear band is visible through the tire treads.

When replacing full size tires, never mix radial, bias- belted, or bias-type tires. Use only the tire sizes that are listed on the tire pressure decal. Make sure that all tires are the same size, speed rating, and load-carrying capacity. Use only the tire combinations recommended on the decal. If you do not follow these precautions, your vehicle may not drive properly and safely.

Do not replace your tires with “high performance”

tires or larger size tires.

Failure to follow these precautions may adversely affect the handling of the vehicle and make it easier to lose control and roll over.


Maintenance and care

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Dispose of worn tires in accordance with local environmental regulations.

Refer to the Safety Compliance Certification label to determine the specific size tire and wheel Ford Motor Company recommends for use on this vehicle. When purchasing replacement tires for your vehicle, consult your dealer or a qualified service technician to ensure that the correct tire type is used.


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Using snow tires and chains

Snow tires must be the same size and grade as the tires

you currently have on your vehicle.

The tires on your vehicle have all- weather treads to provide traction in rain and snow. However, in some climates, using snow tires and chains may be necessary. Ford offers snow chains as a Ford approved accessory and recommends use of these or their equivalents on approved tires. See your dealer or a qualified service technician for more information on tire chains for your vehicle. Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and chains: • Install chains securely, verifying that the chains do not touch any wiring, brake lines or fuel lines. • Install the chains on the front tires only. • Do not use tire chains on 205/60
tires and 205/55R16 Z rated tires. Steering, suspension and body components may be damaged by use of chains.


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• Drive cautiously. If you hear the chains rub or bang against the vehicle, stop and retighten them. If this does not work, remove the chains to prevent vehicle damage. • Local regulations may prohibit or restrict the use of tire chains. Investigate the laws and regulations in your area before installing chains. • Avoid overloading your vehicle. • Do not use tire chains on temporary spare tires. • Remove the tire chains when they are no longer needed. Do not use chains on dry roads. • The suspension insulation and bumpers will help prevent vehicle damage. Do not remove these components from the vehicle when using snow tires and chains.

Change over from winter to summer tires as soon as road

conditions allow, this will reduce fuel consumption and noise in the vehicle’s interior.


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IMPORTANT FUEL INFORMATON Important safety precautions

Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in an overfilled

tank may cause leakage and lead to fuel spray and fire.

If you do not use the proper fuel cap, the pressure in the

fuel tank can damage the fuel system or cause it to work improperly in a collision.

The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel

cap is venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops before completely removing the cap.

Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or death if

misused or mishandled.


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Observe the following guidelines when handling automotive fuel: • Extinguish all smoking materials and any open flames before fueling your vehicle. • Always turn off the vehicle before fueling. • Make sure the fuel cap is correctly fitted after fueling. Failure to do so may cause the on board diagnostic system to illuminate the check engine light. • Automotive fuels can be harmful or fatal if swallowed. If fuel is swallowed, call a physician immediately, even if no symptoms are immediately apparent. The toxic effects of fuel may not be visible for hours. • Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the skin. If fuel is splashed on the skin, promptly remove contaminated clothing and wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. • If fuel is splashed in the eyes, remove contact lenses (if worn), flush with water for 15 minutes and seek medical attention. • Be particularly careful if you are taking “Antabuse” or other forms of disulfiram for the treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline vapors or skin contact could cause an adverse reaction. Consult a physician immediately.


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Choosing the right fuel Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The use of leaded fuel is prohibited by law and could damage your vehicle. The damage may not be covered by your warranty. Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel containing manganese- based additives such as MMT. Additionally, vehicles certified to California emission standards (indicated on the underhood Vehicle Emission Control Information label) are designed to operate on California reformulated gasolines. If California reformulated gasoline is not available when you refuel, your vehicle can be operated on non-California fuels. However, even though your engine will perform adequately on other gasolines, the performance of the emission control devices and systems may be adversely affected. Repair of damage caused by a fuel that your vehicle was not designed for may not be covered by your warranty.


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Octane recommendations Your vehicle is designed to use regular gasoline with an (R+M)/2
octane rating of 87. We do not recommend gasolines labeled as “regular” in high altitude areas that are sold with octane ratings of 86
or even less. Do not be concerned if your vehicle sometimes knocks lightly. However, if it knocks heavily under most driving conditions on the recommended octane, see your dealer or a qualified service technician to prevent any engine damage.

Fuel quality If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or hesitation problems try a different brand of fuel. If the condition persists, see your dealer or qualified service technician. The American Automobile Manufacturers Association (AAMA) issued a gasoline specification to provide information on high quality fuels that optimize the performance of your vehicle. We recommend the use of gasolines that meet the AAMA specification if they are available. It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket products to your fuel tank if you continue to use a high-quality fuel.

Maintenance and care


(R+M)/2 Method



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Cleaner air Ford approves the use of gasolines to improve air quality, including reformulated gasolines that contain oxygenates such as a maximum of 10% ethanol or 15% MTBE. There should be no more than 5% methanol with cosolvents and additives to protect the fuel system.

Fuel filler cap If the check engine indicator comes on and stays on when you start the engine, the fuel filler cap may not be properly installed. Turn off the engine, remove the fuel filler cap and reinstall it being careful to align the cap properly. If you must replace the fuel filler cap, replace it with an authorized Motorcraft part. The customer warranty may be void for any damage to the fuel tank or fuel system if an authorized Motorcraft fuel filler cap is not used.

The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel

filler cap is venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise fuel may spray out and injure you or others.


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Calculating fuel economy To accurately calculate your vehicle’s fuel economy: 1. Fill the tank completely and record the initial odometer reading. 2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of fuel added (in litres or gallons). 3. After at least three to five fill- ups, fill the fuel tank and record the current mileage reading. 4. Use one of the following equations to calculate fuel economy. Litres used x 100 / Total kilometres traveled. Total miles traveled / Total gallons used. Keep a record for at least one month. This will provide an accurate estimate of the vehicle’s fuel economy.


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EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM Your vehicle is equipped with various emission control components and a catalytic converter which will enable your vehicle to comply with applicable exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the catalytic converter and other emission control components continue to work properly: • Use unleaded fuel only. • Avoid running out of fuel. • Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is moving, especially at high speeds. • Have the items listed in your “Scheduled Maintenance Guide” performed according to the specified schedule. The scheduled maintenance services listed in the “Scheduled Maintenance Guide“ are required because they are considered essential to the life and performance of your vehicle and to its emissions system. If other than Ford, Motorcraft, or Ford authorized parts are used for maintenance replacements or for service of components affecting emissions control, such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine Ford Motor Company parts in performance and durability.


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Do not park, idle or drive your vehicle in dry grass or

other dry ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.

Watch for fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke, loss of oil pressure, engine overheating, illumination of the charging system warning light or the check engine warning light. These events could indicate that the emission control system is not working properly.

Exhaust leaks may result in entry of harmful and

potentially lethal fumes into the passenger compartment.

Alternative design


Alternative design




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Do not make any unauthorized changes to your vehicle or engine. By law, vehicle owners and anyone who manufactures, repairs, services, sells, leases, trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are not permitted to intentionally remove an emission control device or prevent it from working. Information about your vehicle's emission system is on the Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal located under the hood. This decal identifies engine displacement and gives some tune up specifications. Please consult your “Warranty Guide“ for complete emission warranty information.

Readiness for inspection/maintenance (I/M) testing In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to pass an I/M test of the on-board diagnostic (OBD-II) system. If your check engine light is on, refer to the description in the Instrument Cluster Lights and Chimes section of the Instrumentation chapter. Your vehicle may not pass the I/M test with the check engine light on.


Maintenance and care

31CMCen 17.6.99 11:15 Uhr Seite 205

If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has just been serviced, the OBD-II system is reset to a “not ready for I/M test“ condition. To ready the OBD-II system for I/M testing, a minimum of 30 minutes of city and highway driving is necessary as described below: • First, at least 10 minutes of driving on an expressway or highway. • Next, at least 20 minutes of driving in stop and go, city-type traffic with at least four idle periods. Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours without starting the engine. Then, start the engine and complete the above driving cycle. The engine must warm up to its normal operating temperature. Once started, do not turn off the engine until the above driving cycle is complete.


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Maintenance and care

BULB REPLACEMENT Removing the headlamps assembly

Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully and keep out of children’s reach.Grasp the bulb only by its plastic base and do not touch the glass. The oil from your hand could cause the bulb to break the next time the headlamps are operated.

The bulbs for the low beam, high beam, turn signals and side lamps are housed in the lamp assembly. To replace a bulb, the complete lamp assembly has to be removed as follows: 1. Switch off the lamps. 2. Open the hood. 3. Remove the lower screw (2) from the headlamp housing. 4. Remove the two upper screws (1) from the headlamp housing. 5. Gently pull the headlamp housing outward. 6. Replace the headlamp bulbs.


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Maintenance and care

Reinstalling the headlamp assembly The gasket lining must be seated properly around the lamp assembly when reinstalling. All bulb connectors must be correctly connected. Install in the reverse order.

Headlamps – low beam Disconnect the electrical connector and replace the bulb. Do not touch the glass part of the bulb and pay attention to the tab guides when replacing.

Headlamps – high beam Replacement instructions are the same as for the low beam headlamp.

Headlamp alignment Check the headlamp alignment after each replacement of a bulb. Refer to Aiming the headlamps.


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Maintenance and care

Front turn signal/side lamps Pull the socket out. Pull the bulb out and replace it.

Foglamps (if equipped) 1. Turn the bulb counterclockwise and pull it out of the light assembly. 2. Remove the electrical connector. 3. Fit the new bulb in reverse order (do not touch the glass part of the bulb).


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Maintenance and care

Brake/turn signal/tail lamps 1. Disconnect the electrical connector. 2. Turn the socket counterclockwise and pull it out. 3. Turn the bulb counterclockwise and pull it out. 4. To install, fit the new bulb in reverse order.

Backup lamps The backup lamps are located in the trunk lid. Replacement instructions are the same as for the brake/turn signal/tail lamps.

License plate lamp Pry out the light assembly with a flat-bladed screwdriver. Remove the bulb from the clip holder. Replace with the new bulb in reverse sequence.


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Maintenance and care

High-mounted brake lamp Enter the rear seat compartment. 1. Remove the high-mounted stop lamp assembly. 2. Remove the red bulb cover. 3. Remove inoperative stop lamp bulb. To install, fit the new bulb in reverse sequence. On vehicles equipped with a rear spoiler, the high-mounted brake lamp is included in the spoiler. See your dealer for repair.

Luggage compartment lamp Pry out the light assembly from the holder with a flat screwdriver. Turn the spherical bulb under slight pressure counterclockwise and remove.


Maintenance and care

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Interior lamps with reading lamps (if equipped) Remove the clip located on lens to access the center bulb. To replace the reading lamp bulbs, remove the two retaining screws to access the back of the lamp. Then, unclip the bulb covers and replace the bulb.

Interior lamps (sunroof equipped vehicles) Open the lamp assembly. The bulbs can be replaced after the contact plate has been hinged back.


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Maintenance and care

Bulb specifications


Front /turn lamp

Headlamp (high)

Headlamp (low)

Foglamp/License plate lamp

Rear tail/turn/brake lamp

Backup lamp

High-mounted brake lamp

License plate lamp

Interior lamp

Reading lamp

Trade number

3457 NA







C5W 211-2



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Maintenance and care

AIMING THE HEADLAMPS The alignment of your headlamps should be checked if: • Oncoming motorists frequently signal you to deactivate your high beams, and your high beams are not activated. • The headlamps do not seem to provide enough light for clear night vision. • The headlamp beams are pointed substantially away from a slightly down and to the right position.

Aiming the headlamps Your vehicle is equipped with a Vehicle Headlamp Aim Device (VHAD) on each headlamp body. Each headlamp may be properly aimed in the horizontal direction (left/right) and the vertical direction (up/down). A non-zero bubble reading (vertical indicator) does not necessarily indicate out-of-aim headlamps. If your vehicle is not positioned on a level surface, the slope will be included in the vertical indication. Therefore, vertical and horizontal headlamp adjustment should be performed only when beam direction appears to be incorrect.


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Maintenance and care

You will need one 7 mm box wrench, open end wrench or T-15
Torx drive. If the vehicle has been in an accident, the vehicle’s front structure should be properly aligned before aiming the headlamps.

Adjusting the horizontal aim 1. Make sure the vehicle is on a level surface. 2.With the hood open, locate the horizontal indicator and adjusting screw through the viewing hole on the outboard side of the headlamp. 3. Turn the horizontal adjusting screw until the “0” reference mark on the horizontal indicator aligns with the arrow pointer on the adjusting screw assembly.


Maintenance and care

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Adjusting the vertical aim The numbers shown on the vial indicate beam direction in degrees up or down. 1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground. 2. With the hood open, locate the bubble level vertical aim indicator, and adjusting screw. It is visible when viewed from above the rear of the headlamp. 3. Turn the vertical adjusting screw until the bubble is centered over the “O” reference mark on the vertical indicatior. 4. When the horizontal and vertical indicators are set on “O”, the headlamp is properly aimed.


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Maintenance and care

VEHICLE CARE Washing your vehicle

Only use car washing areas that have environmentally

friendly drainage systems.

Wash your vehicle regularly with cold or lukewarm water. Never use strong detergents or soap. If your vehicle is particularly dirty, use a quality car wash detergent. Always use a clean sponge, washing glove or similar device and plenty of water for best results. To avoid spots, avoid washing when the hood is still warm, immediately after or during exposure to strong sunlight.


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Maintenance and care

During winter months, it is especially important to wash the vehicle on a regular basis. Large quantities of dirt and road salt are difficult to remove, and they also cause damage to the vehicle. Remove or lower any exterior accessories, such as antennas, before entering a car wash. Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap, insect remains, tar spots, road salt and industrial fallout immediately. After washing, apply the brakes several times to dry them.

Waxing your vehicle The best way to determine when the paintwork needs waxing is by noting when water stops beading on the surface. This could be every three or four months depending on operating conditions. Use only carnauba or synthetic- based waxes. Remove any bugs and tar before waxing the vehicle. Use cleaning fluid or alcohol with a clean cloth to remove bugs. Use tar remover to remove any tar spots.


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Maintenance and care

Repairing paint chips Minor scratches or paint damage from road debris may be repaired with the Ultra Touch Prep and Finishing Kit (# F7AZ-19K507-BA). Lacquer Touch-up Paint (# ALBZ- 19500-XXXXA) or Exterior Acrylic Spray Lacquer (# ALAZ-19500- XXXXA) from the Ford Car Care Chemicals line. Please not that the part numbers (shown as XXXX above) will vary with your vehicle’s specific coloring. Observe the application instructions on the products.

Cleaning the wheels Wash the wheels with the same detergent you use to clean the body of your vehicle. Do not use acid-based wheel cleaners, steel wool, fuel or strong detergents. Never use abrasives that will damage the finish of special wheel surfaces. Use a tar remover to remove grease and tar.


Maintenance and care

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Cleaning the engine Engines are more efficient when they are clean because grease and dirt buildup act as insulators and keep the engine warmer than normal. Follow these guidelines to clean your engine: • Take care when using a power washer to clean the engine. The high pressure fluid could penetrate the sealed parts and cause damage. • Do not spray with cold water, to avoid cracking the engine block. • Cover the alternator to prevent water damage when cleaning the engine. • Never wash or rinse the engine while it is running; water in the running engine may cause internal damage.


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Maintenance and care

Cleaning plastic exterior parts Use a vinyl cleaner for routine cleaning of plastic. Clean with a tar remover if necessary. Do not clean plastic parts with thinners, solvents or petroleum-based cleaners.

Cleaning the exterior lamps Wash the exterior lamps with the same detergent you use to wash the exterior of your vehicle. Use glass cleaner or tar remover if necessary. To avoid scratching the lamps, do not use a dry paper towel, chemical solvents or abrasive cleaners to clean the lamps.

Cleaning the wiper blades If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean both the windshield and wiper blades using undiluted windshield wiper solution or a mild detergent. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. To avoid damaging the blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or other solvents.


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Maintenance and care

Cleaning the instrument panel Clean the instrument panel with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth. Any cleaner or polish that increases the gloss of the upper portion of the instrument panel should be avoided. The dull finish in this area is to help protect the driver from undesirable windshield reflection.

Cleaning the interior fabric Remove dust and loose dirt with a whisk broom or a vacuum cleaner. Remove fresh spots immediately. Follow the directions that come with the cleaner.

Cleaning leather seats (if equipped) For routine cleaning, wipe the surface with a soft, damp cloth. For more thorough cleaning, wipe the surface with a leather and vinyl cleaner or a mild soap. Ford recommends using the Deluxe Leather Care Kit F8AZ-196253-AA, which is available from your Ford dealer. This mild cleaner and special pad cleans the leather and maintains its natural beauty. Follow the instructions on the cleaner label. Regular cleaning of your leather upholstery helps maintain its resiliency and color.

x 1000






60 70 80





0 0 0 12 3


0 0 0 0





























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Maintenance and care

Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts Clean the safety belts with a mild soap solution recommended for cleaning upholstery or carpets and warm water. Do not bleach or dye the belts, because these actions may weaken the belt webbing. Check the safety belt system periodically to make sure there are no nicks, wear or cuts.

Ford recommends that all safety belt assemblies and

attaching hardware should be inspected by a qualified technician after any collision. Safety belt assemblies not in use during a collision should also be inspected and replaced if either damage or improper operation is noted.

Cleaning and caring for your vehicle Refer to the Customer assistance chapter for a list of Ford-approved cleaners, polishes and waxes.


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Capacities and specifications

Motorcraft parts


2.0 litre engine

2.5 litre engine

Part number

Spark plug*

Air filter

Passenger compartment air filter

Fuel filter

Oil filter


PCV valve

Crankcase ventilation filter

AZFS-22F # 1+2** AZFS-22FE# 3+4















* Refer to Vehicle Emission Control Information (VECI) decal for spark plug and gap specifications. ** If a spark plug is removed for examination, it must be reinstalled in the same cylinder.

If a spark plug needs to be replaced, use only spark plugs with the service part number suffix letter “FE” as shown on the engine decal.


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Capacities and specifications


Engine oil - with filter - without

Manual transaxle

Automatic transaxle with oil cooler

Power steering

Cooling system with heating

Windshield washer fluid

Fuel tank

Braking system

* Total capacity ** with automatic transaxle

2.0 litre engine

2.5 litre engine

4.25 l (4.5 qts) 3.75 l (4.0 qts)

5.5 l (5.8 qts) 5.0 l (5.3 qts)

1.9 l (2.0 qts)

8.5 l (9.0 qts.)